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LIBR 244
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01_Costantini_EX6

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QUESTIONS

FOR EXERCISE #6

Due November 19, 2007 by 11:59 p.m.


Please answer the following questions by searching two of the Big Three plus at least two search
engines for Internet research. Search as many files, databases, publications or Web site as you

feel appropriate.


Be sure to capture enough of your searches to show me where you searched, how you searched,
and what you find.


1.

I’m looking for sources that will help guide me through the process of installing ceramic
tile in a shower.


2.

We would lik
e a list of trade journals and newsletters that cover the biotechnology and
pharmaceutical industries.


3.

I’m looking for sources of student loans and scholarships and am interested in federal,
state, and private funding sources.


4.

I work at a nature center
and would like examples of how nature centers or botanical
gardens do their fundraising.


5.


Answer one question of interest to you or your work colleagues.


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PROBLEM 1


Requested Search


I’m looking for sources that will help guide me through the process
of installing ceramic tile in a
shower.


Search Parameters




Concepts individuation

Searched Databases

install, how to

ceramic tile

shower

tiling


Google

Worldcat

Librarian Internet Index

About.com

Ask.com


Factiva

Dialog




Search Process



I start
ed my search with Google and used the string
install ceramic tile shower

but limited
the search to the url only, I set a one year date limit and set up a 30 hits per page. I decided that
in my searches I would look only to hits in the first page. I found a

couple of good sites but not
satisfied I changed my search to
tile shower

and searched all the fields. I found six more sites
with plenty of information.


Then I searched Worldcat. I still tend to look at in
-
print materials as a basic support for my own
e
nrichment therefore I wanted to see if there where books on the matter. I searched
tiling

and
then restricted the search to
tiling shower

finding one entry. I then modified my original search
tiling

adding a date range
2005..2007

and retrieved 14 records.

I selected three books that look
to me on target among these books. I conducted one more search in Worldcat;
tile shower how
to,

this search retrieved pertinent media material (five records.)


Curious about what more could be out there that my previous st
rategies and the database
searched so far had not unraveled I searched also: The Librarian Internet Index, About.com,
Ask,com. Each of the databases provided one more link of interest. I had not worked with Ask
after their “remodeling” and I was pleasantly

surprised by the new functionality of the tool.
Especially for what concern the feature of suggesting search term and search delimiters. The
ExpertRank algorithm used by Ask(Teoma’s Subject
-
Specific Popularity) is useful in gathering
relevant results in t
he first page of 10 results.


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I chose to search Factiva next. I searched home improvement in Subject and Industry consulting
the smart index feature. My search strategy was

((install* or how w/2 to) and ceramic tile* and
shower* and (ns=GLIFE or in=i648 or

in=i6483 or in=ihimpro)) and wc>1500
, I added the
word count limiter trying to obtain better records, ie records that would be focused on providing
complete and thorough information. All and all I did not feel satisfied of my results.


The next search wit
h Dialog had somehow a similar outcome. I started doing some prospecting
of which file to use and after few dry
-
runs I resolved in files 47,743, and 426. I entered a simple
search
tile()installation and shower

which retrieved a 13 records set. Few of this

records where
dead on.


Overall Comments


Even considering the “noise” of the web searches, I think that the search subject lent itself to a
web search better then to a subscription databases search.



♒♒♒



PROBLEM 2


Requested Search


We would like a
list of trade journals and newsletters that cover the biotechnology and
pharmaceutical industries.



Search Parameters




Concepts individuation

Searched Databases

biotechnology & pharmaceuticals
industries

trade journal

newsletters

list


Google direct
ory

fda.gov

searchmash.com by google

ixquick


Dialog




Search Process



I first started searching
google directory

with a generic term
biotechnology

to see what I would
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get back in the first page of 30 results I selected to links that had some of the re
quested
information. I attempted two more rounds using google directory and using
Biotechnology and
Pharmaceuticals

but my results looked to commercial and spread out, so I turned to a the search
Biotechnology & Pharmaceuticals industries journal list

in
g
oogle's main

database. In the
first 30 hits I found few very good hits, amongst them one of note is Thompson's Biotechnology
Citation Index, listing 283 journals.


