June 2007Geneva, 27 February 2006 - Saab History

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Information



Postal address






Reg. Head office

Telephone

Telefax

A member company

Saab Automobile AB

SE
-
461 80 Trollhättan, Sweden



of the GM Group

Communications

Reg. No. 556258
-
8912


+46 520 850 00

+46 520 783 90


SE
-
461 80 Trollhättan





Sweden

VAT. Reg No. SE5562588912
01



Bn 2270 02
-
04 .dot




June 2007


Summary:


New Saab 9
-
3 Sport Sedan and SportCombi



Satisfying Wants and Meeting Needs


The 9
-
3 Sport Sedan and SportCombi range is focused on delivering a unique, ‘fun to
drive’ experience that places it among the class leaders for sporty per
formance and
excellent chassis dynamics.


The coupé
-
like silhouette and strong, sporty stance of the Sport Sedan help convey that
‘moving when stationary’ look. And the muscular proportions of the SportCombi are a
bold reaffirmation of Saab's tradition for

designing cars that are sporty in character and
versatile in use.
Both models are positioned in the premium, mid
-
size segment,
providing an alternative choice to natural competitors such as the BMW 3
-
series, Audi
A4 and Mercedes C
-
class.



The extensive p
owertrain line
-
up
offers a 'tri
-
fuel' choice of gasoline, diesel or
bioethanol powered engines. It

includes an all
-
aluminum 2.8
-
liter V6 turbocharged
engine rated at 280 hp (206 kW) in combination with all
-
wheel
-

drive (Saab XWD); a
powerful two
-
stage turb
o diesel packing 400 Nm of torque and a choice of two Saab
BioPower (E85) flex
-
fuel engines.


Exterior Design

The sporty, distinctive looks of the Saab 9
-
3 Sport Sedan and SportCombi are an
expression of modern Scandinavian design, incorporating
contempor
ary and classic
Saab design themes. Both models have a bold and assertive stance that reflects their


strong, driving appeal.

The sedan’s coupé
-
like profile communicates its sporty
character, while the SportCombi’s cohesive, five
-
door bodystyle inherits the

'combi
-
coupé' genes of the first Saab 99 Turbo.




Saab ‘signature’ styling cues
: The wedge
-
like profile with its rising belt
-
line
culminating in that distinctive 'hockey stick' curve into the C or D
-
pillar; the
clamshell hood, the single side window graph
ic; the shaping of the headlamps units
and smoked white rear light clusters.





Bold frontal styling
.
The prominent central grille with its wing motif is inspired by
the Aero X concept car, as is the U
-
shaped pressing in that classic Saab clamshell
hood
. The form of the grille and headlamp units is complemented a smooth bumper
molding with a deep trapezoidal air intake.




Distinctive alternative to conventional wagon design
.

The SportCombi's compact
proportions
-

its raked rear screen and the short rear
overhang, with a small glass
area behind the C
-
pillar
-

distinguish it from traditional wagon formats.




Excellent aerodynamics.

Impressive drag coefficient of 0.28 for the sedan and 0.33
for the SportCombi. Low lift forces for good high speed stability, w
ith SportCombi
first Saab to achieve zero lift values at both axles.



Interior Design and Features

In common with all Saab cars, the 9
-
3 Sport Sedan and SportCombi are designed 'from
the driver outwards’. That means the cabin ergonomics, the instrumenta
tion, the
controls and the seating position are all developed from the driver’s perspective.

The
SportCombi adds versatility features, such as a surprisingly large cargo deck, to
facilitate the active sports and leisure pursuits of owners.




Cockpit feel
.
The main instrument panel arcs around the driver. Logical layout and
tactile feel to controls. Steering wheel adjusts for both rake and reach.






‘Profiler’ customization
. A wide range of functions can be pre
-
set according to
personal preference including:

automatic climate control, clock/alarm, speed scale
illumination, parking assistance, rain sensitive wipers and anti
-
theft alarm.




Dual
-
zone Automatic Climate Control

fitted as standard, allowing different
temperature settings for left or right hand side
of interior. Includes an automatic
airflow balance function to compensate for temperature changes if one side of the
car is in direct sunlight.




ComSense functionality minimizes potential for driver distraction

through 'dynamic
workload management', briefl
y suppressing in
-
car warning messages/phone calls
when a moment of high driver workload is detected by the operation of the
indicators or heavy braking. Includes Night Panel instrument illumination dimming
to reduce visual ‘clutter’.




Infotainment systems
include DVD/GPS satellite navigation with large 6.5
-
inch
color monitor, Bluetooth™ Phone Integration system (BPIS) for automatic
connection to audio system with operation by voice control or steering wheel
buttons. Auxiliary input socket standard with all
infotainment systems.




Additional load
-
carrying potential
. Both the Sport Sedan and SportCombi have
60/40 split fold rear seats with a ski hatch. The SportCombi features a wide
-
opening
tailgate with a low floor giving access to a spacious, well
-
proportion
ed cargo deck,
free from intrusions. An optional folding front passenger seat
-
back offers further
interior space.




Innovative TwinFloor stowage in SportCombi
. After pulling the aircraft
-
shaped
handle, the middle section of cargo floor hinges upwards trans
versely and slots in
place. This provides support for the convenient stowage of shopping bags or other
items in the recessed sub
-
floor, easily secured by a cargo net.






Choice of three specifications
:

Linear, Vector and top
-
of
-
the
-
line Aero. Each with
‘ligh
t room’ (parchment) or ‘dark room’ (black) color theme.




Chassis, Steering and Brakes

The outstanding ‘fun to drive’ chassis dynamics of both the Sport Sedan and
SportCombi deliver a level of driving involvement and pleasure that challenges the
class ben
chmark. An active all
-
wheel
-
drive system (Saab XWD) is offered for Aero
variants




‘ReAxs’ passive rear wheel steer characteristic
. The kinematics of the rear
suspension are tuned to give a unique rear wheel steer response for optimum
handling and stability
.




Four
-
link independent rear suspension
. High lateral stiffness for stability and grip;
longitudinal compliance for ride comfort. The compact design allows a spacious
load area free from intrusion.




Front suspension
is by MacPherson struts with lower A
-
ar
ms mounted on a
hydroformed (hollow), sub
-
frame. High lateral bushing stiffness for good steering
response and precision; high longitudinal compliance for ride comfort.




