build a car or
pick up more than a ton without people having to do most of the work. The Caterpillars Company is
making a dump
truck that will someday be able to drive itself around without the need for people to
go to every house and pick up trash, but th
en how would people make a living without a job?



This robot that was made to figure as close to a human
replica. Scientists came up with soft robots with silicone
bodies and very flexible actuators with are their joints, air
muscles and ferrofluids.
They are controlled by using fuzzy
logic neutral networks, they also different types of rigid
42

skeletons which have types of behavior put into them. A
Reconfigurable machine is a robot that can alter their
physical form to fit the particular task that was
meant to be
performed. Real robots aren’t as sophisticated as many of
the robots that are meant to do more than one o
43
r more
duties. General
-
purpose
autonomous robots can
perform a variety of
objectives
independently; also
they can link on and off
a networ
k.






Table of Contents




42

General
-
purpose autonomous robots can be designed to do more activities.

43

Dedicated robots are built to do only one s pecific purpos e.

36


Robots in our World

Written by: Victoria Morin

(3
rd

Period)










































I think that soon we will have
robots at home. With us or
walking around because they are
starting to appear more and more.

Like this robot is carrying this
man around which could maybe
help later or even now as
transportation.

These robots are already in our
world. They help fix cars and carry
heavy this. Make fixing subs
busses car a lot faster…there a lot
潦 them s漠things are⁤潮e at the
rate nee摥搮

Table of Contents


37


What are the Different T
ypes of Robots

Written by: Richard Ramirez

(Period 3)



Typical industrial robots do jobs that are difficult, dangerous or dull. They lift heavy objects,
paint, handle chemical, and perform assembly work. They perform the same
job hour after hour,
day after day with precision. They don’t get tired and they don’t make errors associated with
fatigue and so are ideally suited to performing repetitive tasks. The major categories of industrial
robots by mechanical structure are:


In
dustrial robots are found in a variety of location
including the automobile and manufacturing
industries. Robots cut and parts, Assemble machinery
and inspect manufacturing parts.

Some types of jobs robots do: load bricks, die cast,
drill, fasten, forge,
make glass, grind, heat treat,
load/unload machines, machine parts, handle parts,
measure, monitor radiation, run nuts, sorts parts,
clean parts, profile objects, perform quality control,
rivet, sand blast, change tool and weld.


Some robots are used to

investigate hazardous and dangerous
environments. The pioneer robot is a remote reconnaissance
system for structural analysis of the robot for deploying sensor
and sampling payloads, a mapper for creating photorealistic 3D
models of the building interior,

a coreborer for cutting and
retrieving samples of structural materials, and a suite of radiation
and other environment sensors.










Table of Contents

38


Fears and Other Issues that People

Have About Robots

Created b
y: Joseph Santos

(
Period 3
)


People are afraid that robots can turn against us humans and
kill us if we give them too much
knowledge and power to do
things.











Table of Contents


People are afraid that robots can turn against us humans
and kill us if we give them too much knowledge and
power to do things.


This used to be humans building cars. Now robots
have taken the job. This is one of the million jobs that
r
obots are now doing instead of human.


Robots have the possibility of taking over 3.5
million jobs
away
from humans in about 5 or 10
more

years.

39


Types of Robots

Written by:
Justine Soto


(3
rd

Peroid)



Humans have always been so
fasinated with the idea of robots. Now we can find them in
manufacturing industries, the military, space exploration, transporataion, medical applications,
agriculture and caregivers for the elderly. The technology of robots has increased so much and is
st
ill increasing. Soon we will have all sorts of robots doing anything a human can do.


Industrial Robots can do any job. Involving repetitiveness, accuracy,
endurance, speed and reliability.

Meaning these robots could load
brick, die cast, drill, fasten, forge, and make glass. Even grind, heat
treat, load/unload machines, machine parts, and handle parts, profile
objects, measure, and monitor radiation, run nuts, sort parts, clean
parts, perfo
rm quality control, rivet, sandblast, change tools, and weld.
So industrial robots take a big part in companies and manufacturing
places. Without them we
would be lost.
44


Telerobots are used in places
that are hazardous to humans. Even inaccessible or
faraway places.

They are mainly used for space and
underwater projects since it would be harder and
probably more dangerous for a human to operate
underwater or in space. Meaning they are a big help for
today’s technology. If we didn’t have them we probabl
y
couldn’t do a lot of things
45


A Mobile Robot is also
another type of robots and it is used to transport materials over
large sized places like hospitals, container ports, warehouses,
using wires or markers placed in the floor, lasers, vision, and to
sen
se the environment they operate in. Another type of this robot
called the SGV (Self Guided Vehicle) can actually be taught to
autonomously navigate within space. It can also do it by being
given a map of the area. These are probably one of the more
intelli
gent robots. They have the ability to perform tasks that are
non
-
sequential and non
-
repetitive in environments that are
complex.


Table of Contents




44

Author N/A. “Types of Robots.”
The ROVer Ranch
.
Editor N/A
. Date N/A. NASA. December 9, 2009
<http://prime.jsc.nasa.gov
/ROV/types.html>

45

Author N/A “Types of Robots.”
Buzz
le.com
.

Editor N/A. Date N/A. Buzzle. December 9, 2009
<http://www.buzzle.com/articles/types
-
of
-
robots.html>

40


Robotics
D
egrees

Written by: Erika Vasquez

Period 3


Have you ever wanted to study about robots and find out how to make them? Did you ever
wonder how scientist came up with their features like how their super strong and can do al
l these
things by just thinking. Would you ever believe robots could have emotions like in the movie I
Robot? Well there are schools that offer robotics degrees to people who would like to study or
make robots.


The University of Washington offers a robo
tics

Program. They study about robotic parts and
how long it would take to make these parts
such as. Mobile robot localization, map
building, and multi
-
robot collaboration.








Tennessee State University offers a program
called IMRL

they study robotics on how to
manufacture parts and do research on human
factors in engineering.










There are many universities’ that offer robotic programs it’s a fun and exciting thing to learn
about. If u becomes an engineer in robots you could
be helping the world in the future maybe
one day we will be living with robots helping us at our work or home.



Table of Contents


41


The
D
ifferent
T
ypes
O
f
R
obots

Written by: Blanca Camacho

(Period 4)



While in the pas
t humans only fantasized about them today, many
types of robots are reality. For example, there are industrial robots,
toy robots used in the medical field, robots used in agriculture, to
increasingly humanoid robots being created for the service sector,
w
eather helping with the chores in the home or as caregivers for the
elderly and the handicapped.
46



Typical industrial robots which are the
one on the left side they do jobs that are
difficult, dangerous or dull. They lift
heavy objects, paint, handle che
micals
and perform assembly work. They perform the same job hour after
hour, day after day with precision. They don’t get tired and they
don’t make errors associated with fatigue and so are ideally suited to
perform repetitive tasks.
47



Mobile robots also known as
automated guided vehicles or AGVs, These are used for
transporting material, over large size placers like hospitals
container ports, and warehouses, using wires or markers placed
in the floor, or lasers, or vision to sense the e
nvironment. They
are defined has intelligent robots.












Table of Contents




46

Author N/A. “Types Of Robots”.
Types Of Robots
.
Editor N/A. Date N/A. Types Of Robots.
<
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/types
-
of
-
robots.html>

47

Author N/A. “Types Of Robots”.
Types Of Robots
.
Editor N/A. Date N/A. Types Of Robots.
<http://www.buzzle.com/articles/types
-
of
-
robots.html>


42


The History of Robots

Written by: Monique Fraide

(Period 4)


I am going to be telling you about the history of robots. Robots
have bee
n around for many years!!! They have been helping us
do many things like doing the unthinkable. They help people
walk and do many things that they are not able to do thing by
themselves.