I looked further to the topic in the
FDA web site

using their snazzy Web 2.0 interface they
dubbed Entrez. I searched
Biotechnology & Pharmaceuticals journal
, the journal page had 140
relevant records.


I wanted to see what difference would make searching using
searchmash

compared to google
proper. I used a similar search string
pharmaceutical an
d biotechnology trade journals
list
,
the first three pages hits (for a total of 30) had similar sites to those I had already found
using google with the exception of four noteworthy links, I then modified the search to
biotechnology trade journals lis
t

and

retrieved one more link that looked dead on but
provided what looked like a partial list.


IXQUICK contributed an exceptional source
:

the University of Cambridge Chemistry Journals
master's list organized by journal vendor, the list seem to have intersper
sed biotech and pharma
journals.


I did not have much luck with any of the subscription database, I could not come up with either a
good strategy or the right file to search. When you suggested to search file 469 in Dialog I
dumped the garbage I had collec
ted until then and searched that file with
biotechnology/de or
pharmaceutical/de,

in retrieved set I found many directories and purged them out of my final
set. I mainly obtained newsletters.



Overall Comments


I thought that the question would be better
answered by a subscription based database but I could
not find good parameters to execute the search, therefore I had to fold back on a web search. The
web search provided appropriate material.



♒♒♒



PROBLEM 3


Requested Search


I’m looking for sources of student loans and scholarships and am interested in federal, state, and
private funding sources



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Search Parameters




Concepts individuation

Searched Databases

student loans

scholarships

funding agency

financial aid

education


Google

Google Directory

Clusty

ipl.grokker

grokker


Factiva

LexisNexis




Search Process



I have direct experience in the topic and my quest was trying to find impartial information
--
not
easy, I thought I could a
chieve that if I concentrated my web search on governmental website or
nonprofit organizations.


I started searching google's main database with
"student loans" scholarships funding agency

and retrieved many commercially oriented sites, I then turned to go
ogle directory and searched
financial aid education
, finding the mix of governmental and nonprofit organizations I was
looking for.


Clusty offers the opportunity to progressively focus your search. I started with
"student loans"
scholarships

and then focu
sed it on Department of education
--
6 records and Education
--
26
records. Then I searched

"student loans" scholarships "funding education"

and focused the
search on .org sites, retrieving 34 records.


I was wondering what IPL selection would look like and s
earched the site using Grokker the
general search
student loans

retrieved 172 records, but when focused on financial aid it returned
8 records.


What would the difference be when Grokker was used "in the open," not within IPL's website.
Searching with the
string
scholarship

returned 188 records, and when focused on financial aid
dropped to 42 records.


The ability to focus general searches is a valued tool(Ask, Grokker). I am not sure how the
process is achieved and therefore the confidence on the results i
sn't complete.


I searched
(student loan* or scholarship* or financial aid) and wc>1500

using Factiva in the
banking industries. I retrieved a lot of articles concentrating on the difficulties of the sector and
on inquiries of the appropriateness of the b
usiness procedures. Some articles had information on
how to get your education funded.


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A search of LexisNexis database offered a similar result. I searched
((atleast10 (financial
aid)) and length>1500
)

and then selected few articles I though pertinent.



Overall Comments

It seemed that was easier to find general information on the web based search whereas the
subscription database offered more insight on topical issues, at least with the searches I
conducted. Only recently I realized I could look up news i
n Google News although some of the
articles may not be free the search is, a model that I strongly endorse. At the same time I realized
of the capability of searching Blogs with my subject (your UK presentation helped in that.)



♒♒♒

PROBLEM 4


Requested Search


I work at a nature center and would like examples of how nature centers or botanical gardens do
their fundraising.


Search Parameters



Concepts individuation

Searched Databases

fund raising, fundraising, funding,
fina
ncing

nature center

botanical gardens

examples, how to, initiatives, plan

Worldcat

Google

Grokker

Clusty

Factiva

LexisNexis



Search Process


I thought to start my search looking for a book in my friendly library network. I therefore
searched Worldcat wi
th:
fund raising nature center

and retrieved 2 relatively recent books and
with
fund raising botanical gardens

retrieving one thesis I thought would be interesting to look
up.


