TCP/IP and Networking Fundamentals

standguideΔίκτυα και Επικοινωνίες

26 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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TCP/IP and Networking

Fundamentals

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TCP/IP

Binary Numbers

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TCP/IP

What is this Number?


3,482

Three Thousand Four Hundred Eighty Two

1,000 100 10 1

3 4 8 2

3 x 1,000 = 3,000

4 x 100 = 400

8 x 10 = 80

2 x 1 = 2


3,482

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TCP/IP

Decimal vs. Binary

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TCP/IP

Convert Binary to Decimal

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TCP/IP

128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1

10101010

Convert Binary to Decimal

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TCP/IP

Convert Decimal to Binary

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TCP/IP

Using the calculator

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TCP/IP

IP Address


Each of the 4 numbers in an IP Address is
called an
octet

(8 bits).



192.168.10.101

• A bit is a 1 or a 0.

• Each octet can only have a number from
0 to
255

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TCP/IP

Binary IP Address

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TCP/IP

Binary IP Address

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TCP/IP

Binary IP Address

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TCP/IP

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TCP/IP

Binary IP Address

Binary Subnet Mask

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TCP/IP

Binary IP

Address & Subnet Mask

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TCP/IP

Summary


How to plan an IP Addressing scheme


Basic rules for IP Addressing


Classful IP Addressing


When to use Private vs. Public IP Addresses


Network Address Translation (NAT)

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TCP/IP