Saab XWD, an active all;
-
wheel
-
drive system
, is available on Aero variants,
together
with an uprated 280 hp/ 206 kW 2.8V6 turbo engine. It offers enhanced
driver involvement and control in all road conditions. The Haldex multi
-
plate clutch
unit infinitely varies engine torque between the front and rear axles, and an optional
rear limited
-
s
lip differential can transfer torque between the rear drive shafts.





Advanced chassis electronic systems
. Saab
-
tuned ‘user friendly’ ESP® (Electronic
Stability Program), Mechanical brake assist, EBD (Electronic Brake force
Distribution), CBC (Cornering B
rake Control) and TCS (Traction Control System).






Low mounted steering rack

gives excellent feel and precision with progressive
power assistance and fast responses. Electro
-
hydraulic system with 1.8i and 1.9TiD
engines.




Three disc brake sizes according to

engine power
.
Excellent high speed braking
stability with automatic rear wheel 'toe
-
in' through ReAxs geometry.




Minimized unsprung weight

for better ride quality. Front hub carriers, brake
calipers, lower control arms in front suspension and toe and low
er rear suspension
links in aluminum.




‘Shear’ bushings

at top of rear shock absorber mountings for compliant ride quality
and effective vibration suppression.



Powertrain

The turbo powertrains add excellent refinement and driveability to Saab’s traditi
onal
strengths of high torque for strong, mid
-
range pulling power. They deliver a level of
responsive performance in keeping with the chassis’s excellent dynamics, further
reinforcing the car’s driver focus. The line
-
up comprises six gasoline engine optio
ns,
including two BioPower versionsand a choice of three diesel engines..




S
ophisticated Saab Trionic engine management

for all four cylinder turbo gasoline
and BioPower engines simultaneously measuring and adjusting ignition timing, fuel
injection, turbo

boost pressure, air mass and the electronic throttle for optimum
combustion.




All
-
aluminum 2.8
-
liter turbo engine
. The first six cylinder unit to be purpose
-
built
for Saab's turbocharged application. Offering 280 hp (206 kW) or 255 hp (188 kW),
it combi
nes multi
-
cylinder refinement with outstanding turbo performance.
Single,
twin
-
scroll turbocharger fed by both cylinder banks. Exclusive to top
-
of
-
the
-
range
Aero variants.






All
-
aluminium 2.0
-
liter turbo engines
. Saab developed and tuned for 150 (110 kW),
1
75 (129 kW) and 210 hp (147 kW) with high torque for swift overtaking. All
internal components unique to Saab. Balancer shafts for greater running refinement.




Choice of twot BioPower engines

giving more power and torque when running on
E85 fuel. Saab BioP
ower is unique in offering flex
-
fuel engines that give enhanced
performance, as well as reduced fossil CO
2

emissions.




1.9TTiD engine with two
-
stage turbocharging leads the diesel choice.
. It develops
180 hp (132 kW) and exceptional torque of 400 Nm with
two turbos integrated as a
single unit and common rail, direct and multiple fuel injection. Two other versions,
with a VNT turbo, deliver 150 hp (110 kW) with 16
-
valves or 120 hp (88 kW) with
8
-
valves. A maintenance
-
free particulate filter is offered as a
n option..




Naturally
-
aspirated 1.8i engine

with

122 hp/90 kW and variable length intake
manifold. Available in all specifications, except Aero, for broad customer appeal.




Wide transmission choice
. Six
-
speed manual gearboxes standard for 2.8V6, 210 hp
(15
5 kW) and 175 hp (129 kW) turbos and all turbo diesels. Five
-
speed, adaptive
automatic transmission has Saab Sentronic manual gear selection and optional
steering wheel controls. Six
-
speed units offered with the 2.8V6 turbo and the 180 hp
(132 kW) and 150
hp (110 kW) turbo diesels. A '5+2' variant, with two intermediate
gears on kickdown, for 210 hp (155 kW) engine.



Body structure and Electrical systems

The 9
-
3 Sport Sedan and SportCombi have the stiffest four and five
-
door body
structurest yet produced b
y Saab, providing solid foundations on which their exemplary
handling, ride and safety characteristics are built.
A multiplex digital signal network
ensures the fast and efficient control of major functions.






High torsional rigidity

-

22,000 Nm/degree of
deflection for the Sport Sedan and,
despite the large tailgate opening, only 6.6 per cent less for the SportCombi


Use of
FEM design techniques and tailored blanks in construction reduces unnecessary
weight and concentrates strength where needed.




Almost 6
0%of body weight in high strength or ultra high strength steel
, used
mainly in central passenger safety cage where all main beams have closed sections
for additional strength.





Structural 'rings' around C and D
-
pillars in the SportCombi

include transvers
e
beams in floor and roof to compensate for loss of sedan cross
-
bracing. 'Rings' linked
longitudinally by six beams in rear bodywork and the base of C
-
pillars is further
reinforced.




Deformable crash boxes

behind front bumper minimize body damage in low s
peed
impacts up to 15 kph.




Multiplexing for entire electrical and electronic network

with databus transmission
for control of powertrain, chassis, body, ‘infotainment’, telematics, navigation and
climate and comfort systems.




Safety

Saab has a long tra
dition of successful work with car safety and Saab cars consistently
show well in real
-
life accident surveys, often being ranked best in their segment. In
EuroNCAP crash tests, the 9
-
3 Sport Sedan and 9
-
3 Convertible have achieved a
maximum five
-
star ratin
g.




Database covering more than 6,100 real
-
life accidents

involving Saab cars in
Sweden. Used in computer simulations and crash testing to replicate what happens


in real accidents on real roads.




Strong steel safety cage helps protect passenger compartment
.

Fabricated mainly
from high strength steel, with beam sections completely closed for additional
strength. Protected by deformable front structure with three load paths and wide
bumper beam to spread impact forces.




Saab Active Head Restraints (SAHR
) for
front seats help to prevent serious neck
injury in rear
-
end collisions. Effectiveness demonstrated by crash investigation
findings and independent tests.




Side impact protection with 'pendulum' movement of lower B
-
pillar
, designed to
engage side sills and

door beams as an integrated structure.




