Recent developments in the IPC

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17 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Recent developments in the IPC

IPC Workshop

February 2013

Koichi Matsushita

IPC Section, WIPO

2

IPC
-
2012.01

3

IPC
-
2013.01

4

IPC
-
2013.01

5

Revision project A041 (IPC
-
2013.01)

G04R:Radio
-
controlled time
-
pieces

New subclass G04R had been created

3 main groups had been introduced




G04R

RADIO
-
CONTROLLED TIME
-
PIECES

20/00 Setting the time according to the time information
carried or implied by the radio signal

40/00 Correcting the clock frequency

60/00 Constructional details

6

G04R:Radio
-
controlled time
-
pieces (cont.)

G04R

RADIO
-
CONTROLLED TIME
-
PIECES


20/00 Setting the time according to the time
information carried or implied by the radio
signal


40/00 Correcting the clock frequency


60/00 Constructional details

G04R 20/02 • the radio signal being sent by a satellite, e.g. GPS

G04R 20/04 • • Tuning or receiving; Circuits therefor

G04R 20/06 • • Decoding time data; Circuits therefor

G04R 20/08 • the radio signal being broadcast from a long
-
wave call sign

G04R 20/10 • • Tuning or receiving; Circuits therefor

G04R 20/12 • • Decoding time data; Circuits therefor

G04R 20/14 • the radio signal being a telecommunication standard signal

G04R 20/16 • • Tuning or receiving; Circuits therefor

G04R 20/18 • • Decoding time data; Circuits therefor

G04R 20/20 • the radio signal being an AM/FM standard signal, e.g. RDS

G04R 20/22 • • Tuning or receiving; Circuits therefor

G04R 20/24 • • Decoding time data; Circuits therefor

G04R 20/26 • the radio signal being a near
-
field communication signal

G04R 20/28 • • Tuning or receiving; Circuits therefor

G04R 20/30 • • Decoding time data; Circuits therefor


G04R 40/02 • by phase locking

G04R 40/04 • by detecting the radio signal frequency

G04R 40/06 • by computing the time value implied by the radio signal

G04R 60/02 • Antennas also serving as components of clocks or watches

G04R 60/04 • Antennas attached to or integrated in watch bracelets

G04R 60/06 • Antennas attached to or integrated in clock or watch bodies

G04R 60/08 • • inside bezels

G04R 60/10 • • inside cases

G04R 60/12 • • • inside metal cases

G04R 60/14 • specific to electromechanical timepieces


About 30 new subgroups had been introduced




7

Revision project A044 (IPC
-
2013.01)

G06F 21/00: Security arrangements

Under the main group G06F 21/00, 5 one dot groups had been
created




G06F 21/00

Security arrangements for protecting computers, components
thereof, programs or data against unauthorised activity

21/10 • Protecting distributed programs or content, e.g. vending or licensing
of copyrighted material

21/30 • Authentication, i.e. establishing the identity or authorisation of
security principals

21/50 • Monitoring users, programs or devices to maintain the integrity of
platforms, e.g. of processors, firmware or operating systems


21/60 • Protecting data

21/70 • Protecting specific internal or peripheral components, in which the
protection of a component leads to protection of the entire computer

8

G06F 21/00: Security arrangements (cont.)

21/00

Security arrangements for protecting computers, components
thereof, programs or data against unauthorised activity

21/10 • Protecting distributed programs or content, e.g.
vending or licensing of copyrighted material

21/30 • Authentication, i.e. establishing the identity or
authorisation of security principals

21/50 • Monitoring users, programs or devices to maintain
the integrity of platforms, e.g. of processors, firmware
or operating systems


21/60 • Protecting data

21/70 • Protecting specific internal or peripheral components,
in which the protection of a component leads to
protection of the entire computer

G06F 21/12 • • Protecting executable software

G06F 21/14 • • • against software analysis or reverse engineering

G06F 21/16 • • Program or content traceability


G06F 21/31 • • User authentication

G06F 21/32 • • • using biometric data, e.g. fingerprints, iris scans or voiceprints

G06F 21/33 • • • using certificates

G06F 21/34 • • • involving the use of external additional devices, e.g. dongles or smart cards

G06F 21/35 • • • • communicating wirelessly

G06F 21/36 • • • by graphic or iconic representation

G06F 21/40 • • • by quorum, i.e. whereby two or more security principals are required

G06F 21/41 • • • where a single sign
-
on provides access to a plurality of computers

