Environmental Biotechnology BTEC 3343

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20 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 4 μήνες)

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Dr. Kamal E. M. Elkahlout

Environmental Biotechnology

BTEC 3343



LECTURE SCHEDULE:

Male Students, Sun

& Tue

9:30


11:00
, CLASSROOM
B341

Female Students, Sun

& Tue

8:00


9:3
0
, CLASSROOM L
102





Course Lecturer
, Dr. Kamal E. M. Elkahlout , Assistant Prof. of Biotechnology


Books being reviewed during the course time:



Environmental Biotechnology by Gareth M. Evans and Judith C. Fulong, 2003,
JHON WILEY & SONS LTD.



Environmental Biotechnology by T. Srinivas, 2008, New Age International (P)
Ltd., Publishers

Other references wi
ll be indicated by the lecturer


SYLLABUS


Students must ensure to achieve the following learning

outcomes during the semester:

• Understand the definition of environmental biotechnology

and its applications in
overcoming the major threats of our

planet


To learn strategies and protocols for utilization of microbes,

plants in solving problems
of environment.

• To understand the significance of natural resources for ecofriendly,

cost
-
effective
products.

• To study the role of advanced scientific studies in
effective

management of the
environment pollution.

• Study modern biotechnological tools in environmental

monitoring and analysis.


UNIT I

Role of Biotechnology in Environment Protection:

What is Environmental Biotechnology? Current Status of

Biotechnology

in Environment
Protection, Future.

Global environmental problems: Ozone depletion, UV
-
B,

global
warming and acid rain, their impact and biotechnological

approaches for management.

Air, noise and Thermal pollution, their causes, harmful effect

and control.


UNIT II

Nature’s Self
-

Purification Process:

Sources of Heavy Metal Pollution, Microbial Systems for Heavy

Metal and their
interaction

Accumulation Biosorption; Bioaugmentation;

Bioaccumulation, Use of Genetically
Engineered Organisms.

Bioleaching: Extra
ction of metals from ores; Recovery of

metals from

solutions;
Microbes in petroleum extraction; Microbial

desulfurization

of coal.

Biomining: Use of
microbes in biohydrometallurgy and

biomineralization.


Solubilization and Biology of mineral leaching, Adva
ntages and

disadvantages of
biological mineral leaching, concentration of

metals.


Dr. Kamal E. M. Elkahlout

Waste Water Treatment
:

Microbiology and Biochemistry of Waste Water Treatment

Biological Processes for
Industrial Effluent Treatment, Aerobic

Biological Treatment, Anaerobic

Biological
Treatment, Periodic

Biological Reactors, Membrane Bioreactors, Use of Immobilized

Enzymes and Microbial Cell
.


UNIT III

Bioremediation :
What is Bioremediation?
.
Types of

Bioremediation, Applications
-

Examples, Biotechnology and

Oil Spills
.

Ph
ytoremediation: Reclamation of disturbed ecosystems,

Biotechnology for Hazardous Waste Management :

Xenobiotic Compounds, Recalcitrance, Hazardous Wastes,

Biodegradation of

Xenobiotics, Biological Detoxification, Biotechnology Applications

to

Hazardous
Waste
Management, Examples of Biotechnological

Applications to

Hazardous Waste
Management.


UNIT IV

Biotechnological Approach for treating

Contaminated soil and waste waters:

Bioreclamation: Sewage treatment, microbial degradation,

control and mitigation
of
chemical pollutants

Pollution due to Pesticides, Tannery and Paper Industries and

Biotechnology. Heavy metal resistant microorganisms, Biotechnology

for Waste
Treatment of Food and Allied Industries:

Biological Treatment Methods, SCP and
Biomass from Wa
ste,

Distillery

Industry.

Biotechniques for Air Pollution Abatement and Odor Control:

Deodorization Proces,
Applications.


Solid Waste Management, Anaerobic digestion of waste


UNIT V

Biofuels:

Biogas production, Methane producing microorganisms,

methanogenesis, biochemistry
of methane production,uses of

biogas, Ethanol production,

and its importance,
Microorganisms useful in the production

of ethanol. Applications and drawbacks of
Ethanol production,

microbial production of hydrogen by marine orga
nisms,

importance
and production of hydrogen, photoproduction of

hydrogen

Conversion of Wood: Fuel
wood, Carbonization, gasification,

liquefaction and saccharification of wood, Biomass
gasification

Novel Methods for Pollution Control:

Vermitechnology,

Phyt
otechnology: WasteWater Treatment Using Aquatic Plants,

Root Zone

Treatment. Renewable Energy

Aiming for Biodegradable and Eco
-
friendly
Products.







Dr. Kamal E. M. Elkahlout

Outcomes and assessment criteria


Outcomes

Assessment criteria

To achieve each outcome a student must
demonstrate the

ability to

1.

Relate the significant contribution of

biotechnology in environment protection



Evaluate the current status of
biotechnology in environment
protection



Analyse the global environmental
problems and their causes like Ozone
deple
tion, UV
-
B, global warming, Air,
noise and Thermal pollution, acid rain



Discuss all the harmful effects caused
by the environment pollutants which
threaten the environment.



Analyse all the biotechnological
approaches for Environment protection

2.

Nature’s Self
-

Purification Process:



Discuss the sources of heavy metal
pollution



Describe the role of microbes in
biomining, bioleaching, biosorption



Describe the biological process involved
in industrial effluent waste water
treatment

3.

Explain variou
s types of bioremediation

and analyse the significance of

biotechnology in hazardous waste

management




Discuss the concept of bioremediation



Explain Xenobiotic metabolism,
Explain the role of biotechnology in
hazardous waste management

4.

To understand
all the Biotechnological

Approach for treating Contaminated soil

and waste waters:



Discuss various pollutants of soil water
and air



Discuss the various biological waste
water, air and soil treatment procedures

5.

Review various types of biofuels as a

sour
ce of energy



Explain the production of various types
of biofuels



Describe the role of biological agents in
pollution control



Elaborate on current studies involved in
the production of biodegradable and
Eco friendly products


Course evaluation will be achieved through



20% for one midterm exam

after 8 weeks from beginning of the semester
.



20% for 10 quizzes (2% for each) this will start at the beginning of the third week
and will continue as one quiz per three lectures



10 % for

one term project or report



50% for final exam.