Roof
-
rail airbags to help provide occupant head protection

throughout an entire
crash sequence, including potential roll
-
over. Front seat
-
mounted side airbags help
provide thorax protection.




Sophisticated sensin
g for airbag/seat
-
belt deployment
, including two
-
stage adaptive
front airbags, pre
-
tensioning of seatbelts in side impacts and wearer reminder
system.




June 2007



Design and Aerodynamics

Distinctive Styling Inspired by Aero X Concept







Sporty, coupé
-
li
ke styling for Sport Sedan



Dynamic looks for SportCombi as alternative to conventional wagon proportions



Blend of contemporary and classic Saab design themes



Excellent high speed stability, low 0.28 Cd.for Sport Sedan and 0.33 Cd for
SportCombi


Exterior

Styling

The distinctive looks of the Saab 9
-
3 Sport Sedan and SportCombi clearly positions
them as products that could only come from Saab. The

styling strategy brings together
contemporary and classic Saab design themes in a progressive, modern expressi
on of
the brand’s distinctive character. The result is a bold and assertive stance for both
bodystyles that reflects a strong, sporty driver appeal.


At the front, the deep, prominent evolution of the Saab grille adopts a theme first seen
on the Aero X con
cept car. This is complemented by sweeping headlamp units that
incorporate a thin ‘eyebrow’ lighting zone designed as a brand specific ‘signature’
feature. These units culminate in an upswept rear edge, introducing a Saab design theme
from the 9
-
5 range an
d classic 900 model. The grille’s central wing motif is retained as
a reference to Saab’s aircraft heritage..


The frontal styling sees the adoption of another Saab signature feature: a ‘clamshell’
hood, closing across the top of the front wings. The hood
pressing incorporates a
sweeping, U
-
shaped styling line, as first seen on the Aero X, which echoes the curvature
of the windshield.


The swept
-
back frontal lines are complemented by a front bumper and splitter assembly
with a deep, trapezoidal air intake,
even more pronounced on Aero versions. This is
flanked by deep black vents which are framed, like the grille, in a matte chrome finish.
As with the Aero X concept, these represent a metaphor for the intakes of a jet engine.


Doors and bumpers moldings are
clean and uncluttered by rubbing strips The flared, sill


extensions are visually integrated front and rear with the scalloped corners of the
bumper moldings. At the rear, both sedan and combi feature distinctive ‘frosted’ white
light clusters, a subtle ref
erence to the brand’s Scandinavian roots.

.


In profile, the gently arching roofline of the sedan flows between the steeply raked front
and rear screens to create a coupé
-
like shape.. Classic Saab styling cues include: the
combined teardrop form of the sid
e windows with a disguised ‘B’ pillar; the wedge
shape and high waistline culminating in that distinctive ‘hockey stick’ curve into the ‘C’
pillar; and a single swage line running the entire length of the car.



The SportCombi is a bold statement of Saab's

tradition for designing cars that are sporty
in character and versatile in use. It draws on rich design heritage that began with the
first 'combi
-
coupé' Saab 99 Turbo, a performance car that also offered wagon
-
like
functionality. The SportCombi's compact
appearance, its steeply raked rear screen, its
short rear overhang, the small glass area behind the C
-
pillar, and the absence of roof
rails, available as an option, are all features that separate it from conventional wagon
design.


Like the sedan, the Sp
ortCombi has a rising belt
-
line that extends along the entire length
of the car, culminating in the Saab 'hockey stick' shape of the forward
-
angled D
-
pillar.
All side windows are encapsulated within a single, teardrop
-
like graphic, with the B
-

and C
-
pillar
s 'blacked out'.


The dramatic rear styling features a relatively short rear overhang and distinctive, bold
rear light zones with white, frosted lenses. In profile, these units are angled forward to
emphasize the 'fastback' shape of the rear styling. A re
ar spoiler is neatly integrated at
the top of the steeply raked tailgate, extending and visually lowering the profile of the
roofline. The overall effect provides a sharp contrast to the extension of rear bodywork
and window glazing commonly associated wi
th competitors in the premium wagon
segment.





Aerodynamics

The 9
-
3 Sport Sedan and SportCombi are both designed to cleave the air as efficiently
as possible, providing good high speed stability, optimised fuel consumption and low
wind noise inside the car
.

.


The aerodynamics team concentrated their efforts on achieving a smooth airflow over,
around, through and under the car.
Advanced CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics)
modeling
played a vital role in the visualization of airflow and facilitated optimizati
on
work in the wind tunnel. CFD
was also the main tool for analyzing internal airflows: in
the engine bay. It was important to look at flow separation at the rear in order to reduce
turbulence and minimize the size of the car’s wake.


The shaping of the s
ide sills, rear body panels and the radius and curvature of the rear
corner of the C
-
pillars in the Sport Sedan and the D
-
pillars in the SportCombi all play a
part in helping to reduce drag. The result is an

impressive drag coefficient of 0.28 for
the Spor
t Sedan and 0.33 for the SportCombi


At the front, the rear edge of the hood lid ‘kicks up’ to smooth the passage of air on to
and around the windscreen and A
-
pillars, helping to reduce wind noise as well as easing
airflow. The traditionally deep curvature

of the windscreen reduces the acceleration of
the airflow as it approaches the A
-
pillars, which have a flattened radius where they
connect to the windscreen to minimize airflow disturbance. The door mirror casings
even have a small spoiler
-
like profile in

the bottom surface to reduce the possibility of
wind noise and grime build
-
up on the side windows.

.


On the sedan, the team also worked hard to reduce disturbance where the bottom of rear
window joins the trunk deck, a particularly sensitive area in ‘no
tchback’ shapes. The
subtle upturn of the rear edge of the trunk lid is, in effect, an integral ‘lip’ spoiler which


helps reduce the size of the car’s wake, the area of turbulent air that trails behind the car
at speed.





High speed stability, including

pitch sensitivity under braking and yaw responses to
cross
-
winds at different speeds and angles, was a main priority. The SportCombi is the
first Saab to achieve a zero level of lift at both axles, 0.00Clf and 0.00Clr. This has been
achieved by utilizing
the longer roofline of the SportCombi to speed up airflow,
including the aerodynamic performance of the rear spoiler.
. For the Sport Sedan a value
of 0.11 Clr (coefficient of rear lift) is on a par with best in class.


