Windows 8 Capstone Lecture By Dalton Barker Min Hee Kim

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10 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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Windows 8 Capstone Lecture

By Dalton Barker Min Hee Kim


Executive Summary:


As the news industry continues to be more mobile
-
driven, it is imperative for journalists
and newsrooms alike to be pragmatic at using new tools to report through
multi
-
platform pieces.
Using Windows 8 and devices like the Nokia Lumia 920 and the Surface RT, we were able to
research, evaluate and test the hardware and software to determine its efficacy in the field.
Windows 8 is a brand new Operating System released

by Microsoft in October 2012 and it
presents new opportunities and challenges not only for individual users, but for journalists. We
have properly evaluated Microsoft Windows 8 and it’s periphery and drawn some pretty clear
conclusions.


The current prob
lem is how do journalists report and transmit useable clips in real
-
time
while in the field. The 24/7 news cycle only continues to accelerate as the audience becomes
accustomed to instantaneous news from social media, especially Twitter. This has reflected

in
newsrooms who cannot wait to drive back to the studio to produce their stories, but must be able
to write, edit and produce while in the field. This has given rise to mobile
-
reporting, and the
devices who can capture the necessary data, in newsroom aro
und the country.


Over a sixteen week period our group has looked at the viability of Windows 8 devices as
mobile
-
reporting tools. We reviewed over 40 apps we felt would be beneficial to journalists and
used the devices in live settings to document not on
ly stories, but the viability of the devices in
the field. We tracked the development of Windows 8 as it went through a challenging period
trying to establish market share and a friendly user
-
interface. We have been some of first
individuals to properly as
sess the devices as it pertains to journalists.


Because of issues relating to the lack of apps and a difficult user
-
interface, we
recommended that any further testing of Windows 8 devices as reporting tools, should be
suspended until a proper video captur
ing and editing app is released and the relaunch of the
product takes place sometime in the Fall. With only 60,000 apps (800,000/Apple & Droid), the
flexibility of the software is severely harnessed and that reflects in the ability to produce content
in mu
ltiple mediums.


The Test Subjects:


Nokia Lumia 920:


As you can see, it's a pretty close match. From a design standpoint, the Lumia 920 may be the
only smartphone that has several colors; while iPhone 5 has two colors, black and white. But the
iPhone

definitely wins for size, at just 4.87 by 2.31 by 0.30 inches (HWD) and 3.95 ounces. The
Lumia 920, on the other hand, has a size of 5.12 by 2.78 by 0.42 inches (HWD) and 6.52 ounces.


The functions are very similar and the component details such as RAM,
CPU Cores are exactly
the same. But the main difference comes in from the picture quality. The front camera quality of
iPhone 5 is 1.2 megapixel but the front camera quality of Windows 8 phone is 2.1 megapixel.



Nokia's unique pureview camera with Optical

Image Stabilization and a Carl Zeiss lens ensures
its pictures and videos are stunning, bright and blur
-
free, no matter what the lighting conditions
are.”


Jacob Koshy from TechnoBulb


Microsoft Surface RT
-

The Microsoft RT was the first generation of t
ablets released with
Windows 8 fully installed natively. Branded to compete against the Ipad, the Surface RT and new
iteration, Surface Pro, were priced similarly and contain near identical hardware specs.



As you can see above, Microsoft purposely targe
ted Apple’s market share, not only with the
initial price, but with the similarities in specs. After falling to capture any substantial market
share with Windows 7 tablets, Microsoft completely overhauled their OS to go after a younger,
broader demographic

with their Live Tiles. The Tiles would provide users with tactile
interactions, the ability to touch and operate much like current smartphones, with the aim that the
OS would user
-
friendly and easy to adapt. However, this ease
-
of
-
use was not as simple as
it
seems with the initial launch gaining criticism for it’s complex way of handling basic functions
and fews apps in its application library. Early criticisms included this from CNET



The fact is, I'm fine running Windows 7
--

which is pretty darn good
--

and don't see any
compelling reason to upgrade the machines, particularly because none of them has a touch
-
screen display … I just don't see myself upgrading until Microsoft offers up a better deal.”


There & Now:


This tone hasn’t really changed since

the October 26th release. However, the slimmest rays of
sunshine are piercing through the dark clouds. The recently released Q1 show Microsoft has
gained a 1.8 percent market share.




