Genetic Engineering Opinion Paper

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12 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 5 χρόνια και 25 μέρες)

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DNA Fingerprinting

Opinion Paper


You have read articles, watched film clips, and
experimented with DNA Fingerprinting

in class. Now it is
your turn to tell us YOUR opinion. Since it is your opinion,
there is no right or wrong answer…but you must defend
your ideas with examples.


























POINTS

Paragraph 1


*
Define
DNA Fingerprinting


*
Describe
the p
rocedure of

DNA Fingerprinting and
the technique
of gel electrophoresis.


Paragraph 2


*
In general, are you for or against
DNA fingerprinting
?


*
Explain

WHY you choose your position.


*Support your opinion with at least 4
specific applications of DNA
fingerprinting and explain why they support your position.



Paragraph 3


*What do y
ou think will happen with
DNA fingerprinting
in the
next 20 years (whether you are for or against it).
Will it continue to
be an area of
biotech
research
,

or not?


*Predict

an
application

of DNA fingerprinting
that
society

will use
in
our daily lives in the future.

*Predict an application

of DNA fingerprinting
that
society

will
probably NOT use the future.



Proper Format


*Typed


*Correct grammar and spelling


*Followed
paragraph guidelines




Name








Total Points



DNA Fingerprinting

Opinion Paper

List of
Applications




Applications
FOR





Applications
AGAINST




DNA Fingerprinting






DNA Fingerprinting


.













































APPLICATIONS OF DNA FINGERPRINTING


DNA fingerprinting can be used to identify criminals.



DNA fingerprinting can be used for maternity/paternity testing.



DNA fingerprinting can be used to identify potential medical diseases/disorders.



Health insurance companies may have access to DNA profiles.



Your job potential is being decided based on your DNA profile.



Parents use DNA fingerprinting to determine if they are carriers of an inherited genetic
disorder to help them decide if they wi
ll have children.



DNA fingerprinting can be used to identify victims of war or tragedy, such as the
September 11
th

World Trade Center attack.



Genetic databases of DNA fingerprints can be used to help reunite separated families,
such as during the
Holocaust.



Farmers can use DNA techniques to produce breeds of leaner livestock or increased milk
production in dairy cattle.



DNA can be used to authenticate souvenirs, memorabilia, artwork, and other valuable
items. For example, NFL Super Bowl footbal
ls can be marked with an invisible strand of
synthetic DNA which can be verified any time to prevent fraud.



Wine heritage can be determined by using DNA fingerprinting techniques to trace the
lineage of the world’s most renowned grapevine varieties.



DN
A banks/genomes can be stored for endangered plant and animal species, so that when
the technology and/or other resources are available, they may be cloned to restore their
population.


Migration patterns of animals, such as polar, black and brown bears ca
n be traced by use
of DNA fingerprinting.

APPLICATIONS OF DNA FINGERPRINTING


Before zoos except new animals for captive breeding, DNA fingerprinting is conducted
to verify that potential mates are not related to ensure genetic diversity of the offspring.



Farmers can use DNA testing of seeds before planting crops to verify wanted genes are
present that produce traits such as high yield protein, increased stalk strength, or pest
resistant.



Match organ donors with recipients in transplant programs.



Poli
ce, forensic science services, and researchers using DNA databases have access ot
people’s DNA without their consent, and may be considered intrusion of personal privacy
and violation of civil liberties.



Because of the uniqueness of DNA fingerprint data,

the technique can be used to legally
protect new varieties of plants or animals, whether they were developed by genetic
engineering, tissue culture, or traditional methods



The techniques used in DNA fingerprinting also have applications in paleontology
and
archaeology. For example, it has been used to match the goatskin fragments of the Dead
Sea Scrolls.



In biological
classification
, it can help to show evolutionary change and relationshi
ps on
a molecular level for all living things.



The Center for Disease Control (CDC) can use DNA fingerprinting to test for the
presence of specific pathogens in food sources.



Pharmaceutical manufacturers are working on using DNA fingerprinting for labe
ling medicines
so that counterfeits can be detected more readily.



The big problem in treating bacterial infections using antibiotics is the fact that, over time,
bacteria become resistant to the antibiotics, thereby making the treatment ineffective. DNA
fingerprinting is being used to identify antibiotic
-
resistant strains. This helps doctors to select an
antibiotic other than the one to which the bacteria are resistant, or consider a different type of
treatment altogether.