June 2007


Interior features

Driver

in Focus




'Profiler' customization function



'ComSense' driver safety function to minimize distraction



Dual
-
zone ACC (Automatic Climate Control) standard



Advanced ‘infotainment’ systems



Adaptable, cargo handling with ‘TwinFloor' rear stowage in SportC
ombi


Driver’s Environment

The Saab 9
-
3 is designed to provide a near perfect driving position for the vast majority
of drivers, almost irrespective of size, through a multi
-
adjustable driver’s seat and a
steering wheel that adjusts for both rake and heigh
t.


The main instrument panel gently arcs round the driver, an evolution of the same theme
in the previous model. In typical Saab fashion, the controls are all logically grouped,


those most frequently used bring nearest to hand and closest to the driver
’s natural field
of vision. The short gearshift lever is just a hand span away.


The main dials
-

a large speedometer, with a compressed scale above 140 kph, is
flanked by a smaller rev
-
counter and a combined fuel/water temperature/turbo boost
gauge
-

are

recessed in traditional Saab fashion. They are white on black and continue to
be softly illuminated in green as Saab believes this is the most restful color choice for
night driving.


Also located in the main instrument panel are twin adjustable air vents

and audio or
infotainment system controls with, according to specification, a 6.5 inch, high resolution
color monitor screen displaying particularly clear graphics.


The ‘Profiler’ facility, offering driver pre
-
sets for a wide range of functions is operat
ed
via steering wheel buttons, with on
-
screen prompts and selections shown in the main
instrument display. Automatic climate control modes, the clock/alarm, speed scale
illumination and, where fitted, the anti
-
theft alarm, parking assistance, rain sensitiv
e
wipers and heated seats can all be tailored in this way.


Saab has been seeking to minimize potential driver distraction for many years and the
Saab 9
-
3’s ComSense safety function includes the use of a 'dynamic workload
manager', introduced with the fi
rst generation Saab 9
-
5 sedan in 1997. This enables the
brief suppression of dashboard warning messages, or the interception of an incoming
phone call, when a moment of high driver workload is detected by the operation of the
indicators or heavy braking.



In the same way, the 'Night Panel' feature on all Saab cars, allows the driver to
minimize distraction by switching off, or dimming, all the main instrumentation
illumination at night (expect for the speedometer). The development of steering wheel
cont
rols for the audio system and telephone, as well as voice activation programs, are
seen as further means of keeping the driver's attention on the road.




The three
-
spoke steering wheel is slimmer and sportier than previous Saab designs.
Adjustable for heigh
t and rake, it can carry buttons for the 'infotainment' system,
telephone, telematics or gear shifting with automatic transmission.


A substantial central console below the main instrument panel is inclined slightly
towards the driver and sweeps elegantly
down between the front seats. It accommodates
the automatic climate controls, more minor switchgear, the gearshift lever, ignition
switch and handbrake.
The main storage compartment can be specified to incorporate
coin slots, a 12
-
volt outlet for a battery

charger and a smaller roll
-
top compartment with
a cup
-
holder below the central arm
-
rest.


A particularly neat innovation is the ‘disguised’ handbrake, which is beautifully
integrated in the edging trim of the console. It is a Z
-
shaped lever, self
-
adjust
ing and
with a positive, easy
-
to
-
use action.


In true Saab tradition, the ignition switch continues to be located alongside the
handbrake. It is now entirely electronic in operation and the previous mechanical
reverse gear lock is replaced by an automati
c, electronic steering column lock.


Seating comfort

Saab has earned an enviable reputation for class
-
leading seating comfort and the Saab 9
-
3 continues that tradition. All four seating positions are upholstered to be comfortable
and supportive, without be
ing too firm. The front seat squabs and backrests are well
bolstered where it matters to give excellent under thigh and lateral back support. The
rear of each front seatback is also fully upholstered, including a large storage pocket,
and carefully shaped
to optimize rear seat leg room.


All four seating positions offer similar standards of comfort, rear seat passengers
benefiting from with their own adjustable air vents, reading lights, cup
-
holders, a centre
armrest and generous storage facilities.Saab’s n
ew generation active head restraints (see
Safety section for details) are fitted to both front seats and the rear head restraints can be
folded flat without compromising seat comfort.





Heating and Ventilation

Saab engineers are constantly seeking to raise

the efficiency of air conditioning systems,
often balancing conflicting needs, such as ensuring quick engine warm up in cold
conditions while also providing an adequate supply of warm air for the passenger cabin.
For more consistent performance, Saab favo
rs ‘energy balanced’ rather than sensor
-
controlled automatic systems. This means there are no sudden eruptions of the fan, of
example, when a door or window is briefly opened



All variants are fitted with a highly efficient automatic climate control (ACC)

system,
which

is designed to function in a range of conditions from
-

20º C to + 40º C.
I
n
-
car air
circulation is optimized by CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) modeling and the
system
operates on a ‘dual zone’ basis, allowing different temperatures to be

selected
for the left or right hand side of the car. This can be useful when the driver, for
example, may wish to keep alert by having a slightly cooler setting.

The system
includes an automatic airflow balance function which compensates for temperature
changes if one side of the car is in direct sunlight.
Rear passengers also benefit from
adjustable, twin air vents at the rear of the central console, as well as outlets under the
front seats


Optional heated front seats are linked to the automatic clim
ate control, which can
switch on and progressively lower the seat heating as the interior warms up. This
function and other ACC settings, such as the fan and air distribution, can also be
selected through the Profiler customization menu.


Infotainment

The

Saab 9
-
3 benefits from one of the most powerful electronics systems to be installed
in a series production car (see Electronics section for full details). Fiber optics are used
to provide a high speed platform for the car’s extensive ‘infotainment’ (commu
nication
and entertainment) functions and are capable of handling all likely future requirements
in the fast
-
developing field of infotainment and driver communication, making it easy


for owners to fit upgrades.


The passenger cabin sets new standards for S
aab in terms of interior refinement and
noise suppression. It has also allowed technicians to take interior acoustics to a new
level, providing excellent sound reproduction for occupants irrespective of their seating
position.


A choice of three 'infotainm
ent' systems is offered, each of which includes a CD player
compatible with MP3 music discs. Also fitted as standard is an auxiliary audio input.


