By: Megan Stransky

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια)

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By: Megan Stransky

Nancy Joyce

Janell

Johnson

Dano

Ferons

Environmentalist Groups vs. Radical Environmentalist Groups

Environmentalist Groups

Radical Environmentalist Groups

Earth Watch

Earth Liberation Front

The Sierra Club

Earth First!

ELF attacks U.S. Forest Service Research Facility in Irvine, PA


Press Release 3sep02


The ELF Press Office received the following communiqué September 01, 2002:


The Earth Liberation Front is claiming responsibility for the 8/11/02 arson attack on the United States Forest Service Northe
ast

Research
Station in Irvine, Pennsylvania.


The laboratory was set ablaze during the early morning hours, causing over $700,000 damage, and destroying part of 70 years w
ort
h of
research. This lesson in "prescribed fire" was a natural, necessary response to the threats posed to life in the Allegheny Fo
res
t by proposed
timber sales, oil drilling, and greed driven manipulation of Nature.


This facility was strategically targeted, and if rebuilt, will be targeted again for complete destruction. Furthermore, all o
the
r U.S. Forest
Service administration and research facilities, as well as all DCNR buildings nationwide should now be considered likely targ
ets
.


These agencies continue to ignore and mislead the public, at the bidding of their corporate masters, leaving us with no alter
nat
ive to
underground direct action. Their blatant disregard for the sanctity of life and its perfect Natural balance, indifference to
str
ong public
opposition, and the irrevocable acts of extreme violence they perpetrate against the Earth daily are all inexcusable, and wil
l n
ot be tolerated.
If they persist in their crimes against life, they will be met with maximum retaliation.


In pursuance of justice, freedom, and equal consideration for all innocent life across the board, segments of this global rev
olu
tionary
movement are no longer limiting their revolutionary potential by adhering to a flawed, inconsistent "non
-
violent" ideology. Whil
e
innocent life will never be harmed in any action we undertake, where it is necessary, we will no longer hesitate to pick up t
he
gun to
implement justice, and provide the needed protection for our planet that decades of legal battles, pleading, protest, and eco
nom
ic
sabotage have failed so drastically to achieve.


The diverse efforts of this revolutionary force cannot be contained, and will only continue to intensify as we are brought fa
ce
to face with the
oppressor in inevitable, violent confrontation. We will stand up and fight for our lives against this iniquitous civilization

un
til its reign of
TERROR is forced to an end
-

by any means necessary.


In defense of all life,

Pacific E.L.F.

Contact:

North American Earth Liberation Front Press Office

elfpress@tao.ca

http://www.earthliberationfront.com



Earth Liberation Front

ELF: destroy luxury homes, SUVs, private property


Marxist & Anarchist belief system that does not accept right of
private property ownership


Private Property laws are instrumental in American Capitalist
society


Vail Resort Arson, October 1998

October 19,1998: arson destroyed and damaged $12 million worth of chairlifts and mountain
buildings, “in the name of the lynx”


Was a calculated attack because it was the same day a controversial construction project was about
to begin into old growth forest on federally owned land


Email received days later from ELF claiming credit for the fire to protect a rare species whose habitat
was disappearing


All of the buildings destroyed have been rebuilt. The gases emitted from the fires, the clean up costs,
and the cost and environmental impact of a whole new construction site is more destructive than
having left the ski resort as it stood.


Examples of other acts of terrorism:

1.
$1 million arson at Boise Cascades NW Regional Headquarters in 1999

2.
$1 mill at US Forest Service Research Station in Pennsylvania, 2002

1.
Ruined 70 years worth of research

3.
$1 million worth of damages by setting fire to three luxury homes in
Snohomish, WA.

Arrests:

Chelsea Dawn Gerlach

Confessed and was
sentenced to nine years in
prison for committing acts of
terrorism by setting fire and
topping a high voltage
transmission line in
December 1999. Pleaded
guilty to conspiracy and
arson in string of 20 fires,
that did $40 mil of damage,
including the Vail Resort
Arson.

Kevin Tubbs

12 years 7 months in
prison for arson of a forest
ranger station, police
substation, dealership
selling SUVs, and a tree
farm. Pleaded guilty to
conspiracy arson charges
for string of 20 fires,
including the Vail Resort

Injury and Death

Although
there has never been an injury or death stemming from an
ELF action, it

can

happen regardless how carefully things are
planned in advance.


A critical evaluation of past ELF actions
exposes the obvious: arson is a dangerous and unpredictable
strategy that can get out of control very easily.


Even if the attack
does not injure or kill an innocent person, there are no
winners.


