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Thermodynamic criterions for association of the four fundamental interactions

Murat Zhussupov

Noosphereorder Company

e
-
mail:
noosphere@ordernet.org



1.

Introduction


The all variety of the nature and life around us is caused by such fundamental phenomena, as
gravitation, electromagnetism, strong and weak interaction. Accordingly, researches in all areas of a
modern science
-

the physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology a
nd other, are compelled to prefer to one of
this phenomena. As a result often receive too complicated and inconsistent the picture of the description
the nature. Historically sights at these interactions consistently formed to a measure of opening and
stud
ying of phenomena accompanying them. Simultaneously, for the purpose of creation the complete
and objective picture of physical laws of the Universe, were conducted searches of ways of their
association as, for example, it has been successfully carried o
ut in the end of the last century for
electromagnetism [1].
At

present work on creation of the theory of association of four fundamental
interactions has

the

continuation, mainly, within the frames of the theoretical physics. In this direction
the essent
ial contribution can make the thermodynamics.

If to consider the Universe as the whole
thermodynamic system, thermodynamic methods will allow with accuracy to reveal and quantitatively to
estimate main sources of forces and the energy its physical and chem
ical processes. From these results
depends the decision of many practical problems in various fields of activity of
humanity
, including
overcoming of energetic and ecological crisis.



2.
N
ew physical parameter

from

energy of Gibbs


It is quite probabl
e
,

that physical and chemical processes in the available to us

mineralogical, geological
and astronomical objects
,

in accuracy reflect the phenomena proceeding in remote star systems and
galaxies.

All these processes and the phenomena depend on the known
parameters of environment


pressure, volume, temperature and various physical and chemical properties of substances.

In basis of
processes are inter

conversions of one kind of energy in others, which connected with a
basic

equation

of
thermodynamics


G
T

=



S
T

=
-
R
T

l
n
P

(1)
.

Principally, this
equation

designates the work of
system, directed against external forces. From this follows the conclusion
,

that
the
forces of all
fundamental mutual relations in the Universe, as the thermodynamic system,
can
be

bound with

energy of
Gibbs
.

However, the given
equation

cannot applicable
for

the conditions of
space
vacuum, because in it
the parameter of usual molecular pressure
.
In

the

vacuum
exist

a pressure of light
,

which is connected
with radiation of electrons

[2]
, but

while

it doesn't concern
to this problem
.

Basic equation of
thermodynamics
must

work everywhere, where
takes place the equilibrium of thermodynamic systems
.

In
the conditions of space vacuum in balan
ce with environment
there are

comet, asteroids, planets and their
moons
,

which

deprived of atmosphere.

So
,

on a planet of Mercury, in the day
-
time on a surface, with
nearly total absence of atmospheric pressure, the temperature reaches
720
O

K
.

In such conditions,
according to
result
s
researches
of pressure of steam over chemical compounds [3]
and with

equation

(1),
the minerals of
rocks on a surface, should evaporate intensively, however actually it doesn't occur.

It
means that work of thermodynamic system, in particular, against
influence of
high
-
temperature, take
place in the conditions of vacuum at the expense of unknown pressure
,

where usual pressure is absent.

In
the course of
physical
experiments and astronomi
cal the supervision, performed by the author, have been
revealed the forces, which by character are
similar

with

forces of
unknown pressure.

Unknown pressure is
possible to express by the formula
P
t

=
D

(
g
o

+
g
T

) /
A
m

(2)

,
where

D

-

density of minerals
;
g
0
-

acceleration of gravity
;
g
T

-

kinetic acceleration of molecules
;
A
m



area

of molecule
.

Numerically
pressure is equal 4,775e+24 Pa. (round
-
off).

Thus, limiting value energy of Gibbs will be equal
R
T lnPt

-

472,4T J/mol.

Pressure resembles hydrostatic
and probably spread within the Universe everywhere
-

in
vacuum and molecular environments of stars and planets, including in atmosphere and geospheres of the
Earth.

