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International Conference on VLSI, Communication & Instrumentation (ICVCI) 2011

Proceedings published by International

Journal of Computer Applications® (IJCA)

30

Soap Protocol
b
ased Web Security Improvement


Manusankar.C

Faculty
Department of CSE

Ilahia College of Engineering and Technology

Muvattupuzha, Kerala, India


Dr.
S.Karthik

Professor& Head, Department of CSE

SNS College of Technology

Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India



ABSTRACT

This paper mainly focuses on Web Security.
This paper mainly
implements SOAP protocol using MD5, 3DES Algorithm. It
provides high security by combining 3DES, MD5 in the SOAP
message. 3DESalgor
ithmis used for Encryption and MD5 for
message digest. This method is more flexible, scalable than
previous technologies. By using this technique the application
can be used in EAI technology with no data loss. The
technology can provide authentication, co
nfidentiality for the
data. This technology is being implemented in this paper and by
combining Application Layer and Transport Layer.

Keywords


Web

Secutity, SOAP

Protocol, 3DES, MD5 Algorithm, EAI
Technology
.

1.

INTRODUCTION

The enterprise, their products,
departments have to be secured
for that purpose a new technology have been introduced called
SOAP Protocol. This protocol provides data security and it will
transfer the data with high confidentiality and authentication
from one organisation to the other w
ith the high performance of
this protocol. To provide the homogeneity among the
organisation this protocol provides high security.

This method is being implemented among the different
department under the TCP/IP protocol. By using the XML
standard this pro
vide high security among the system. Thus this
method uses XML for the data transfer and this technology is
being a good method for data transfer. The data are being
transferred in the form of the SOAP message.

This method use
s SOAP Protocol as the carrier

p
rotocol. This
protocol provides end
-
end delivery of the data. This SOAP
protocol mainly uses secured socket Layer format and this can
be implemented in the corresponding format. With this protocol
suite the protocol provide high security for data transfe
r. The
SOAP protocol will provide high confidentiality, authentication
for the data. This protocol is a good mechanism for the data
security. This method can be used in the protocol suite for the
data transfer.

This paper mainly aims on data security betwe
en the enterprises.
They will send the data from one location to the other with high
security. The Enterprise Integration is possible. This protocol
will provide high security among the enterprises. The protocol
also provides high data transfer from data f
rom one location to
the other location.

2.

RELATED WORK

This paper mainly aimed at Web Services Security should and it
should have the following features: identity authentication,
permission Management, data integrity, confidentiality and anti
-
denial. The Ide
ntity authentication is an authentication process
and it will provide the permission management and also the
identity and integration and transmission of information will not
be lost .That is it explains that the data will have the high
security format.


W
eb Services is an emerging technology and it will transfer the
data with high confidentiality and the data will not be lost. The
future work with this paper provides high security for the data.
This will transfer the data from one organization to the other

using the XML signature. This system provide high security and
this will transfer the data using XML encrypti
on technology
.

2.1


Web Services with the Encryption
Technology.



1) XML encryption algorithm:


XML Encryption is a common standard designed by the
World
Wide Web Consortium. This ia a well formed method and this
will take the original XML Document Its parent and the children
and they will replace it with the original XML document. The
XML encryption provides data communication with higher
security ne
eds. XML encryption aim to as follows.

a) They should support any digital encryption format.

b) The data transmission process should ensure that the data
transmission will provide high security.

c) The data should be in the prescribed format.

d) The ma
in part is that the XML sub fills will not be encrypted.

2) Digital signature:


The most important part of the data is the Digital signature it is
it is a mathematical method for documenting the data. This
method is mainly used in the receiver side they
will check the
authenticity of the data by using the digital signature method.
This method is mainly used in the software distribution,
financial transactions, otherwise this method is very important to
detect forgery and tampering. In web services this is

the
password management method they will check the data with the
corresponding password. XML Signatures sp
ecification aims to
as follows.


International Conference on VLSI, Communication & Instrumentation (ICVCI) 2011

Proceedings published by International

Journal of Computer Applications® (IJCA)

31

a)
This will provide the data with permanent guarantee.

b)
it also provide the confirmation about the signature serv
ices.

c)
This method can be applied to any document.

d)
This method can be used in some of the signatures of the
XML document.

e)
This method can be used in more than one part of the XML
document.

f)
While transferring the file it will use the signatur
e method.

This paper mainly aims at the SOAP message and its
transmission security, implementation of the identity
authentication and access control, This method uses the integrity
and ant denial of the transport message. They will send the data
with the
help of the XML encryption Algorithm. They also
encrypt the data using the SOAP message. Signature and
encryption algorithm as follows.

A) DES Algorithm: it will take the input as 64 bit block as the
plain text and it can be applied to this format. it use
s the block
cipher method and it will produce the 64 bit block cipher as the
output. This method can be used in block cipher and the product
cipher.

B) 3DES algorithm: This method uses three times than the
normal DES Algorithm. This method uses the 56 bit

key and this
can be applied to the method and combine together to form the
total of 168 bit.