Torching sport utility vehicles, ski resorts, research labs
and
McMansions
, releases huge amounts of toxic gasses into the
atmosphere
-

creating far more greenhouse gasses than if they were
left alone.


The end result: everything is rebuilt, replaced or
repaired.


This

DOUBLES

the burden on the environment and
taxpayers!


An exercise in futility and self
-
defeat.


"Built Green? Nope black!" said the spray
-
painted sign that bore the initials of the radical
environmental group Earth Liberation Front.


Four multimillion dollar homes burned to the
ground in a suburb of Seattle, Washington.


Earth Watch

Engage people worldwide in scientific field research &
education to promote understanding and action necessary for
a sustainable environment


Research


Education


Conservation


Hold research based expeditions for people to participate in

Research:

Focus on applied research where they can make a significant
difference in these central global ecological challenges:


S
ustainability of coastal, forested, agricultural, and
freshwater ecosystems


Managing protected areas and species at the landscape and
seascape levels to enhance biodiversity and provide local and
regional ecosystem services


Restores, revitalizes, conserves global cultural heritage
through better understanding of socio cultural links to natural
resource use, envi management, and bio diversity


Addresses the challenge of climate change and threat to
global sustainability



Expeditions

Over 93,000 volunteers have joined scientists in the field as research assistants,
contributing more than 11 million hours of their time to frontline envi research
worldwide


Not Eco tours, volunteer, or volunteer vacation


people of all ages, diverse
backgrounds


united by desire to connect and protect the planet


Learn hands on about important environmental issues, an directly (and legally),
support research that seeks solutions


EX:

1.
Volcanology & Ecology in Nicaragua

2.
Canopies, Climate, and Critters of the Ecuadorian Rainforest

3.
Managing Mangroves and Capturing Carbon in Kenyan Communities

Success Stories

In 2008, volunteers on the Samburu Communities
and Wildlife project contributed to 219 interviews
with 76 traditional medical practitioners. The
result was 58 plants species subsequently
identified as being used for the treatment of
various illnesses in different communities in
Laikipia and Samburu regions of northern Kenya.
When plant samples were extracted and tested
against micro
-
organisms known to cause these
diseases, many of the plants were indeed found
to be effective. They were potentially useful in
killing the bacteria relating to the organisms
causing malaria, typhoid, wound infection and
even the one causing cystic fibrosis.

Earthwatch is working to
restore and manage mangrove
plantations and explore the capacity of different mangrove
species to store carbon, which could help mitigate the effects of
climate change
. The new plots are already producing wild
seedlings, indicating that the project should result in
self
-
sustaining, valuable woodland providing key habitat and shore
protection in areas that have been barren for over 30 years
.
Mark Huxham, the Earthwatch scientist leading the Tidal Forests
of Kenya project confirms there has been an 87 per cent survival
rate of the trees at the site, and his conservative estimates predict
180 tons of carbon will be absorbed over the 25 year forest growth.
Because mangrove forests collect peat, they will continue to act as
carbon sinks for many years to follow. We are involved with the
local community to ensure the plantations can be sustainably
managed in the long term.

Mexico (Baja Peninsula): Volunteer efforts pay off for black sea turtles

After a six
-
year campaign, conservationists are celebrating the
designation of the Bahia de los Angeles
in Baja, Mexico, as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.

Hundreds of Earthwatch volunteers contributed to
this success by helping gather data during the Tracking Baja's Black Sea Turtles expeditions.
The bay is
home to numerous marine species as well as birds and other coastal wildlife.

This new protected
status for the area may also help the critically endangered vaquita, (the world's smallest and most
endangered cetacean), a shy porpoise found only in the northern part of the Gulf of California and
believed to be close to extinction.

Earth First!

Radical Environmental Advocacy Group emerging in the United States in 1979


It is not enough to ask politicians and corporations to destroy less wilderness, we need
to preserve it all, to recreate lost habitats and reintroduce extirpated predators. Stop &
reverse poisoning of our air, water, and soil.


Formed in response to increasingly corporate, compromising, and ineffective
environmental community. Use all tools, from grassroots and legal organizing to civil
disobedience and monkey wrenching. When law wont fix problem, bodies put on the
line to stop destruction.


Believe that life exists for its own sake, that industrial civilization is anti
-
Earth, anti
-
woman, and anti
-
liberty.






Simply
Put: Earth Comes First.

No Compromise

Taking direct public actions is the way to go, according to Earth
First!ers



tree spiking, sabotage, arson.

