Civil and Environmental Engineering

spreadeaglerainΜηχανική

24 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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Civil and Environmental Engineering

Engineering the Future
-
2012


What is Civil Engineering?


Civil engineering is the design and
maintenance of public works such as roads,
bridges, water and energy systems as well
as public facilities like ports, railways and
airports.
-

ASCE


What does a civil engineer do?

Civil Engineers


Structural Engineer


Environmental Engineer


Geotechnical Engineer


Transportation Engineer


Hydraulic Engineer

Structural Engineers

Scientific Terms and Principles:



Forces



Torque



Levers



Friction



Inclined planes



Inertia



Gravity






Resonance



Metallurgy



Seismology



Work



Structural Engineers

Engineering Terms:



Forces/gravity/inertia =
Static and
Dynamic Loads



Torque/Levers =
Moments, Torsion



Friction/Inclined planes =
Bolted
connectors



Metallurgy =
Welded connectors



Seismology =
Earthquake loads



Harmonics/Resonance =
Dampening





Structural Engineer


The goal of every structural engineer is to
design a safe and efficient structure.

Bridges

Buildings

Environmental Engineers

Areas:



Water treatment


Wastewater treatment


Air quality


Distribution systems


Goal:

To provide safe resources from nature, and
to safely return used resources to nature.

Environmental Engineers

Scientific Terms and Principals:


Chemistry


Biology


Fluid mechanics (liquid and gas)


Geotechnical Engineers


Soils


Footings


Foundations (shallow/deep)


Goal:

To modify existing soil conditions to
be suitable for engineering projects.

Geotechnical Engineers

Scientific Terms and Principals:


Geology
(Soil mechanics)


Hydrogeology
(Ground water)


Fluid mechanics



Hydraulic Engineers


Goal
:
To safely control the flow of water in
both natural and man
-
made waterways.



Examples



Dams



Levees



Drainage channels



Canals



Irrigation

Hydraulic Engineers

Scientific Terms and Principals:


Hydrology


Hydrogeology


Fluid mechanics



Transportation Engineers


Goal
:
To safely transport people and
goods.



Areas:



Planes



Trains



Automobiles



Public Transit



Ships



Rail

Joke:
How many civil
engineers does it take to build
a building?

Small Group Activity:


Bel Cheese
is opening a manufacturing
plant in Brookings, SD. Brainstorm the
different types of civil engineers that will
be involved in the project before, during,
and after construction.

Before


Land Surveyor
-

Site topography


Geotechnical
-

Soil tests and foundation design


Structural
-

Building and internal structure
design.


Environmental
-

Water and wastewater system
design


Transportation


Mobilization of materials,
parking lot design


During


Geotechnical
-

Consultation


Structural
-

Consultation


Environmental
-

Consultation


Transportation
-

Moving construction
materials to the site


After


Structural
-

Design of manufacturing
structures and components


Environmental
-

Water treatment (in), air
treatment and waste treatment (out)


Transportation
-

Moving goods


Joke:
How many civil
engineers does it take to build
a building?


Answer: Almost all of them!