G06F 21/42 • • • using separate channels for security data

G06F 21/43 • • • • wireless channels

G06F 21/44 • • Program or device authentication

G06F 21/45 • • Structures or tools for the administration of authentication

G06F 21/46 • • • by designing passwords or checking the strength of passwords

G06F 21/51 • • at application loading time

G06F 21/52 • • during program execution

G06F 21/53 • • • by executing in a restricted environment, e.g. sandbox or secure virtual machine

G06F 21/54 • • • by adding security routines or objects to programs

G06F 21/55 • • Detecting local intrusion or implementing counter
-
measures

G06F 21/56 • • • Computer malware detection or handling, e.g. anti
-
virus arrangements

G06F 21/57 • • Certifying or maintaining trusted computer platforms

G06F 21/62 • • Protecting access to data via a platform

G06F 21/64 • • Protecting data integrity

G06F 21/71 • • to assure secure computing or processing of information



G06F 21/78 • • to assure secure storage of data



G06F 21/81 • • by operating on the power supply

G06F 21/82 • • Protecting input, output or interconnection devices



G06F 21/86 • • Secure or tamper
-
resistant housings



G06F 21/88 • • Detecting or preventing theft or loss

About 50 new subgroups had been introduced


9

Revision project F004 (IPC
-
2013.01)

G10L: Speech analysis or synthesis, Speech recognition

G10L SPEECH ANALYSIS OR SYNTHESIS; SPEECH RECOGNITION; SPEECH
OR VOICE PROCESSING; SPEECH OR AUDIO CODING OR DECODING


13/00 Speech synthesis; Text to speech systems

15/00 Speech recognition
(G10L 17/00 takes precedence)

17/00 Speaker identification or verification

19/00 Speech or audio signal analysis
-
synthesis techniques for redundancy
reduction, e.g. in vocoders; Coding or decoding of speech or audio signals,
using source filter models or psychoacoustic analysis
(in musical instruments G10H )

21/00 Processing of the speech or voice signal to produce another audible or non
-
audible signal
(G10L 19/00 takes precedence)

25/00 Speech or voice analysis techniques not restricted to a single one of groups
G10L 15/00
-
G10L 21/00

99/00 Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass

10

G10L SPEECH ANALYSIS OR SYNTHESIS; SPEECH RECOGNITION; SPEECH OR
VOICE PROCESSING; SPEECH OR AUDIO CODING OR DECODING


13/00 Speech synthesis; Text to speech systems

15/00 Speech recognition
(G10L 17/00 takes precedence)

17/00 Speaker identification or verification

19/00 Speech or audio signal analysis
-
synthesis techniques for redundancy reduction,
e.g. in vocoders; Coding or decoding of speech or audio signals, using source
filter models or psychoacoustic analysis
(in musical instruments G10H )

21/00 Processing of the speech or voice signal to produce another audible or non
-
audible signal
(G10L 19/00 takes precedence)

25/00 Speech or voice analysis techniques not restricted to a single one of groups G10L
15/00
-
G10L 21/00

99/00 Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass

G10L: Speech analysis or synthesis (cont.)

G10L 13/02 • Methods for producing synthetic speech; Speech synthesisers

G10L 13/027 • • Concept to speech synthesisers; Generation of natural phrases from machine
-
based concepts

G10L 13/033 • • Voice editing

G10L 13/04 • • Details of speech synthesis systems

G10L 13/047 • • • Architecture of speech synthesisers

G10L 13/06 • Elementary speech units used in speech synthesisers; Concatenation rules

G10L 13/07 • • Concatenation rules

G10L 13/08 • Text analysis or generation of parameters for speech synthesis out of text

G10L 13/10 • • Prosody rules derived from text; Stress or intonation

G10L 15/01 • Assessment or evaluation of speech recognition systems

G10L 15/02 • Feature extraction for speech recognition; Selection of recognition unit

G10L 15/04 • Segmentation; Word boundary detection




G10L 15/06 • Creation of reference templates; Training of speech recognition systems




G10L 15/08 • Speech classification or search




G10L 15/20 • Speech recognition techniques specially adapted for robustness in adverse environments

G10L 15/22 • Procedures used during a speech recognition process

G10L 15/24 • Speech recognition using non
-
acoustical features




G10L 15/26 • Speech to text systems

G10L 15/28 • Constructional details of speech recognition systems


...

