What is Instructional Design? What is E-learning?

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8 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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What is Instructional Design?
What is E
-
learning?

2010


Roots


Traditional distance education



Iskolat
évé”


Computer
programmes


Stand
-
alone CD (CBT)


Internet
-
based solutions (WBT)


use of e
-
learning content





ILT


Synchronous


Fixed time, place, pace


Changing content,
quality


Extra costs (travel,
equipment, hotel)


Embarrassment of
failure


Hard to update


Instructor
-
controlled

E
-
learning


Asynchronous or
synchronous (webinar)


Just
-
in
-
time, self
-
paced


Uniform content,
quality


One
-
time costs


Risk
-
free


Simple data
management, easy to
update


Learner
-
controlled


Instructional


a
dult learning
/teaching



Design


ID Team


including


Instructional Designers


creates


an
ID product/solution

EVALUAT
E


ANALYSE &
PLAN

(RE
-
)
DESIGN

DEVELOP

IMPLEMENT



Instructional Design


What do you want your students to learn?


How will you know if they have learnt it?



Instructional Designer


team members


often with multiple roles


Information Design


“The art and science of presenting information so
that it is understandable and easy to use.” (Horn)


Technical Writing


Writing about anything that has to do with
specialized areas of science and technology.


Instructional Design


“Applying a systematic methodology based on
instructional theory to create content for learning.”
(ASTD)



ID and e
-
learning


Not just content, but a solution



Learning Solution


Needs
-
based vs. off
-
the
-
shelf



example
(
eBroker
)


desired
characteristics


expensive
-
> cheaper


slow to develop
-
> easy to upgrade


modular


packaged (off
-
the
-
shelf) <
-
> customised


IT training


business/professional skills


language skills


course material
=

content


d
eliver
y through


Learning Management System (LMS)


Learning Content Management System (LCMS)


--
> need for modularity

--
> need for standards



SCORM, AICC, IMS


authoring tools


MS
FrontPage
,
Macromedia
DreamWeaver


NIAM
-
TMS’s
EasyGenerator


Macromedia
Captivate


Camtasia

Studio


Click2learn’s
Toolbook


Turbo
Demo


Quizmaker

‘09


Oracle
iLearning


IBM Learning Space


SABA


IntraLearn


SUN Enterprise Learning Platform


Moodle

(freeware
)



OutStart



Xyleme



ACS



SCORM (Shareable Content Object Reference
Model)




education


modernised distance learning


continuing/professional education


public sector



e
-
government


corporate sector


focus on skills (vs. theoretical knowledge)


main objective: cost
-
effective training

Return on Investment (ROI)


History


1990
-
> CBT + customised contents


1997
-
> LMS + off
-
the
-
shelf contents


1999
-
> intranet/internet
-
based environment



future


increasing market share in corporate training and
education


wide
-
spread use of authoring tools


customised
-

and customisable!
-

content