CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) Version 03 - in effect as of: 22 December 2006

sweetleafnotebookΚινητά – Ασύρματες Τεχνολογίες

12 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

173 εμφανίσεις

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













1

CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)

Version 03
-

in effect as of: 22 December 2006


CONTENTS



A.

General description of the
small
-
scale

project
activity



B.

Application of a
baseline and monitoring methodology




C.

Duration of the
project activity

/
crediting period




D.

Environmental impacts



E.

Stakeholders’

comments


Annexes



Annex 1: Contact information on participants in the proposed
small
-
scale

project activity



Annex 2: Information regarding public funding




Annex 3:
Baseline

information


Annex 4: Monitoring Information









PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













2

Revision history of this document



V
ersion
Number

Date

Description and reason of revision

01

21 January
2003

Initial adoption

02

8 July 2005



The Board agreed to revise the CDM SSC PDD to reflect
guidance and clarifications provided by the Board since
version 01 of this document.



As a
consequence, the guidelines for completing CDM SSC
PDD have been revised accordingly to version 2. The latest
version can be found at
<
http://cdm.unfccc.int/Reference/Documents
>.

03

22 December
200
6



The Board agreed to revise the CDM project design
document for small
-
scale activities (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD), taking
into account CDM
-
PDD and CDM
-
NM.



PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













3

SECTION A.

General description of
small
-
scale

project activity


A.1

Title of the
small
-
scale
project
activity
:



Title:


Clean Energy Project in Pakistan

Version:

1.
0

Date:


27
/12
/2011


A.2.

Description of the
small
-
scale
project activity
:


Red Whale General Trading Limited Liability Cooperation (Red Whale) is a United Arab Emirates
(UAE) based company e
ngaged in promotion of renewable energy and energy efficient products. The
proposed project activity involves replacement of conventional cooking stoves
with

Energy Efficient
Stoves (EES)

in Jaranwala sub district of Punjab province in Pakistan
.


The conv
entional cooking stoves used in the region are either three stone fire stoves or stoves
without
improved combustion air supply or flue gas ventilation system
s

i.e. without a grate or a chimney and have

an efficiency of about 10%
. Whereas t
he EES is based o
n rocket stove technology

having an efficiency of
35%
. This replacement would result in

reducing the consumption of non
-
renewable fuel wood in cooking
and reduction in associated Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions. The project would be implemented in the
sub d
istrict Jaranwala of Faisalabad province in Pakistan. These stoves will be supplied to the households
free of cost by Red Whale.


Pakistan has only 2.2% forest cover and the deforestation is further leading to
a
loss of 27,000 hectares
forest area annually

at 0.2 per cent to 0.5 per cent, which is the highest in the world.
1

The decline in
natural forests is attributed greatly to the dependence of a major proportion of rural population on the
forest wood for fuel purpose. More than two third
s

of Pakistan’s p
opulation lives in villages and most of
these households use forest wood and traditional open fire stove
s

for cooking.
2



By replacing the traditional stove with EES the project activity reduces the consumption of non
-
renewable wood in the baseline thereby

reducing corresponding GHG emissions. The only revenue that
the project would generate would be from the sales of CERs accrued post CDM registration.


The establishment of the proposed project activity will lead to greenhouse gas (GHG) emission
reductions
. The emission reductions are estimated to be approximately 3
7,816

tonnes of CO2 equivalent
(tCO
2
e) per year once the proposed project activity is fully operational.


Sustainable development


The proposed project activity will contribute to sustainable
development in the following ways:




It will promote local economic development by creating local employment opportunities during
both the manufacturing of the equipment, and implementation and operational phase of the
proposed project activity.



It will imp
rove energy efficiency at household level




1

Chennal, P. A. N. Deforestation rate in Pakistan highest in world from
http://www.pakissan.com/english/news/newsDetail.php?newsid=15697

2

Pakistan: Poverty Reduction
Strategy Paper
,2010 International Monetary Fund, IMF Country Report No. 10/183

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













4



It will reduce the use of non
-
renewable biomass and lead to reduced deforestation.



It will promote technology development and transfer through the use of more
-
advanced
energy
efficient cooking stoves which can be i
mplemented in other areas also.



It will reduce GHG emissions in Pakistan compared to the baseline/business
-
as
-
usual scenario.



It will reduce the emissions of other pollutants associated with the operation of inefficient stoves
in households, in particular
smoke.



The project would also help in women empowerment by promoting women participation in the
project activity


A.3.

Project participants
:


Name of Party involved (*)

(host) indicates a Host Party)

Private and/or public
entity(ies) project participants
(*) (as applicable)

Kindly indicate if the Party
involved wishes to be
considered as project
participant (Yes/No)

Pakistan

(Host Country)

Red W
hale General Trading

LLC

(P
rivate

entity)

No



A.4.

Technical description of the
small
-
scale

project activity
:



A.4.1. Location of the
small
-
scale

project activity
:




A.4.1.1.


Host Party
(ies):


Pakistan




A.4.1.2.


Region/State/Province etc.:


Punjab Province




A.4.1.3.


City/Town/Community etc:

Faisalabad District

Jaranwala Tehsil

(sub
-
district)















PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













5



A.4.1.4.


Details of physical location, including information allowing the
unique identification of this
small
-
scale

project activity

:


The project activity would be located in the following union councils of Jaranwala Tehsil:

Union Council
58, 60,
62, 63, 70, 71 and 72

Latitude: 31° 9’ 43N

Longitude: 73° 17’ 51E


The location of these villages is depicted in the map below
-





A.4.2. Type and category(ies) and technology/measure of the
small
-
scale

project activity
:


According to the categorizatio
n of Appendix B of the Simplified Modalities and Procedures for Small
-
scale CDM Project Activities, the Project type and category are as follows:


Type II: Energy Efficiency Improvement Projects

Category II.G:
Energy efficiency measures in thermal
applications of non
-
renewable biomass



Technology:

The equipment to be manufactured and installed under this project is an energy efficient
cook stove called “Blaze” (Figure 1). Blaze stove would be locally manufactured by Advance Services
PVT Ltd. All st
oves would have unique identification and for that each of these would be numbered,
coded to each home and the village. Blaze stove is based on the rocket stove technology. It has a
PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













6

combined air
-
intake and a fuel
-
feed slot followed by the combustion chambe
r. It ensures controlled use of
fuel and good air draft into the fire, therefore achieving almost complete combustion of volatiles
(firewood).



The design keeps the cooking vessel in contact with the fire over the largest possible surface area by use
of
a
skirt to create a narrow channel which forces hot air and gas to flow along the bottom and sides of the
cooking vessel. Due to its design and dimensions
,

the resultant heat is efficiently utilized in the cooking
vessel leading to limited wastage of usefu
l heat energy.
The dense smoke that arises from burning fuel is
also trapped within the fuel feed section, thus preventing it from spreading into the local air.





The
B
laze stove has three main components which include the fuel feeder, combustion chambe
r and heat
exchanger. The fuel feeder is where the fuel is placed and from where air intake happens. The fuel feeder
terminates at the combustion chamber where the fuel is combusted. The heat chamber comprises of the
upper part of the combustion chamber a
nd the surface of cooking vessel, where the heat energy is
transferred from the combustion chamber to
the
cooking

vessel.

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













7


The technical details of the Blaze stove are provided in the table below:


Efficiency

35
%

Major f
uel

Fuel
wood

Manufacturing
material

S
and, cement, thermal bricks, wheat waste and
clay
, iron

Dimensions

4600 x 6100 x 6100 mm


A.4.3

Estimated amount of emission reductions over the chosen
crediting period
:




Years

Estimation of annual emission reductions in
tonnes of tCO
2
e

2012
-
2013

37,816

2013
-
2014

37,816

2014
-
2015

37,816

2015
-
2016

37,816

2016
-
2017

37,816

2017
-
2018

37,816

2018
-
2019

37,816

Total estimated reductions

(tonnes of CO
2
e)


264,712

Total number of crediting years

7

Annual average of the estimated
reductions over the crediting period
(tCO
2

e)

37,816


PP has chosen 7 years renewable crediting period

for the proposed project activity.



A.4.4. Public funding of the
small
-
scale

project activity
:


No public funding from Parties incl
uded in Annex 1 is
involved in

the projec
t activity.