Warrior Society


taking any means possible to defend mother
earth. Declines to participate in democratic process, preferring
damage, disabling and destroying property

Main focus: genetically modified crops


Even when they are giving proposals in a legal fashion, they are
highly unrealistic, such as the outline for a 16.8 million acre
preserve of California Desert


The Sierra Club tried helping them by increasing their acreage
requested in a bill to Senator Alan Cranston


accepted 8 million
acre proposal which resulted in 81 wilderness areas inn Mojave
National Park

Philosophy of Earth First!

Dave Foreman describes the philosophy that motivates Earth First! in Confessions of an Eco
-
Warrior:


"An individual human life has no more intrinsic value than does an individual Grizzly
Bear life. Human suffering resulting from drought and famine in Ethiopia is tragic,
yes, but the destruction there of other creatures and habitat is even more tragic."


"Ours is an ecological perspective that views Earth as a community and recognizes
such apparent enemies as 'disease' (e.g., malaria) and 'pests' (e.g., mosquitoes) not as
manifestations of evil to be overcome but rather as vital and necessary components of
a complex and vibrant biosphere."


"An antipathy to 'progress' and 'technology.' We can accept the pejoratives of
'Luddite' and 'Neanderthal' with pride."


"There is no hope for reform of industrial empire."


"We humans have become a disease
--

the Human pox."

Prison Watch

A large part of the Earth First! Journal is the support of the
prisoners (from all radical groups) that have been jailed due to
their illegal actions.

Examples:


Marie Jeanette Mason #04672
-
061, FMC Carswell, Federal Medical Center, PO Box 27137, Fort Worth, TX
76127, USA. Serving 21 years and 10 months for her involvement in an ELF arson against a University building
carrying out Genetically Modified crop tests. Marie also pleaded guilty to conspiring to carry out ELF actions
and admitted involvement in 12 other ELF actions.

Michael Sykes #696693, 10274 Boyer Road, PO Box 5000, Carson City, MI 48811, USA. Serving
four to ten years for anti
-
sprawl arson, criminal damage to a 80
-
ft utility pole, spray
-
painting
political graffiti and attempting to chisel through cement is his jail cell.

Marco Camenisch Postfach 3143, CH
-
8105 Regensdorf, Switzerland. Serving 18 years: Ten years for using
explosives to destroy electricity pylons leading from nuclear power stations and eight years for the murder of a
Swiss Boarder Guard whilst on the run. In '02 Marco completed a 12
-
year sentence for destroying electricity
pylons in Italy.

Sierra Club

Since 1892, Sierra Club has been working to protect
communities, wild places, and the planet itself.

Largest and most influential grassroots environmental
organization in the U.S.

Mission Statement:

To explore, enjoy, and protect the wild places of the earth;
to practice and promote responsible use of the earths
ecosystems and resources; to educate and enlist humanity
to protect and restore the quality of the natural and
human environment; and to use all lawful means to carry
out these objectives




Coal & Clean Energy

-
Linked to asthma, toxic mercury, and
more

-
Clean Energy: solar & wind power
are ready to provide clean affordable
energy

-
Action: campaign to move beyond
coal


act nationally and locally

-
Have successfully stopped over 150
coal plants to date

-
Tell Obama


new air polluting
standard at
www.beyondcoal.org/act
-
now


Oil

-
Americans consume 25% of worlds
produced oil, yet nation has less than
3% of worlds proven oil reserves

-
Leading sources of smog, pm, toxic
pollutants

-
Promote real solutions to cut oil use
such as smart transportation systems,
clean cars, clean renewable energy

Our Priorities


Accelerate the move from dirty coal and oil to clean renewable
energy and efficiency.


Push for strong federal and state laws and safeguards to prevent
the natural gas industry from damaging the environment and
communities.


Expose damaging practices in the gas industry, and close
loopholes that exempt oil and gas operations from regulation.


Support residents seeking to hold the industry to the highest set of
standards.


Communicate with the public about the risks of natural gas and
ways to make it cleaner

Activism

Community where Sierra Club activists and supporters can work together to get things
done, on and offline


From cleaning streams, protecting endangered species, getting wilderness designation,
ending commercial logging, the network is the place where you can collaborate and
accomplish


You can:


upload documents and create searchable resources for your team


Brainstorm, create, edit documents


Promote events


Create and promote opportunities for volunteers to get involved


Invite people to join


Sierra Club has established “brand name recognition” especially when regarding their
huge efforts on lobbying government for changes


Wilderness Act of 1964


Throughout 20
th

century, they have continued to advocate for the
preservation and continuance of natural lands.