The standard 'Saab Infotainment' system includes an RDS radio and single
-
slot CD
player, 'Saab Infotainment C
D Changer' adds an in
-
dash 6
-
disc facility and 'Saab
Infotainment Plus' includes a GPS satellite navigation system with a large, 6.5 inch
color touch
-
screen and voice control. In addition to a 'bird's eye view' map selection,
direction arrows shown on the
touch
-
screen.


All three 'infotainment' systems can be combined with a hands
-
free mobile phone
facility, the Bluetooth Phone Integration System (BPIS). After an initial 'pairing' set
-
up
procedure, a Bluetooth
-
enabled phone will automatically connect wirel
essly to the audio
system whenever the user enters the car. The phone is then operated by voice control or
steering wheel buttons, with call information shown in the main instrument display. For
recharging and connection to the car's external antenna, a ph
one dock in the center
console is available as an accessory.


The audio range includes a new tailor
-
made Bose Centerpoint surround sound system,
delivering five audio channels from CD, XM digital radio or MP3 inputs.. With twin
amplifiers and 11 (sedan) o
r 10 (combi) speakers, its performance is optimized for the
acoustics of the cabin, giving an impressive, expanded 'concert hall' sound reproduction.

Surround sound quality is automatically provided even if a CD is not encoded for it.
This system is ident
ified by Bose branding embossed on the outer front speaker grilles.




Storage and Load
-
carrying

Both the Sport Sedan and SportCombi follow the tradition of all Saab products it
offering excellent on
-
board storage and load
-
carrying facilities.


There are nu
merous places in the passenger compartment where various items can be
stowed. Up front, there is a small cubbyhole in place of the optional ashtray (still with a
cigar lighter as a power point), two good
-
sized door bins; a large air
-
conditioned glove
comp
artment and two pouches at the front of the seat squabs.


Rear seat passengers are also well served. In addition to the two door bins, there are
large pockets in the front seatbacks, according to specification. and a flat storage area in
the center armrest
. An optional double cup
-
holder is also spring
-
mounted in the front of
the seat squab.


The sedan’s trunk is deep and tall with a wide opening and an ample 421
-
liter capacity.
Two pull handles in the top of the trunk lower the 60/40 split rear seat
-
back, w
hich
includes a ski
-
hatch, to give a flexible and impressive load
-
carrying potential. The floor
of the trunk also has two tie
-
down loops to safely secure heavy items.


Versatility

The SportCombi is designed to support the sports and leisure interests of i
ts owners, as
well as their desire for a rewarding driving experience. The rear cargo area, with a low
floor, is surprisingly spacious and well proportioned. The compact design of the rear
suspension allows a deep 'box
-
like' space, free from intrusions. It

offers a useful rear
seat up/down volume of 419/1273 liters (VDA).


The 60/40 split seat
-
back incorporates a 'ski
-
hatch' and folds down without any need to
move the fixed seat cushion. A folding front passenger seat
-
back is available as an
option with th
e Linear and Arc interior, further increasing the overall 'load through'
length to 2.65 meters.


The fully carpeted rear load space is illuminated by two interior lights mounted on the


inside of the D
-
pillars. It is accessed by a lightly weighted tailgate
that opens down to
bumper level, its damper rods completely hidden in the roof to allow a clear, uncluttered
opening. Two recessed handles in the bottom edge of the tailgate allow easy closing
whether the user is right or left
-
handed. The flush
-
fitted, bla
ck molded floor plate will
not become marked or scratched in heavy use.


The main cargo deck, with chrome
-
finished cargo tie
-
down loops at each corner, echoes
Saab's aviation heritage by featuring a chrome, aircraft
-
shaped handle. This reveals the
SportCom
bi's innovative TwinFloor stowage facility. The middle section of the floor
hinges upwards transversely when the handle is pulled, the front edge fitting into two
retaining slots. The recessed sub
-
floor provides a convenient location for shopping
bags, wh
ich can be easily secured by fitting a cargo net between the top of the floor, in
its raised position, and attachment points at each corner of the recess. A bag holder for
this feature is available as an option, together with a load divider and cargo net.


There is also a 12
-
volt power socket in the main load area (for a hot or cool box) and a
separate storage compartment at either side of the floor, one fitted with a molded holder
for large bottles.

A retractable load cover slots into position behind the

rear seatback and can be pulled
out to keep items out of sight. When deployed, it is ergonomically designed to slide up
the inside of the D
-
pillars for easy access to the load space.


A two position, retractable cargo retaining net also provides protecti
on against shifting
loads. When the rear seat is in position, it can be fitted into slots behind the seat
-
back
and hooked up into carriers in the roof, separating rear passengers from the cargo deck.
Alternatively, when the rear seat
-
back is folded down, t
he holder and its net can be
relocated across the floor of the cabin, behind the front seats, from where the net and
can be pulled up into carriers near the top of the B
-
pillars.


For the top
-
of
-
the
-
line audio system, Saab is unique in fitting a large, 10
-
inch sub
-
woofer unit in the spare wheel well, giving outstanding acoustic performance.




Interior decor

There are two interior specifications or forms, Linear and Vector. Both can be specified
in a ‘light room’ (parchment) or ‘dark room’ (black) color schem
e for the seats, door
panels, the main interior trim and carpets. However, the door cappings are always
presented in anthracite, as part of their integration with the fascia and main instrument
panel, and the interior headlining is always parchment.


‘L
inear’ is intended to communicate a Scandinavian, understated and modern
environment. The seats and door panels are upholstered in a combination of black
textile and leatherette. The door trim inserts and the center console molding for the gear
lever are p
resented in a complementary dark grey, ‘shark’ finish.


‘Vector’ is more progressive and performance orientated. The main instrument display
adopts a black on white theme and the sports seats are trimmed with leather and textile
panels, including more bols
tering to the seat squabs and backrests. The door trim and
glove box inserts, center molding and steering wheel spokes are finished in matte
chrome.


‘Aero’ is, of course, the ultimate performance expression of the Saab 9
-
3 and this
interior adds a sports
steering wheel with distinctive matt chrome inserts in the leather
rim, a design inspired by the control column of an aircraft
-

hinting at Saab's aviation
heritage.

A superb premium leather interior is offered as an option on all variants, including
seats
, door trims and armrests. The soft, luxurious feel of this leather is a result of its
semi
-
aniline quality.


