Can You Double Click?

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Can You Double Click?

Computer
Literacy

Curriculum

Computer Basics and Microsoft Suite

F
or Use in Developing Nations



1/1/2011

Amy Biehl Foundation

Lindsay Carlin



Table of Contents

Introduction

................................
................................
................................
................................
...
3

Lesson 1

................................
................................
................................
................................
.............
4

Start up and Shut Down a Personal Computer

................................
................................
......................
4

Lesson 2

................................
................................
................................
................................
.............
6

Keyboard and Mouse

................................
................................
................................
......................
6

Lesson 3

................................
................................
................................
................................
...........

10

Understanding Programs: What Makes Your Computer Useful

................................
........................

10

Lesson 4

................................
................................
................................
................................
...........

11

Understanding Files and Folders: The Building Blocks of Organization

................................
..............

11

Lesson 4

................................
................................
................................
................................
...........

18

Desktop Features: Changing Backgrounds, Themes, Screen Saver, Time Zone
................................
...

18

Lesson 5

................................
................................
................................
................................
...........

20

Install/Uninstall Software (Add/Remove Programs)

................................
................................
........

20

Lesson 6

................................
................................
................................
................................
...........

22

Save That File! A L
esson in Saving Your Work
................................
................................
.................

22

Lesson 7

................................
................................
................................
................................
...........

23

Useful Computer Functions: Volume Control, Recycle Bin, and Calculator

................................
........

23

Lesson 9

................................
................................
................................
................................
...........

26

More Useful Computer

Functions: Print Screen, Notepad and Games

................................
..............

26

Exercises

................................
................................
................................
................................
..........

28



Introduction

Please note that this curriculum is based on the Level 1 (Operate a Personal Computer System) Unit
Standard Title of the South African Qualifications Authority. All students who complete this course can
say
that they have completed Level 1 as long as appropriate testing has been put in place.

Certain lessons may take more or less time than others. Use your own
judgment

when deciding how
many lessons to do
in the time frame that you have available.

This
curri
culum was taught in a classroom using

IBM ThinkPad Laptop Computer
s. The operating system
was Windows XP and we used Microsoft Office 2007.


Lesson 1

Start up and Shut Down a Personal Computer


Objective: Start up and shut down a personal computer syste
m using standard and non standard
methods.

This is the most basic function, but if you do not know how to properly start up and shut down the
computer, you can ruin your pc and/or lose important files.


START UP YOUR COMPUTER
:

1.

Check all cables to be sure t
hey are not loose.

2.

Check that the power strip is turned on and plugs are tight in it.

3.

Press the computer’
s power button and wait for the system to boot.

a.

The monitor should turn on and the computer should begin to run.




4.

If necessary,
enter any log
-
in information such as username and/or password.

a.

Click Enter.



Startup Procedures Tips:

1.

If the computer has a green power light on, but monitor won’t go on:

a.


Press and hold the computer’s power button for about 10 seconds until the
compute
r’s
green light goes out.

b.

Press the computer’s power button to turn the computer back on.

Power Button


SHUT DOWN YOUR COMPUTER
:

1.

Ensure that all programs are closed.

2.

Click the Start button in the lower left
-
hand corner of the
screen.







3.

Find and press the “Turn
Off Computer” button.

a.

You will be given a choice to “Standy By” “Turn Off” or “Restart”


4.

Click “Turn Off” and wait for pc to shut down before closing the lap top.


Shutdown Procedures Tips:

1.

If the computer will not shutdown or restart:

a.

Press and hold th
e computer’s power button for about 10 seconds until the computer’s
green light goes out.

b.

If you need to restart the computer, press the computer’s power button again.


Lesson 2

Keyboard and Mouse


Objective: To gain a basic understanding of the
keyboard, finger placement and functionality. To gain a
basic understanding of the mouse and its functionality.


Teacher’s Note: Please provide students with a copy of the worksheet entitled, “Explanation of the Keys
on a Window’s QWERTY Keyboard” for th
is lesson.


KEYBOARD OVERVIEW:


The keyboard is the primary way of entering text in a computer
.


A keyboard does not require adjustments or software settings after you plug it in. It should just work.

However, you can use Keyboard in Control Panel to
change some settings. You can adjust the rate at
which a character is repeated when you hold down a key, and the time delay before it starts repeating.
You can also adjust the blink rate of the

insertion point.