By the 1960s, Sierra Club Chapters were fighting to get Congress to
pass the Wilderness Act, which it did, in 1964.

Protects about 9 million acres of federal land


“A wilderness, in contrast with those areas
where man and his own works dominate the
landscape, is hereby recognized as an area
where the earth and community of life are
untrammeled by man, where man himself is a
visitor who does not remain.”

The Face of Environmentalism

Many Environmentalists

a
re known as tree huggers

If Environmentalist’s had their way the world would be
Garden of Eden, with no human intervention


The fundamental goal of radical
environmentalism is not clean air and
clean water


Radical environmentalists' goal is not
human health, happiness, or life.


Their expressed goal is to prevent man
from changing his environment, from
intruding on nature



Radical Environmentalist’s attempt
to

inhibit or prohibit



Development of Alaskan oil


Offshore drilling


Nuclear power


All other practical forms of
energy

Environmentalists oppose construction that
could lead to more housing, commerce,


and jobs
-
in favor of endangered species
-


leaving projects abandoned

Medical research is sacrificed

to the “rights” of animals

Logging is sacrificed to the

“rights” of trees

Climategate

Various legislative bodies have
passed laws and regulations


A gradual elimination of capitalism


Expansion of governmental control over private life


Gradual abolition of private property or private control over property


Extreme financial and criminal penalties for “polluters”


Removal of humans from large portions of the earth’s surface and return of



the environment to its pristine state



By: Megan Stransky

ELF Damages in the United States by Type and
Cost


Earth Liberation Front (ELF)




1998
-
Vail, Colorado


Earth Liberation Front


2003
-

West Covina,
CA

Earth Liberation Front


2003
-

San Diego,
CA

Earth Liberation Front


2002
-

Fairfield,
Maine


Animal Liberation Front (ALF)


1979
-

New York
University Medical
School


1987
-

University of
California
-

Davis
veterinary laboratory


1992
-

Michigan State
University
-
animal
research laboratory


2001
-

McDonald’s,
Arizona



Eco
-
terrorism



"It remains what we
would probably
consider the No. 1
domestic terrorism
threat, because they
have successfully
continued to conduct
different types of
attacks in and around
the country," said FBI
Special Agent



Operation Backfire


In 2006, a nine
-
year federal
sting dubbed "Operation
Backfire" was able to dissolve
a cell responsible for 20 acts
of arson in five Western
states over five years
.
To
date, Operation Backfire has
had impressive results:

more
than 40 criminal acts ranging
from vandalism to arson have
been solved. Seventeen
individuals have been
indicted, and 15 of them pled
guilty and were sentenced in
2007 to jail time ranging from
37 months to 188 months.


Environmental Impacts of Radical
Environmentalism

Impacts are Indirect


Setting Fires adds to release of
Greenhouse Gases


Buildings that are burned are rebuilt


Overall negative impact on environment

What

s Released in a Fire


Major Emissions


H
2
O


CO
2


Minor Emissions


CO


NO
x


SO
x


Hydrocarbons

Materials Used to Build Modern
Structures


Lumber


Framing, Doors, etc.


Concrete


Foundation


Plastic Piping


Plumbing


Electrics


Drywall


Made of gypsum or plaster
board


Roofing


Tile, Shingles, etc.


Furnishings

Vail Ski Resort


Burned by E.L.F. in
October, 1998


$12 Million in
Damages


Protest over
planned Expansion

Vail Ski Resort


All buildings
destroyed by Arson
are rebuilt


New raw materials
are used


Expansion
Completed with
several hundred
million invested

La Jolla Crossroads


August 1, 2003


$50 Million in
Damages


Protesting Urban
Sprawl

La Jolla Crossroads


Construction
Restarted after fire


Apartments finished
and opened to the
public without
further fires

Conclusion


Majority of buildings burned by arsons
rebuilt


Rebuilding requires more natural
resources


Fires release unnecessary Greenhouse
Gases


Sources


http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/


http://www.targetofopportunity.com/elf.htm


http://www.earth
-
liberation
-
front.org/


http://www.earthwatch.org/


www.
earthfirst
journal.org
/


http://activistcash.com/organization_overview.cfm/o/271
-
earth
-
first


http://digitalcommons.uri.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1095&context
=srhonorsprog


http://www.sierraclub.org
/


http://
gm
-
foods.synthasite.com/earth
-
liberation
-
front.php


http://www.adl.org/learn/ext_us/ecoterrorism.asp?learn_cat=extremism
&learn_subcat=extremism_in_america&xpicked=4&item=eco




http://activistcash.com/organization_overview.cfm/o/271
-
earth
-
first