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Federal Plan for Advanced Networking Research
and Development

and

Trusted Internet Connections (TIC)

March 2008

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FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

Slide
2

ITFAN Charge and Terms of Reference


January 31, Dr. Marburger, Director of OSTP, charged
the Committee on Technology to:


Establish the Interagency Task Force on Advanced Networking
(ITFAN)


Direct ITFAN to develop an interagency Federal Plan for Advanced
Networking Research and Development


Deliver a preliminary draft by May, 2007 to provide input to the FY
2009 Federal budget planning cycle


Terms of Reference Charged ITFAN to Develop a Plan
With:


A strategic vision of current and future needs of the Federal
agencies, the commercial sector and the academic community


Recommended scope and objectives for Federal advanced
networking R&D


Identification of existing networking R&D programs and investments
and a gap analysis of existing versus needed advanced networking
R&D


Identification and prioritization of advanced networking R&D needs


A process for developing an implementation roadmap to guide
future advanced networking R&D activities




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Slide
3

Schedule for Production of the Federal Plan


January 31, 2007: Tasking received from OSTP


May 15: Produce Draft Federal Plan for Advanced
Networking Research and Development; Provide inputs
to FY09 Federal research budget submissions


July 31: Solicit comments on the Draft Plan from
networking researchers from universities, Federal labs,
the commercial sector, and others


September 30: Cut
-
off for public comment: Revise the
Draft Plan based on comments received


October 31: Send revised Draft Plan to Federal agency
ITFAN participants for review


November 29: Submit Draft Plan for Agency concurrence


January 31: Submit Draft Plan for NSTC concurrence


April 1: Official distribution of the Plan

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Slide
4

Federal Agencies in ITFAN


Federal Agency Representation


DOD


DOE/SC


NARA


NASA


NCO


NIH/NLM


NIST


NSA


NSF


OSTP


USDOJ


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Slide
5

Study Context


Based on visions of critical Federal advanced networking
capabilities for the middle for the next decade


Identify research priorities across the Federal
networking R&D portfolio


Support the American Competitiveness Initiative’s call
for increased Federal investment to:



Ensure continued U.S. leadership in scientific and technological
innovation


Substantially improve capacity, adaptability and end
-
to
-
end
performance of Federal research networks


Advanced networks include heterogeneous anytime
anywhere networking:


Federation across domains and widely differing technologies


Dynamic mobile networking with autonomous management


Quality of service


Support for sensornets


Near
-
real
-
time autonomous discovery, configuration and
management of resources


End
-
to
-
end security tailored to the application and user




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Slide
6

Communications & Networking

Near to Mid
-
Term Architecture

GEOS

LEOS

Global
-
Area
Network

Wide
-
Area
Network

R

Aircraft

Tier 4
Global
Coverage

Tier 3
Wide Area
Coverage

TCS

Land Line (wire or fiber)

R

Ground
Based

Radio

Local Area
Network

People

Weapons

Sensors

UGS

R

R

AAVs

Medium
-
Area
Network

Tier 2

Inter
-
Team
Coverage

Tier 1

Team
Coverage

R = Internet Router
or JTRS WNW

JTRS

JTRS

GIG
-
BE

GIG
-
BE

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

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Slide
7

Four major Networking Goals


A proposed coordinated research effort across Federal
agencies focused on four goals:


Goal 1: Provide network services anytime, anywhere


Goal 2: Make secure global federated networks possible


Goal 3: Manage network complexity and heterogeneity


Goal 4: Foster innovation through development of advanced
network systems and technologies

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Slide
8

Five Dimensions of Networking Research


For
each

networking goal, the plan considered five
dimensions of networking research:


Foundations:

Develop architectural principles, frameworks, and
network models to deal with complexity, heterogeneity, multi
-
domain federation, management, and transparency, end
-
to
-
end
performance, and differentiated services.


Desig
n
:

Develop secure, near
-
real
-
time, flexible, adaptive services
with built
-
in intelligence to facilitate discovery, federation, and
management of resources across domains and to increase the
application robustness and invulnerability to attack even in
extraordinarily complex systems and new ways of interconnecting
networks to provide those services.


Management:

Develop management methods and tools that
enable effective deployment, control, and utilization of networks
and resources in dynamic environments, across domains, and with
ever increasing network and application complexity.


Security:
Achieve a high degree of security even in complex,
heterogeneous federation and policy environments, especially in the
face of component failures, malicious activities, and attacks, while
also respecting privacy


Usability:

Develop adaptable, user
-
centered services and interfaces
that promote efficiency, effectiveness, and meeting user needs
without overwhelming users with unneeded data.

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Slide
9

Example of Analysis and Findings

Design Goals

Current Practice

Mid
-
Next
-
Decade



Baseline Program

Remaining Challenges


Enable users to
discover, schedule, and
monitor resources
across

Federations


Phone
-
based and email exchanges to
coordinate sharing of information among
users


Limited sharing of state information across
domains to enable user services


Multicast and full sharing across
heterogeneous network subject to security
and policy restrictions.


Web crawlers, directories, and other
methods that place the burden on the user to
find the right sources among a massive set.


Minimal ability for individual users to
schedule and monitor resources


Phone
-
based and email exchanges
persist resulting in poor end
-
to
-
end
performance and inefficient use of the
networks resources


Search engines with advanced AI
will improve ability to focus on
relevant information, but “search
overload” remains an issue for the end
users.


Control and signaling plane
technology that can assist the
end users by seamlessly
integrating diverse technologies
(wireless, optical, packet
switched, circuit switched, etc) to
compose e2e path with user
-
defined characteristics.


Tools to allow the users to view
network monitoring, status
reporting, and control
information


Enable users to interact with
network management to optimize
performance to meet local
demands while remaining
globally consistent


Distributed policies engines to
support multi
-
domain e2e QoS,
security certificates, SLAs, etc.

Goal 2: Global Federated Networks

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Slide
10

Technology Development Cycle


Federal research efforts are part of a technology
development cycle


Basic and applied research

in the full range of network hardware,
software, security and middleware needed to support the next
generation of uses for networks and explore new paths


Partnerships with application developers

to test basic research
ideas on real problems in areas including national security, support
of scientific leadership, and human health


A suite of testbeds

that enable understanding and creation of new
technologies in the large and the small. The large scale of existing
deployed networks such as the Internet limits research and
development, while laboratory and simulation studies

cannot
address some aspects of the solutions, particularly complexity, their
ability to scale, and their potential realism. The suite of testbeds
and prototypes will range from high flexibility/low cost platforms to
high performance embedded systems.

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Slide
11

Plan Analysis


Task force analysis focused on:


Existing status of Federal research


Expected results of Federal agency existing and planned research
programs to the middle of the next decade


Significant research challenges expected to remain in the middle of
the next decade under the existing Federal agency networking R&D
profile.


Addressing the significant research challenges could
provide additional options for meeting agency mission
requirements, add significant flexibility, robustness, and
scalability to the underlying basic network design and
architecture, and support new commercial applications
and technologies that will drive future U.S.
competitiveness and ensure continued U.S. leadership in
networking.


The Task Force strongly supports collaborative
partnerships among government organizations and
counterparts in the private sector, to accelerate transfer
and commercialization of new technologies.

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Slide
12

Conclusions


The Task Force recommends that the Government
pursue the networking challenges aggressively to
accelerate progress toward the long
-
term goals and to
gain maximum benefits to the national interest from
Federal networking R&D investments.


May 15, 2007 Draft Federal Plan for Advanced
Networking Research and Development is currently
available at:


http://www.nitrd.gov/advancednetworkingplan/PDF/IT
FAN
-
71907.pdf