A.4.5. Confirmation that the

small
-
scale project activity

is not a
debundled

component of a
large scale project activity:


As per the “G
uidelines on Assessment of Debundling for SSC Project Activities

3

a proposed smal
l
-
scale
project activity shall be deemed to be a debundled component of a large project activity if there is a



3

http://cdm.unfccc.int/Reference/Guidclarif/ssc/methSSC_guid17.pdf


PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













8

registered small
-
scale CDM project activity or an application to register another small
-
scale CDM project
activity:



(a) With the same project
participants;

(b) In the same project category and technology/measure; and

(c) Registered within the previous 2 years; and

(d) Whose project boundary is within 1 km of the project boundary of the proposed small
-

scale
activity at the closest point.


Red Whale is
developing other

small
-
scale CDM project activities in the same project category
.

H
owever
,

all these different project activities would be implemented in village clusters

within the District of
Faisalabad

and
each cluster

would be
more than

1
km away from the project boundary of the proposed
small
-
scale

activity.
Therefore the proposed project is not a

de
-
bundled component of a large
-
scale
project activity.


SECTION B.

Application of a baseline and monitoring methodology



B.1.

Title and reference of the
approved baseline and monitoring methodology

applied to the
small
-
scale project activity
:


Title of the methodology:

Energy efficiency measures in thermal applications of non
-
renewable biomass


Reference:


AMS
-
II.G / Version 03,

EB 60


B.2

Justification of the choice of the project category:


Applicability condition

Project scenario

This category comprises appliances involving the
efficiency improvements in the thermal
applications of non
-
renewable biomass. Examples
of these
technologies and measures include the
introduction of high efficiency
4

biomass fired cook
stoves
5

or ovens or dryers and/or improvement of
energy efficiency of existing biomass fired cook
stoves or ovens or dryers.

The project activity involves installatio
n of high
efficiency biomass fired cook stoves. It results in
efficiency improvements in the thermal application
of non renewable biomass. The cook stoves being
installed have high efficiency of 35 %. The tests
have been conducted by Pakistan Council of
Sc
ientific and Industrial Research.

Project participants are able to show that non
-
renewable biomass has been used since
31

December

1989, using survey methods or
Non renewable biomass has
been used in the
Faisalabad district since 31 December 1989. The
same has been demonstrated by third party
household survey undertaken in the Faisalabad



4

T
he efficiency of the project systems as certified by a national standards body or an appropriate certifying agent recognized
by it.
Alternatively manufacturers’ specifications may be used.

5

Single pot or multi pot portable or in
-
situ cook stoves with sp
ecified efficiency of at least 20%.

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













9

referring to published literature, official reports or
statistics.


district.

As per
General Guidelines to SSC CDM
methodologies

version 17 (EB 61, Annex 21)
6
, f
or
Type I
I

project activities

project participants shall
provide proof that the

efficiency improvements do
not exceed the equivalent of

60 gigawatt hours
(GWh) per year every year throughout the

crediting
period
. Further
in response to clarification
SSC_233
7

the SSC WG clarified that

AMS
-
II.G is
applicable to project activities with maximum

thermal energy savings of 180 GWh
th

per year
.



The maximum thermal energy savings achieved by
the
proposed project activity is
179
.3

GWh
th

per
annum
which is under the limits (180 GWh
th
) of
small
-
scale
thermal
project activit
ies
.
Annex 5 of
the PDD provides a detailed calculation of the
thermal energy savings and how the savings would
not exceed the 180 GWh
th

limit of small

scale

Type
II

projects
.

The
project should reduce non
-
renewable biomass

being used by proving two of the following
statements:



A trend showing an increase in time spent or
distance travelled for gathering fuel wood, by
users (or fuel
-
wood suppliers) or alternatively,
a trend showing
an increase in the distance the
fuel
-
wood is transported to the project area;



Survey results, national or local statistics,
studies, maps or other sources of information,
such as remote
-
sensing data, that show that
carbon stocks are depleting in the projec
t area;



Increasing trends in fuel wood prices
indicating a scarcity of fuel
-
wood;



Trends in the types of cooking fuel collected
by users that indicate a scarcity of woody
biomass.

The third party household survey conducted for the
district demonstrates the

following:

1.

An increasing trend in distance travelled
for gathering fuel wood by users

2.

Increasing trend in fuel wood prices
indicating scarcity of fuel wood

Forest data for Pakistan very clearly demonstrates
that carbon stocks are depleting in the region


B.3.

Description of the
project boundary:



As per the methodology the project boundary is the physical, geographical site of the efficient

cooking
systems using firewood
. The energy efficient cookin
g stoves are being installed in

villages

within 7 union
councils in th
e Jaranwala Tehsil


of the District of Faisalabad



UC
58, 60, 62, 63, 70, 71 and 72

(as
shown in the map of Jaranwala in A.4.1.4
)
.

The fuel wood that is being consumed is collected from the
forests around the
se union councils’ villages
.
Emission reductions will be occurring at these villages
where the stoves have been constructed
.







6

https://cdm.unfccc.int/Reference/Guidclarif/ssc/methSSC_guid06.pdf


7

http://cdm.unfccc.int/filestorage/A/M/_/AM_CLAR_VIIC5MTUUWR9PRPJL0EXOT3G2CKSFQ/Response%20S
SC%20WG%20provided.pdf?t=RHJ8bHdmdjVyfDDNl6mxfKqrUsO5asjLWDmr


PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













10



















B.4
.

Description of
baseline and its development
:



Baseline Scenario

Pakistan has forest cover of 2.2% only; the deforestation rate is 27,000 hectares per annum.
8

Most of the
wood collected from the forest is used as fuel wood by the villagers. Around 80% of Pakistan’s low
-
income population lives in rural areas
9

and
are dependent upon fuel wood for cooking
. The annual
biomass increment of forests in Pakistan is ve
ry small as compared to the demand of fuel wood which is
one of the facts that establish that the wood being used by the villagers is non
-
renewable wood. It has
been estimated that if the current rate of deforestation continues then all the woody biomass o
f Pakistan
would be finished in next 15 years
10
. The study undertaken by CMD revealed that
90
% of the households
in villages of Faisalabad district use inefficient open
-
fire stoves which consume lots of fuel wood during
cooking activity. In absence of the p
roject activity, the households would continue using the traditional
inefficient cooking stoves, consuming high quantity of non
-
renewable forest wood. As per the applied
methodology AMS II.G “It is assumed that in the absence of the project activity, the b
aseline scenario
would be the use of fossil fuels for meeting similar thermal energy needs”


Determination of important baseline parameters:

It is required to determine the following parameters in order to determine the baseline emissions


(a)

Quantity of woo
dy biomass used in the absence of the project activity in tonnes (B
old
)

(b)

Determination of the efficiency of the baseline stove (
η
old
)

(c)

Determination of the efficiency of the new stove (
new
η
)

(d)

Determination of the share of Non
-
Renewable Biom
ass (f
NRBy
)





8

Chennal, P. A. N. Deforestation rate in Pakistan highest in world from
http://www.pakissan.com/english/news/newsDetail.php?newsid=15697

9

“Rural Poverty in Pakistan”; by I
nternational Fund for Agricultural Development, RoruralPovertyPortal.com,
http://www.ruralpovertyportal.org/web/guest/country/home/tags/pakistan


10


Deforestation Rate Alarming: Report”, Illegal
-
logging.com,
http://www.illegal
-
logging.info/item_single.php?it_id=1482&it=news

Used in
Cooking Stoves

GHG Emissions

Jaranwala Stove
-
users’ Household
Kitchens

Non
-
renewable wood from
neighbouring forests in Jaranwala

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













11

(a)

The quantity of woody biomass used daily by a household has been determined through a survey
carried out throughout the District of Faisalabad. The survey was conducted by Centre of
Management Development (CMD), a survey company in Pakistan. A sample size
of 400 households
was chosen randomly from eight different tehsils (sub
-
districts). Each household was asked a series
of questions, including the amount of wood used daily. The daily wood used was measured using a
spring balance and was recorded for each h
ousehold. Using the IBM SPSS software, the average fuel
wood used for cooking has been established for the entire region of the District of Faisalabad.


(b)

During the baseline survey it was found that that most of the households are using three stone open
fire stove or conventional stoves without grate and chimney. During the implementation of the
project activity Red Whale would identify and replace stoves o
f only those households which are
using the three stone open fire or the conventional stove. As per the
methodology AMS II
-
G version
3 and
efficiency of such stoves can be taken as
10%
. The same has been used by the PP.