Most actions you can perform with your mouse

can also be performed with your keyboard. For
information about keyboard shortcuts in Windows, click

Related Topics
. See the online Help in
individual programs for information about using shortcuts in those programs.


You can switch to a different keyboar
d layout or enter text in other languages without changing
keyboards. However, the key labels may no longer match the characters you are entering. Use Regional
and Language Options in Control Panel for changing

languages and keyboard layouts.





Block =

=
Home Keys


Home Keys are the keys where your pinkie finger to index finger rest to maximize your use of the
keyboard. Each finger reaches to different keys from these home keys.


Ie
-

Your left index finger rests on the F key. From there, it will reach
to the R T G V and B keys.
The left middle finger rests on the D key. It reaches to the E and C keys.



MOUSE OVERVIEW:


Use the mouse to interact with items on your screen as you would use your hands to interact with
objects in the physical world. You
can move objects, open them, change them, or throw them away,
among other things.


While your mouse should just work when you start up your computer, you can
make some changes to its functionality and to the look and behavior of your
mouse pointer. For
example, you can switch the role of the buttons on your
mouse, or adjust the speed of double
-
clicking. For the mouse pointer, you can
change its appearance, improve its visibility, or set it to be hidden when you
are typing.


Make changes to the mouse and
mouse pointers in the Mouse Control Panel.
To open Mouse, click

Start
, click

Control Panel
, click

Printers and Other
Hardware
, and then click

Mouse
.





THE MOUSE BUTTONS:


A mouse has a primary and secondary mouse button. Use the

primary mouse button

to
select and click
items, position the cursor in a document, and drag items.


Use the

secondary mouse button

to display a menu of tasks or options that change depending on where
you click. This menu is useful for completing tasks quickly. Clicking the secon
dary mouse button is called
right
-
clicking.


The primary mouse button is normally the left button on the mouse. On a
trackball, the primary mouse button is normally the lower button.


Most mice now include a wheel that helps you to scroll through documents

more
easily. The wheel may also act as a third button.



Tips for
Using the Mouse Buttons and W
heel



To click, point to an object on the screen and quickly press and release the primary button.



To double
-
click, point to an object on the screen and quickly
press and release the primary
button twice. If you have trouble double
-
clicking, you can often perform the same task by right
-
clicking the object and then clicking the first option on the menu that appears.



To drag an object, move your pointer over an obje
ct on the screen, click and hold the primary
button, move the object to a new location, and then release the primary button.



To display shortcut menus, point to an object on the screen, and then click the secondary
button.



If your button has a wheel, roll
the wheel with your forefinger to move up or down in a
document or on a Web page.



See your mouse or trackball documentation for more information about using the buttons and
wheel.



TOUCH PAD

The touch pad detects the pressure and movement of your finger
to allow you to move the cursor on
the display. Use the touch pad and touch pad buttons as you would use a mouse.


1

touch pad

2

track stick/touch pad
buttons



To move the cursor, lightly slide your finger over the touch pad.




To select an object,
lightly tap once on the surface of the touch pad or use your thumb to press
the left touch pad button.



To select and move (or drag) an object, position the cursor on the object and tap down
-
up
-
down
on the touch pad. On the second down motion, leave your fi
nger on the touch pad and move
the selected object by sliding your finger across the surface.




To double
-
click an object, position the cursor on the object and then tap twice on the touch pad,
or use your thumb to press the left touch pad button twice.


Lesson 3

Understanding Programs: What Makes Your Computer Useful


Objective: Understand what a program is and how to open and close.

INTRO:

What is a program?

A program is a sequence of instructions written to perform a specified
task for a computer. A c
omputer requires programs to function,
typically executing the program’s instructions in a ce
ntral processor.
1


TO START A PROGRAM:

1.

Click on the
Start

button.

2.

Click the program you want to open. To open a program, you
do not see on the Start menu, point

to
All Programs

and then
navigate through the menus to the program you want and click
it.

3.

When you open the program, Windows automatically displays
it on the Start menu.

Notes

1.

After you start a program, a button representing the program appears on the tas
kbar. To switch
from one running program to another, click its taskbar button.

2.

If a program does not appear on the Start menu or one of its submenus, you can perform a
search for it by clicking
Search

on the start menu.





1

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_program

Lesson 4


Understanding Files and

Folders: The Building Blocks of Organization


Objective: Understand and navigate the basic files and folders of a computer.

INTRO:

Most Windows tasks involve working with

files

and

folders. Windows uses folders to provide a storage
system

for t
he files
on your computer, just as you use manila folders to organize information in a filing
cabinet.

