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HW#6

Contemporary Issues

Spring 2012

Due 4/2
3
/12


Identify a contemporary issue in your field of study (i.e.
Biomoechanical Eng.,
Civil Eng., Electrical Eng.,
Environmental Eng., Mechanical Eng.) and present a 1
-
2 page summary of the issue and
a
proposed
solution.


Use the format described in the document below

(excerpted from
Introduction to Design
Document Writing, J. Danowsky, Ed., ENGR 2169 Tech
.

Comm
.
, F
all 2011
).


You
r

submission must include all four subheadings (
Historical Perspective; Candidate Solutions; Proposed
Solutions; Major Challenges).


Y
ou must use and list at least 2 independent, credible sources. Note that Wikipedia, Ask.com,

e
-
how.com
,
etc. are not credible or independent and therefore not acceptable
.



You may choose any contemporary issue you like
.
If you cannot identify a contemporary issue within your field of
study,
choose one from
the list below.


1)
Biomechanical:

Genetic En
gineering, Pacemakers,


Artificial Limbs

2)
Civil Engineering
: Porous Pavement,
Earthquake Engineering, Intelligent Transportation

3)
Electrical Engineering
: Quantum Computing, Alternative Energy, Telecommunication Networks

4)
Env. Engineering
: Emerging

Contaminants, Stormwater Management, Water Supply, PM
2.5

5)
Mechanical Engineering
: Alternative Energy, Fuel Efficiency,

Heat Exchange


Poor grammar, incorrect spelling and excess verbiage
may

earn a score of 0.

Assignment
F
ormatting:

Assignments must be submitted via email as a WORD compatible
attachment
.
The attachment must be named using the following convention:

LastName_FirstName_ENGR4169_
Contemporary_Issues
_HW6


Page
2

of
3

*Excerpted from Introduction to D
esign Document Writing, J. Danowsky, Ed., ENGR 2169 Tech
.

Comm
.
, Fall 2011


1.


Preparing the Problem Statement

T
he Problem Statement section
starts by exploring
both technical and nontechnical aspects of the
project’s
problem

or challenge. This exploration includes both
documented library
-
database research

and
independent analysis

by your project team. This explorat
ion leads to a list of candidate design
solutions, and concludes with your reasoned selection of a
proposed

solution

concept

from that list.
The rest of the document will then focus on the detailed design, implementation, testing, and
refinement of that pr
oposed concept
.

In ENGR 2196, the Problem Statement section should be organized into exactly the following level
-
two
headers (Heading 2 style), with additional topic
-
specific lower
-
level subheads as necessary:



Historical and Economic Perspective



Candidate
Solutions



Proposed Solution Concept



Major Design and Implementation Challenges

The following paragraphs detail the content of these required subsections.




Historical
(
and Economic
?)

Perspective

Provide
a
background
overview of the
problem or challenge
yo
u are researching
:



Help readers understand the

significance

of the problem.



In addition to a technological history
,
include relevant societal, ecological, and other factors that
will affect your choice of a proposed design solution
.



Explain if and how
your

project seeks a solution that differs from what is currently available.



If applicable, p
rovide

a market analysis (size, revenues, price
, etc.
) and competitive product
analysis
.





Candidate Solutions

Explore potential solutions in an open
-
minded way, so
as not to prematurely settle on a possibly inferior
solution:



List possible
technical and nontechnical solutions

or responses

to the overall problem
.



Briefly mention and dismiss any apparent solutions that are clearly not feasible, to show that
you
considered them (and to enable your reviewers to challenge your dismissal of them).



Methodically discuss the pros and cons of the remaining candidate solutions along with any
tradeoffs or other relationships between them.




Proposed Solution Concept

Based

on the preceding subsection:



Propose a particular solution (or complementary combination of solutions) that you want your
project to pursue.



Justify your choice by explaining how the previously discussed pros and cons make your solution
concept preferable

to other alternatives.




Major
Challenges

Concisely describe the main hurdles to be overcome in your proposed solution concept:



First do so in nontechnical terms.



Then provide a more specific
technical formulation of the
major challenges
.


Page
3

of
3


*Excerpted from Introduction to Design Document Writing, J. Danowsky, Ed., ENGR 2169 Tech
.

Comm
.
s, Fall 2011

2.

Preparing the References List

Take source crediting and reference listing seriously, so as not to ruin an otherwise good report. Apart
from being a major academic violation, failure to properly credit sources impairs the work of
reviewers
and could lead your organization to inadvertently infringe a patent or copyright.



APA format required

T
he References list and corresponding in
-
text citations must follow
current
APA format

rules
.
Instructions for APA format
ting
are detailed i
n Appendix B of the Markel textbook
; the revised 9
th

edition includes APA’s 2010 updates. APA rules

are also widely available via online sources, including the
Writing Center’s website
, but check to see if they include the 2010 changes
.



Checking source
usage and crediting

Check the entire document,

as follows:



Make sure all statements based on sources


whether summaries, paraphrases, or quotations


are properly credited to the appropriate entry in the reference list.




Make sure the
reference list incl
udes only entries that correspond to at least one in
-
text
citation. Entries not explicitly referenced by a citation should be omitted or moved to a
supplementary list titled Additional Sources Consulted or the like.



Make sure any quotations are

o

Clearly ma
rked

as quotations (either by quote marks or block indention)

o

P
recisely transcribed from the source

o

Not taken out of context (i.e., not selected to give an impression contrary to the
source’s real meaning)



Make sure all your summarizing and paraphrasing
from sources is

o

Substantively accurate

o

Consistent with the source

o

Thoroughly

rewritten

(vs. a near quote)




Body type and line spacing



For body type, choose one of the following fonts, all of which consume about the same amount
of space for a given amoun
t of text:

11
-
point Calibri

11
-
point Times New Roman

10
-
point Arial



For easier readability, u
se

ragged
-
right

alignment (vs. right
-
and
-
left justification).



D
ocuments are single
-
spaced
.