(c)

The efficiency of the new stoves h
as been determined
by cond
ucting water boiling efficiency test.
The tests were

conducted by Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR).


(d)

The share of non
-
renewable wood used by the households in their cooking stoves (f
NRB
), is another

parameter that has been established through a third party survey. Each of the households in the
sample size was approached with questions that would demonstrate the source of the wo
od being
combusted

for cooking.


As per the survey results, on average, 1
6.14kg of wood is used daily in cooking, out of which
12.17kg is being sourced through forest wood by cutting trees. These results were obtained by
sampling and analyzing the data that
was collected from 400 households.


A majority of the survey participan
ts have shared that they have been using wood as fuel for more
than half a century. Average travelling time to bring wood home has increased over the last 20 years
and average time for shopkeepers to bring wood from forests to their shops has also increase
d in the
same period. Yet, as compared to other fuels, wood is ranked at the top two positions for its
convenience, economy, ease of use, &

availability. The price of fuel wood in the District of
Faisalabad, also shows an increasing trend, which further su
bstantiates that the wood being
consumed by the households in the district of Faisalabad is non
-
renewable.


The calculation of share of non
-
renewable biomass has been demonstrated in Section B.6.2.


B.5.

Description of ho
w the anthropogenic emissions o
f

GH
G by sources are reduced below
those that would have occurred in the absence of the registered
small
-
scale

CDM project activity:


National policies and circumstances relevant to the baseline of the proposed project activity

The first forest policy in
Pakistan was introduced in 1955 with an emphasis on forestry serving

national
economic development. The 1962 policy emphasized that productive forests are commercial entities and
it

introduced policy objectives for the management of coastal forests. A 1975

policy continued with the
old rhetoric, while introducing new initiatives on sectors such as silkworm rearing. Subsequent policies
were introduced in 1980, 1988, 1993, and 2001
.
National Forest Policy 2001 of Pakistan
covers the
renewable natural resource
s (RNR) of Pakistan i.e. Forests, Watersheds, Rangelands, Wildlife,
Biodiversity and their habitats. The goal of this policy is to foster the sustainable development of RNR of
Pakistan, for the

m
aintenance

and rehabilitation of its environment and the enha
ncement of the
PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













12

sustainable livelihoods of its rural masses especially women, children and other deprived groups.
Important
elements of this policy relevant to the project activity are

summarized below:



Providing substitutes to firewood in the wooded mounta
ins.



All agencies conducting research on domestic energy shall be assisted to focus high priority
research on reducing the cost and increasing the acceptability of substitutes to firewood such as
solar energy, biogas, local coal etc.



H
igh priority shall b
e given to integrated land use projects for the sustainable rehabilitation of
RNR with the participation of organized local communities. Such projects not only provide
employment to the rural poor but



A
lso improve the environment and increase the supply of

firewood and fodder.

From the above mentioned policy extracts it

reflects that
fuelwood and/or firewood is one of the
important reasons for depletion of fores
ts. Though the forest policies in Pakistan have been around for
more than 45 years even then the
forest cover in Pakistan has been decreasing and the deforestation rate is
one of the highest in the world at about
27,000 hectares per annum
. The proposed project activity
therefore serves as an important means to reduce the forest wood consumption and le
ad to sustainable
development of the region.


CDM consideration

As per guidance on the demonstration and assessment of prior consideration of the CDM project activities
with a starting date on or after 02 August 2008, the

project participant must inform a
Host Party DNA
and/or the UNFCCC secretariat in writing of the commencement of the project activity and of their
intention to seek CDM status. Such notification must be made within six months of the project activity
start date and shall contain the precise

geographical location and a brief description of the proposed
project activity. Such notification is not necessary if a PDD has been published for global stakeholder
consultation or a new methodology proposed to the Executive Board before the project acti
vity start date.


As per CDM glossary of terms
the start date shall be considered to be the date on which the project
participant has committed to expenditures related to the implementation or related to the construction of

the project activity. It is furt
her explained that minor pre
-
project expenses, e.g. the contracting of services
/payment of fees for feasibility studies or preliminary surveys, should not be considered in the
determination of the start date as they do not necessarily indicate the commenc
ement of implementation
of the project.


Till date the project participant has not committed to expenditures related to the implementation or related
to the construction of the project activity. However PP has undertaken minor pre
-
project expenses like
pr
eliminary surveys. CDM revenue is very essential for the implementation of the project and therefore
the PP has decided not to invest in the project before the project gets CDM registered. Considering that
the project start date would
be
after 02 August 20
08 PP has already sent notification

to inform a Host
Party DNA and/or the UNFCCC secretariat in writing of the commencement of the project activity and of
their intention to seek CDM status, although such notification is not necessary if a PDD has been
pub
lished for global stakeholder consultation before the project activity start date as is the case with the
proposed project activity.

The timeline for the project activity has been tabulated below


Timeline of the implementation of the project

Time

Milestone

November 2010

Red Whale decides to develop the proposed project as CDM

1 December 2010

Contract with CDM Consultant

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













13

11 July 2011

Notification of the intension to develop project as CDM to UNFCCC/ DNA

01 June 2011

Stakeholder consultation

15
July 2011

Submission of PDD to DNA for Host Country Approval

July 2011

Negotiations with the DOE for validation

Dec
ember 2011

Signing of validation contract with DOE


Additionality


In the following sections,
Additionality

of the project has been described as per Attachment A to

Appendix B of Simplified modalities and procedures for
small
-
scale

project activities.
As per the
attachment A, p
roject participants shall provide an explanation to show that the project activity
would not
have

occurred anyway due to at least one of the following barriers:


(a) Investment barrier: a financially more viable alternative to the project activity would

have led to
higher emissions;


(b) Technological barrier: a less technologically adva
nced alternative to the project activity

involves
lower risks due to the performance uncertainty or low market share of the new technology

adopted for the
project activity and so would have led to higher emissions;


(c) Barrier due to prevailing practice:
prevailing practice or existing regulatory or policy

requirements
would have led to implementation of a technology with higher emissions;


(d) Other barriers: without the project activity, for another specific reason identified by the

project
participant,
such as institutional barriers or limited information, managerial resources,

organizational
capacity, financial resources, or capacity to absorb new technologies, emissions would

have been higher.


Project proponent has opted to demonstrate the additionali
ty of the project by opting option (a)



(a) Investment barrier: a financially more viable alternative to the project activity would have led
to higher emissions;


Following alternatives have been identified
to the project activity
:


1.

Implementation of the
project activity (EES) in absence of CDM revenue

2.

Continued use of inefficient open fire stoves


3.

U
se of other fossil fuel based stoves (kerosene/LPG/Coal et
c.

All the above mentioned alternatives are in compliance with the applicable laws and regulations of

the
Host Country.


1.

Implementation of the project activity (EES) in absence of CDM revenue

The
project activity involves high capital investment both for i
nstallation and for operation a
s mentioned
below:




Capex:



300
,000 USD



Opex:


80,000 USD


PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













14

In order
to encourage people to switch from traditional stoves to EES stoves PP has planned to distribute
the EES free of charge. Hence the only source of revenue that the project activity has is income from
sales of CERs. Therefore in absence of CDM revenue projec
t activity can not be implemented as PP
would not be able to recover even a fraction of the investment cost
.

Therefore in absence of CDM
rev
en
ue project would have zero return and hence PP would not implement the project activity.
Keeping
this in mind
,
PP
has not initiated the on
-
ground implementation of the project activity as CDM
registration is essential for the project to move forward.


2.

Continued use of inefficient open fire stoves

Historically
,

the villagers in the Jaranwala district have been using t
raditional inefficient stoves. These
stoves are very easy to make as it needs just mud brick & stone. It can be made within few hours and at a
minimum cost. The fuel used in these stoves is the forest wood which is
either
collected free of cost by
the vill
agers from nearby forests

or bought from nearby firewood vendors
.

The continued

use of
traditional stoves in households faces no barrier and therefore is being practised on a large scale in the
villages of Jaranwala district.


3.

Use of other fossil fuel base
d st
oves (kerosene, LPG

etc)

The cost of fossil fuel is very high as depicted in
the
table below:


Fuel

Cost

Annual expense

Kerosene

1 USD/Liter

720 USD

LPG

1.15 USD/kg

480 USD


The average annual income of rural household is approximately 1
,200

USD per annum
11

and therefore it
is not possible for the rural people to spend 50
-
70% of their income just on cooking fuel.