In the 350bc they
made the very first
robot. That smart
Greek
mat
hematician
made a pigeon.
The pigeon they
made a pigeon
that could run on
steam. In
200b.cthe Greek inventor and physicist invented a
digital wetter clock that hade mobile hands that
moved.

48


In 1942

-

Asimov wrote "Runaround", a story about robots
which contained the "Three Laws of Robotics": A robot
may not injure a human, or, through inaction, allow a
human being to come to harm. A robot must obey the
orders it by human beings except where such ord
ers would
conflict with the First Law. A robot must protect its own
existence as long as such protection does not conflict with
the First or Second Law.

49















Table Of Contains








48

Author N/A. “Robotics.”
Mega Giant Robotics

Editor N/A, Date n/a.

Mega Giant Robotics
. 12/9/2009.

http://robotics.megagiant.com/history.html




49

Author N/A rob. “Robotics
“history of robotics

Editor N/A. date n/a
history of robotics
.12/9/
2009

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/histery_of_robots



43



Are There Humans that are
Part R
obots?


Written by: Patrick Garcia

(Period 4)




Robots can help people in many different ways,
in surgery, military, and can even give people spare
parts. Like artificial limbs, do operations, and scout for
the army. Some scientist even tried to ma
ke a robot to
interact with humans. But so far they only have part
robot part human.




Some people are part robot.

There are m
any
spare part
s

made for everyday people. Like in the
CHAMP program. Where they help kids with amputated
limb
s
live a normal life. They help pay

for
artificial part.

Artificial parts
cost from a couple

of thousand of dollars
to tens of thousands of dollars. They outgrow their parts
faster than
their clothes.
50


People
can even have
artificial hearts
and kidneys.
The artificial
hearts are put
into patients
until a real
heart becomes
av
ailable. The
latest heart is
the

Jarvik7

it
functions the exact same as the normal heart. There are
also portable kidneys for people with kidney failure.
Instead of being hooked up to a machine for 12 hours a
week, you could wear a machine on your waist fo
r
periods of four to eight hours.
51

Table of Contents





50

Author N/A. “Financial Assistance.”
The War Amps.

Editor N/A
. Date N/A. Institution N/A. 12/9/2009
<http://www.waramps.ca/CMSPrint Content
.aspx?id=1802>.

51

Author N/A. “Wearable artificial kidney may free dialysis patients from hours in hospital each week.”
Mail
Online
. Editor N/A. 14 December 2007. Newspapers Ltd.12/9/2009<http:www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article
-
502098/Wearable
-
artificial
-
k
idney
-
free
-
dialysis
-
…>

44



How to Build a Battle Bot

Written by: César Gonzalez

(P
eriod 4)


You may be wondering “how can I build a battle bot?” well in this article I am going to teach
you how to build your very own battle bot.
52


Building a battle bot is not easy. You need to spend a lot
of time building it and a lot of money.
The first step you
need to do is to design or/and sketch your robot. Your
battle bot needs armor but the armor needs to be light and
strong, so I recommend that you use Titanium. Aluminum
is another choice and it doesn’t spark.


You need a motor/power sour
ce. First time builders
should use electrical power since is the easiest and most
reliable p
ower source available. In a battle

bot fight you
will only have three minutes, so even with the electrical
power you will still need batteries, so it can power all
of
your weapons. You can choose any weapon that you
would like. Each weapon gives your robot a unique
identity.



Once you have everything together there is only
one more thing that you will need. A remote
control, without it you could never control your
robot and your robot wouldn’t move at all(unless
you program it to move by itself, but that’s another
story)once everything is together you are ready to
battle!


If you would like to watch a battle bot video go to:
http://www.robotclips.com/







Table of Contents




52
Author N/A. “How to build a battle bot.”
Instructables.com
.
Editor N/A. Date N/A. Instructables.com.
12/11/2009
http://www.instructables.com/i
d/how
-
to
-
design
-
and
-
build
-
a
-
combat
-
robot/


45


Frankenstein Syndrome

Written by: Daniel Hernandez


(Period 4)




In the famous novel “Frankenst
ein” mad scientist Victor
Frankenstein creates a life form that is threaten its own
existence by humans. Now in present day there to is a fear for
an existence, Robots. Many people in the world are threatened
by the being of robots and how their knowledge
is growing
substantially. It is called Frankenstein syndrome. Many people
see these robots that are so technically advanced a threat to
humanity.


The fear
for robots
has
become so
great that an alliance has been brought up to
protect humanity called MAPPA, or Masses
against programmable person advocates.
Many members have recently made direct
ch
anges in the way the live their everyday
lives, such as computers, televisions,
radios, etc etc. They have a phobia called
automaton phobia in where they are scared
about robots taking over the human race.
53



The initial fear of robots has been around si
nce they were
invented, the fear that workers would be replaced by them.
Over the left is a picture of a robot that has human
interaction capabilities. Researchers had to dismantle the
being because of its capabilities. Lastly the fear has
escalated becaus
e of the reoccurring events of ghost
machines. Reports of people having problems with
malfunctions and even injury have happened.
54







Table of Contents




53

David Messer. “Frankenstein syndrome: properties of fear in the home.”
Inverse
.
NA 2006

Inverse of emotions. December 17,2009

http:www.insets.people of intrest.com

54

Monica Johnson. “The new wave of murder”.
Lisa

NA.

Fi gure
36

www.http//www.webermi tes.com

Fi gure
35
http://www.i nsests.peopl eof i ntrest.com

Fi gure
37
http://www.l i sarobot.com

46


Uncanny Valley

Written By: Cody Hinshaw



Today, robots are an important part of our society. They help in
factories, hospitals and in the military. In some factories th
ey even
don’t have to have the lights on because the robots do all of the work.
Robots are used in surgery so that the cuts and procedures can go
faster and smoother. In the military robots are being used to hunt and
kill the bad guys. They are used to red
uce the casualty rate also.
Robots are also a psychological issue too. In movies they are
portrayed as evil and wanting to kill humanity and/or take over the
world. This and other problems like getting replaced have led to a
fear or hatred of robots.



The “Uncanny Valley” hypothesis, created
by Masahiro Mori, states that when robots
look and act like humans, it causes a
response

of revulsion. People think that
robots that look human might replace them or symbolize death when
they are being disassembled. If robots look human then we will
expect them to act human and not like a computer. So instead of
being judged as a robot that i
s a passable human we judge them as a
human doing a bad job acting normal. In more western religions like
christianity, islam, and judaism humans are considered one ofa kind,
but when robots that seem human are introduced it takes away that
specialness tha
t the respective religions ensure.
55


The fear of robots has been around since the first idea of robots. The
original fear of robots was that they would replace workers and be more
efficiently at the j
ob than the human worker. Robots are created to be
faster, smarter and stronger than an average human. This development
makes some people think we are engineering our own extinction. Robots
are being engineered to be better than humans, so that emphasizes
our
flaws.
56





Table of Contents



55

N/A. “Uncanny Valley.”
Wikipedia
. N/A. N/A. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. December 9, 2009

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncanny_valley
.

56

Alissa Grosso. “Science Fiction Themes: ro
bots, Androids, and AI (part 1).”
Suite101.
N/A. January 4, 2002.
N/A. December 9, 2009
http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/writ ing_science_fiction/88271

.


Fi gure
38

(
transformers
-
2
-
trailor.blog)

Fi gure
39

(www.el i techoi ce.org)

Fi gure
4
0

(
robol abo.etsi t
)

47




What are different Types of Robots?