Folders can contain many different types of files, such as documents, music, pictures, videos, and
programs. You can copy and move files from other locations, suc
h as another folder, computer, or the
Internet, to folders you create. You can even create folders within folders.

For example, if you are creating and storing files in the My Documents folder, you can make a new
folder within My Documents to contain the f
iles. If you decide that you want to move the new folder to
a different location, you can easily move it and its contents by selecting the folder and

dragging

it to the
new location.

PERSONAL FILES OVERVIEW:

My Documents is your personal folder. It conta
ins two specialized
personal folders, My Pictures and My Music. You can make your
personal folders available to each person with a user account on
this

computer
, or you can make them private so that only you
can access the files within them.









Window
s creates personal folders

for e
very user on the

computer
. When there is more than one person
using the

computer
, each personal folder is identified by the user's name.

For
example, if Sibu and
Aphiwe

use the same

computer
, there will be tw
o sets of person
al folders: Sibu
's Documents, Music, and

Pictures, and Aphiwe
's Documents,

Music, and Pictures. When Sibu
is logged on to the

computer
, his
personal folders appear as My Documents, My
Pictures, and My Music, and Aphiwe's appear as
Aphiwe's Documents, Aphiw
e's Pictures, and Aphiwe
's Music.



SHARED DOCUMENTS

Windows also provides a Shared Documents folder

for
files you want to share with other users. Like My
Documents, the Shared Documents folder contains a Shared Pictures and Shared Music folder. These
folders are

for

pictures and music you want to share with other people wh
o use your computer.

You can use Windows Explorer to access your personal folders or the Shared Documents, Music, and
Pictures folders. To open Windows Explorer, click

Start
, point to

All Programs
, point to

Accessories
, and
then click

Windows Explorer
.


Note
:
If you are connected to a network

domain, the Shared Documents, Shared Pictures, and Shared
Music folders are not available.

VIEWING FILES AND FOLDERS:

Windows provides several
new ways

for

you to arrange and
identify your files when viewing them in

folders, such as My
Documents. When a folder is open, you can access each of
the following view options on the

View

menu.



Show in Groups

Show in Groups allows you to group your files by any detail of the file,
such as name, size, type, or date modified.

For

example, if you group by
file type, image files appear in one group, Microsoft Word files appear
in another group, and Excel files in a
nother. Show in Groups is available
in the Thumbnails, Tiles,
Icons, and Details views.

To show your files in groups, on the

View

menu, point to

Arrange Icons
by
, and then click

Show in Groups
.


Thumbnails

Thumbnails view displays the images a folder
contains on a folder icon so you can quickly identify the
contents of the folder.

For

example, if you store pictures in several different folders, in Thumbnails view,
you can tell at a glance which folder contains the pictures you want.

Windows displays up

to four images on a folder background, by default. Or, you can choose one picture
to identify a folder in Thumbnails view. The complete folder name is displayed under the thumbnail.


Tiles

Tiles view displays your files and folders as icons. The icons ar
e larger than those in Icon view, and the
sort information you select is displayed under the file or folder name.

For

example, if you sort your files
by type, "Microsoft Word document" appears under the file name

for

a Microsoft Word document.


Filmstrip

Filmstrip view is available in picture folders. Your pictures appear in a single row of thumbnail images.
You can scroll through your pictures using the left and right arrow buttons. If you click a picture, it is
displayed as a larger image above the other

pictures. To edit, print, or save the image to another folder,
double
-
click the picture.


Icons

Icons view displays your files and folders as icons. The file name is displayed under the icon; however,
sort information is not displayed. In this view you c
an display your files and folders in groups.


List

List view displays the contents of a folder as a list of file or folder names preceded by small icons. This
view is useful if your folder contains many files and you want to scan the list

for

a file name.

You can sort
your files and folders in this view; however, you cannot display your files in groups.


Details

In Details view, Windows lists the contents of the open folder and provides detailed information about
your files, including name, type, size, an
d date modified. In Details view you can also show your files in
groups.

To choose the details you want to display, on the

View

menu, click

Choose Details
.



TO OPEN A FILE OR FOLDER

1.

Click
Start

and then click
My Documents
o
pen

My Documents.

a.

If the file
or folder you want to open is not located in My Documents or its subfolders,
use Search to find it. To open Search, click

Start
, and then click

Search
.

2.

