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COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

1

COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

MONOLOC, “Indoor positioning and Mobile
Networks Management”

Alfonso Fernandez Duran

Feb 8th 2013

COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

3

AGENDA

1.
Objectives

2.
Challenges and approach

3.
Project methodology

4.
Exploitation model

COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

4

MONOLOC

PROJECT

MONOLOC

project

is

funded

by

the

Ministry

of

Economy

and

Competitiveness

within

the

National

Plan

for

Scientific

Research,

Technological

Development

and

Innovation

2008
-
2011
,

record

(IPT
-
430000
-
2011
-
1272
)

and

the

European

Development

Fund

(ERDF)
.


Advanced Management Platform for mobile and next
-
generation
heterogeneous networks with user indoors location.

http://monoloc.creativit.com/

COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

5

MONOLOC

PROJECT OBJECTIVES


Development and validation of Technology Planning and
Network Management to obtain a precise location
including inside
buildings for mobile users in a networked environment and new
generation mobile devices (Smartphone, LTE and Femtocells).

-
Development and validation of technologies for independent management of
heterogeneous networks, which will optimize the performance of networks and
resources

-
Development of prototype applications using these platforms

COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

6

MONOLOC

CHALLENGES (I)


Movement towards a new paradigm of mobile network deployment. From
large macro networks to client
-
side networks.


Positioning

-
Application of mobile network positioning in indoor (beyond the cell ID)

-
Rather unstable positioning environment

-
Variety of techniques with non
-
straightforward applicability

-
Trade
-
off between cost and applicability

-
Terminal functionality and performance


COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

7

MONOLOC

CHALLENGES (II)


New network schemes.

-
Self Organizing Networks

-
Interaction between customer side and core network. Self service.

-
Self
-
healing

-
Commissioning and decommissioning of mobile network infrastructure elements


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LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

8

GENERAL APPROACH

INDOOR LOCATION


No universal indoor solution like GPS for outdoor


Proposal: Using Small
-
Cells Networks

-
Most people increasingly use smart phones

-
Universal solution.

-
No additional hardware

-
Non WiFi requeriments


Battery saving

-
Advantage of being network
-
aware

-
Small
-
cells power transmission

-
Small
-
cells outage


COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

9

CHALLENGES AND APPROACH

INDOOR LOCATION ACCURACY


Number of Small
-
cells deployed


Type of small
-
cell deployment


Radio
-
Map resolution


Network Changes:

-
Cells Outage

-
Power transmission change


Channel Variability due to:

-
Intrinsic Channel Variations

-
Environment Conditions



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-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

10

APPROACH

NUMBER OF SMALL
-
CELLS DEPLOYED





Finding the optimal number of
small
-
cells
deployed in order to
guarantee a certain grade of
indoor localization accuracy


There must be an
tradeoff
between localization, data and
voice services

requirements


A planning tool will be needed to
achieve this objective

COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

11

APPROACH

TYPE OF DEPLOYMENT





Optimizing the small
-
cells
deployments taking into account
the localization requirements


Specific tools tool will be
designed to achieve this
objective


COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
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LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

12

APPROACH

RADIO
-
MAP RESOLUTION


Finding the optimal resolution in
order to provide certain grade of
accuracy without making
unnecessary computational
efforts


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LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

13

APPROACH

OUTAGE CELLS


Provide a mechanism to
reduce the adverse effects
caused by the outage of a
cell


It is possible by using SON
information. In WLANs this is
more difficult to perform


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LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

14

APPROACH

CELL POWER AWARENESS


Take advantage of the small
-
cells
network awareness to
improve

the indoor localization
accuracy



This is
possible by using SON
information, in WLANs this is
more difficult to perform


COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

15

CHALLENGES AND APPROACH

UNPREDICTABLE ENVIRONMENT


Challenge


-
Reducing the adverse effects caused by the unpredictable indoor
environment changes like opening or closing doors, people
clusters, furniture changes, etc.



Approach


-
Designing a recalibration system capable of detect the
environment changes and of minimize their adverse effects

COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

16

SYSTEM OVERVIEW


Three main blocks:

-
Localization Subsystem

-
Centralized Architecture

-
Self
-
Optimizing Network (SON) Subsystem

-
Three possible types of architecture:

-
Centralized

-
Distributed

-
Hybrid

-
Application Server

COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

17

APS
UE
Small
-
cells
Network
HeNB
Mobile App
SON
LOS
SIS
DM
NM
S
-
GW
/
MME
P
-
GW
Public
Internet
S
5
/
S
8
Itf
S
1
-
U Itf
LOS
-
APS Itf
Uu Itf
SIS
-
LOS Itf
UE
-
LOS Itf
UE
-
APS Itf
SIS
-
NM Itf
DM
-
NM Itf
SIS
-
NE Itf
S
1
Itf
S
1
Itf
SIS
-
UE Itf
Localization Subsystem
LOC
SON Subsystem
NE
-
NE Itf
NE
-
NE Itf
NE
-
NE Itf
Indoor Scenario
SON
SIS
-
NM Itf
S
-
GW


Serving GateWay
P
-
GW


Public Domain Network GateWay
MME


Mobility Management Entity
DM
/
NM


Domain Manager
/
Network Manager
NE


Network Element
Itf


Interface
HeNB


Home evolved NodeB
UE


User Equipment
SON Processes
Localization Processes
LTE Operator’s Core
Local Access Network Domain
External or Local APS Placement
LAN or Operator Domain
LTE
/
LTE
-
A User Interface
LTE
/
LTE
-
A Control Interface
Proposed SON Interfaces
Proposed LOC Interfaces
Proposed APS Interfaces
SON Subsystem
Localization Subsystem
SON
SON
SYSTEM OVERVIEW

COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

18

MONOLOC

METHODOLOGY

WP
7
:
Project Management
WP
6
Transfer
,
exploitation and dissemination
.
WP
1
Use cases scenarios
,
market and
requirements
WP
3
:
Planning
and self
management in
mobile network
.
WP
2
:
Location
in mobile
network
PT
5
:
Validations
:
integration and tests
Standards
-

Protocols
-

Formats
Business case
.
WP
4
:
Services and applications
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LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

19

MNOLOC

EXPLOITATION PRINCIPLES

TELECOM INFRASTRUCTURE

NEEDED FOR THE SERVICE


New or additional infrastructure needed to comply with the
positioning requirements



SERVICE EXPLOITATION

FOR AN END
-
USE BUSINESS REASON



End user benefits from value added services adding private
location to customers or potential customers. E.g. find a the car
in a parking, get advertising of information on specific places,
etc.

CUSTOMIZATION

FOR SPECIFIC USE CASES



Different customers and uses may require very specific
use of the positioning, architecture, etc.



CORE
APPLICATION
FRAMEWORK

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LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

20

MONOLOC

ESTIMATED PERFORMANCE

REVENUES

E.G. SLIGHT INCREASE
MARKET SHARE


NON RECURRENT INDUSTRIALIZATION


COSTS

INDUSTRIALIZATION

MAINTENANCE

FIEL SUPPORT

OTHERS



-
2,0
-
1,0
0,0
1,0
2,0
3,0
4,0
5,0
6,0
7,0
8,0
9,0
1
2
3
4
Times R&I project budget
Year after R&I project completion
Total expected
revenues ~ 14 x
R&I project budget

COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

21

COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL
-
LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

22