Still a little fish and in an ever growing digital pound, Microsoft
has at least entered the ring.
When looking at the numbers of shipped and sold licenses, it’s easy to get lost in the scope of the
numbers. Last week Windows Chief Marketing Officer Tami Reller announced that Microsoft
had sold 100 million licenses for Win
dows 8 since its launch. That sounds like an impressive
number until you factor in how ubiquitous the OS was before the launch. CNET has the caveat:


“Gartner pegs the global PC market as 47 percent consumer and 53 percent business. So, if we
assume virtu
ally 100 percent of the consumer PCs sold were running Windows 8 then that would
be 71 million (47 percent of 150 million). That would leave 29 million Windows 8 machines sold
to the enterprise. Essentially, only one
-
third of the Windows PCs sold to busine
sses have been
running Windows 8 since its launch last October.”

http://news.cnet.com/8301
-
10805_3
-
57584399
-
75/the
-
one
-
thing
-
that
-
could
-
save
-
windows
-
8/


The article goes to cite the lack of users using Windows 8, as low as 15 percent, and in some
cases, bu
ying new computers with Windows 8, only to delete the OS and install Windows 7.




Familiarizing Yourself:


Getting to know the Windows 8 products is the 1st step in using the devices in the field. From
understanding basic functions like the Camera or W
ord, to more complex like downloading
specific apps for unique tasks. This video by the New York Times gives a good description and
shows the nuances of the Surface RT.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=VGgtGq6RuZQ#!


In earlier blog

posts, we reviewed and recommended apps that would aid journalists. In total we
assessed over 40 apps for the Nokia Lumia 920 and Surface pro. From various photo
-
editing and
audio capturing applications to news application, we looked at the full gamut of
applications that
a reporter might need while reporting.


In the Field
:


Here are some examples, one from the Nokia Lumia 920 and the other from the Surface RT.









Saturday, May 4, 2013

Columbia


From April 16 to 23, reporters from North Korea
visited University of Missouri


Columbia for US Professional Exchange program hosted by East
-
West Center.


Reporters visited Newsy, Missourian, KBIA and other newsrooms in Columbia and also had a
chance to get to know about School of Journalism at Univers
ity of Missouri


Columbia.


Janet Saidi, News Director of KBIA Radio, talks about radio journalism at RJI.


One of the sessions the reporters from North Korea attended is Broadcast Journalism: Radio and
digital convergence by Janet Saidi, News Director K
BIA Radio and Assistant Professor. Saidi
talked about the local NPR KBIA as well as the principles of journalism.


“It’s being credible, also being honest, accurate also objective, not letting other people influence
what you do, no matter who it is.”



All

the sessions were presented in English and translated to Korean by a translator.

The reporters who attended sessions were all escaped from North Korea and now they live in
South Korea. Sung
-
Il Oh, a reporter at Open Radio for North Korea also known as NK
Radio,
shares his story and passion for journalism..


Oh is a reporter at broadcasting production team of NK Radio. He describes his job as a multi
-
tasking reporter, “I write articles, I do anchoring, I do editing, I do planning, I do interviews as
well.”


Chosun April 26 Children’s Film Studio


Oh graduated from Pyongyan’s Art college in 2003 and began to work for the “Chosun April 26
Children’s Film Studio.” The company has done European animation for several countries
including France and Italy.


The stu
dio team has two different parts; one team works primarily on cartoons for North Koreans
and the other teams works on foreign projects to sell to European countries.


“For 20 minutes of production, we received about 30,000 to 40,000 dollars. We produced ab
out
two animations per month so in one year we earned bout 800 million dollars and we gave it all to
Kim Jong
-
Il. The money was used to create a secret slush.” He added, “maybe he used that
money to produce missile, I don’t know but I didn’t know at that t
ime.”


In 10 years, he worked on numerous animations including, Titanic, Lion King, and Pencil Bomb.

Even though he worked in the film studio for a long time, he said he did not choose, rather he
was “selected” to do it. He was a high school student when t
he North Korean government was
going around to scout people who were good at drawing.


“I was scouted by North Korean authorities. Since then, I worked to produce animations” Oh
said.


In most of the animations, U.S.A. is often portrayed as a wolf and
North Korea as beautiful
animals. Oh explained, “There isn’t any rule that says USA should be portrayed as a dangerous
animal but since we grew up learning about anti
-
Americanism and anti
-
Japanese, when we make
the movie, we portray other countries as dang
erous animals and North Korea as good ones. In the
stories, good animals always win the bad ones.” When he was making animations, he often
portrayed the Americans with a tall person with big nose and blonde hair.


Questioning the communism


Every month he
earned, a dollar, regardless how much he contributes to the company. But he
never doubted about the country or regime. “I never questioned about Jung
-
Il Kim’s regime nor
about the communism until it destroyed my family.”


He described him as a diligent wor
ker who was always the first one to arrive at office, worked
hard and never mentioned anything about the work outside of his office as he was taught.


However, after working at the studio, he realized that there is a bigger world outside of North
Korea.


“As I worked to produce animations for Capitalist countries, I realized that communism is not
the best system as I was taught.”