Double
-
click the file or folder you want to open.

Notes



If the file you want to open is not associated
with a particular pro
gram, you can select one. To
do
so, right
-
click the file, click

Open With
, and then select the name of the program.



You can use the

View

menu to change the way files are displayed. You can also use the

View

tab
in the

Folder Options

di
alog box to change file and folder settings. To open the Folder Options
dialog box, on the

Tools

menu, click

Folder Options
.

TO START A PROGRAM

1.

Click

Start
, and then click the program you want to open.

a.

To open a program you do not see on the

Start

menu, p
oint to

All Programs,
and then
navigate through the menus to the program you want and click it. When you open the
program, Windows automatically displays it on the

Start

menu.


Notes



After you start a program, a button representing the program appears on t
he

taskbar. To switch
from one running program to another, click its taskbar button.



If a program does not appear on the

Start

menu or one of its submenus, you can perform a
search

for

it.

TO QUIT A PROGRAM

1.

On the

File

menu of the program you are using,
click

Exit
.

2.

Y
ou

can also quit a program by clicking


in th
e right corner of the title bar.


Lesson
4

Desktop Features: Changing Backgrounds, Themes, Screen Saver, Time Zone


Objective: Change the configuration of a personal computer.


CHANGE DESKTOP
BACKGROUND
:


1.

Open


Display


i
n Control Panel

a.

Click
Start

Control Pane
l

Appearance and Themes

Display




2.

On the
Desktop
tab, you can do one or more of the following:

a.

Change
Themes

b.

Change
Desktop

settings

c.

Set up a
Screen Saver

d.

Change
Appearance

settings

e.

Change
Display
settings

CHANGING BACKGROUND:

On the

Desktop

tab…

1.

Click a picture in the
Background

list

OR

2.

Click
Browse

to search for a background picture in other folders or on other drives.

a.

You can use a personal picture as a background. All of your personal pictures are
located in
My Pictures

are listed by name in the
Background

list.


3.

After choosing your photo, you must set your picture to fit your screen.

a.

In
Position
, click ONE of the fo
llowing

i.

Center
-

Centers the picture in the middle of
the screen (use this if you want your picture to
appear with a background color)

ii.

Tile
-

Takes the picture at it’s original size and
repeats it over and over to fill the screen

iii.

Stretch
-

Stretches the pictu
re to the size of
your desktop to fill the entire background
(may stretch or shrink the picture)

4.

In some cases, you may just want a plain color background. In
this case, select
Desktop Color

and choose from the list.
Alternatively, this color fills the space not used by the picture if
the picture is smaller than your desktop.

To use a picture as a desktop background…

1.

Open
My Pictures

2.

Right
-

click the picture you want to use and select
Set as

Desktop Background.


Did You Know?

You can save a picture from a Web site as a background. Right
-
click the picture and then click
Set as
Background
. The picture is listed in the
Background

box as “Internet Explorer Background.”




Lesson 5

Install/Uninstall Software (Add/Remove Programs)


Objective: To successfully install and uninstall software in the
appropriate manner. To

manually add
and remove programs from the computer.

TO ADD A PROGRAM FROM A CD

1.

Insert CD into CD drive.

2.

Open


Add or

Remove Programs

in Control Panel.

a.

To open
Add or Remove Programs
, click
Start
, click,
Control Panel
, and then click
Add or
Remove Programs.


3.

Click

Add New Programs
, and then click

CD
.

4.

Follow the instructions on your screen.

Notes



When using Add or
Remove Programs, you can only install programs that were
written

for

Windows operating systems.

TO CHANG
E

OR REMOVE A PROGRAM

1.

Open

Add or Remove Programs

in Control Panel.

a.

To open
Add or Remove Programs
, click
Start
, click
Control Panel
, and then click
Add

or
Remove Programs.

2.

Click

Change or Remove Programs
, and then click the program you want to change or remove.
Click the appropriate button:

a.

To change a program, click

Change/Remove

or

Change
.

b.

To remove a program, click

Change/Remove

or

Remove
.

Notes



When
you click

Change

or

Remove
, some programs may be removed without prompting you
further.



You can sort programs by selecting different options in

Sort by.



Add or Remove Programs

will only remove programs that were written

for

Windows operating
systems.

Lesson 6

Save That File! A Lesson in Saving Your Work


Objective: Learn how to save your work to use at a later time.

