Pro Tools 7 Session Secrets

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5 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 1 μήνα)

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Pro Tools 7 Session Secrets

Chapter 5

Mixing in Pro Tools: Directing Audio Traffic

Pro Tools Recording techniques in this chapter
include:


Automation Recipes


Panning Techniques


Routing Options


EQ and Compression Ideas

Automation Recipes


Pro Tools has 6 total automation modes.


Automation can be draw in, or recorded real time with a
mouse or through a control surface.


Pro Tools offers multiple tools to edit automation.


Automation can be disabled to A/B your mix.


Automation can be copied and pasted between
automation playlists and tracks. For example a volume
curve can be copied to the same type of playlist or
pasted to an fx automation playlist such as reverb
decay.


Check Preferences / Automation to configure the
automation parameters for your workflow.


Use to ride vocals, raise instruments levels for solos,
panning, ducking instruments under vocals etc..

Panning Techniques


Center your lower frequencies. Low end tone off
center loses energy.


Center your main vocals. Pan your background
and double and tripe tracks at different spots in
the stereo image. Panned fx also greatly
enhance the since of space.


Create a believable stereo image for your drums
if you want to capture a natural sound. Pan your
percussion to give a since of separation.


Be aware of mixing and panning when wearing
headphones. You get a different sense of space
than when monitoring with speakers.


Guitars can live in the center mono or hard
panned in stereo and offset by a few samples.

Routing Options


Busses are for internal routing only.


Sends can be routed to Busses or Interface outputs.


The number of the bus you Send on needs to be the
same as the bus you use as an Input for your Aux or
Audio track. That completes the loop.


Aux tracks don’t take a voice.


Multiple tracks can be submixed down to a mono or
stereo Aux to maximize control and apply common
fx. Submixing drums this way is common. You can
lower or raise the volume for the entire group of
instruments without losing their relative levels


Submixing down to an audio track can free up
voices in an LE system without any of the
consequences of old style tape bouncing. I.E. eight
tracks of background vocals become stereo.

EQ and Compression Ideas


Most instruments are compressed and Eq
-
ed a little if
not quite a bit.


Compression on an electric guitar can offer sustain.


EQ can make an acoustic guitar sound natural and full
or fake and thin. An electric can be Eq
-
ed drastically
without sounding fake or awkward.


Compression helps vocals stay on top of a mix without
being too loud or getting lost.


EQ can help bring out sizzle or depth in a vocal track
but used too much or incorrectly can cause sibilance,
muddiness or hollowness.


Compression on live drums can change the sound
from tight to big and give be natural or used to create
an effect.