Written by: Aaron Jimenez

(Period 8
th
)




Industrial robots are found mostly in automobile and manufacturing.
Also they can be found in fighting
fires, medical applications and
military warfare. They cut, load bricks, drill, fasten, make glass, and
clean part
s.











Pioneer robots are used for mapped for creating photorealistic 3D

models for building interior.
They also cut and retrieve samples of structural materials.


\






M
obile Robots ar
e
guided vehicles. They are used for transporting material over large places
such as hospitals, warehouses, and container ports.




Table of Contents





48


With step by step I will help and teach you how to be successful with
your robots. Here are a couple of tips that you will need. You

will need
money and tools for this project.

How to Build a Robot

Written by: Crescencio Medrano

(Period 4)











































Here is a picture of a robot

In this article, you will learn how to build a robot.

This is me Crescencio

Medrano, I will teach you
about some tools that I know about robots.

Here than once you looked at the picture we will start our steps.

1
st

you will need to buy some batteries.2
nd

you need to make a
programming chip for your robots brain to function.3
rd

you need to ether
build arms or buy arms for your robot to grab things.4
th

deign what you
want your robot to do like clean, play, help you with your homework.5
th

you need eyes, ears, mouth, nose, small details

Table of Contents


49


History of Robots

Written by: Ashley Noriega

(Period 4)




I’m going to tell you the different types of robots
throughout the history. In 270BC an ancient Greek engineer
named Ctesibus made a

organs water clocks with movable figures.
It was one of the first robots built by Greeks. These robots
throughout the history can help you in many ways that you can
possibly imagine. Here is a couple of ways that the robots can help
you: teaching, factori
es, surgeries, factories, manufacturing, in the
community we live they are all around that they can help you.



The robot to your right was made by Roy James Wesley in
1927. He was
working for
Westinghouse of
electronics; he
accidentally develops
the firs
t
electromechanical
humanoid robot. This was the first robot before the
very first computer was made. He didn’t know
what to do after he made this robot.
57

This robot to
your left was made in 1921. The term robot was first used in a play
called “R.U.R” or

you can also call it “Rossum’s Universal Robots”
by the Czech writer Capek. The plot was very simple: man makes
robot then robot the robot kills the man! The word comes from the
Czech robota which means tedious labor. This play was actually
supposed to be

rebelling and overtaking the factory that made them,
and then eventually taking over the whole world. And why anyone
has thought that way back then?
58







Table of Contents




57

Mary bellies. “
The Robot Story.”
About.com
.
Editor N/A. Date N/A. History of Robots. December10,
2009<
http://inventors.about.com/od/rsinventions/a/RobotStory.htm
>.

58

Mary bellies. “The Robot Story.”
About.com
.
Editor N/A. Date N/A. History of Robots. December10,
2009<
htt
p://inventors.about.com/od/rsinventions/a/RobotStory.htm
>.


50


History of Robots

Created by: Bianca Sanchez

(Period 4)






























Between 1500 and 1800
automatons were capable of
acting, drawing, flying, and
playing music.

400 BC, Archytas of Tarentum
built a mechanical pigeon.

Muslim alchemist in the 8
th

century constructed artificial
snakes.

Table of Contents

51


Human Robots: Fact or Fiction

Written by: Natasha Clontz

(Period 5)


The idea of slipping into a robotic exoskeleton
that could
enhance strength, keep the body active while recovering from an injury
or even serve as a prosthetic limb has people all over the world jumping
around with anticipation. Although these suits may not look as cool as
Iron Man, they still provide f
eatures just as cool.


In Japan,
CYBERDYNE, Inc.

is hoping to make the new
exoskeleton’s look cool and sleek. The white exoskeleton suits look like
the star trooper suits in Star Wars, with the exception of a helmet. These exoskeletons now in the
works, sa
y that it can augment the body’s own strength or do the work of ailing (or missing
limbs). The company is confident enough in its new technology to have started construction on a
new lab expected to mass
-
produce up to 500 robotic power suits annually, beg
inning in October
2010, according to Japan’s
Kydodo News

web site.



The HAL exoskeleton is currently only available in Japan, but the company says it has
plans to eventually offer it in the European Union as well. The company will rent (no option to
buy
at this time) the suits for about $1,300 per month (including maintenance and upgrades),
according to the company's site, which also says that rental fees will vary: Health care facilities
and other businesses renting the suits will pay about three times a
s much as individuals. The site
does not explain why, and the company could not be reached for comment. One of the
difficulties in developing exoskeletons for health care is the diversity of medical needs they must
meet. "One might have knee and ankle prob
lems, others might have elbow problems," Herr says.
"How in the world do you build a wearable robot that accommodates a lot of people?"




Another company making “iron man suits” is called
HUCL, Human Universal Load Carrier.

Sadly the "bionic
arms race" o
wes much to a very real arms race. In 2005, the
US military announced a
multi
-
million dollar investment in
prosthetic technology

after a surge in the nu
mber of US
soldiers losing limbs in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Improvements
in body armor technology mean that attacks that just a few
years ago would be fatal are now survivable
-

but the armor
doesn't protect limbs.



Inevitably the military isn't just intere
sted in rehabilitating injured soldiers. It's rather
keen on enhancing soldiers' effectiveness in battle, too, which is why it's testing exoskeletons.
The big problem with such technology is that it needs power. Military versions are powered by
battery pac
ks or small combustion engines, while civilian prosthetics tend to use batteries.


That might change. US and Canadian scientists have found a way for prosthetics to
generate power. All of the new developments in prosthetics require large power budgets. The

52


solution? A modified knee brace that uses regenerative braking technology to turn movement
into electricity.


Professor Kevin Warwick
-

dubbed "Captain Cyborg" by
The Register

-

is famous for
headline
-
chasing ideas such as implanting RFID chips under his

skin or attempting telepathy by
connecting two people's brains to computers, but behind the headlines he's doing some useful
and potentially far
-
reaching work.


Warwick is helping to develop a new generation of Deep Brain Stimulation equipment,
which uses

electrodes to make an amazing difference to the symptoms of Parkinson's Disease,
and in 2008 he unveiled Gordon the robot.


Gordon is no ordinary robot: he's controlled by living brain tissue. As Warwick
explains
:
"The purpose is to figure out how memories are actually stored in a biological brain… if we can
understand some of the basics of what is going on in our little model brain, it could have
en
ormous medical spin
-
offs".























Table of Contents



53


History of Robots

Written By: Abel Deloera



1.

Even though we don’t see many, robots are used almost
everywhere. To build our cars… well not OUR cars,

more like
your parent’s car, but you get the point. They are used to make
our computers, cell phones, and iPods and sometimes used to
make our lives a little bit easier. The term "robot" was first used
in a play called "R.U.R." or "Rossum's Universal Robo
ts" by the
Czech writer Karel Capek. The plot was simple: man makes
robot then robot kills man! In science fiction, the
Three Laws
of Robotics

are a set of three rules written by Isaac Asimov,
which almost all fictional robots appearing in his books must
o
bey. Introduced in his 1942 short story "Runaround", although
foreshadowed in a few earlier stories, the Laws state the
following:

1.

A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to
harm.

2.

A robot must obey any orde
rs given to it by human beings, except where such orders would
conflict with the First Law.

3.

A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the
First or Second Law.

The first robot ever recorded was made by
George
C. Devol, a successful inventor and
entrepreneur, and engineer Joseph F. Engelberger; over cocktails the two discuss the writings of
Isaac Asimov.



The first industrial robot was online in a General Motors automobile factory in New Jersey. It
was called U
NIMATE.