As evident from above discussion the alternatives 1 & 3 face strong investment barrier and therefore the
only feasible option for t
he households is to co
ntinue with their current practic
e of using the traditional
stove with wood as fuel.


B.6.


Emission reductions:


B.6.1.

Explanation of methodological choices:


EMISSION REDUCTION


As stated in the methodology AMS II
-
G ,“
Energy
efficiency measures in thermal applications of non
-
renewable biomass
”, the baseline scenario for this project activity would be using fos
sil fuel
generated open
-
fire
stoves for cooking purposes. The emission

reductions from

using the Blaze
cooking stoves
a
s opposed to
the
conventio
nal open
-
fire cooking are calculated as
per equation (1) of
AMS II
-
G
shown

below
:


fossilfuel
projected
biomass
y
NRB
savings
y
y
EF
NCV
f
B
ER
_
,
,




...................................................................(1)

Where




11

“5. Report for Selected Countries and Subject
s”; 2011 International Monetary Fund,
http://www.
imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=56
4&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=52&pr.y=8


PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













15

ER
y

Emission reductions during the year y in tCO
2
e

B
y,savings

Quantity of woody biomass that is saved in tonnes
; as per the requirement of the
methodology AMS II
-
G version 3, the PP is required to factor in leakage.
As per
the methodology t
he
P
P has decided to fix a leakage correction factor of 0.95,
w
hich is multiplied to B
y,savings

f
NRB,y

Fraction of woody biomass saved by the project activity in year y that can be
established as non
-
renewable
woody
biomass

NCV
biomass

Net calorific value of the non
-
renewable woody biomass that is substituted

(IPCC
default for wood fuel, 0.015 TJ/tonne)

EF
projected_fossilfuel

Emission factor for the substitution of non
-
renewable woody biomass by

similar consumers. Use a value of 81.6 tCO2/TJ


ANNUAL QUANTITY OF WOODY BIOMASS SAVED


As per the methodology

AMS II
-
G

version 3
, the quantity of woody biomass saved, B
y,savings
, c
an be
calculated by one of three

options. The project proponent had carried out an efficiency test, facilitated by
Pakistan Council of Scientific and Ind
ustrial Research

(PCSIR)

in order to determine the efficiency of the
project cooking stove
s.

PP has used
Option 2
equation (3)
to calculate B
y,savings
:



)
1
(
,
new
old
old
savings
y
B
B





...............................................................................
..................................(2)


Where

B
y,savings

Quantity of woody biomass that is saved in tonnes

B
old

Quantity of woody biomass used in the absence of the project activity in tonnes

η
old

Efficiency of the system being replaced; a default value
of 0.10 has been used for
the open
-
fire conventional system (with no improved combustion

air supply or flue gas ventilation system), as mentioned in the methodology

η
new

Efficiency of the system being deployed as part of the project activity (fraction);
t
his has been determined by PCSIR using the Water Boiling Test (WBT) protocol



The quantity of woody biomass being used in the absence of the project activity, B
old
,

can be determined
by one of two options.

The project proponent has used option 1 to
determine B
old
. By conducting a
survey

throughout the District of Faisalabad
, the project proponent has been able to find out the areas in
the
district
,

that use an open
-
fire system
,

and has also determined the amount of wood purchased daily and
used exclu
sively for cooking.



FRACTION OF NON
-
RENEWABLE WOODY BIOMASS


As part of the survey, the fraction of woody biomass established as non
-
renewable woody biomass that is
used for cooking, f
NRB,y
, was also determined. The total woody biomass was classified int
o four types:



Forest Wood



Garden & Park Residue



Agricultural Residue



Wood bought from shops


Among these, the project proponent identified forest wood and the bought wood as non
-
renewable
sources of wood. As mentioned in B.5, it is not common practice in P
akistan, to replant forest trees and
PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













16

most of the wood bought from shops is cut from the forest itself. The difference between the two types of
wood are that the “forest wood” is directly cut
and used
by the user while the “wood bought from shops”
is purcha
sed by the user from a vendor who has cut and collected the wood.


The non
-
renewable woody biomass fraction, f
NRB
, is calculated as
per equation (6) of the AMS II
-
G
methodology
:


DRB
NRB
NRB
f
y
NRB


,
.........................................................................................................................(3)

And,
DRB
B
NRB
old


........................................................................................................
............(4)


Where,

B
old

Quantity of

total (renewable and non
-
renewable)

woody biomass used in the
absence of the project activity in tonnes

NRB

Quantity of woody biomass

used for cooking per household

that has been
demonstrated as renewable woody
biomass, in tonnes

DRB

Quantity of woody biomass

used for cooking, per household,

that is non
-
renewable
woody biomass, in tonnes


LEAKAGE


As per the methodology AMS II
-
G version 3, the PP is required to apply a leakage correction factor (L
y
)
to the
quantity of woody biomass saved (B
savings
). A
default
net
-
to
-
gross
leakage adjustment
factor

of 0.95
has been applied from AMS II
-
G

version 3, and multiplied to B
savings
.



B.6.2.

Data and parameters that are available at validation:


Data / Parameter:

B
old

Data unit:

Tonnes/year

Description:

Quantity of

total (renewable and non
-
renewable)

woody biomass used in the
absence of the project activity in tonnes

Source of data used:

Survey Report

Value applied:

5.89
11

Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures actually
applied
:

The data has been derived from survey conducted by a third party in
accordance with methodological requirements.



Any comment:

Refer Section B.
4


Data / Parameter:

DRB

Data unit:

Tonnes/year

Description:

Quantity of demonstrable renewable biomass

Source of data used:

Survey Report

Value applied:

1.
449

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













17

Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures actually
applied
:

The data has been derived from survey conducted by a third party in
accordance with methodological requirements.



Any comment:

Refer Section B.4


Data / Parameter:

L
y

(Interim)

Data unit:

F
raction

Description:

Leakage Correction Factor

Source of data used:

Default value from AMS II
-
G

Value applied:

0.95

Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures actually
applied
:

The value is
a net to gross adjustment factor
multiplied with B
old

to account
for leakages, as directed by AMS II
-
G version 3.

Any comment:

Fixed e
x
-
ante


Data / Parameter:

η
old

Data unit:

%

Description:

Efficiency of the cooking system being replaced

Source of data used:

Default value from AMS II
-
G

Value applied:

0.1

Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures actually
applied
:

As per the methodology, AMS II
-
G version 3, the value represents the default
efficiency of the replaced system i.e. a three stone fire.

or a convent
ional
system with no improved combustion air supply or flue gas ventilation
system, i.e. without a grate or a chimney

Any comment:

Fixed ex
-
ante


Data / Parameter:

NCV
biomass

Data unit:

TJ/tonne

Description:

Net calorific value of the non
-
renewable
woody biomass that is subst
ituted

Source of data used:

Default value from AMS II
-
G

Value applied:

0.015

Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures actually
applied
:

Default net calorific value of wood fuel
as mentioned in AMS II
-
G version 3

Any comment:

Fixed ex
-
ante


Data / Parameter:

EF
projected_fossilfuel

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













18

Data unit:

tCO
2
/TJ

Description:

Emission factor for the substitution of non
-
renewable woody biomass by

similar consumers.

Source of data used:

AMS
II
-
G

version 3

Value applied:

81.6

Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
measurement methods
and procedures actually
applied
:

Default emission factor of wood fuel as mentioned in AMS II
-
G version 3.

Any comment:

Fixed ex
-
ante


B.6.3

Ex
-
ante calculation of emission reductions:


I.

Calculation of f
NRB


In order to calculate f
NRB,
we must find the amount of non
-
renewable woody biomass.
Using equation (4)
from

B.6.1, this is calculated in the following way:


year
tonnes
year
tonnes
DRB
/
449
.
1
/
8911
.
5




year
tonnes
DRB
/
4421
.
4



Therefore
, by using equation (3) from

B.6.
1
,


year
tonnes
year
tonnes
year
tonnes
f
NRB
/
449
.
1
/
4421
.
4
/
4421
.
4




75404
.
0

NRB
f


II.

