Test Review – Human Heredity & Genetic Engineering 1. Know all of ...

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12 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Test Review


Human Heredity & Genetic Engineering

1. Know all of the terms involved in chromosomal mutations.


Be able to
recognize them.


2
.


Know the terms, sex chromosomes (what combo is male and what is
female), autosomes, homologous

chromosomes
.

3
.


How many chromosomes are in humans? How many pairs of
chromosomes?


How many pairs of sex chromosomes and how many pairs of
autosomes
?

4
.

Know what a pedigree chart shows and how to interpret one.


Know how
to figure out if someone is homozygous or he
terozygous dominant. What do
circles and squares represent. How is a carrier shown and what does that
mean about the trait? Is shading usually done for dominant or recessive
traits? What would you see if the trait was sex
-
linked?

5
.


Know how to work sex

linked Punnett Squares.


Be able to do genotypes
and phenotypes.


You will not need to do genotypic and phenotypic ratios on
sex
-
linked traits on this test.

If you aren’t sure then look at the worksheet
and do a few.

6
.


Be able to explain how sex
-
linke
d traits work and how they are passed
on.


Why do males

show more sex linked traits? Which parent do
males get
the trait from?


7
.


Know what a karyotype shows and how to interpret one. What is a
nondisjunction? What are non sex chromosomes called? How

do you know if
a individual is male or female?

8
. Know terms such as nondisjunction, gene therapy, karyotype, pedigree
chart, etc.

1
0
.


Chapter 13 has many terms you need to know; transformation,
plasmid, genetic engineering, recombinant DNA, restriction

enzymes,
transgenic, PCR, DNA fingerprinting, gel electrophoresis, etc.

11
.


Be able to interpret a DNA fingerprint.

12
.


Know the steps in making recombinant DNA which is called
transformation.

13
.


Be able to explain and interpret gel electrophoresis.


What is the charge
of DNA?

14
.


Know how cloning works.


(the general steps)

What natural clones do
we have
in our world?

15. Mutations in DNA can be caused by drugs and radiation. If these
mutations are to be passed to offspring, what type of cell’s DNA

are
affected?