UNIMATE took die castings from machines and performed welding on
auto bodies; tasks that are unpleasant for people. Obeying step
-
by
-
step commands stored on a
magnetic drum, the 4,000
-
pound arm is versatile enough to perform a variety of tasks.


The

latest forms of robots are used to explore other planets for months while humans can only
last on them for a couple of hours due to hazardous conditions.






Table of Contents




54


Different Types of Robots

Written by:
Julia Estrada

(Period 5)


There are all sorts of robots in the world. But most
people just know the basic types of robots that can clean, do
research, and industrial stuff. Robots are used all the time
everywhere even when you’re dealing with careers.

The military use them for machines that build weapons for
the soldiers and to help them train them for war. Robots are
used for just about any career people decide to make a living
off.


Robots are used daily, in people’s homes. To wash
the clothes or dishes and even to help their young learn. But
there are things robots that some people don’t know about.


Dancing robots
have amazing abilitie
s to move and react to music.
59
Some
are just for amusement while others are to instruct or be
used as teachers aids. They some times come with six legs
and a head to match their personality. They can also be
used to help the older people or handicap.


Why
should you only be
able to see virtual
fighting robots
when you can
experience them
out of a glass
screen? There are
combat robots that
battle; their weight classes are measured by how fast they
move.
60
The main things used in these kinds of robots are
a
speed controller, radio controls, motors, wheels and tires, or
other means of motion, weapons and their control systems
and batteries. Their very interesting and are made by people
all over the world. They can be made of spare parts lying around the hous
e.

Table of Contents





59

Author n/a. “Dancing Robots.”
Hobby.net.au
.
Editor n/a
. 2009. a hobby for everyone. December 14, 2009.
<
http
://www.hobby.net.au/flex/types
-
of
-
robots/1228/dancing
-
robots.cfm
>


60

Author n/a. “Fighting Robots.”
Hobby.net.au
.
Editor n/a
. 2009. a hobby for everyone. December 14, 2009.
<
http://www.hobby.net.au/flex/types
-
of
-
robots/1228/dancing
-
robots.cfm
>



Figure
41

(http://gajiz.com/amazing
-
milit
ary
-
robots
-
climb
-
haul
-
run
-
like
-
living
-
things/)

Figure 2 (http://www.hobby.net.au/flex/types
-
of
-
robots/1228/dancing
-
robots.cfm)

F
igure 3 (http://www.hobby.net.au/flex/types
-
of
-
robots/1229/fighting
-
robots.cfm

55


Different Types of Robots

Written by: Jezebel Godina

(Period 5)

How do robots work?

Humans are made up of five components…

A body structure, muscle system, sensory system, brain system and power
source

Robots are made up of the same components! Almost all robots have a
motorized body. Some only have motorized wheels. As you know,
individual segments are connected together with joints.

Robots spin wheels and pivot jointed segments with some sort ac
tuator. The
different types that actuators that Robots use are electric motors, solenoids,
hydraulic system, and some use a pneumatic system. Robots may use these
actuators. Robots need to have a power source to drive these actuators. Most
Robots have a ba
ttery or the plug in the wall.


Robots on Earth:

Typical industrial robots do jobs that are difficult, dangerous or dull. They lift heavy objects, paint, handle
chemicals, and perform assembly work. They perform the same job hour after hour, day after day
with
precision. They don't get tired and they don't make errors associated with fatigue and so are ideally suited
to performing repetitive tasks.

Robots can be found in the manufacturing industry, the military, space exploration, transportation, and
medica
l applications. Below are just some of the uses for robots.


Industrial Robots


Industrial robots are found in a variety of locations including the automobile and


manufacturing industries.






Demeter

A robot agricultural harvester named
Demeter

is a model for commercializing
mobile robotics technology. The Demeter harvester contains controllers,
positioners, safeguards, and task software specialized to the needs commercial
agricu
lture.



Mars Rover Project

It is a program. Robots run by NASA, in the efforts of space exploration. It’s a
robot designed for the purpose of the exploration of mars. Robots like this are
extremely helpful in the progress in science as it is impossible
for any human
been to get to mars and walk on its surface at this time. The most important part
of this robot would be its "sensor". Without its sensor it could not relay digital
images back to earth or move around as it could not communicate with the
cont
roller, making the controller just as important in this situation as the sensor
.


Table of Contents

56


Are There Humans Who Are Part Robot?

Written by: Peyton Graham

(Period 5)



On July 27 European researchers have created a robotic hand that
mimics the flexibility and sensitivity of a human hand known as the
61
”Shadow Hand”. The hand can grasp, snap, and carry objects. It
has 24 movments allowing a direct mapping from human to rob
ot.
The reasearchers are coming up with “skin” that will make the hand
look real.
62

A man who lost his left forearm in a car crash was
successfully linked to a robotic hand, allowing him to feel sensations
in the artificial limb and control it with his th
oughts. During a one
-
month experiment conducted last year, 26
-
year
-
old Pierpaolo
Petruzziello felt like his lost arm had grown back again, although he
was only controlling a robotic hand that was not even attached to his
body.


”It's a matter of mind, of
concentration," Petruzziello said. "When
you think of it as your hand and forearm, it all becomes easier."

Though similar experiments have been successful before, the

European scientists who led the
project say this was the first time a patient has been able to make such complex movements
using his mind to control a biomechanical hand connected to his nervous system.



The Italy
-
based team said at a news conference in Rome on that in 200
8 it implanted electrodes
into the nerves located in what
remained of Petruzziello's left
arm, which was cut off in a crash
some three years ago.
The prosthetic wa
s not implanted
on the patient, only connected
through the electrodes; a video
was shown of Petruzziello as he
concentrated to give orders to the
hand placed next to him.
During the month he had the
electrodes connected, he learned
to wiggle the robotic fingers
independently, make a fist, grab
objects and make other movements.

Table of Contents







61

Richard Greenhill. “
Shadow Robot Company wins
“.

Welcome to the Shadow Robot Company
. Editor N/A.
Shadow Robot CO. November 25 ,2009. <
http://www.shadowrobot.com/news/news.shtml
>

62

Ariel David. “Expert say Pierpaolo Petruzziello”.
Man Controls Robotic Hand w
ith
Mind
. Editor N/A. AOL
Health News. July 27. <

http://news.aol.com/health/article/experts
-
say
-
pierpaolo
-
petruzziello/797240
>.

57


History of Robots

Written by: Osvaldo Guerra

(Period 5)



Today there are three laws that robots have to follow.




A robot may not injure a human being, or through interactions allow a human being to
come to ha
rm.



A robot must obey the orders given it by human
beings, except where such orders would conflict
with the first law.



A robot must protect its own existence as long as
such protection does not conflict with the first or
second law.


In 1921
-
The term “robot” was first used in a play called
“R.U.R.” or “Possums’ Universal Robots” by the Czech
writer Karel Capek. The plot was simple: man makes robot
then robot kills man!



In 1948
-

“Cyberneti
cs”, an influence on artificial intelligence research was published by Norbert
Wiener.


In 1956
-

George devol and Joseph Eagleburger formed the
world’s first robot company.


In 1961
-

The first industrial robot was online in a general
motors’ automobile fa
ctory in New Jersey. It was called
UNIMATE.


In 1963
-
The first artificial robotic arm to be controlled by a
computer was designed. The rancho arm was designed as a
tool for the handicapped and its

six joints gave it the
flexibility of a human arm.


In 1965
-
DENDRAL was the first expert system or program designed to execute the accumulated
knowledge of subject experts.