Calculation of B
savings,y


The quantity of non
-
renewable woody biomass fuel saved in year y is calculated
using eq
uation (2
) from
B.6.1.
as

shown below:


)
%
35
%
10
1
(
)
250
,
10
/
/
8911
.
5
(
,




stoves
stove
year
tonnes
B
savings
y

And so,
year
tonnes
B
savings
y
/
131
,
43
,


As mentioned in B.6.1., the B
y,savings

has been multiplied by leakage correction factor (L
y
), as required by
AMS II
-
G version 3, fixed for the crediting period.


Therefore,

95
.
0
/
131
,
43
,


year
tonnes
B
savings
y

year
tonnes
B
savings
y
/
974
,
40
,


PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













19


III.

Emission Reductions


Finally, the reduction in emiss
ions from implementing the Blaze

stoves in Jaranwala township of the
Faisalabad district is calculated
, using equation (1) from

B.6.1.
,

as shown below:


TJ
tCO
tonnes
TJ
year
tonnes
ER
y
/
6
.
81
/
015
.
0
75404
.
0
/
974
,
40
2





Therefore,

year
tCO
ER
y
/
816
,
37
2





B.6.4

Summary of the ex
-
ante estimation of emission reductions:


Year

Estimation of

project activity

emissions

(tCO2 e)

Estimation of

baseline
emissions

(tCO2 e)

Estimation of

Leakage (tCO2 e)

Estimation of

overall emission

reductions (tCO2
e)

2011
-
2012

0

37,816

0

37,816

2012
-
2013

0

37,816

0

37,816

2013
-
2014

0

37,816

0

37,816

2014
-
2015

0

37,816

0

37,816

2015
-
2016

0

37,816

0

37,816

2016
-
2017

0

37,816

0

37,816

2017
-
2018

0

37,816

0

37,816

Total
(tonnes of

CO
2
e)

0

264,712

0

264,712



B.7

Application of a monitoring methodology and description of the monitoring plan:



B.7.1

Data and parameters monitored:


Data / Parameter:

N
stoves

Data unit:

U
nits

Description:

Total Number of operational
‘Blaze’
r潣o整 獴潶敳

卯畲pe ⁤慴愠a漠扥b
畳u携

C潮獯oi摡t敤⁤慴愠ar潭⁴桥h摡d愠l潧⁳桥et猠s慩nt慩湥搠批⁴桥⁦or敭慮a⁥ 捨c
vill慧攠睩e桩渠t桥h䩡r慮睡l愠呥桳il

sal略f⁤ t愠

㄰N
㈵O

a敳捲i灴i潮o潦
m敡獵s敭敮e整桯摳h
慮搠
灲潣o摵re猠s漠扥b
慰灬i敤W

䕡捨⁳t潶攠e桡t i猠
捯湳nr畣t敤

w潵o搠扥bt慧g敤⁷楴栠愠s敲i慬畭扥b⁡湤⁲散or摥搠
i渠愠n慴a潧⁳桥整⸠.i湣攠eh攠湵e扥b  敲慴i潮ol⁳tov敳ay v慲y⁤略⁴漠愠
湵n扥b ⁲敡獯湳Ⱐt桥潮otori湧⁴e慭⁷潵od

捯湤c捴⁡

獵sv敹⁵獩湧⁡
s
慭灬i湧⁳ z攠潦‱〴⁰敯灬攠e漠
k敥瀠tr慣k ⁴h攠摥
-
i
湳t慬latio港

d敭潬iti潮L

r数e慣敭敮ef
‘Blaze’
獴潶敳⁩渠t桥
愠a潭灵per⁤ t慢a獥Ⱐ
慮a畡uly
.

Th攠eurv敹
w潵o搠扥d捯湤c捴敤e
at‹
M
B⁣潮 i摥d捥 i湴敲v慬⁡湤⁡n

B慲gi渠潦

error
.

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













20


The monitoring and samplin
g plan has been elaborated further in B.7.2.

QA/QC procedures to
be applied:

Electronic

data entry of the number of stoves installed is done on
a
weekly basis.
Quality of data collection and processing has been discussed further in B.7.2.

Any comment:

This data can also be cross checked with the stove sales agreement between the
PP and the stove user.

The survey would be conducted by the Welfare
O
fficer


Data / Parameter:

η
new

Data unit:

% heat utilized

Description:

Efficiency of the

‘Blaze’ stove


Source of data to be
used:

Water Boiling Test for operational
‘Blaze’
stoves for each year


Value of data

35
%

Description of
measurement methods
and procedures to be
applied:

The test will be carried out in
400
random
households
bienni
ally

(
four

househo
lds per week)
.
An

average ‘Blaze’ stove efficiency w
ould be calculated
and reported every two years.

The sampling of efficiency test would be
conducted
at 95% confidence interval and a 5% margin of error.


The monitoring and sampling plan has been
elaborated further in B.7.2.

QA/QC procedures to
be applied:

The staff responsible for testing the efficiency of stove will be properly trained.
Proper record of test results will be maintained.


Quality of data collection and processing has been discusse
d further in B.7.2.

Any comment:

The value of data used for estimating ex ante emissions have been taken from
third party test certificate
. During monitoring, the test would be conducted by the
foreman under the supervision of the Welfare Officer


B.7.2

Description of the monitoring plan:


Structure of the Organization


The project activity will be run as an organization by the project proponent, with a defined corporate
structure. The structure of the organization has been outlined below:
















PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













21























The roles and responsibilities of each position in the organization are as follows:


CEO (Chief Executive Officer)



To lead and oversee the daily running of the business,
making the necessary decisions that will enable
the smooth operation of the business,



Communicating with the outside world, as well as the organisations management and employees,



Making high level decisions about policy and strategies.



Reporting to the C
hairman.


Personal Assistant to CEO



Assists the CEO in all aspects of running the business.


Office Team

Office Manager



Handles daily issues of the office ensuring the smooth operation,



Fulfils the requirements of the office.


Accountant



Looks after the
company’s financial records on a daily basis


Buyer


Logistics



Responsible for purchasing all materials for the functionality of the Business,



Ensures the delivery of the materials,



Negotiates with suppliers price delivery.


Coordinator



Co
-
ordinates
between the head office and field staff.

Chairman

Chief Executive Officer

Personal Assistant

Office Manager

General Manager

Welfare Officer

Accountant

Buyer

-

Logistics

Coordinator

Data Input Clerk

IT Manager

Human Resources

Foreman

Labourer

Labourer’s Assistant

Welfare
Officer’s
Assistant

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













22


Data Input clerk



Responsible for entering all data gathered in the field keeping records.


IT Manager



Manages and solves all computer/software related issues,



Manages the company’s website.


Human resources



Handle
s employment and management of personnel affairs.


Welfare Officer



Educating the community advising the people of the benefits of using the EES, health benefits, effects
on the environment,



Communicating with the stakeholders overcoming their concerns.



Supervising annual/biennial surveys and record keeping


Welfare Officer Assistant



Assists the welfare officer, arranging meetings,




providing support and material,



Liaising with the public



Maintaining survey data entries and survey schedules


Field Team

General Manager



Managing the daily operations of installation of the EES



Communicating with the CEO and foreman to carry out their duties,



Managing all out of office activities.


Foreman



In charge of ten labourers



Ensuring work is carried out as specifie
d,



Conducts site visits for survey,



Provides training and material.



Undertaking surveys as per the sampling plan for project activity


Labourer



Building and installing the EES Stoves


Labourers Assistant



Assisting the Labourer in building the EES stoves.


Data collection and Archiving


All the data would be collected and archived as described under section B.7.1


The monitoring plan has been prepared for a household population of
10,250
. Using the “General
Guidelines for Sampling &

Surveys for Small
-
Scale Project Activities”, a sampling plan has been created
in order to collect, record and analyse data.


PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













23

Monitoring Plan


The PP is responsible for the monitoring of three main parameters, as mentioned in B.7.1:


1.

Total Number of opera
tional rocket stoves (Nos.)

2.

Thermal Efficiency of the rocket stove (%)

The monitoring system for the two parameters have been elaborated in the sampling plan section, below.


Sampling Plan


There are two objectives that the sampling plan would cover over

the crediting period.


Objective:
Determining the mean
biennial

efficiency of the “Blaze” stoves during the crediting period,
with a 95/5 confidence/precision


Field Measurement Objectives and Data to be collected


In order to measure efficiency of the ‘Blaze’ cook stove, the proponent would carry out the Water Boiling
Test, as described in Section B.4. The sampling frequency for the household population of the project
boundary is around 400 households biennially, de
termined using the sampling calculation shown in
Annex 4. Therefore, the water boiling test would be conducted in 4 households every week for two years .
Each water boiling test is carried out at a household that is randomly chosen in the project boundary.