People around him were sent to jail and sometimes, he thought that “a good person also makes
mistakes.” However, when similar t
hings happen to his family, he realized that maybe the leader
is not the nicest person as he was taught and the country is not the safest country

as he learned.


His Drawings


After he came to South Korea, he continued to draw but this time, not for the c
ompany or to earn
money but just to share the story with other people. “My drawings about North Korea are all
based on the true stories.”


“He told me about the time he had to execute his friend after his friend stole weapons from
reserves and escaped to
China. The story was really interesting, and I wanted to portray it.”


In 2012, he even opened an exhibition at London Olympics and one of the drawings that he
shared at the exhibition is based on the story of his friend who worked as a soldier in North
K
orea.


The picture shows a soldier tied up to a big wood pole bleeding from his mouth. The story goes
like this. The hungry soldier escapes to China but was caught by Chinese police and sent back to
North Korea. Because he escaped from “the greatest countr
y” and also because he escaped to an
allied country with his gun, he gets a death publishment. To create the fear so that other soldiers
would not escape from the country, all soldiers at there. From the high military rank, everyone
has to stab him.


Oh’s
friend told him that when he went to stab the prisoner, he was bleeding from the mouth.
When he was about to stab him, the prisoner looked up and looked at him. Oh explained, “my
friend said that the eyes of the prisoner were telling him not to do it. He
did not want to but he
had to because if he didn’t, then he would be the next one to get stabbed in front of his own
family.”


Oh said, he could not imagine the face of the person who got stabbed because he never saw
something like this in his life. “That
is why we can’t see the face and the person who stabbed
him does not know what to do in the picture. It’s not like he hates the prisoner, but he just doesn’t
know what to do,” Oh Said.


New Job, New Country


After becoming a citizen of South Korea, he got
a job as a designer but since last year, he works
as a reporter.


“I know it’s a dangerous job and in society, when we say North Korea, and our broadcasting
system is a NGO organization so I earn a small income. But after living in Capitalism, I just
can’t

just sit and watch. It’s like a sense of duty.”


He explained, “North Korea is a closed country so people outside of the country do not
understand how North Korea works. Also if reporters just deliver news about what is happening
in North Korea, cosmopoli
tans do not and cannot understand. But people like me who had lived
under communism and now in capitalism, we are good for relaying roles in the middle.”


Columbia


For Chris Billups, Landscape Specialist at MizzouRec, attracting the eyes of people
is a f
ull
-
time job. The last year, Billups has overseen the maintenance and landscape of
MizzouRec and surrounding areas which include Stankowski field.


Billups oversees a small crew whose sole task is to make MizzouRec presentable and an
epicenter for student
life on campus. Besides working in conjunction for campus staff, he tries

to make the recreational center standout on a campus that maintains a botanical garden.



A new retaining wall outside the east entrance of MizzouRec.


Billups said he just install
ed a new irrigation system to help maintain the area and hopes the
previous two seasons of harsh drought won’t return.


“The drought really affected us last year. It killed everything,” Billups said.

Before he began working with the fauna around the facili
ty, Billups installed a retaining wall,
which is calls the “symbol of his work at the rec.”


During the winter he maintains seasonal shrubs and plants while clearing away any precipitation
that could impede patrons. As Spring arrives, the real challenge begins as he plants new shrubs
and occasionally replaces trees.


Billups said that campus facil
ity allow interferes when it comes to dying trees because they like
to maintain uniformity around campus.



Min Hee:
There are not many recording apps on Windows 8 App store. On iPhone, I use Voice
Memos or 1stVideo Net to record audio interviews. On Windo
ws 8 phone, I downloaded 5 apps;
Recorder, Voice Recorder, Free Recorder, Audio Recorder and Mini Recoder Free. Out of five
apps that I downloaded and tested, I used the Recorder because it showed the time of recording
as well as the level of the sound so
that I knew where to put the phone. However, after I was
done recording, there wasn’t an option to do share it (send it to e
-
mail or message it). Three
options that I had were edit the name of the file, delete, and save to skydrive. Also when you re
-
listen

to the audio on the phone, you need to listen from the beginning; it does not let you to go
forward or select the specific part.


Dalton:
Using the Surface RT was very difficult throug
hout the semester. In the field, the overall
dimensions and lack of weight made it very easy to slip out of your hand. This also led to
difficulty capturing images or just recording an interview. The lack of a video app really hurt my
reporting ability. Th
ere is no app currently on Windows 8 that lets you shoot video, edit it, and
produce something exclusively on the tablet. I did enjoy the touch screen function, but it got
difficult to use if anything happened to get on the screen. Other issues stem from t
he difficulty to
manage photos, videos and other files on the device. While the frontend of the interface is
designed to highlight the Live Tile and touch
-
screen ability, the background is complex and
difficult to navigate simply with your finger. This is
an issue when time is crucial and you’re
messing around with files while you could be covering an event.



