Genetics Domain Study Guide Know… Asexual Reproduction ...

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12 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 4 μήνες)

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Genetics Domain Study Guide

Know…

Asexual Reproduction

Sexual Reproduction

Meiosis

DNA

Rosalind
Franklin

Watson and Crick

Deoxyribose

Phosphate

Nitrogen Base

Purine

Pyrimidine

Adenine

Thymine

Guanine

Cytosine

Nucleotide

Replication

Semiconservative
Model

RNA

Ribose

Uracil

Transcription

mRNA

Codon

Translation

Gene

Amino Acid

Protein

Heredity

Gregor Mendel

Purebred/True
-
Breeding

Hybrid

Allele

Dominant

Recessive

Homozygous

Heterozygous

Genotype

Phenotype

Law of Segregation

Law of
Independent
Assortment

Monohybrid Cross

Dihybrid Cross

Punnett Square

Probability

Carrier

Pedigree

Incomplete Dominance

Codominance

Multiple Alleles

Sex Chromosomes

Sex
-
Linked Traits

Mutations

Point Mutations

Frameshift Mutations

Selective Breeding

Genetic Engineering

Cloning

Under
stand…

The scientists and experiments involved in determining the structure and importance of the DNA molecule.

The importance of DNA and RNA as molecules essential for the transmission of genetic informa
tion.

The roles of DNA and RNA during meiosis.

The structure of a DNA molecule (sides, steps, nucleotides, etc).

The meaning of the “semiconservative model.”

The process of DNA replication, the enzymes involved, and its location in the cell.

The process of

transcription, the enzyme involved, and its location in the cell.

The process/steps of translation (protein synthesis).

The importance of a codon in protein synthesis.

The purpose and function of each type of RNA molecule.

The importance of start and stop

codons.

The process of how traits are passed down from parents to offspring (meiosis).

That sexual reproduction results in genetic variation; asexual reproduction results in offspring identical to parents.

The importance of Mendel’s work with pea plants.

The relationship between genotypes (genetic makeup) and phenotypes (physically expressed traits).

Mendelian (dominant/recessive) Genetics and Non
-
Mendelian Genetics (Incomplete, Codominance, Multiple Alleles, etc).

How pedigrees are used to trace inheritan
ce through generations.

How gender is determined (sex chromosomes).




Be Able To…

Identify scientists and their contributions to DNA research.

Compare and contrast DNA and RNA molecules.

Determine the complementary
DNA

sequence following
DNA replication
: A T G C G A T C G A A G

Determine the complementary
mRNA

sequence following
transcription
: A T G C G A T C G A A G

Use the coding chart to determine the amino acid sequence for the mRNA codons: A G C U U C G A A

U C U

Give the complementary
tRNA

anticodons to the mRNA codons: A G C U U C G A A U C U

Identify pictures of each process taking place within the cell


replication, transcription, translation.

Describe mutations and how they are
able to affect genetic information.

Identify point mutations vs. frameshift mutations and discuss the impact of each.

Describe the connection between meiosis and inheritance.

Analyze the effects of the law of independent assortment on genetic crosses.

Appl
y the concepts within the law of segregation to genetic crosses.

Distinguish between dominant, recessive, homozygous, and heterozygous genotypes.

Predict possible genetic outcomes of offspring using monohybrid and dihybrid punnett squares.

Analyze monohybr
id and dihybrid crosses for genotype and phenotype probabilities and ratios.

Identify examples of incomplete dominance and codominance in organisms.

Identify situations which result in genetic disorders.

Analyze pedigrees in order to identify relationships

and inheritance patterns.

Perform and analyze punnett squares showing sex
-
linked traits and traits with multiple alleles.



Amino Acid Coding Chart