The pressure
operat
es only a surface of fundamental particles

-

electrons
, nucleons,
muons,


mesons,

etc.
,

and does not influences in space free from these particles, even inside molecules
and atoms.

Th
is pressure
was
named
T
ranspressure
,

where a prefix a trance, has a Latin root and specifies
that it pressure can to go through, pass over and go

past.

Reaction of fundamental particles to pressure,
according to Newton's third law, is expressed in occurrence of forces of counteraction
.

The directions of
these forces depend on structural, morphological features of objects which structure includes fu
ndamental
particles and symmetry of the
environment.

P
robable
,

gravitation
al
, electromagneti
c
,
the
strong and weak
interactions depend from

reaction

forces of fundamental particles

to
t
his
pressure.

T
he
size

of

t
ranspressure

seems

an enormous, but live
organism does

not feel it, because it operates only on an
electronic and nucleon
lattice
of molecules from which these organisms consist.

I
n essence

t
his
lattice

fastened from this pressure.

S
chem
atically the action principle
of
t
rans
pressure

(
P
t
)

in the environment of
molecules and fundamental particles is shown in a Fig.1.



Fig.1. Scheme of transpressure in the environment of molecules and fundamental particles
: a
-

snowflake
, b
-

crystal
lattice

of ice
(1
-
hydrogen, 2
-
oxygen)
, c
-

a
ctive

yellow

zones of pressure

(1
-
hydrogen, 2
-
oxygen
, 3
-
electrons, 4
-

environment
of pressure, 5
-
d
irections of compression to
molecules
)
, d
-

atom of lithium with two shell
s

of electrons



Reliability of
this
parameter
was checked up and proves to be true
calculations
on the equations of

thermodynamics and formulas by definition of various physical and chemical properties of minerals.

T
his

parameter already found practical application in algorithms of calculation the physical and chemical
properties of mine
rals, in the computer program e
-
Chemist, developed by the author
.

The comparative
analysis of the various physical phenomen
a

in the nature and the technician
,

which
bound

with
gravitation, electromagnetism, strong and weak
interaction,

confirms thought, th
at they are based on
forces of
pressure.

Theoretically, the mechanism of occurrence this pressure is caused by presence in the
Universe of
a

unified field, which in regular intervals filled singular
matter
.

Schematically this field is
represented on Fig.1
(a, 4).

These particles possess certain parameters
-

the size, weight, speed, density
etc. for which account arises not only transpressure, but also the phenomena which are usually identified
as electromagnetic and gravitational fields.


3. Conclusion


Revealing of the general laws of the nature gives the possibilities more an effective utilization of its
resources.

It can be promoted by creation of the uniform theory of fundamental interactions.

However,
works in this direction which are conducted now b
asically within the limits of the theoretical physics with
attraction
of
mathematical apparatus, are not effective enough.

To this «superassociation» a significant
contribution can make the thermodynamics, which has a reliable method of determining the sou
rces of
strength and energy of various physical and chemical processes.

The main criterion of association the four
fundamental interactions
,

is

the quantitative assessment of works of the thermodynamic system against
external forces.

General

source of such
force is

pressure
.

Is Established unknown a previously type of
pressure, which exist in "vacuum", penetrates through environment of various substances and influences
only fundamental particles.

It named

the

transpressure
which

exists in the

nature along with molecular
pressure and pressure of light.

Force of this pressure is
a

unique source of forces in the nature, for all four
kinds’

fundamental interactions.

The b
ehavior of fundamental particles under the influence
of pressure
force

create
s
the

image of

general universal interaction.

This

interaction

depends
also
on structural,
morphological features of objects which structure includes fundamental particles and symmetry of the
environment.

References

[1] P. Davies,
Superforce
,
New York,
1989

[2] M. Born,
Atomic physics
,

London
-
Glasgow, 1963

[3]
Е.К. Казенас,
Давление и состав пара над окислами химических элементов
, Москва, 1976