In 1974
-
A robotic arm (silver arm) that performed small
-
parts assembly using fe
edback from
touch and pressure sensors was designed.




Table of Contents


Figure
42

www.
news.bbc.co.uk

Figure
43

www.
blogs.stripes.com

58


Different Types of Robots

Written by: Juan Guerrero

(Period 5)


There are a lot of robots in this world. Different
types of robots for different jobs. They make the life and
job of a human easier. People only know the basic types
robots that clean, cook and entertain. Robots been around
for a while, but as time goes by

people are creating better
robots that help us more.

63
Robots are used daily, in people’s homes. To
wash the clothes or dishes and even to help their young
learn. But there are things that some people don’t know
about.

Like the robots the police force and the military
uses. They are remote controled robots. They have robots
that can fly in the air, swim in water,

and move on the ground.

64
There are other robots that do the jobs that
human can’t. They work in hot temperat
ers that humans cant live in. They are controled by a
computer.Others entertain peolple by singing, dancing, or play music. Soon everyone will own a
robot. Life will be easier soon.














Table of Contents






63

Rover Ranch. “Robots on Earth.”
Types of Robots
.


Editor n/a.

2003. K
-
12 Experiments in Robotic Software.
December 18,2009

http:/prime.jsc.nasa.gov/ROV/types.html


64

Rover Ranch. “Robots on Earth.”
Types of Robots
.


Editor n/a.

2003. K
-
12 Experiments in Robotic Software.
December 18,2009

http:/prime.jsc.nasa.gov/ROV/types.html



59


O
ur Fear of Robots

Written by: Gabby Jones

(Period 5)



Robots are taking a big role in our society in this day and
age. They are used in many different fields of work
including medicine, dentistry and law enforcement.
Although robots may appear to be very

useful, many
people are afraid they might take over the world. Why is
that you may ask? Robots have the capability to be
programmed to do the right thing, but what would
happen if one, just one, were to develop a glitch?


It is amazing that we have created such machines that can
walk on two legs, control objects with hands and interact
with humans. But will these machines we call robots
become self
-
aware and decide to
destroy humans one
day? This is the question many people are asking. The
fact is, robots are not self aware even though we might
think they are. They are programmed to do
certain things and those things only. We have
been working on Artificial Intelligence

and
Robotics for decades. We are making them to
co
-
exist with us in our society.
65


It is obvious that robots are making their way
into the world, but will they take over our jobs?
Robots may take over some jobs like garbage
men and FedEx deliverers as you

see in the
movie iRobot. Most likely they will not take
over any major corporation or office

jobs. Some people believe that robots deserve
moral protection. So where does the line get
drawn
between a device used for work sand something that deserves moral protection? They do
not show any kind of emotion therefore they cannot be hurt. Robots are intended to interact with
us in the real world, with a set purpose in mind.
66




Table of Contents




65

Awesome
-
O. “Our Fear of Robots.”
Artificial

Intelligence and Robotics
. Editor n/a 2009. August 16, 2009. Smart
Machines. December 9, 2009.
http://smart
-
machines.blogspot.com/search/label/fear%/20of%/20robots
.

66

Author n/a. “Ethical Issues of Robots in Society Essay.” Title of the Site n/a. Editor n/a. date n/a. Free Online
Research Papers. December 10, 2009.
http://www.freeon
lineresearchpapers.com/ethical
-
issues
-
robots
-
society
.

Figure
44
www.
jakst.files.w
ordpress.com

Figure
45
www.
farm2.static.flickr.c
om

60


Robots as Veterinarian’s Assistance

Witten By: Amber Lange


(Period 5)




Robots are any machine or mechanical device that operates automatically with humanlike

skill. Veterinarian robots would be a machine or mechanical device that operates automatically

helping vets with their everyday jobs. Robots help people with simple ta
sks so they don’t have to
do as much. They also do jobs that people can’t do. Such as wielding things together or fixing
things.



Vet robots are used to help students prepare for their future in
their field of study. Miss Baillie invented a cow’s behind
that allows
you to put your hand up it and be able to feel and recognize what
they feel by monitor and robotic organs. This helps the students
know what organs go where and whether they should be in that
position. It also teaches them to recognize whether
the cow is
pregnant or in jeopardy of hurting itself or the baby. It also helps them with other animals as
well.



A specially designed robot, used to uncover the secrets of dragonfly flights, has been
discovered at the Royal Veterinary College and the Un
iversity of ULM. They made them to help
discover the aerodynamic consequences of four winged flight. They believe these can help make
future micro air vehicles. They have discovered it is easier to fly with two pairs of wings instead
of one. This is becaus
e it lifts the body easier with less weight on each wing.



















Table of Contents


61


Different Types of Robots

Written By: Marc Ohlhausen

(Period 5)



There are different types of robots some robots help out people in the war or
there are some robots did help out women with house work. There are even a
workshop or a business with just robots cause people think that if they it saves
a lot of money. There
are different types of robots for different types of jobs
there are Parallel Robot’s, they one use is a mobile platform handling cockpit
flight simulators. There is a robot in the army
and it’s called Dante II its mission was to rappel
and walk autonomousl
y over rough terrain in a harsh environment.
Last but not lest there is a robot that helps us in space and it’s called
RMS (Remote Manipulator System) and it has or uses its arms to
move the spaceship around or help guide them.
67

See that is not
even half t
he robots that I listed there is a lot more cause they are
slowly coming into are world and being introduce by people slowly. The car that is coming out
as you can see in fig. 3 this car can drive by itself while the drive
is relaxed and the 2004 movie ‘‘I
, ROBOT” it came out in that
movie. Now there are robots for little
kids that if you can plug in a I POD they
can dance or you can control them to get
like a soda or something as you can as
you can see in fig. 4. As you read my
article you may see that rob
ots are slowly being introduced to the world
of today.
68



Table of Contents




67

Rover ranch ‘‘Types of Robots.”
Robots on Earth
.

N/A. 2005. The Rover Ranch. December 10, 2009.
<http://prome.jsc.nasa.gov/ROV/types.html>

68
All on Robots “ Types of robots.:

Type Of Robots
. N/A, 2
009. <
http://www.allonrobots.com/types
-
of
-
robots.html
>

Figure
46
: Robot's
help

Figure 2: The RMS

Figure 3: The future car

Figure 4: Robot's
teaches

62


Robots with Human Parts

Written by: Brandi Potter

(Period 5)



In the very near future robots will be a huge part
of our lives. Robots
are already taking jobs that no one
else wants. They are able to do jobs faster and more
efficiently than humans. Robots can already be found in
hospitals and many other careers. So what if robot
technology could be used to help humans with
disabilities an
d amputations?