Sporty Dynamics come as standard





Sporty handling to challenge class benchmark



Saab ‘ReAxs’
-

unique rear wheel steer characteristic



All
-
wheel
-
drive (Saab XWD) offered on Aero variants





Three brake sizes according to engine power


The Sport Sedan and Sport Combi fulfil their roles as fun
-
to
-
drivecars by displaying
exceptional handling characteristics that not only set new standards for Saab but al
so
challenge class benchmarks. They are the result of a rigorous development program,
the most exhaustive ever undertaken by Saab, designed to combine the benefits of front
wheel drive
-

predictability and excellent driver feedback
-

with new levels of ch
assis
control for a more rewarding driving experience.


An exceptionally stiff body provided Saab engineers with a solid foundation on which
to achieve outstanding chassis dynamics, exemplary ride refinement and impressively
low levels of noise, vibration
and harshness.


The chassis’s innate talents are backed up with a full arsenal of electronic driver aids,
including ABS (Antilock Braking System), TCS (Traction Control System), EBD
(Electronic Brake force Distribution), Cornering Brake Control (CBC) and
an optional
ESP® (Electronic Stability Program).


Sporty Handling with Saab ReAxs


passive rear wheel steer

The top priority of the Saab 9
-
3 chassis development program was to achieve best
-
in
-
class handling characteristics. This was an essential require
ment as the car, in either
sedan and wagon format, is targeted at owners who value the enjoymnent of a
satisfying, high performance driving experience.


Anyone who drives the Sport Sedan or SportCombi will immediately appreciate its
quick responses to st
eering, throttle and braking inputs, together with its impressive
levels of grip, driver ‘feedback’ and body control. A low center of gravity and the
exceptionally stiff bodyshell also play an important role.



The adoption of a four
-
link rear suspension
layout, with toe
-
links and the use of ball


joints instead of rubber inboard and outboard suspension bushings, has allowed
engineers to dial in a unique, passive rear wheel steer characteristic, Saab ReAxs.




When cornering, the elasto
-
kinematics at the re
ar axle induce a very slight deflection of
both rear wheels in the opposite direction to the steering input, i.e. toe
-
out for the outer
wheel and toe
-
in for the inner wheel.


Depending on the radius of a bend and the consequent loadings at the rear axle, o
ne
degree of movement at the front wheels would typically produce a small but significant
response of about one hundredth of a degree at the rear.


This is sufficient to prevent excessive understeer, where the driver is forced to apply
progressively more
steering lock to turn the front end of the car, increasing the scrub
angles of the front tyres. The ReAxs characteristic overcomes this ‘crabbing ‘ effect,
helping the tail of the car follow the direction of the front wheels, instead of its nose.
For the d
river, this gives the car a better balance, helping it turn in and respond more
closely to steering inputs.


Suspension Design

The front suspension is by MacPherson struts with de
-
coupled top mountings,
separating the damper and spring loadings, gas shock
absorbers and a direct
-
acting anti
-
roll bar. The lower control arms are attached to a hydroformed (hollow section) front
sub
-
frame, including a hydraulic bush on the rearmost mounting each side for optimum
damping. For good directional stability and ride c
omfort, the layout is designed to be
largely impervious to lateral forces and compliant longitudinally.


The independent rear suspension is also mounted on an isolated sub
-
frame and
incorporates three transverse and one longitudinal link with an anti
-
roll
bar. This layout
allows a high degree of wheel movement control with good longitudinal compliance.
Like the front suspension, bushings are stiff for lateral forces and relatively soft
longitudinally. There is great scope for optimizing both handling and ri
de


characteristics, as well as helping to prevent road noise entering the cabin.


Shear bushings are used in the rear shock absorber top mountings. These effectively
dissipate vibrations from the road by absorbing small vertical up and down movements
befor
e they are transmitted directly into the mounting and the structure of the car. This
feature improves ride quality and also plays an important role in further attenuating road
noise.


To deliver the high standard of ride quality expected in this class of
car, unsprung
weight is reduced by using aluminum for the front wheel hubs and brake calipers, the
lower control arms in the front suspension and the toe and lower links in the rear
suspension.


Saab XWD

An active all
-
wheel
-
drive system (Saab XWD) is desi
gned to optimize handling and
stability in all driving conditions. It is offered as an option on Aero variants, together
with an uprated 280 hp, 2.8V6 turbo engine. This state
-
of
-
the
-
art system includes
innovative developments in wheel slip management the

use of an electronically
-
controlled, rear limited
-
slip differential. It comes with a choice of six
-
speed manual or
automatic transmission.


Saab XWD is a fully automatic, on
-
demand system capable of sending up to 100% of
engine torque to the front or re
ar wheels whenever necessary. While offering sure
-
footed handling in low
-
grip conditions, its sophisticated operation also adds a further
sporty dimension to the driving experience in all road conditions. Fine balancing of the
drive torque between the fron
t and rear axles raises the threshold at which ESP throttle
and braking interventions are triggered, providing more scope for closer driver
involvement.



The system is governed by its own electronic control unit, which functions in harness
with the eng
ine, transmission and ABS/ESP control modules. The hardware consists of
a Power Take
-
off Unit (PTU) in the front final
-
drive that transmits engine torque


through a prop
-
shaft to the Rear Drive Module (RDM). This incorporates a Torque
Transfer Device (TTD)
and an optional electronically
-
controlled Limited Slip
Differential (eLSD). Both are wet, multi
-
plate clutch units from Haldex.


At take
-
off, the TTD is initially activated when the clutch plates are forced together
under hydraulic pressure, thereby enga
ging the RDM. This pre
-
emptive function is a
valuable improvement in current technology, which requires the detection of wheel slip
before the TTD is activated. For the driver, the enhanced functionality gives maximum
traction immediately for smooth, stron
g acceleration from rest without the possibility of
any initial hesitation.


On the open road, drive torque is seamlessly and continuously varied between the axles
by the control of a valve in the TTD, which increases or reduces the pressure on the wet
clu
tch plates. When cornering, Saab XWD rewards the driver by providing enhanced,
more finely balanced chassis dynamics. Data from the vehicle’s ABS/ESP sensors
-

measuring wheel speed, yaw rate and steering angle


is utilized and careful
programming of Saa
b XWD enables the application of rear drive to balance oversteer
and understeer characteristics,, improving stability and roadholding.


