Empowering the Community trough ICT

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8 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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Empowering the Community trough ICT

Regional Workshop on Community
-
based ICT Integration:
Lessons and Possibilities

Manila, Philippines, March 13
-
14 2008

Presented by:

Yohannes Baptista Agusnugroho

IT Coordinator, FORMASI Indonesia

Facts:


Indonesia has the biggest population in
South East Asia (about 224 million of
population in 2007).


On 2000 Internet users in Indonesia only
about 2,000,000 users.


On 2007 Internet users in Indonesia
increased to become 20,000,000 users.


Internet users penetration from 2000 to
2007 is 900%

Facts:


Based on the statistic, only
8.90
% of the
Indonesian population access the
Internet.


80
% of Indonesian International Internet
Connection (Backbone) still dominated
by Indosat

(http://techno.okezone.com/index.php/ReadStory/
2008
/
02
/
29
/
54
/
87814
/indosat
-
kuasai
-
80
-
pasar
-
backbone
-
indonesia)


Facts:

ASIA INTERNET USAGE AND POPULATION
ASIA
31,889,923
1,000
535,000
1.70%
0.10%
53400.00%
Armenia
2,971,650
30,000
172,800
5.80%
0.00%
476.00%
Azerbaijan
8,120,247
12,000
1,000,000
12.30%
0.20%
8233.30%
Bangladesh
150,448,339
100,000
450,000
0.30%
0.10%
350.00%
Bhutan
671,887
500
30,000
4.50%
0.00%
5900.00%
374,577
30,000
176,029
47.00%
0.00%
486.80%
Cambodia
13,995,904
6,000
44,000
0.30%
0.00%
633.30%
China *
1,321,851,888
22,500,000
210,000,000
15.90%
41.10%
833.30%
1,084,971
-
1,000
0.10%
0.00%
0.00%
Georgia
4,646,003
20,000
332,000
7.10%
0.10%
1560.00%
Hong Kong *
6,980,412
2,283,000
4,878,713
69.90%
1.10%
113.70%
India
1,129,866,154
5,000,000
60,000,000
5.30%
13.00%
1100.00%
Indonesia
224,693,997
2,000,000
20,000,000
8.90%
4.30%
900.00%
Japan
127,433,494
47,080,000
87,540,000
68.70%
19.00%
85.90%
Kazakhstan
15,284,929
70,000
1,247,000
8.20%
0.30%
1681.40%
Korea, North
23,301,725
--
--
--
--
0.00%
Korea, South
49,044,790
19,040,000
34,910,000
71.20%
6.80%
83.40%
5,284,149
51,600
298,100
5.60%
0.10%
477.70%
Laos
6,521,998
6,000
25,000
0.40%
0.00%
316.70%
Macao *
456,989
60,000
216,600
47.40%
0.00%
261.00%
Malaysia
24,821,286
3,700,000
14,904,000
60.00%
3.20%
302.80%
Maldives
369,031
6,000
20,100
5.40%
0.00%
235.00%
Mongolia
2,951,786
30,000
310,000
10.50%
0.10%
933.30%
Myanmar
47,373,470
1,000
300,000
0.60%
0.10%
29900.00%
Nepal
28,901,790
50,000
316,800
1.10%
0.10%
533.60%
Pakistan
164,741,924
133,900
12,000,000
7.30%
2.60%
8861.90%
Philippines
91,077,287
2,000,000
14,000,000
15.40%
3.00%
600.00%
Singapore
4,553,009
1,200,000
2,421,800
53.20%
0.50%
101.80%
20,926,315
121,500
428,000
2.00%
0.10%
252.30%
Taiwan
22,858,872
6,260,000
15,400,000
67.40%
3.00%
146.00%
Tajikistan
7,076,598
2,000
19,500
0.30%
0.00%
875.00%
Thailand
65,068,149
2,300,000
8,465,800
13.00%
1.80%
268.10%
Turkmenistan
5,097,028
2,000
64,800
1.30%
0.00%
3140.00%
Uzbekistan
27,780,059
7,500
1,745,000
6.30%
0.40%
23166.70%
Vietnam
85,262,356
200,000
18,226,701
21.40%
3.60%
9013.40%
TOTAL ASIA
3,733,783,474
114,304,000
510,478,743
13.70%
100.00%
346.60%
Population
( 2007 Est.)
Internet Users,
(Year 2000)
Internet Users,
Latest Data
Penetration
(% Population)
(%) Users
in Asia
Use Growth
( 2000-2007 )
Afganistan
Brunei Darussalem
East Timor
Kyrgystan
Sri Lanka
http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm

Facts:

Opportunities:


Indonesia with more than 224 million is a
big market and big opportunity


Indonesian Products need global market
and that can be facilitate through a good
information and communication tools


Indonesia has lots of human resources to
develop


More than 90% of Indonesian people still
need a capacity building on ICT


Big opportunity of e
-
marketing, e
-
library,
e
-
government, e
-
learning, etc

Challenges:


Limited access to technology in the rural
areas. (TV, Phone Line, Computers, etc.)