In 2004 a group of researchers at Cyberdyne Inc.
A company in Japan headed by Yoshiyuki Sankai started
creating an exoskeleton robotic suit may help workers lift
heavy loads and patients move damaged and prosthetic
lim
bs. This suit would be extremely helpful to doctors
and physical therapists to assist disabled people. It could
also allow laborers to carry heavier laws and aid in
emergency rescues. Cyberdyne is not the only company
developing an exoskeleton, the U.S. Ar
my is in the early
testing stages of a similar product created by Sarcos, a Salt
Lake robotics and device manufacturer.
69



Another man working on humans having robot
parts is Monty Reed. He had a parachute accident and was
told he was never going to walk again. He did not agree
with this diagnosis and he wanted to change it. He picked
up a book and started reading about a set
of man
-
made
muscles that would let people lift up to 2,000 pounds. He
decided he would want to build a lightweight one so he could
get out of his wheelchair. However he never needed this
device because he made an amazing recovery after years of
rehabilitat
ion. He has programmed a computer to see the way
a person normally moves, and then duplicate those actions
with man
-
made muscles. They hope to have a model ready for
testing in hospitals soon, and a streamlined home version by
2015.
70






Table of Contents





69

Larry Greenemeier. “Real
-
Life Iron
Man: A Robotic Suit that Magnifies Human Strength.”
Scientific
American
. Editor: N/A. April 30, 2008. Scientific American. December 16, 2009.
http://www.sc
ientificamerican.com/art icle.cfm?id=real
-
life
-
iron
-
man
-
exosceleton


70

Bob Tesler. “His robot legs may lift people from wheelchairs.”
Msnbc.com
. Editor: N/A. March 20, 2009. Today
Show. December 17, 2009 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/29757493/ns/today
-
today_
people.com

marvel i ronman...

fi nal sense.com

bi oni cmom.bl ogspot.com

63


Robots Being Used in the Medical Field

Written By: Kelci Potter

(Period 5)



Advancements in Techn
ology and science are allowing
scientists to invent robots to be used in different careers such as
doctors. Doctors can use the robots in taking flowers, food, and
drinks to the patients in the hospital to helping with surgeries.
Though ‘robots helping wit
h surgery’ sounds a little risky, but it
actually works and it’s easier for the doctors to. We have been
studying robots being used in jobs in class. We have done
research, projects, and watched a movie, “iRobot”, to also help
us learn about robots.



To

many, hearing robots performing open
-
heart surgery
sounds like science fiction. Completely crazy to even think that
science has been advanced so much that we are using robots for
surgery. But recently this idea has become a science reality, with the robot

named The Da Vinci
Surgical System, which is named after the famous renaissance inventor/engineer/painter
Leonardo Da Vinci. The Da Vinci robot has three
arms; one carrying a pair of miniature cameras to
produce 3D image of inside the patient’s body, whic
h
the surgeon views on the monitor, and the other two
which perform the operation through tiny incisions
only eight millimeters across. The many benefits to
this surgical system include, difficult surgical
procedures will be performed more easily and
routi
nely therefore certain procedures only performed
by a few highly specialized surgeons will be
performed by more surgeons at more institutions thus
making these operations more accessible to patients.
71



Technology is revolutionizing the medical field with the creation of the Robotic Devices
and complex imaging. Even though these inventions have made operations and surgeries a lot
less invasive, robotic systems can’t always replace surgeons becau
se of some disadvantages.
Minimally Invasive Surgeries is a very broad concept encompassing many common procedures
that existed prior to the introduction to robots, such as laparoscopic cholecystecomy or gall
bladder excisions. It refers to the general pro
cedures that avoid long cuts and incisions by
entering the body through small, only like 1cm, entry incisions. So the robots steady movement
and tiny cuts help with making the small cuts or incisions.
72





71

Author N/A. “Telesurgery.”
ROBOTICS
. Editor N/A. Date and/or version Number N/A. Think Quest December
17, 2009. <http://library.thinkquest.org/C0126120/telesurgery.htm>

72

Author N/A. “Robot Assisted Surgery”.
Robotic Surgery.
Editor N/A. Date
And/Or Version Number N/A.
BioMed Brown. December 17, 2009. <http://biomed.brown.edu/Courses/B1108/B1108_2005_Groups/04/>


The Robot i s bei ng tested To Be Used
In Surgery.


Table of
Contents


64







How to Build a Robot

Written: Bart Ramos

(Period

5)




Robots are complex systems which
rely on software, hardware and mechanical
system all working together. If you buy things
off the shelf, they may not be compatible or
well suited to a robotics application. One
thing that people don’t seem to unders
tand is
that all wires in a system and traces on PC
boards are low ohm age resistors. However,
when a motor starts up and is running it can
draw a large amount of current. These large
current drops will a voltage drop across a wire
or PC board trace.





Trilobot is a full featured platform
for the serious robot enthusiast or research
project. High level programming is
performed by a user supplied processer
communicates with the trilobot via a serial
connection that either tethered on board or
wireless
. Sensors include sonar range
finder, four directional light levels,
temperature, 8 whiskers, passive infrared
motion detector and a 2
-
degree digital
compass.









Table of Contents

65


Robots as Doctors

Written by:
Brian Thayer

(Period 5)


Have you ever been thinking that when you’re in the
waiting room of a hospital what it would be like to be seen
by a robot? Well with the technology humans have right
now it wouldn’t be long to experience what it feels like.
You probably wouldn’t be waitin
g hours in the waiting
room either because robots are a lot faster than humans it
would just take minutes for you to be seen. You wouldn’t
even know the difference it would just be like a regular
doctor asking you all the same questions like a regular
doct
or would. The robot could even take the spot as a
surgeon and have a lot more success with the surgeries.
They would be a lot steadier when their cutting you and
making incisions and be able to work a lot longer.








Robots are able to perform major
operations while only marking small incisions,
patients receive many benefits: lessened trauma,
fewer injections, decreased healing time and a
faster discharge from the hospital. Robots

are
used to perform heart surgery without opening
patient’s chests. Robots are also affecting the
way hospitals are run and medications
distributed. They make sure hospital visits are shorter and the risk of infection minimized.
Robots can also teach us t
heir currently being used as to test medical students. There are
pregnant humanoid robots, for instance, prepare students for various birth complications.
73




Robots are going to be the new revolutionary of medical field.



In hopefully about 10
-
15 years this will all be a reality. But for now
scientist and engineers are still trying to come up with new ideas and
software bug resolutions and as well money. The robot will stand 5
feet tall and have flat screens for heads

and video cameras as eyes.
74


Table of Contents




73

Author n/a. “Robots in Medicine.”
UsedRobots.com
.
Editor
n/a. Date and/or Version Number n/a. Name of
sponsoring Institution n/a. D
ecember 9,2009<
http://ww,used
-
robots.com/robot
-
education.php?page=robots+in+medicine
>

74

Author n/a. “doctor Robots.”
UsedRobots.com
. Editor n/a. Date and/or Version Numb
er n/a. Name of sponsoring
Institution n/a. December 9,2009<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/military_robot>

Figure 1
ht t p://www.mt beurope.info/news/images/robot r
oundingnurse.jpg

Figure 2

www.wwayt v3.com/files/robot300.jpg


66


Frankenstein Complex

Written by: Jack Touchet

(Period 5)



Humans have a rationale fear of that
which we do not understand. We fear that
robots will take us over, for
they rule simply
by logic, so they may find it logical to
annihilate humans.
75

More so than that, we
fear anything more powerful than we. For
example, what is the most powerful thing
we have? The government, which is what
most humans fear the most.


Humans

are also afraid of that which
they create generally, for the fear that we’d
be the architects of our own destruction. For
example, we created the gun, the cannon,
and other assorted weapons, all capable of
destroying us. We’ve built up a lot of
reasons to

fear robots, and our other
creations.





In any case, I believe these reasons to
prove my opinion that the fear in robots is
rationale. This is also to explain why it is that humans fear robots. It is also capable of describing
why we should not fear r
obots.




Robots are logical thinkers. Everything they do is programmed and planned by humans,
so really the only thing we should fear is ourselves. I believe this theory and others to be why we
fear robots.


Thank you for reading.

Table of Contents





75

http://discopantsandhaircuts.com/wp
-
content/uploads/2008/10/fear.jpg

67


Half Human Half Robot

Written By: Antonio Valdez

(Period 5)




Robots are everywhere in today’s society; almost anywhere you turn there is a Robot. They’re
do
ing everything from a simple task such as picking up things to the most complicated such as
cracking a complicated code. We need robots in every day society for everything. Robots are
mainly here to serve us but have you ever thought of a cyborg or half
-
hu
man half
-
robot? Well if
you haven’t there can be half
-
human half
-
robot and in the near future you will be seeing many
more around so keep a lookout.