Four
households are randomly chosen at the beginning of the week, and a timetable is made for the week,
depending on the daily availability of the foremen. The parameters that would be tested by the foreman at
each household for the Water Boiling Test are

provided in the table below
.


Parameters

Units

Water Equivalent

Kg

Temperature Difference

°C

Effective Energy Needed

kJ

Energy of Consumed Firewood

kJ

Thermal Efficiency

%


For each of the tests mentioned in Section B.4, the above
-
mentioned parameters would be tested and
recorded on
-
site. The obtained values would be fed onto a computer database at the main office of the
project boundary. The desired value is the thermal effi
ciency of the ‘Blaze’ stove. A monthly report of the
efficiency of the stove based on the WBT test results, is presented to the General Manager of the office of
the project boundary. At the end of t
wo

year
s
, an average
biennial

efficiency of the ‘Blaze’
stove is
calculated and a report is prepared by the General Manager and sent to the Chairman for verification and
signing.


Target Population and Sampling Frame


The target population is the entire population that are living in the villages of the union co
uncils within
the project boundary. As per the ‘Survey Report of EES: Save the Planet Project’, the majority of the
population in the project boundary uses wood as fuel for cooking. These households would be the target
population and are characterized as s
uch by the nature of their areas, which are rural poverty
-
stricken
PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













24

villages. The sampling frame has been determined as per the procedure documented in Annex 4, and has
been taken as 400 households over the period of two years.


Sample Method


The PP has
chosen to carry out testing using a simple random sampling method. Each stove is built on the
household site and tagged with a number ID. This ID would be fed into the computer database. Using a
random number generating computer program, a random ID would
be generated and the household tested
would be chosen this way. The chosen household would then be paid a visit during the common cooking
time and testing would be carried out as per the WBT procedures.


Desired Precision/Expected Variance and Sample Size


The chosen sampling frame of 400 households biennially, is an oversample of the exact size, calculated
with a 95/5 confidence/precision. The methodology AMS II
-
G version 3 has suggested to use 95/5
confidence/precision for biennial (every two years) inspe
ction of a sampled parameter. The calculation of
sample size (or sampling frame) has been provided in Annex 4.


Procedures for Administering Data Collection and Minimizing Non
-
Sampling Errors and
Implementation


1.

The Field Team, described above, would be hi
red from the respective union councils and trained
for efficiency testing on a mock cook stove.

2.

Each union council would have a foreman in charge of repairs and testing of the efficiency of the
cook stoves in that union council

3.

The testing would be carried

out as per the procedures of the Water Boiling Test for cooking
stoves.

4.

The weekly results which are recorded by the foremen are represented in the form of a report at
the end of the month, and the monthly report is submitted to the General Manager, who s
igns and
verifies the results.

5.

After every two years, the results of the monthly reports are consolidated into a biennial report,
by the General Manager of the project boundary office, who would compute the average biennial
thermal efficiency of the ‘Blaze
’ cook stove. The biennial report is submitted to the Chairman
who signs and verifies the result.

6.

Any inconsistencies with the values determined in the monthly reports are reported by the
General Manager back to the Foreman, along with corrective actions t
o prevent the detected
inconsistencies.

Objective:
Determining the number of “Blaze” stoves being used annually during the crediting period,
with a 90/10 confidence/precision


Field Measurement Objectives and Data to be collected


The variable to be
measured is the number of stoves being used annually, for the chosen sample size, as a
representation of the entire household population. Over the year, field visits would be made to 104
households in the project boundary, by the Welfare Officer. The offic
er would ask such questions as:


PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













25

No.

Questions

Units

1

Are you still using the ‘Blaze’ stove?

[v䕓Lklz

O

ff潴ⰠI桡h⁡r攠e潵⁵oi湧⁴漠捯潫⁦潯搿

[䱐dL䕬散tri振整c⹝

P

ff 湯n 畳u湧 獴潶攬

桯h l潮o 桡h it 扥敮e si湣n 摩s捯湴i湵nti潮o 潦 th攠
‘Blaze’ stove?

䵯湴桳r⁤慹s

4

a漠o潵⁰o慮⁴漠捯otin略⁵獩湧⁴桥⁳t潶攠e潲 t桥hr敳tf⁴桥⁣r敤eti湧⁰敲io搿

[v䕓Lklz


T桥 坥lf慲攠䵡n慧敲 w潵o搠vi獩t tw漠桯h獥桯ld
s

敡捨 w敥kⰠt漠慣hi敶攠th攠獡m灬攠獩z攠at th攠敮e 潦 the
y敡r⸠.桥 摡t愠o扴ai湥搠wo畬搠b攠e散or摥d 批 t
he Welfare Officer’s Assistant on a computer database and
analyzed at the end of the year.


Target Population and Sampling Frame


The target population is the entire population that are living in the villages of the union councils within
the project
boundary. As per the ‘Survey Report of EES: Save the Planet Project’, the majority of the
population in the project boundary uses wood or cow dung cakes as fuel for cooking. These households
would be the target population and are characterized as such by t
he nature of their areas, which are rural
poverty
-
stricken villages. The sampling frame has been determined as per the procedure documented in
Annex 4, and has been taken as 104 households annually
.


Sample Method


The PP has chosen to carry out the visit
using a simple random sampling method. Each stove is built on
the household site and tagged with a number ID. This ID would be fed into the computer database. Using
a random number generating computer program, a random ID would be generated and the househo
ld to
be visited would be chosen this way. The chosen household would then be paid a visit to ask the afore
-
mentioned questions.


Desired Precision/Expected Variance and Sample Size


The chosen sampling frame of 104 households annually, is an oversample of

the exact size, calculated
with a 90/10 confidence/precision. The methodology AMS II
-
G version 3 has suggested to use 90/10
confidence/precision for annual inspection of a sampled parameter. The calculation of sample size (or
sampling frame) has been prov
ided in Annex 4.


Procedures for Administering Data Collection and Minimizing Non
-
Sampling Errors and
Implementation


1.

The Welfare Officer would be trained on his roles and responsibilities, including the
determination of number of stoves used per year.

2.

The

Welfare Assistant would be trained in data upkeep and use of the random number generator,
as well as setting up the weekly schedule for site visits. Also, the welfare assistant would be
trained to prepare an annual report addressing the number of stoves u
sed per year.

3.


The Welfare Officer would visit the sites as per the schedule set by the assistant, and would ask
questions based on the questionnaire given above.

4.

The results of the visit are submitted by the Welfare Officer to the assistant to record and
store
the data collected.

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













26

5.

At the end of the year, the Welfare Officer’s assistant would prepare an annual report showing the
number of stoves being used among a representative sample of the population i.e. 104
households.

6.

The annual report would be verifie
d by the Welfare Officer and signed by the Chairman.

B.8

Date of completion of the application of the baseline and monitoring methodology and the
name of the responsible person(s)/entity(ies)


21/11/2011


Prepared by Muhammed Suleman

CEO, Red Whale
General Trading LLC

119232, Dubai

United Arab Emirates


t: +971
55 371 1693

e: ms@red
-
whale.com


Red Whale General Trading LLC
is also a project participant listed in Annex 1
.


SECTION C.

Duration of the
project activity

/
crediting period



C.1

Duration of the
project activity
:



C.1.1.

Starting date of the project activity
:



01
/
1
0
/
12 (
expected date when PP financially commits to the project and issues purchase orders.)

As per CDM glossary of terms
the start date shall be considered to be the
date on which the project
participant has committed to expenditures related to the implementation or related to the construction of

the
project activity. It is further explained that minor pre
-
project expenses, e.g. the contracting of services
/payment of
fees for feasibility studies or preliminary surveys, should not be considered in the determination of
the start date as they do not necessarily indicate the commencement of implementation of the project.


Till date the project participant has not committe
d to expenditures related to the implementation or related to
the construction of the project activity. However PP has undertaken minor pre
-
project expenses like
preliminary surveys.
PP has not yet issued any purchase order for any material/equipment yet.

Therefore
PP has provided the start date of the project activity as

expected date when PP financially commits to the
project and issues purchase orders




C.1.2.

Expected
operational lifetime of the project activity:


21 years

and zero months

C.2

Choice of the
crediting period

and related information:



C.2.1.

Renewable crediting period


PP has chosen renewable crediting period

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













27




C.2.1.1.