G10L 17/02 • Preprocessing operations, Pattern representation or modelling

G10L 17/04 • Training, enrolment or model building

G10L 17/06 • Decision making techniques; Pattern matching strategies

G10L 17/08 • • Use of distortion metrics or a particular distance between probe pattern and reference templates

G10L 17/10 • • Multimodal systems

G10L 17/12 • • Score normalisation

G10L 17/14 • • Use of phonemic categorisation or speech recognition prior to speaker recognition or verification

G10L 17/16 • Hidden Markov models [HMMs]

G10L 17/18 • Artificial neural networks; Connectionist approaches

G10L 17/20 • Pattern transformations or operations aimed at increasing system robustness

G10L 17/22 • Interactive procedures; Man
-
machine interfaces





G10L 19/002 • Dynamic bit allocation

G10L 19/005 • Correction of errors induced by the transmission channel, if related to the coding algorithm

G10L 19/008 • Multichannel audio signal coding or decoding; stereophonic systems

G10L 19/012 • Comfort noise or silence coding

G10L 19/018 • Audio watermarking, i.e. embedding inaudible data in the audio signal

G10L 19/02 • using spectral analysis, e.g. transform vocoders or subband vocoders



G10L 19/04 • using predictive techniques




G10L 21/003 • Changing voice quality, e.g. pitch or formants



G10L 21/02 • Speech enhancement, e.g. noise reduction or echo cancellation



G10L 21/04 • Time compression or expansion



G10L 21/06 • Transformation of speech into a non
-
audible representation



G10L 25/03 • characterised by the type of extracted parameters



G10L 25/27 • characterised by the analysis technique



G10L 25/45 • characterised by the type of analysis window

G10L 25/48 • specially adapted for particular use



G10L 25/75 • for modelling vocal tract parameters

G10L 25/78 • Detection of presence or absence of voice signals



G10L 25/90 • Pitch determination of speech signals

G10L 25/93 • Discriminating between voiced and unvoiced parts of speech signals

About 120 new groups had been introduced




11

IPC
-
2014.01

12

IPC
-
2014.01

13

Revision project A048 (IPC
-
2014.01)

E05B 77/00
-
85/00: Locks for vehicles

Under the subclass E05B (locks), 5 new main groups
will be created




77/00

Vehicle locks characterised by special functions or purposes
(locks specially
adapted for bicycles E05B 71/00; locking arrangements for non
-
fixed vehicle roofs
B60J 7/185)

79/00

Mounting or connecting vehicle locks or parts thereof

81/00

Power
-
actuated vehicle locks

83/00

Vehicle locks specially adapted for particular types of wing or vehicle
(locks
specially adapted for bicycles E05B 71/00; locking arrangements for non
-
fixed vehicle
roofs B60J 7/185; latching means for sideboards or tailgates of open load
compartments B62D 33/037)


85/00

Details of vehicle locks not provided for in groups E05B 77/00
-
E05B 83/00

14

E05B 77/00
-
85/00: Locks for vehicles (cont.)

77/00

Vehicle locks characterised by special functions or
purposes
(locks specially adapted for bicycles E05B 71/00;
locking arrangements for non
-
fixed vehicle roofs B60J 7/185)


79/00

Mounting or connecting vehicle locks or parts thereof


81/00

Power
-
actuated vehicle locks


83/00

Vehicle locks specially adapted for particular types of
wing or vehicle
(locks specially adapted for bicycles E05B
71/00; locking arrangements for non
-
fixed vehicle roofs B60J
7/185; latching means for sideboards or tailgates of open load
compartments B62D 33/037)


85/00

Details of vehicle locks not provided for in groups E05B
77/00
-
E05B 83/00

77/02

• for accident situations



77/14

• Specially controlled locking actions in case of open doors or in case of doors moved from an open to a closed position



77/22

• Functions related to actuation of locks from the passenger compartment of the vehicle



77/32

• allowing simultaneous actuation of locking or unlocking elements and a handle,

77/34

• Protection against weather or dirt

77/36

• Noise prevention; Anti
-
rattling means



77/42

• Means for damping the movement of lock parts

77/44

• Burglar prevention

77/46

• Locking several wings simultaneously



77/52

• Locking one wing by shutting another

77/54

• Automatic securing or unlocking of bolts triggered by certain vehicle parameters

79/02

• Mounting of vehicle locks or parts thereof



79/10

• Connections between movable lock parts



81/02

• characterised by the type of actuators used



81/12

• characterised by the function or purpose of the powered actuators



81/24

• characterised by constructional features of the actuator or the power transmission