Access to the informations still limited
(prices, infrastructure, human resources)



National policy that support grass roots
to have access to technology is not yet
maximized.


Negative perceptions that Internet would
bring negative behaviours or impacts
(violences, pornography, etc.)



Licensed software too expensive to buy.


Microsoft Windows Vista Home Basic = US$ 104


Microsoft Windows Vista Business Ed = US$ 157


Microsoft Office 2007 Basic = US$ 186


Microsoft Office 2007 Small Business = US$ 256


Microsoft Office 2007 Pro = US$ 339


People still have less knowledge on
other options than using pirated
software.


F/OSS is not too popular in Indonesia.

Challenges:

PT. Metrodata, March 2008

Who Are We?


FORMASI Indonesia = Forum Gerakan
Pengembangan Koperasi Indonesia =
Forum for Indonesian Co
-
operative
Movement


Established in 1987 by 10 NGOs


Concern specifically in Co
-
operative
Movement, and also The Community in
General


In 2002, start to have idea on building
capacity to the community through ICT

What we've done:


2004
-

2007
: FORMASI Indonesia working
together with NATCCO Philippines, CULT
Thailand, AWCF Philippines, and InWEnt
Germany, running the project of it@coops


2006
-

present: FORMASI Indonesia
working together with Microsoft Indonesia
and ASEAN Foundation initiate the project
of Community Technology Center (CTC)
and Village Information Center (VIC) in
15
provinces in Indonesia.

What we've done:


Initiate F/OSS Discussion among
NGOs/Coops/SMEs


Participate on FOSS@Work Workshop


Participate on Asia Source II


2007: working together with The
Indonesian Ministry of Research and
Technology to introduce F/OSS to
several SMEs in Jakarta.


Participate on FOSS GIS Training

What we've done:


From the it@coops Project


15
organizations (NGOs and Co
-
operatives)
learned ICT through
100
Days Training of the
Trainers, and F/OSS Advance Training (total
27
Associate Trainers


10
Women)



5
organizations developed and maintaining
Business Development Centre (BDC) supported
with ICT.


15
organizations developed new websites and
virtual networking through Internet.


1343
people (member of co
-
operatives and the
society


mostly farmers) learned ICT from the
it@coops IT Specialists and Trainers. (
577
Women
-

46
%)


What we've achieved:

Training Conducted by several it@coops IT Specialists & Trainers

What we've achieved:


From the CTC/VIC Project


Up to February
2008
,
87
CTCs setup and
running. Each have
3
computers, Internet
Connection, & Training Modules


More than
2500
farmers learned from the
CTC (data December
2007
)



More than
3600
farmers use the Internet
from the CTC (data December
2007
)



Virtual networking through Mailing List
(
ctcformasi@googlegroups.com
)



Virtual networking through Online Chat

What we've achieved:

Activities related to the Community Technology Center Program

What we've achieved:


Introduction to Computer


Office Productivity


Introduction to Internet (Browsing, Email,
etc.)



Introduction to Free and Open Source
Software (Linux & OpenOffice.org)



Web Development using Content
Management System (CMS)


What we've Trained:

Our Methodology:

The Community

FORMASI Indonesia

Trainers

FORMASI Training Center

Site training at the Community

Internet Cafe /

Computer Rentals

Our Methodology:

FORMASI Indonesia

Grantee

The Community

CTC

CTC

CTC

Remarks:


Giving capacity building to people to
become ICT Trainers.


Encourage ICT Trainers to train the
community

Remarks:


Developed & share ICT training materials
for the community


http://www.it
-
coopsindonesia.com


http://ctc.formasi
-
indonesia.org


Developed virtual networking through
websites, mailing lists, online forum, etc.

Remarks:


Initiate ICT Training to the community (at
the FORMASI Training Center and onsite
training)



Socialization on the importance of
Information and Technology to the
community through CTCs and VICs.

Remarks:


Initiate discussion with government on
community empowerment topics

Remarks:


Socialization of F/OSS as an alternative to
the highly price of Proprietary/Licensed
Software


Support the Governments program IGOS
(Indonesia Go Open Source)



Capacity Building Needed


Participation of Women in ICT


Support from other stakeholders
especially the Government


Knowledge & Experiences sharing from
others

If you want to accomplish something in the world,

idealism is not enough
-

you need to choose a method

that works to achieve the goal.

Richard Stallman

Closing