Figure: Format message format

c) MD5 algorithm: The message digest algorithm can be applied
in the 32 bit machines. This algorithm is designed to be faster on
th
e systems. This method does not require the large substitution
tables. This method can be compact easily. The method is an
extension of the MD4 Algorithm. The MD5 algorithm is being
placed in the public domain for review and possible adoption as
a standard
.

B. SOAP Message Definition Format

The general format of the SOAP message format is given in the
system and this is the general format for applying this in this
system.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF
-
8"?>

<HEAD>

<SESSSION ID>Session ID</ SESSSION
ID >

<TIMESTAMP>Time stamp</TIMESTAMP>

<IP ADDRESS>IP address </ IP ADDRESS >

</HEAD>

<BODY>soap message body</BODY>

<HASH VALUE>hash</ HASH VALUE >

SOAP message contains three parts, <HEAD> label as message
header, the sub
-
label < SESSSION ID > iden
tifies the session of
message; <TIMESTAMP> label used to record the timestamp, if
the response time is time out and web services response will be
end, stop the services call; <IP ADDRESS> label used for
identity
authentication. <BODY> label For the SOAP me
ssage
body, the core content for the SOAP message that contains the
user requests the required data, the user request, the request
SOAP message body content of digital signatures and
encryption. <HASH VALUE > label For the IP address of the
message digest
algorithm to calculate the hash value.

3.

IMPLEMENTATION

The heading of a section should be in Times New Roman 12
-
point bold in all
-
capitals flush left with an additional 6
-
points of
white space above the section head. Sections and subsequent
sub
-

sections s
hould be numbered and flush left. For a section
head and a subsection head together (such as Section 3 and
subsection 3.1), use no additional space above the subsection
head.

3.1

SOAP message encryption

This system uses soap format: BASE64 (3DES (message body
+
MD5 (Message Body) + user name + password)). SOAP
message body using the unified BASE64 encoding and
decoding; This method uses MD5 Algorithm and it used for the
security of the data. This method will check whether the send
data is same as that of the re
ceived data. if there is any
modification means the data is not in the correct format. This
transmission process will not be tampered and this be used for
the security of the data. This method uses the SOAP protocol for
data transfer and this method will b
e highly secured and this can
be used in this data Information.

3.2

The communication me
thod

This is the working of the web service protocol. This will
traverse the data from one location to the other location.

The working is explained below:

1)
The requeste
r will encrypt the request message by using XML
encryption
-
3DES Algorithm with the public key. This method
uses the MD5 Algorithm to sign and it will use the username
and password to login to the system it will be sent to the
receiver.

2)
When the server
receives the message it will decrypt the data
with the receivers’ private key. After that they will verify the
data with the corresponding hash code. if the data is correct and
it will verified that this is the correct data and the data will not
be lost th
e Authenticated data. If the verify is successful, uses
the key to decrypt the request message. Then verify the validity
of the signatures. If the signatures are valid, to complete their
International Conference on VLSI, Communication & Instrumentation (ICVCI) 2011

Proceedings published by International

Journal of Computer Applications® (IJCA)

32

permission authenticate in the security domain. If all that above
are

right, it will establish a session and call the Web se vices. It
will encrypt and sign the response message. Then add to the
time stamp, IP address and session ID and send them to the
client.

3)
When the client receives the response message, it will trea
t it
as the server. Then it will decrypt the data and it will identify the
request message. Then it will check the validity of the user if the

signature are valid this data will be the correct format. It will
deal with the corresponding business process. T
he client will be
computed according to the server. The time will be out means it
will be back to the server.. Then client may request another
address to the server. This will be the new address.

4)
The server will store the data according to the session i
d. If
the client request further the server will continue the processing
message. It will record the corresponding operation log
according to the session id. If the client requests further, the
server will continue to process the request message. It will
d
ecrypt the message, identity authentication, permission
authority. If the verify is successful, it will send response
messages to client. If a fatal error occurs in the communication
such as decryption, identity authentication, permission
authentication er
rors, it will result the termination of the session,
communications failure, sending error messages. If the
communication times out, then client resend the message.

3.3

Basic Design of the parser

This system uses Java API and it uses this method to accept the
data from the sever side. This method uses the message digest
algorithm signature. To construct an XML parser whose
function including Key generator, 3DES encryption processor,
3DES decryption processor, signature processor, encryption
message body process
or, decrypt message body processor,
access control processor, signature verification processor.

3.4

The working of the web services

First the client makes the SOAP message signature, encrypted
SOAP message to server. The server will receive the
authentication
message and then it will

Followed by the decryption message, signature verification,
permission authority and the appropriate web services.Atlast the
result which signed the encrypted messages. The client will
receives the sever response message to authen
ticate them and
the system will be treated as the server. This is followed by the
permission authority. Thus the SOAP protocol uses the security
for the organization.

The server receives client request message, after through the
Web service called process
, response message format as follows.