Saving your files is quite easily the most important lesson in computer operations that you could know.
When you save your work, you ca
n quickly go back to the point where you last ended and continue
creating your project.

TO SAVE A FILE

1.

On the

File

menu of the program you are working in, click

Save
.

2.

If you haven't saved your file before, type a name for the file in

File name
.


3.

To save a

copy of a file under a different name or in a different location, on the

File

menu,
click

Save As
.

4.

Click the

Save in

arrow to find the

drive

or folder where you want to save the file, and then type
the new name in the

File name

box.

Notes



It is important to remember
where

you save your work so that you can easily find it later. The
default Save location is My Documents.

Lesson 7

Useful Computer Functions: Volume
Control, Recycle Bin, and Calculator


VOLUME CONTROL

You can use Volume Contr
ol to adjust the volume, balance, bass, and treble settings for sounds played
on your computer or by multimedia applications. You can also use Volume Control to adjust the level of
system sounds, microphones, CD audio, line
-
in, synthesizer, and wave output
.

1.

Open
Volume Control

a.

To open
Volume Control
, click
Start
, point to
All Programs
, point to
Accessories
, point
to
Entertainmen
t
, and then click
Volume Control
.

2.

Change Volume according to preference.



Notes



If you have a sound card, you can use Volume Con
trol to

control the volume and speaker
balance when you play audio files.



For information about using Volume Control, click the

Help

menu in Volume Control.



RECYCLE BIN

The Recycle Bin provides a safety net when deleting files or folders. When you
delete any of these items
from your hard disk, Windows places it in the Recycle Bin and the Recycle Bin icon changes from empty
to full. Items deleted from a floppy disk or a network drive are permanently deleted and are not sent to
the Recycle Bin.

Items
in the Recycle Bin remain there until you decide to permanently delete them from your computer.
These items still take up hard disk space and can be undeleted or restored back to their original location.
When it fills up, Windows automatically cleans out e
nough space in the Recycle Bin to accommodate the
most recently deleted files and folders.

To Empty the Recycle Bin
:

1.

On the desktop, double
-
click
Recycle Bin.

2.

On the File menu, click
Empty Recycle Bin.

a.

IMPORTANT: EMPTYING THE RECYCLE BIN PERMANENTLY DELETE
S ALL ITEMS!


Notes



If you're running low on hard disk space, always remember to empty the Recycle Bin. You can
also restrict the size of the Recycle Bin to limit the amount of hard disk space it takes up.



If you only want to remove some of the items in
the Recycle Bin, hold down CTRL, and then click
each item that you want to remove. When you have finished selecting the items that you want
to remove, on the

File

menu, click

Delete
.

CALCULATOR

Windows XP comes with a calculator tool that can satisfy most
peoples' needs
. To access the Calculator
tool:

1.

Open the Calculator from the Start Menu.

a.

Click the
Start
button, choose
All Programs
, click
Accessories
, then click
Calculator
.

2.

From here you can perform basic math functions just by typing them into the
calculator
window. You can click on buttons to perform actions, or just press the '+' key on your keyboard
to add, the '=' key to get the results, etc.



Lesson 9

More Useful Computer Functions: Print Screen, Notepad and Games


Objective: Know how to
find and operate the Print Screen, Notepad and Games functions.

PRINT SCREEN
:

This function is useful when you want to copy the window or screen and print off what you see.

1.

To make a copy of the active window press
ALT and PrtSc
at the same time. (Note:
PrtSc stands
for Print Screen and is in the upper row of your keyboard).

2.

To copy the
entire

screen as it appears on your computer monitor, simply press
PrtSc
.


Note

To paste the image into a document, click the
EDIT
menu in the document window, then clic
k
Paste
.

NOTEPAD:

Notepad is a basic text editor you can use for simple documents or for creating web page
s. To create of
edit files which
require formatting, use WordPad.

1.

To open, click
Start

and point your cursor to
All Programs
.

2.

Point to
Accessories

an
d then click
Notepad.




GAMES

Windows comes with a variety of games to play. By default, Windows XP includes FreeCell, Hearts,
Minesweeper, Pinball, Solitaire and Spider Solitare.

To play any of these games:

1.

Find the Games folder on the Start menu.

2.

Select the game you would like to play.

3.

Happy gaming!

Exercises


Most computer functions
were practiced using the Paint program (ie
-

opening and closing a program,
saving a program, double click, single click, left click, save as, changing desktop backgro
und, etc).

See attache
d exercises for help with Paint and other excercises.