Is it possible for humans to be part robot? According to the
articles I have been reading it is very pos
sible for humans to be
part robots. For example there was a human in 1969 Denton
Cooley and his surgical team implanted an artificial human heart
inside of a cardiac patient until he could get a real transplant. The
first permanent heart
wasn't until 1982
that the first artificial heart
implant intended for permanent use was made. Of course the
patient only lived for 112 days.

76



At the Syrian
-
Lebanese Hospital in Sao Paulo, Brazil an
agreement was signed in June 2005 that approximately in
three years time there will be the first human arm implant.
This will be made possible by implanting a microchip inside
the patient’s brain so t
hat he can control the robotic arm. So
it will be like the movie I Robot. Hopefully if we lose a limb
it can maybe one day get replaced. So it is possible for a
half
-
human half
-
robot to exist.
77










Table of
Contents





76

Author N/A Artificial heart Discoveries In Medicine Editor N/A 12/10/2009
Http://www.discoveriesinmedicine.com/Apg
-
Ban/Artifical
-
Heart.html


77
Author N/A Firs t Human Robotic Arm Implant Gizmag Editor N/A 12/10/2009
http://www.gizmag.com/go/4282/


68


Artificial Intelligence


Written by: Tiffany Ybarra

(Period 5)


Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence
of machines and the branch of computer science
which aims to create it. The term “artificial
intelligence (AI)” was first coined in
1956, at the
Dartmouth Conference. Since then AI has expanded
because of the theories and principles developed by
its dedicated researchers. Artificial intelligence is
already in use in humanoid robots an even in
children’s toys. There’s a long future in
store for
robots due to artificial intelligence.



John McCarthy is regarded as the father of AI.
The field of artificial intelligence was founded on the
claim that a central property of humans can be precisely
described that it can be simulated by a mach
ine.
Herman Simon, one of the leaders of AI research for
many decades, predicted that “machines will be
capable, within twenty years, of doing any work a man
can do.”

78


The field of robotics is
closely related to AI. Intelligence
is required for robots
to be able to handle such tasks as object
manipulation and navigation with sub
-
problems of localization (knowing
where you are), mapping (learning what is around you) and motion
planning. The existence of an artificial intelligence that rivals human
intell
igence raises difficult ethical issues and the potential power of the
technology inspires both hopes and fears. If a machine can be created that
has intelligence, could it also feel? If it can feel, does it have the same
rights as a human?

79



Table of Contents




78

Author n/a. “Artificial intelligence.”
Wikipedia
. Editor n/a. Date and/or Version Number n/a.
Name of Sponsoring Institution n/a. December 9, 2009
<
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_intelligence
>


79

Autho
r n/a. “The History of Artificial Intelligence.”
Title of the Site n/a
. Date and/or Version
Number n/a. Name of Sponsoring Institution n/a. December 10, 2009 <

http://library.thinkquest.org/2705/history.html#knowledge
>


69


Artificial Intelligence

Written by
:

Jose Aguinaga

(Period 7)



The history of artificial intelligence has been nothing more than
myths and stories. These days we have real life scientist and
doctors working/trying to figure out how we can make a robots
brain more human like. The field of artificial intelligence has
be
en under the study of many colleges. Like one for instants the
collage Dartmouth has been studying this since 1956.The people
from Dartmouth think that the robots society will bring lots of
help to our generation.

And the doctors will give millions to
make this vision come true.
As they woke they are making rules. That robots need to follow
so that robots won’t violate any human laws. As far we
gotten to AI (artificial intelligence) is based all on cars. And this
is where cars parallel park them s
elf’s. I mean we are at an ok
stage for artificial intelligence.
80



Were not at such a stage where we tell robots what to do. But
there is also robot as doctors. That checks you
r heart rate and
also pulls your medical records. And they have medical
responses for your medical systems that may accrue in your
body. Also they can prescribe medicine for you but they can tell
if you’re feeling sick or not.
81














Table of Content




80
80

David Berlinski &

Bruce .g. Buchanan. “History of artificial intelligence.”
Wikipedia.com
. editor n/a 2005.
Wikipedia. December 16
th

, 2009. <
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/history_of_artifical
_intellingence

>

81

Author n/a. Univers ity of Georgia ins titute of Artificial Intelligence.
“Institute for Artificial Intelligence.”

Editor
n/a. date and or version number n/a. the university of Georgia. December 10
th

, 2009. <
http://.ai.ugi.edu/
>

47
http://cnelms.files.wordpress.com/
2008/04/robots_z.jpg

www.
allnum.typepad.com/
aigoblog/images/robot.jpg

48
www.dailygalaxy.com/.../05/prepar
ing
-
human.html

70


Robots in the Movies

Created By: Michael Antuna

(Period 7)














































Wall
-
e is a very sad and adventurous movie.
It’s about hope and pushing to get what you
want.

Transformers is the beginning of history in the
robotic movie industry.

I, robot is a movie based on the future
today. It’s
about robots trying to take over
the world.

The terminator was unlike any movies
about robots around and was a big hit
in theaters everywhere.

Table of Content


71


Human’s with Robot Parts

Written by: Samantha Barrera

(Period 7)



People that have had

tragic

accidents and lo
ose one of
their body parts may have that specific body part
replaced. They can replace their right or left leg or
their right or left arm. In the picture (Figure 1) Dean
Kamen and his team came up with a robotic arm. He
made a video that millions watch be
cause of the mind
-
controlled prosthetic robot arm he invented today at
D6 Carlsbad. Since 2007 Kamen has been showing off
the video.



In (figure 2) you can see a monkey being tested with a
robotic arm. They actually tested on monkey’s that had
electrodes implanted into the region of their brains.
That region is associated with the move
ment. These
tests were made at Duke University. One of the tests
these monkeys had to go through with the robotic arm
was control a joystick which accompanies the
trajectory of a cursor on a computer screen.
82




Basically for someone to control their robotic arm,
you get a microchip inserted in a part of your brain.
That part will tell your
brain to move the robotic arm.
Even though you get this arm a therapist would have
to show you how to use
it. The robotic arm looks
more like a mechanical
sleeve, with external
muscles that use compressed air to help the real arm move. At first
the arm wil
l help the patient a lot, but as the patient regains strength
he or she will use the good arm less and less until it’s no longer
needed. Many jobs that people have are being automated, and the
medical industry is no exception. It is important that doctors
adapt
to their new technological advances.
83





Table of Content




82

Mike Hanlon. “Inventors and remarkable people.”
First human robotic arm implant
. Editor N/A.2005. DJ Hero
Review. December 9, 2009. <http://www.gizmag.com/go/4282/>

83

Author N/A. “Science Netlinks.”
Robotic Arm.

Edito
r N/A. 2009. Science Update Index. December 9, 2009.
<http://www.sciencenetlinks.com/sci_update.php?DocID=271>

Fi gure
49
www.brunozzi.com/.../01/dean
-
kamens
-
robot
-
arm/

Fi gure
50

www.techdigest.tv/biotechnology/2.html

72


Are There Humans Who Are Part Robot?

Do They Exist?

Written by
: Kileen Bragg

(Period 7)




Are there humans who are part robot? Do they exist? Sadly,
no.
But there are people working to make cyborgs
84
, or a cybernetic
organism. Cybernetic organisms have both artificial and natural
systems. Among people who are researching and experimenting
different ways to make cyborgs is Kevin Warwick.