81/52

• Pneumatic or hydraulic circuits

81/54

• Electrical circuits



81/90

• Manual override in case of power failure

83/02

• Locks for railway freight
-
cars, freight containers or the like; Locks for the cargo compartments of commercial lorries,
trucks or vans



83/16

• Locks for luggage compartments, car boot lids or car bonnets



83/28

• Locks for glove compartments, console boxes, fuel inlet covers or the like



83/36

• Locks for passenger or like doors



85/02

• Lock casings

85/04

• Strikers

85/06

• Lock cylinder arrangements

85/08

• Sill
-
buttons, garnish buttons or inner door lock knobs

85/10

• Handles



85/20

• Bolts or detents



About 120 new subgroups will be introduced

15

Revision project F007 (IPC
-
2014.01)

H02S: Generation of electric power by using PV modules

New subclass H02S will be created

H02S

Generation of electric power by conversion of infra
-
red radiation, visible
light or ultraviolet light, e.g. using photovoltaic [PV] modules

(solar heat
collectors F24J 2/00; obtaining electrical energy from radioactive sources G21H 1/12; light sensitive
inorganic semiconductor devices H01L 31/00; thermoelectric devices H01L 35/00; pyroelectric devices
H01L 37/00; light sensitive organic semiconductor devices H01L 51/42)

6 main groups will be introduced

10/00

PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for
the generation of electric power

20/00

Supporting structures for PV modules

30/00

Structural details of PV modules other than those related to light conversion
(semiconductor device aspects of modules of electrolytic light sensitive devices H01G 9/20, of inorganic
PV modules H01L 31/00, of organic PV modules H01L 51/42)

40/00

Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for
in groups H02S 10/00
-
H02S 30/00

50/00

Monitoring or testing of PV systems, e.g. load balancing or fault identification

99/00

Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass


16

H02S: Generation of electric power by using PV modules (cont.)

H02S

Generation of electric power by conversion of infra
-
red radiation, visible
light or ultraviolet light, e.g. using photovoltaic [PV] modules

(solar heat
collectors F24J 2/00; obtaining electrical energy from radioactive sources G21H 1/12; light sensitive
inorganic semiconductor devices H01L 31/00; thermoelectric devices H01L 35/00; pyroelectric devices
H01L 37/00; light sensitive organic semiconductor devices H01L 51/42)

10/00

PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for
the generation of electric power

20/00

Supporting structures for PV modules

30/00

Structural details of PV modules other than those related to light conversion
(semiconductor device aspects of modules of electrolytic light sensitive devices H01G 9/20, of inorganic
PV modules H01L 31/00, of organic PV modules H01L 51/42)

40/00

Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for
in groups H02S 10/00
-
H02S 30/00

50/00

Monitoring or testing of PV systems, e.g. load balancing or fault identification

99/00

Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass


10/10

• including a supplementary source of electric power

10/12

• • Hybrid wind
-
PV energy systems

10/20

• Systems characterised by their energy storage means

10/30

• Thermophotovoltaic systems

10/40

• Mobile PV generator systems

20/10

• Supporting structures directly fixed to the ground

20/20

• Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object

20/21

• • specially adapted for motorways

20/22

• • specially adapted for buildings

20/23

• • • specially adapted for roof structures

20/24

• • • • specially adapted for flat roofs

20/25

• • • • Roof tile elements

20/26

• • • Building materials integrated with PV modules

20/30

• Supporting structures being movable or adjustable

20/32

• • specially adapted for solar tracking

30/10

• Frame structures

30/20

• Collapsible or foldable PV modules

40/10

• Cleaning arrangements

40/12

• • Means for removing snow

40/20

• Optical components

40/22

• • Light
-
reflecting or light
-
concentrating means

40/30

• Electrical components

40/32

• • comprising DC/AC inverter means associated with the PV module itself

40/34

• • comprising specially adapted electrical connection means to be structurally associated with the PV module

40/36

• • characterised by special electrical interconnection means between two or more PV modules

40/38

• • Energy storage means, e.g. batteries, structurally associated with PV modules

40/40

• Thermal components

40/42

• • Cooling means

40/44

• • Means to utilise heat energy

50/10

• Testing of PV devices

50/15

• • using optical means, e.g. using electroluminescence

About 40 new subgroups will be introduced

17

Trend in IPC revision (2010
-
2014)

2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
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F
G
H
Total
0
100
200
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A
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Total
New groups

IPC version

Section

18

Thank you