In highway cruising conditions, when traction or optimum grip is not an issue, only 5%
to 10% of engine torque is typic
ally transmitted to the rear wheels. This helps provide
the driver with a measure of greater stability, while helping to save fuel.


The ultimate ‘icing on the cake’ with Saab XWD is the eLSD option. In this segment of
the market, it is the first applica
tion of an electronically
-
controlled, multi
-
plate limited
slip differential in combination with all
-
wheel
-
drive. It is installed alongside the RDM
and operates via pressurized clutch plates on a principle similar to the larger TTD. In icy
or wet split
-
fric
tion conditions, for example, it uses input from the rear wheel speed
sensors and can transfer up to 40% of torque between the drive shafts, to whichever
wheel has more grip.


The eLSD also gives the driver enhanced control when cornering hard or completi
ng a


high speed maneuver, such as a lane change, by momentarily applying more or less
torque to either of the wheels to help the rear of the car more closely follow the
direction of the front wheels. In this way, the eLSD can keep the car better balanced a
nd
more tightly controlled without requiring ‘outside’ intervention from electronic stability
aides.


Installation of Saab XWD includes the fitment of a new rear sub
-
frame to carry the
RDM, revised rear suspension geometry and new wheel hubs for the drive
shafts. The
three piece prop
-
shaft runs through two bearings with constant velocity joints for
smooth running with minimal ‘wind
-
up’. Wheelbase and rear track dimension are
unaltered.


Braking System

In EU specification, three brake sizes are fitted accor
ding to engine power. For all four
cylinder engines, except the 210 bhp version, 285 mm front (ventilated) and 278 mm
solid rear discs are fitted. For the 210 bhp engine they are 302/292 mm (both ventilated)
and for the Aero 2.8V6 turbo and 1.9TTiD engines

these are increased to 314/292 mm


High speed braking stability sets new standards for Saab thanks to the ReAxs control of
the rear suspension geometry. This effectively ‘preloads’ the rear tyres by applying
some lateral force through toe
-
in as braking co
mmences.


A four channel ABS (Anti
-
lock Braking System) and a Traction Control System (TCS), is
standard fitment for all variants. An automatic brake boost feature, Mechanical Brake Assist
(MBA), increases braking pressure from the master cylinder when th
e driver stamps hard on
the brake pedal, stopping the vehicle quicker and activating the ABS more effectively.


Other electronic brake control functions also utilize the ABS wheel speed sensors and
variable valving at each wheel. Electronic Brake force Dis
tribution (EBD) ensures an
optimum braking force is always applied at both axles simultaneously for maximum
stability under heavy braking.




Cornering Brake Control (CBC) is activated when the car is cornering under heavy
braking. Brake pressure is individu
ally varied between all four wheels in order to keep
the car stable, minimizing any snap oversteer or understeer characteristics.



All four brake discs have full size dust shields. These help to ensure braking
performance is not impaired by large amounts
of snow, mud or dust jamming the
calipers.


Advanced Electronic Stability Program®

The fine chassis dynamics of the Saab 9
-
3 can be supplemented by a new generation
Saab
-
tuned ESP® system, which is designed to gently counteract over
-
exuberance or
misjudgem
ents from the driver.


The latest, driver
-
selectable ESP® has been recalibrated and honed using dedicated
software to match the behavior of the chassis. The 'intelligent' system is extremely
progressive in use and is designed to function almost imperceptib
ly, avoiding harsh
interventions when the chassis has already reached the limits of adhesion.


A yaw sensor in the center of the car detects movement around the vertical axis and a
sensor on the steering column measures the steering angle being applied. In
puts from
these sources are then correlated with the speed of the car.


The system is extremely flexible and it is programmed to execute whatever actions will
most effectively prevent the onset of a loss of control. Depending upon the chassis's
dispositio
n, it is possible for braking to be applied via the ABS system to one, two or
three wheels at once, or, if necessary, for the electronic throttle opening to be reduced.


Precise Steering

The power steering on Saab cars is widely acknowledged for achieving

just the right
balance between assistance and ‘feel’. In the straight ahead position there is virtually no
assistance, in order the give the driver as much direct control as possible, and even at
low speeds the driver’s feel for the road surface is never
impaired




For variants with 1.8i naturally
-
aspirated gasoline and turbo diesel engines, an electro
-
hydraulic power steering system is fitted, which uses a pump driven by a computer
-
controlled electric motor as a further contribution to improved fuel consum
ption.


As a general indication of the tautness of the chassis, tests show its lateral acceleration
response time


the speed at which all chassis response to a steering input is completed


is about 30 per cent faster than average for this size of car.


The hydraulic pump for the rack and pinion system is camshaft or belt
-
driven,
depending on the engine variant, and the rack is mounted low down at the back of the
front sub
-
frame. The geometry and tuning of the front and rear suspensions also
combine to gi
ve the steering its distinctive feel, linearity and responsiveness. At just
2.97 turns from lock to lock, it is the quickest steering yet fitted to a Saab car.


Unique ‘Tri
-
fuel’ Engine Line
-
up




Choice of 6 gasoline, 3 diesel and 2 Saab Biopower (E85) opti
ons



Range
-
topping all
-
aluminum 280 hp/206 kW 2.8V6 Turbo with Saab XWD



New 180 hp/132 kW two
-
stage turbo diesel: class
-
leading performance/economy




Aluminum 2.0 turbos offering 150 hp/110 kW, 175 hp/129 kW or 210 hp/155 kW


All aluminum 2.8
-
liter V6 Turbo

This sophisticated engine has a 60º vee
-
angle between its cylinder banks for perfect
balance and combines excellent multi
-
valve refinement with outstanding performance.
Exclusive to Aero variants, it develops 280 hp/206 kW and exceptional torque of 400
Nm
, when offered with Saab XWD, and 255 hp/188 kW and 350 Nm in front
-
wheel
drive applications. The all aluminum construction provides a light and compact
architecture, well suited to its transverse installation.


The cylinder heads, each with double chain
-
d
riven overhead camshafts operating four
valves per cylinder, are of high specification aluminum. The design ensures enhanced
heat resistance under 85 bar cylinder pressures, as well as minimum maintenance costs.