Starting date of the first
crediting period
:



01/0
8
/
2012

or
the date of registration, which
ever is later.




C.2.1.2.


Length of the first
crediting period
:


7 years

and zero months



C.2.2.

Fixed crediting period
:




C.2.2.1.


Starting date:

N/A




C.2.2.2.


Length:

N/A


SECTION D.

Environmental impacts


D.1.

If required by the
host Par
ty
,
documentation on

the analysis of the environmental impacts
of the project activity:



The
Host party does not require
an analysis of the environmental impacts (EIA)

for the proposed project.
Moreover the
project has no adverse environmental impact, rather the project
has many positive
environmental impacts for e.g. reducing deforestation rate, reducing GHG emissions etc.


The Blaze stove is constructed
from sand, cement, thermal bricks, wheat waste and clay

and a few pieces
of iron/steel rods. All the materials are pr
esent in the vicinity of the project activity, except the iron/steel
rods.

Additionally, the thermal bricks, clay and the iron/steel rods can be reused when the stove requires
replacement. The local stakeholders have also agreed on the benefits of using th
e Blaze rocket stoves in
reducing indoor air pollution, and saving fuel wood, thus reducing greenhouse gas emissions from
burning wood.


D.2.

If environmental impacts are considered significant by the project participants or the
host
Party
, please provide conclusions and all references to support documentation of an environmental
impact assessment undertaken in accordance with the procedures as required by the
host Party
:


A No
-
Objection Certificate (NOC) has been issued by the National Ene
rgy Conservation Centre
(ENERCON), Pakistan. Therefore, the project activity is not required to undertake Environment Impact
Assessment.


SECTION E.

Stakeholders’

comments


E.1.

Brief description how comments by local
stakeholders

have been invited and co
mpiled:


The stakeholders were identified as follows:


1.

National Energy Conservation Centre (ENERCON)

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













28

2.

Ministry of Environment, Pakistan

3.

Local villagers in the project boundary/stove users


1.

The PP sent letters and project documents to ENERCON and invited their opinion on the project
activity.
The Managing Director of ENERCON

provide
d a no
-
objection certificate (NO
C) to the
project and allowed it to move ahead. ENERCON took approximately one m
onth to get back with
their approval of the project.

2.

The Clean Development Mechanism
-

Pakistan of the Ministry of Environment, Pakistan (DNA) was
intimated by the PP on its interest

to pursue the project activity and the need for host country
approval fro
m the DNA. The DNA was sent prior CDM intimation on 22
nd

June 2011
.

The Clean
Dev
elopment Mechanism Cell of the Ministry of Environment issued a Letter of Intent for the
initiation of CDM project activity on 27
th

June 2011.


3a.

The PP had contracted CMD for c
onducting a baseline survey and consulting stakeholders for their
willingness to use energy efficient wood stoves. The surveyed household heads were provided a brief
description of the project and were asked to provide their willingness to support the proj
ect by
adopting the energy efficient stove. All the surveyed household heads had agreed that if the stove
was provided free of cost, they would support the project.

3b.

A local stakeholder’s meeting was organized in the fo
rm of a public event on June 1
st
, 201
1.

PP
visited the President & Councillor of Union Council 47 and informed them about the project and the
stakeholder consultation meeting. The Councillor

then arranged for an announcement in the local
mosque to inform the villagers about the stakeholder meeting.
The event was held at the Offices of
the Union Coun
c
il 47, Gangapur Village in Jaranawala tehsil, District of Faisalabad, Pakistan. The
agenda of
the meeting included:




Welcome speech by the organizers



Introduction of Climate Change and Clean Development Mechanism



Description of project and its environmental merits



Question
-
and
-
answer session



Vote of thanks


In the meeting, the attendees were intr
oduced to the concept of Global Warming and Climate
Change. The PP explained the problems facing the local community on its energy crisis. The PP
went on to explain its role for sustainable development
in line with achieving

emission reductions
,
the benefi
ts of using energy
-
efficient stoves including reduction of deforestation rate, financial
savings per household, local forest biodiversity conservation, reduction in indoor air pollution and
CO
2

emissions. etc.


The PP had also facilitated a dem
onstration o
f cooking on a Blaze

rocket stove versus a three
-
stone
open
-
f
ire stove to show that the Blaze

stoves cook quicker and
use less wood. This demonstration
was followed by a feedback session
, during which comments from the stakeholders were invited.
The stake
holders had
appro
ximately three

hours to provide their comments on the project activity.


E.2.

Summary of the comments received:


PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













29


The concerns that were raised during the stakeholder meeting were as follows:


1.

Elaborate how it would benefit the community.

2.

How do we pay for the energy efficient stoves if we are in no financial position to purchase them

3.

When would

th
e energy efficient stove (EES) construction begin?

4.

F
rom where will the material for t
he energy efficient stove (EES)

be
sourced?

5.

W
ill
there
be
any lo
cal representation by Red Whale in Pakistan?

6.

W
here
will the labourers and assistants
be e
mployed from?

7.

W
hat happens if the ener
gy efficient stove (EES) breaks?

8.

W
ho will be responsible for the repair and maintenance of t
he energy efficient stove (EES)
?

9.

W
ill there be any welfare
officer available to advise their

women further of the benefits of using t
he
energy efficient stoves (EES)?


The above comments were made by the
following
attendees of the stakeholder meeting:


a)

Abdul Ghaffar (President Union Cou
ncil 47)

b)

Rana Arjmand (Councilor Union Council 47)

c)

Abdul Ghfoor (President Union Council 46)

d)

Rana Naeem (President Union Council 48)

e)

Tariq Mahmood (Head Teacher)

f)

Abdul Majeed (Teacher)

g)

Muhammad Alam (Village Leader)

h)

Miss Nazia BiBi (Religious Teacher)




E.3.

Report on how due account was taken of any comments received:


The concerns were addressed as discussed below:


1.

Elaborate how it would benefit the community.


Red Whale outlined the following benefits of the project to the local stakeholders.


a.

Reducti
on in the amount wood used to cook

b.

Resulting in cash savings for the purchase of non renewable fuel wood.

c.

Reduction in the cutting down of trees for use as fuel wood.

d.

Reduction of emissions, leading to a reduction in global warming effect

e.

An increase to
the stakeholders and families health conditions, smokeless cooking.

f.

Job opportunities during the construction and ongoing maintenance of the energy efficient stoves.


2.

How do we pay for the energy efficient stoves if we are in no financial position to purch
ase them

The PP

replied that there shall be no financial burden on the stakeholders of purchasing t
he energy
efficient stove (EES).

The cost will be met by the PP, and would be constructed free
-
of
-
charge for the
stakeholders


PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













30

3.

When would the energy efficien
t stove (EES) construction begin?


The PP

replied that the project would start operatio
n by October 2011.


4.

From where will the material for the energy efficient stove (EES) be sourced?


The PP replied that all material will be sourced and purchased locally
.


5.

Will there be any local representation by Red Whale in Pakistan?


The PP replied that there will be a local manned office to which all
EES

and maintenance queries can be
forwarded.


6.

Where will the labourers and assistants be employed from?


The PP

repli
ed that the masons and assistants will be employed from within the villages.


7.

What happens if the energy efficient stove (EES) breaks?


The PP replied that there will be a local office

for each union council
,

to
which

the Stakeholders can
forward their com
plaints for repair and maintenance.


8.

Who will be responsible for the repair and maintenance of the energy efficient stove (EES)?


The PP replied that all repair and annual maintenance costs
will be met by the PP itself
.


9.

Will there be any welfare officer
available to advise their women further of the benefits of using t
he
EES
?


The PP confirmed that a welfare officer will visit the village on a monthly basis and meet with the women
of the village and discuss the

EES

project.




PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













31

Annex 1


CONTACT INFORMATION ON PARTICIPANTS IN THE
PROJECT ACTIVITY


Organization:

Red Whale General Trading LLC

Street/P.O.Box:

P.O. Box 119232

Building:


City:


State/Region:

Dubai

Postfix/ZIP:

119
232

Country:

United Arab Emirates

Telephone:

Primary


(+
971
)

55 371 1693

Alternate: (
+971
)

50 437 8968

FAX:


E
-
Mail:

ms@red
-
whale.com

URL:


Represented by:


Title:

Chairman

Salutation:

Mr.