Google provided five relevant links but the search
fundraising nature center

re
turned
unfocused results, ie the number of links with examples of how to do fundraising for nature
centers was not immediately evident.


Grokker search
fundraising nature center

could be then focused in Fundraising Ideas, returning
30 records, of which few

were useful.

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Clusty search
"fundraising ideas" "botanical gardens"

returned 175 records two links had
valuable information.


As found in the previous problem Factiva search
(((funding or financ*) and atleast5 botanical
gardens) or ((funding or financ*) a
nd (atleast5 nature center*)) and wc>800

returned
articles focused on the financial difficulties of nature centers and botanical gardens. Some
articles reported on fundraising methods.


A similar result was obtained when searching LexisNexis with
((hlead(
fund raising) or
hlead(fundraising)) and atleast5 (nature center! or botanical garden!))

which returned a 15
records set.


♒♒♒

PROBLEM 5


Requested Search


Answer one question of interest

to you or your work colleagues:
Find documentation on soy
foods intolerance.



Search Parameters




Concepts individuation

Searched Databases

soy milk, soy bean

soy foods

intolerance

al
lergy

perl growing term >>> isoflavones
(dropped: articles too technical)


Searchmash

Ask

Clusty

Worldcat


Dialog

LexisNexis




Search Process



Although Dialog’s search results are last in the list of searches I begun my search from it. I
begun file 155

and expanded the term SOY I then focused on two headings
SOY FOODS
--
ADVERSE EFFECTS

and
SOY FOODS
--
TOXICITY
. I collected the 34 records domain
of these two descriptors and TYPED them in format 8. I selected those articles I thought would
be of i
nterest

and TYPED them in format 9,
t 1/9/33,28,27,24,21,16,13,11,10,1
. I wondered if
there could be articles that pertained to intolerance of soy products but were not in the searched
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adverse effects subheading and searched the db with
soy milk/de and adv
erse()effect?,
I
retrieved a 16 records set which I TYPED in format 8, looked at them and picked two more
articles (NO.2, NO.16) which I then TYPED in format 9. I folded the Medline search.


I then started my web based search. The search of
searchmash
loo
ked into
soy food
intolerance
-
baby
-
infants
-
children

several links were of interest but two stood above the
others.


The www.drmcdougall.com for its lengthy and detailed description and
http://www.foodheadache.com/ because provided links to directories
on the subject.


I then searched Ask.com using the previous search strategy,
soy food intolerance
-
baby
-
infants
-
children
. Narrowing the search using Ask sidebar did not improve my results, so in the
general search page I looked at the first three page o
f results and selected three links of interest.
One of the link was for a well written WebMd article.


Would Clusty return something different? Probed with the above search Clusty returned two
links particularly interesting, one from nutrion.gov the other,

although was addressing kids
health, had some interesting general information.


What about a good book? Worldcat search
soy foods allergy

returned 15 records (not only books
of

course). The database did not return any result when using
food intolerance
. I
t seemed that
four of the 15 hits had the right blend of specificity and non technical approach.


When I searched Entrez I looked to articles of the same kind, topical but not technical. I found
three of them searching
soy food allergy

and then selecting P
ubMed Central category.


I concluded my search taping into LexisNexis with the following search strategy
((hlead (soy))
and (atleast5(soy))) AND (INDEX
-
CODE((GASTROENTEROLOGY OR FOOD
ALLERGIES))) and length >800

from which I selected eight relevant article
s.




Overall Comments


I feel dissatisfied with my subscription databases search techniques. I basically need much more
time (even though I well exceeded the forecasted search time for this class) to be able to retain
each database’s specificity and impro
ve my ability to find what I am looking for. However, the
experience of searching gave me an overall understanding of the difficulties involved in
searching effectively. Finding good terms for your searches can either be taught through a
methodological ap
proach or it has to be learned through practice. In the second case, possibly a
daily application to the effort needs to be put in place, but you would still need to confront your
findings with someone on a one
-
on
-
one basis. In the first case, mirroring th
e know
-
how of an
expert teacher is the best option (through any way available,) as it is demonstrated from
thousands of years of arts and craft development. In Online Searching the craft part is where you
know your tools (the science part some would say),
the art part is where you learn how to
channel your energies and intuitions.


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♒♒♒