Kevin Warwick
85

is a British scientist and professor of cybernetics
at the University of Reading in Berkshire, United Kingdom. He was
born in 1945 in Coventry. He left school when he was 16 to join the
British telecom. Warwick is now a Chartered Engineer working at
the
Institution of Engineering and Technology. He experiments with
putting robotic parts in the place of his own.



One of the places he put a robotic part in would be his arm. He runs different test on it to see if
they would function just like a normal arm.

As you can see in the picture on the bottom left,
Warwick is running a test to make sure the rest of his arm is also ok. On the bottom right is a
picture X
-
raying through his arm to show the robotic part. Kevin Warwick does the surgeries
with some help fr
om doctors. Altogether he is very brave, especially when he is doing his
research.

















Table of Content




84

Author n/a. “Cyborg.”
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Editor n/a. 9 December 2009.
<
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyborg
>

85

Author n/a. “Kevin Warwick.”
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Editor n/a. 1 December 2009.
<
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Warwick
>

73


Robots in the Medical Field

Created by: Desiree Campuzano

(Period 7)






































Table of Content

In this photo we see a patient on the
floor and a robot checking in the
person is still breathing.

In this picture as we see a man is
hook up to a monitor witch the robot
is checking is blood pressure.

In this photo we see a robot

going to check
on a patient to see if they are doing okay.

As we see a robot talking and
asking questions to the patient.

74


Robots in Various Careers

Written by: Taylor Carrillo



(Period 7)



Robots doing our jobs.

Many years ago it sounded like a
dream but now we have robots in our hospitals. We have robots
that build our cars and test them also. They do all the things we
can’t do like dive to the bottom of the ocean and deep into outer
space. Yes, robots of all sh
apes and size from robots that you
can eat and it can take pictures of your colon to moon rovers.
Even though robots that record and play music for you saved on
their memory. Certain robots also provide us with countless,
useful and sometimes useless infor
mation.

86



Just as many jobs there are, there are many robots to do
its job, but some robots can do more than one job. As seen in Figure 1 this industrial robot is
handling m
aterial. Robots can handle more intense conditions than human can handle such as
extreme heat and pressure. They are able to produce twice as fast and twice as much. Robots are
able to paint faster and more accurate. They can build cars under an hour. They

can weld faster
and better than humans.

87



Robots are very sophisticated. As I said before robots can do many things a human can’t.
Robots can do a lot more than humans by lifting heavy objects. It has been proven that robots
can do more thing than human
s and work faster. Robots are so useful and helpful. I am very
thankful we have them.

















Table of Content





86

Author
n/a.”Industrial Robots.” Title n/a. Editor n/a. Date/Version n/a. Name of Sponsoring Institution n/a.
<
http://www.robotics.utexas.edu/rrg/learn_more/low_ed/types/industrial.html
>

87

Author n/a. “The Auto Channel.” The Auto Channel. 1998
-
2009. The Auto Chann
el.
<
http://www.theautochannel.com/news/2008/05/14/086943.html
>

We see two doctors talking and
discussing medical things about there
patient.

Figure
51

Industrial robot handling
materials.

75


Artificial Intelligence

Written by: Mary Copeland

(Period 7)



Artificial I
ntelligence is the science of and engineering of
intelligent machines that have human
-
like intelligence
qualities.

Some people view Artificial Intelligence as a bad
thing because
they
think non
-
biological
intelligence is wrong
and
against nature.
But what
is wrong
about progressing and
improving in
technology and
science?



Artificial
Intelligence is not
really

intelligence.
Intelligence involves
several different
mechanisms, and
Artificial Intelligence
only carries out some
of these mechanisms,
so
it couldn’t be considered
true

“Artificial Intelligence.”
88







Artificial intelligence is more helpful than hurtful.
It can help humans perform difficult tasks with precision
and

excellence. Artificial intelligence is used for game
playing f
or entertainment, speech recognition in The
United Airlines, computer vision in television, and expert
systems in heuristic classification in trying to classify
information.
89









Table of Content




88

http://www
-
formal.stanford.edu/jmc/whatisai/whatisai.h
t ml


89

http://www
-
formal.s tanford.edu/jmc/whatis ai/node3.html

76


Artificial
Intelligence (AI)

Written by: Amber Flores

(Period 7
th
)



Artificial intelligence or AI is the science and engineering of
making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer
programs. It‘s related to the similar task of using computers
to unders
tand human intelligence. AI doesn’t have to confine
itself to methods that are biologically observable. AI
research started after WWII. By the late 1950s many
researchers on AI based their work on programming
computers.




AI has lots of branches. One of them is called Ontology. It is the study of the kind of things that
don’t exist. Another is called Epistemolog
y. It’s the study of kinds of knowledge that are
required for solving problems in the world. There are many more branches but it’s many for
research. Artificial Intelligence is to help human intelligence.
90


Many people have the common assumption the AI is

about trying to

make computer intelligence smarter than humans. That is not the case though. AI is being made
to better understand human intelligence. AI will help everyone learn more and fully
understand.AI

is to help everyone now in the present and the future of technology. It will also
make people more comfortable with this subject and topic.
91















Table of Content




90

John McCarthy. “Branches of AI.”
What is Artificial Intelligence
? Editor n/a. 2007. Stanford University.
December 9,2009. <
http://www
-
formal.stanford.edu/jmc/whatisai/node2.html
.>



91

John McCarthy. “Basic Questions”
What is Artificial Intelligence?

Editor n/a. 2007. Stanford University.
December 9, 2009. < http;//www
-
formal.stanford.edu/jmc/whatisai
/node1.html.>



Fi gure
52
web.mit.edu/museum/exhib
itions/robots.html


Fi gure
53

irtfoundation.org/main/index.
php?option=com_c...

Fi gure
54
www.faqs.org
/.../artificial
-
intelligence.htm
l

77



F
ear

O
f

R
obots

Written by: Paul Giller

(7 Period)






I am going to tell
you about the human fear
of robots. For some strange reason people
fear that robots will take over the earth. Of
course that isn’t true. Robots may develop
their own minds but they aren’t going to start
killing everybody. I don’t know why we
believe what w
e see in movies, but we do so
here are the facts. Yes I have researched
these.








A lot of people don’t know what it takes to
make four legged robots or tracked robots or
humanoid robots. In fact it’s quite amazing
what we have done over the past few
decades. We have made robots that walk on
two legs, and be able to hold things with
dexterous hands. We have made them
perceive there environment and interact
with people.





That said; these robots are designed for primitive tasks and very specific tasks

only. They are
actually not self
-
aware, we only think so because of their human traits. Besides; why would they
want to kill us? What makes us think that will kill us all? If they want to kill us then go ahead we
deserve it. We have done the same thing to

many other species.
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92

Awesome o. our fear of robots. “n/a’’ ‘’ artificial intelligence and robotics’’ August 16 2009. n/a January 5.


78


Medical

Robots

Written by: Victoria Hernandez

(7
th

period)



Would you rather have a doctor that you’ve never met before or your own
personal physician? Well information has
proven that patients would rather
have a robot they know then a human they don’t know. They researched how
patients would react to the new rounding robot, placed in hospitals and nursing
homes nationwide.

The 200
-
pound robots stand about 5 feet tall. They
have flat video screens for
heads and video cameras serve as their eyes and ears.

Using a joystick, a doctor can operate the rounding robot to check on patients
from another building or country, via the Internet and wireless links. The
doctor's face appear
s on the robot's screen, and he or she interacts with the
patient through the real
-
time video hookup.


The aim of the technology isn't to replace human doctors, but to make it more
convenient for doctors to check in with their patients, and for patients to