Last Name:

Suleman

Middle Name:


First Name:

M
uhammed

Department:


Mobile:


Direct FAX:


Direct tel:

Primary


(+
971
)

55 371 1693

Alternate: (
+971
)

50 437 8968

Personal E
-
Mail:

ms@red
-
whale.com




PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













32

Annex 2


INFORMATION REGARDING PUBLIC FUNDING


There is no public funding
involved in the project activity. All revenues are stemming from sales of CERs



PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













33

Annex 3


BASELINE INFORMATION


The below mentioned parameters and trends were studied during the survey. The results have been
summarized in the following subsection
.


1.

Quantity of woody biomass used in the absence of the project activity

(
B
old

in tones)

Sampling Element

Male & Female Head of each household

Sample Size

400 households

Result



2.

Efficiency of the baseline stove (ηold)

During the baseline survey it was found that that most of the households are using three stone
open fire stove or conventional stoves without grate and chimney. During the implementation of
the project activity Red Whale would identify and replace stoves o
f only those households which
are using the three stone open fire or the conventional stove. As per the methodology AMS II
-
G
version 3 and efficiency of such stoves can be taken as 10%. The same has been used by the PP.


3.

Efficiency of the new stove (
η
new
)

Test type

Water Boiling Efficiency Test

Efficiency

35
%


4.

Share of Non
-
Renewable Biomass (f
NRB
)

Sampling Element

Male & Female Head of each household

Sample Size

400 households

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













34

0
100
200
300
400
500
1990
2000
2005
2011
Average Wood Fuel Cost
(PKR/40KG)

Average Wood Fuel
Cost (PKR/40KG)
Result



5.

Fuel Wood Price Trend

Sampling Element

Male & Female Head of each

household

Sample Size

400 households

Result




6.

Distance travelled to collect wood

Sampling Element

Male & Female Head of each household

Sample Size

400 households

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













35

0
2
4
6
8
10
1990
2000
2005
2011
Average Distance Travelled for
Sourcing Fuelwood (in KMs)

Average Distance
Travelled for
Sourcing Fuelwood
(in KMs)
Result



PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













36

Annex 4


MONITORING INFORMATION


SAMPLE SIZE CALCULATION


Determination
of Sample Size for Testing Efficiency of ‘Blaze’ Stove


The sampling plan for determining
sample size for efficiency testing in the project boundary

is based

upon general statistical methods and the formula is given below
.





)
100
(
100
2
r
r
c
Z
x





(1)



)
)
1
((
2
x
E
N
x
N
z







(2)


Where

z





= sample size

N



= population size

E



= margin of error

Z(c/100)

= critical value for the confidence level c

r



= response distribution

x



= Constant calculated based on confidence level and response distribution


The sampling size is calculated using the above formulas, using a maximum margin of uncertainty/error
of (E =) 10% and a confidence level of (c=) 90%.

Hence, by calculation, the critical value for a 90
% confidence level is 1.645
.


In order to stay conserv
ative, we have taken a response distribution of 50% for maximum sample size.


The value for x is calculated using eq. 1, as shown below:


)
50
100
(
50
)
645
.
1
(
2




x

6765

x


After finding x, the sample size can be easily calculated using eq. 2.

The
number of households that would have a ‘Blaze’ stove constructed is
10,250
.


We know that:

x
6765
N
10,250
E
10


Therefore the sample size is

]
6765
)
10
)
1
250
,
10
[((
]
6765
250
,
10
[
2





z

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













37

67


z


The sample size for the plan to determine
sample size for efficiency testing in the project boundary
is 67
.


As mentioned in B.7.2., since it is better to oversample in order to get a more accurate answer and to
accommodate faulty outliers, the PP has chosen a sample size of 104

households efficie
ncy
-
tested
annually.

Determination of Sample Size for Number of Stoves In Use


The sampling plan for determining
sample size for
obtaining number of ‘Blaze’ stoves in use, in the
project boundary,
is based

upon general statistical methods and the formula i
s given below
.





)
100
(
100
2
r
r
c
Z
x





(1)



)
)
1
((
2
x
E
N
x
N
z






(2)


Where

z





= sample size

N



= population size

E



= margin of error

Z(c/100)

= critical value for the confidence level c

r



= response distribution

x



= Constant calculated based on
confidence level and response distribution


The sampling size is calculated using the above formulas, using a maximum margin of uncertainty/error
of (E =)
5
% and a confidence level of (c=) 9
5
%.

Hence, by calculation, the critical value for a 9
5
%
confidence level is 1.
96
.


In order to stay conservative, we have taken a response distribution of 50% for maximum sample size.


The value for x is calculated using eq. 1, as shown below:


)
50
100
(
50
)
96
.
1
(
2




x

9604

x


After finding x, the

sample size can be easily calculated using eq. 2.

The number of households that would have a ‘Blaze’ stove constructed is
10,250
.


We know that:

x
9,604


N
10,250
E
5


Therefore the sample size is

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













38

]
604
,
9
)
5
)
1
250
,
10
[((
]
604
,
9
250
,
10
[
2





z

370


z


The sample size for the plan to determine
sample size of obtaining the number of stoves in use in
the project
boundary
is

3
70
.


As mentioned in B.7.2., since it is better to oversample in order to get a more accurate answer and to
accommodate
faulty data
,
the PP

has chosen a sample size of 400 households efficiency
-
tested biennially.




PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













39

Appendix 1


THERMAL SAVINGS ACHIEVED BY THE PROJECT ACTIVITY


The thermal savings of the project activity are calculated
as follows:

A.

ANNUAL ENERGY SAVINGS PER STOVE

1.

Annual
amount of wood saved

per stove

)
1
(
,
new
old
old
y
savings
B
B






Where,

B
y,savings

Quantity of woody biomass that is saved in tonnes

B
old

Quantity of woody biomass used in the absence of the project activity in tonnes

η
old

Efficiency of the system being replaced; a

default value of 0.10 has been used for
the open
-
fire conventional system (with no improved combustion

air supply or flue gas ventilation system), as mentioned in the methodology

η
new

Efficiency of the system being deployed as part of the project
activity (fraction);
this has been determined by PCSIR using the Water Boiling Test (WBT) protocol



Therefore,

)
%
35
%
10
1
(
/
8911
.
5
,



year
tonnes
B
y
savings

year
tonnes
B
y
savings
/
208
.
4
,


2

Annual Energy Savings per Stove

3600
,
biomass
y
savings
savings
NCV
B
Q



Where

Q
savings

Thermal energy savings per

stove

during the year y in
GWh
th
/year

B
y,savings

Quantity of woody biomass that is saved

per stove

in tonnes

NCV
biomass

Net calorific value of the non
-
renewable woody biomass that is substituted

(IPCC default for wood fuel, 0.015 TJ/tonne)

3600

Conversion factor for GJ to GWh
th
12

Therefore,

th
savings
GWh
GJ
tonne
GJ
year
tonnes
Q
/
3600
/
15
/
208
.
4






12

International Energy Agency:

http://www.iea.org/stats/unit.asp


PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM
-
SSC
-
PDD)
-

Version 03


CDM


Executive Board













40

year
GWh
Q
th
savings
/
0175
.
0


Therefore, for each stove built in the project boundary, the maximum energy savings would be 0.0175
GWh
th
/year.

B.

TOTAL ANNUAL THERMAL ENERGY SAVINGS

stoves
savings
savings
total
N
Q
Q


.

Q
total.savings

Total annual thermal energy savings during the year y in GWh
th
/year

Q
savings

Thermal energy savings per stove

during the year y in
GWh
th
/year

N
stoves,y

Number of households that have a constructed and fully
operational “Blaze”
捯潫i湧⁳ 潶攠e渠n敡r⁹

Ewhi捨ci猠㄰s㈵〩

250
,
10
/
0175
.
0
.


year
GWh
Q
th
savings
total

year
GWh
Q
th
savings
total
/
3
.
179
.



fn 捯湣l畳i潮Ⱐt桥h 湵n扥b 潦 獴潶敳 w潵o搠扥b m慩nt慩湥搠at ㄰ⰲ㔰Nst潶敳
in t桥h 灲oj散t 扯畮b慲y
t桲潵o桯ht t桥 捲敤eti湧 灥ri潤o
t漠敮獵s攠t桡t t桥
total 慮湵nl t桥rm慬 敮erg
y 獡vi湧猠w潵o搠湯t 數ee敤
ㄸN

d坨
th
/year.