Unit 3 Guide: Sensation and Perception

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Unit 3
Guide: Sensation and Perception


Date

Topic

Homework

10/11

Introduction to Sensation and Perception
(hmwk from last night


Pg. 81
-
84)

Vision: Pg. 85
-
92

10/15

Brain Games

Online Lecture: The Eye

10/16

Eye Review; The Ear

Hearing Pg. 93
-
98

10/17

The Other Senses

The Other Senses: Pg. 98
-
104

10/18

Finish Other Senses

Online Lecture: Hearing and Vision Problems;
Uncanny Sight in the Blind article

10/21

Senses Quiz;
Begin Brain Games

Perception Pg. 104
-
109

10/22

Finish Brain Games;
Perceptual Organizing
Principles and Constancy

Perception of Distance and Depth: Pg. 109
-
112


Take notes!

10/24

Subliminal Messages/ESP/Catch Up

Notecards due tomorrow

10/25

Unit 3 Test

Take home FRQ

10/28

FRQ Due
;
Sensation and Perception

lab day




Sensation and Perception: Unit Objectives

1.

Explain the difference b
etween sensation and perception and
bottom
-
up and top
-
down processing.

2.

D
efine
and identify
examples of
the two types of thresholds.

3.

Describe Signal Detection Theory
,

and

explain

why it is used.

4.

Evaluate the scientific basis behind subliminal messages and

different forms of

ESP.

5.

Describe and give examples of sensory adaptation (light, dark, etc).

6.

Differentiate between selective attention, cocktail party effect, inattentional

blindness, and change
blind
n
ess.

7.

Describe the nature and characteristics of light (wavelength, intensity).

8.

Describe the path that light takes as it makes its way through the eye.

9.

Locate eye parts on a diagram

and identify their functions (including the p
rocess of accommodation).

10.

List the three types of cells
that are present in the retina.

11.

Describe the two major theories of color vision.

12.

Describe
where visual information is processed in the brain.

13.

Describe the nature and characteristics of sound (wavelen
gth, amplitude).

14.

Identify the path that sound takes as it makes its way through the ear, and locate eye parts on a
diagram.

15.

Differentiate between pitch (hearing) theories.

16.

Describe how we locate sounds.

17.

Describe the major causes of deafness

and blindnes
s
.

18.

Identify th
e “smell” center of your brain, and identify
where smell is processed in the brain.

19.

Describe how your sense of smell is affected by gender and age.

20.

Locate the receptor cells for taste.

21.

Differentiate

your major body senses (
vestibular and ki
nesthetic
)
.

22.

Identify the sensations that skin receptors give rise to.

23.

Differentiate between the Gate
-
Control Theory and Biopsychosocial Theory of pain.

24.

Recognize and explain the perceptual organizational princ
iples (figure
-
ground, proximity, similarity,
closure,

continuity).

25.

Define perceptual constancy and distinguish between size, shape, color, and brightness constancy.

26.

Describe how the visual cliff has added to our understanding of depth perception.

27.

Describe the major monocular cue
s of depth perception

including

interposition, linear perspective,
aerial perspective, elevation (relative height), t
exture gradient, shadowing,
relative motion,

and

relative size.

28.

Describe the major binocular depth cues including stereoscopic vision, retinal disparity, and
co
nvergence.

29.

Explain the difference between monaural and binaural sound cues.

30.

Describe the major ways in which

we perceive movement including

stroboscopic motion, the phi
phenomenon, and the autokinetic illusion.

31.

Explain what causes visual illusions.


Vocabulary

Names

1.

Transduction/Receptor Cells

2.

Psychophysics

3.

Thresholds: Absolute, Difference
(jnd)

4.

Weber’s Law



Signal Detection Theory

6.

Processing: Top
-
Down, Bottom
-
Up

7.

Attention: Selective Attention, Inattentional Blindness,
Change Blindness

8.

Sensory Adapt
ation

9.

Eye Parts: Cornea, Pupil, Iris, Lens, Retina, Fovea, Blind
Spot, Optic Nerve, Optic Chasm*

10.

Eye Cells: Rods/Cones
, Bipolar Cells, Ganglion Cells

11.

Feature Detectors

12.

Color Theories: Trichromatic (Young
-
Helmholtz),
Opponent
-
Process

13.

Ear Parts: Ear Canal
, Tympanic Membrane, Ossicles, Oval
Window, Cochlea, Basilar Membrane, Organ of Corti,
Auditory Nerve, Hair Cells*

14.

Theories of Hearing: Place, Frequency, Volley

15.

Hearing Disorders: Sensorineural, Conduction

16.

Olfactory Bulb

17.

Body Senses:
Kinesthesis(Kinesthetic), Vestibular

18.

Pain Theories: Gate
-
Control, Biopsychosocial

19.

Gestalt Principles of Organization: Proximity, Similarity,
Closure, Continuity, Figure
-

Ground*

20.

Perceptual Constancies: Size, Shape, Color, Brightness*

21.

Binocular

Depth Cues
: Retinal Disparity, Convergence

22.

Monocular

Depth Cues: Interposition, Linear Perspective,
Aerial Perspective, Elevation (Relative Height), Texture
Gradient, Shadowing, Relative Size, Relative Motion
(draw a
picture for each one of these!)


23.

Monaural v. Bin
aural

Sound

Cues

24.

Perception of Motion: Autokinetic Illusion, Stroboscopic
Motion, Phi Phenomenon

25.

Perceptual Set

1.

Richard Axel

and Linda
Buck

2.

Georg von Bé
késy

3.

Gustav Fechner

4.

Eleanor Gibson

and
Richard Walk

5.

Ewald Hering


6.

David Hubel

and Torsten
Wiesel


7.

Harry McGurk

8.

Ronald Mel
z
ack

and
Patrick Wall

9.

James Randi

10.

Herman von Helmholtz

and Thomas Young

11.

Ernst Weber


*No connection needed