Issues:


The recurring issue that seemingly arises frequently is the overall lack of apps in the Windows
market. A real thorn is the lack of a suffi
cient video
-
editing app. There is currently
NO
editing
app that you can do in real
-
time while using either the phone or tablet. The lack of apps really
hinders the hardware side, Windows has 60,000 as Apple/Droid have about 800,000, of the
Windows platform
, because it does not take place of either the touch interface or hardware
capacity. At the beginning of the semester, we reported this was a problem but hoped it would get
better; it did, but to provide context, a Windows 8 native Twitter app was not rele
ased till March
13th. From Ubergizmo


“If you have ever tried a Windows Phone device, we’re sure that you can agree that the
operating system feels really fluid and smooth, which is a stark contrast to earlier builds of
Android which felt a tad slower, at
least until Project Butter came along. However despite the
operating system running fluidly and sporting a pretty unique and neat layout, Microsoft’s
mobile operating system just does not seem to be taking the same way that iOS and Android
does, and one of

the reasons would be its lack of apps. While there are plenty of apps in the
Windows Phone store, it pales in comparison to iOS and Android, not to mention the platform
does lack some major apps which many iOS and Android users rely on an almost daily bas
is.”


http://www.ubergizmo.com/2013/05/missing
-
apps
-
are
-
one
-
of
-
customers
-
biggest
-
complaints
-
for
-
windows
-
phone
-
according
-
to
-
nokias
-
head
-
of
-
marketing/



Another problem is the difficulty in use. I consider Min Hee and I pretty fluent in the technology
realm
and completing single tasks is very difficult and tedious with Windows 8. A major
complaint that has resonated with Microsoft is the lack of the familiar Start button. These issues
have led to Microsoft having a re
-
launch of the product.


Code
-
named Blue,

Microsoft is (rumored) on planning to release a major update sometime in
Fall to address the aforementioned problems. This is a major admittance of fault by Microsoft to
overhaul an OS that has only been operational for 8 months. But is reflected in the p
rice drop of
Surface RT to $299 recently. These changes will need to be closely monitored to assess the
effectiveness of future mobile reporting endeavors at RJI.


Solutions:


The point of our presentation is not to highlight the failures of Microsoft,
but acknowledge the
issues we had and possible issues further teams will have. A very simple, yet complex, solution
would be to simple build more apps; especially ones designed with a journalistic or
videographers needs. The lack of apps really hurt the mu
ltimedia reporting of our stories and it
was incumberance throughout the semester. Hopefully, the continued development of apps will
one day rival Apple/Android.


Another solution would to completely overhaul the touch
-
screen. Changing settings or tinkeri
ng
inside the apps is incredible difficult and downright frustrating. Making the apps more functional
as opposed to appearing simple and easy would be a great start. Adding a start button and a clear,
new organizational system to maintain files, images, et
c. would also be a very welcome addition.


Failures:


Audience and Newsroom engagement was a major pitfall for us. We attended 2150 classes with
instructions on how to use the equipment but students were not practically attracted to using a
device they h
ad never used before. This was our fault and we needed to introduce the phones
earlier in the semester and get them antiquated with the devices to make them more comfortable,
or at least provide more incentive.


Likewise, the lack of apps and overall time

really hurt affected our ability to interact with the
other newsrooms on campus. If another group succeeds us in the future, I would place a high
emphasis on partnering with the various newsrooms and gauging their opinions on the OS and
products.


Success:


Because very few people are even testing Windows 8 devices as reporting tools, we were able to
capture a niche crowd that wanted to see our research. Typing in Windows 8 Journalism brings
you very near our blog on page 1 of the Google Search and

even sometimes the top spot. We
have become experts in this field and reviewed over 40 apps that could be used by journalists.
We were able to give a location for people to learn about the product and hear fair, balanced and
detailed reports from our vari
ous blog posts. Finally, we accomplished a major goal of assessing
the usability of the products and what future they should hold at RJI.


Conclusion:


We believe that using Windows 8 Mobile devices as a reporting tool should be suspended next
semester. A
fter a Summer and Fall evaluating the new apps and relaunch of Windows 8, RJI and
the Microsoft Lab will be better able to gauge the efficacy of the OS and tools. However, if
people disagree with us, then the next step for the Windows 8 reporting team shou
ld focus on
incorporating the local newsrooms and gauging their opinions of the devices. Continual
moderating of the available apps and relaunch will be crucial to gauging the future and it would
be wise to have an individual keeping tabs this Summer.