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF
-
8'?>

<SOAP>

<HEAD>

<SESSION ID>BSDFGH</SESSION ID>

<TIMESTAMP>2010
-

10
-
9:12:42</TIMESTAMP>

<IP ADDRESS>59.93.2.111</IP ADDRESS>

</HEAD>

<BODY>hJIK79jjtrTTIY/BODY>

<HASH VALUE>
-
52</ HASH VALUE >

</SOAP>

3.5

Implementation

With the help of the DES Algorithm it will transfer the data
from one location to the other location. This is a good technique
that will provide the security. The use of the transportation that
will provide high s
ecurity. This method is slower than the DES
Algorithm. This will provide high quality of service. The normal
methods are very easier and the reverse operation is very
difficult. As a result MD5 always return unique value. Two
inputs never give the same MD5

values as result. So 3DES
algorithm and MD5 are more secure algorithms to use.

It is important to prevent the sensitive data on transmission. For
this purpose we use the MD5 algorithm and ensure the message
is not damaged and makes the data integrity whi
le transmitting
to different locations. To prevent the leakage of sensitive data it
uses 3DES algorithm for encrypting the SOAP message.

This paper uses the MD5 Algorithm it ensure the message
security while sending the data. This model is more secure tha
n
any other methods. So this method can be more used in the
transportation areas. This method also provide the sever and the
client the data encryption key.This method is more used in the
design process. This method also implement the web service
security.

4.

CONCLUSION

This paper mainly ensures the security of the data while sending
from client to the server. This method will check the data,
authentication, and confidentiality and permission management
of the data. This method will transfer the data from the

client to
the receiver. This method can be used in EAI Technology. This
method is more useful in the enterprise application while
transferring the data. This method can be enhanced by
integrating with the QoS method. This will provide more
security for th
e data
.

5.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The Authors would like to thank
The Management

and
The
Principal of
Ilahia College of Engineering and Technology,
Kerala and
SNS College of Technology, Coimbatore for their
motivation and encouragement. The authors would like to tha
nk
the faculty members of Department of Computer Science and
Engineering for their critical review of the manuscript and for
their valuable input and fruitful discussions. Also we take
privileges in extending gratitude to our family members and
friends who

rendered their support throughout this research
work.
.

6.

REFERENCES

[1]

Wang Ziyao.The core technology and application of
SOA.Beijing: House of Electronics Industry,2008
-
5
.

[2]

Meng Wei, Zhang Chen, LI Jun
-
huai, LIU Hai
-
ling. Web
services security model and implem
entation. Computer
Engineering and Application, 2006,26 134
-
136
.


[3]

U.S.) O'Neill. Web Services Security technology and
theory. RanXiao Man, Guo Wenwei translation. Beijing:
Tsinghua University
.

International Conference on VLSI, Communication & Instrumentation (ICVCI) 2011

Proceedings published by International

Journal of Computer Applications® (IJCA)

33

[4]

XML
-
Signature Syntax and
Processing.http://w3c.org/TR/2002/REC
-
xmldsig
-
core
-
20020212/;2002, 2
.

[5]

XML Encryption Requirements.
http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlencryption
-
req; 2002, 3
.

[6]

Rivest, R., "The MD4 Message Digest Algorithm", RFC
1320, MITand RSA Data Security, Inc., April 1992.
.

[7]

Rivest, R., "The MD4 message digest algor
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Menezesand S.A. Vanstone, editors, Advances in
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-

CRYPTO '90Proceedings, pages 303
-
311,
Springer
-
Verlag
.

Author Profile

Manusankar.C

is presently a Faculty at Department of
Computer Science & Engineering, Ilahia College of Engineering
and Tech
nology, Muvattupuzha, Kerala,

India. He completed
his M.E. degree in Computer Science and Engineering from
Anna University of technology Coimbatore in 2011 and his
B.Tech degree from MG University in 2008. Before joining PG
Study in the year of 2009, he w
as a Technical Support Executive
at the virus removal wing of Sutherland Global Services,
Cochin, Kerala, India. He has completed the MCSA, CCNA and
CISE courses and currently doing Certified Ethical Hacker
Course (CeH).
His research interest includes
Comp
uter Security,
Netwo
rk Security, Computer Networks and Bio Informatics. He
has published more than 12

articles in International/ National
Journals/Conferences.

He is a member of CSI and IAENG.

Karthik.S

is presently a PhD candidate at Faculty of Computer
Science & Engineering, Anna University
-

Coimbatore,
Tamilnadu India. He received his B.Sc degree from Bharathiar
University in 1998 , M.Sc degree from Periyar University in the
year 2000.M.E degree from Anna University in the year 2004.
Before he came to
Anna University in 2007, he was an Professor
in SNS College of Technology, Coimbatore, India. His research
interests include network security, web services and wireless
systems. In particular, he is currently working in a research
group developing new Inte
rnet security architectures and active
defense systems against DDoS attacks. His work has been
published in international journal and conferences. He has been
involved many international conferences as Technical Chair and
tutorial presenter. He is a member

of IEEE, ISTE and Indian
Computer Society.