The pistons have hard anodized ring grooves
for durability and under
-
skirt oil jet
cooling. The steel con
-
rods are strengthened by sinter
-
forging, a process that involves
molding metal in a powered form. The exhaust valves are filled with sodium to further
enhance cooling. The cylinders have cast ir
on liners and a bore/stoke of 89.00 / 74.8
mm.


For improved engine breathing, variable cam phasing on the inlet side is electronically
controlled and hydraulically actuated, allowing continuously variable adjustment
through 50º of crankshaft rotation. On
the road, this translates to a more flexible power
delivery and better fuel economy under different engine loads.


A die
-
cast aluminum oil sump is designed to increase structural stiffness and the strong,
four
-
bearing crankshaft is made from micro
-
alloy
forged steel, a specification more
commonly seen in competition performance or diesel engines. Together with a dual
-
mass flywheel, these elements further reduce unwanted noise and vibration, ensuring
smooth and refined performance.



The twin
-
scroll, water
-
cooled Mitsubishi TDO4
-
15TK turbocharger, operates at 0.6 bar
maximum boost with intercooling and an integral by
-
pass valve. It is mounted centrally
above the transmission and fed by both banks of cylinders. The use of two separate inlet
tracts, one for e
ach cylinder bank, separates the exhaust gas pulses, improving gas flow,
reducing energy losses and raising turbocharger efficiency. The turbine wheel is made
from a special high
-
grade steel alloy, commonly used in the turbocharged engines of
world champio
nship rally cars, which is resistant to erosion, cracking and creeping
under high temperatures and centrifugal forces.


Also unique are double
-
skin exhaust manifolds, which are hydroformed with stainless
steel liners to improve cold start emissions by m
inimizing heat absorption to the
manifold. Air injection into each manifold for up to 30 seconds after a cold start also
helps the central pre
-
catalyst, positioned upstream of the main catalytic converter,
achieve 'light off', its effective working temper
ature, as early as possible.




The 32
-
bit engine management system, with software calibrated specifically for the
Saab 9
-
3 application, utilizes a torque
-
based engine control strategy and direct coil
-
over
-
plug ignition with a robust engine
-
mounted control u
nit. Ignition timing, fuel
injection, turbo boost pressure, air mass measurement and the throttle setting are all key
engine functions controlled by the software.


The sophisticated control strategy is designed to deliver smooth performance in all
driving
conditions. For two
-
wheel drive, it can modulate engine torque in low
-
traction
conditions, helping provide confident, sure
-
footed driving.

Variable fuel pressure
further contributes to smooth idle and driving characteristics.


For driving comfort, control
of the electronic throttle through the movement of the
accelerator pedal is programmed to be sensitive to different driving conditions, with
greater pedal movement introduced at lower vehicle speeds, such as when maneuvering
or parking. At low engine speed
s, the engine control system also brings the turbo in
quickly by momentarily opening the throttle slightly more than requested by the driver.


In 280 hp/ 206 kW or 255 hp/ 188 kW specification, maximum torque is generated from
just 1,800 rpm all the way to

5,000 rpm, with 90 per cent of this value available from an
exceptionally low 1,500 rpm. Under a full throttle load at take
-
off or low engine speeds,
90 per cent of maximum acceleration is delivered within one second.


The fast, but controlled, torque b
uild
-
up immediately above the 720 rpm idle speed is
delivered with a turbine
-
like smoothness, giving impressive on the road performance.
The 9
-
3 Aero Sport Sedan can accomplish the zero to 100 kph dash in a rapid 6.7
seconds (FWD) or 6.3 seconds (projecte
d) with Saab XWD, new performance
benchmarks for Saab. 80
-
120 kph acceleration in fifth gear is even more impressive,
taking just 7.9 seconds (FWD) with the same figure projected for Saab XWD. Careful
tuning of the Aero's twin sports exhausts downstream of

the main catalyst adds a
distinctive, exhilarating engine note.





New Two
-
stage Turbo Diesel Sets Class Benchmark

The new 9
-
3 range features the introduction of a powerful new four cylinder diesel
engine with a unique two
-
stage turbocharging system, a
world ‘first’ in the premium
segment, giving class
-
leading levels of efficiency.



The 1.9
-
liter, 16
-
valve engine, badged TTiD, produces 180 hp/ 132 kW and 400 Nm of
maximum torque, specific power outputs that are unmatched among competitor
products on th
e market. With combined fuel consumption of 5.9 l/100k projected in the
Sport Sedan, this engine also offers excellent economy, together with in
-
gear
performance on a par with the 2.8V6 turbo gasoline engine


The two
-
stage turbocharger housing is integrate
d with the exhaust manifold and
contains two turbochargers of different sizes. The pair of turbine/compressor wheels are
sequentially mounted and each is able to by
-
pass the input and output feeds of the other,
while also being able to operate in tandem


T
his arrangement provides a driver with ‘the best of both worlds’: good, instant torque
at low engine speeds
-

via the low
-
inertia small turbo when the exhaust pressure is light
-

and strong ‘top end’ power at higher revolutions, when the bigger turbo is en
gaged.



Saab’s two
-
stage turbocharging uses a system of by
-
pass valves that directs the exhaust
gas stream between the two turbine wheels and also separates the air intake charge from
the compressors. From tick
-
over to 1,500 rpm the exhaust feeds only
the small turbo.
Between 1,500 and 3,000 rpm the flow is split between both turbines, giving stronger
boost and ensuring a smooth transition phase to full power operation, above 3,000 rpm,
when only the larger turbo is engaged.


The compact design provide
s more efficient packaging than systems using two separate
turbochargers linked together externally in series. It ensures that the complex control
and regulation of gas flows on both the exhaust turbine and intake compressor sides is
achieved with a minima
l number of seals and connections.




The TTiD engine is a substantial development of the current 16
-
valve 1.9TiD unit,
using common rail, direct and multiple fuel injection. It operates with a maximum boost
pressure of 1.8 bar (1.4 bar for the curre
nt engine) together with a slightly lower
compression ratio of 16.5: 1 (17.5:1). The cast
-
iron block, alloy cylinder head and all
internal components are strengthened as necessary to withstand the higher thermal
pressures.


The exhaust gas re
-
circulation (
EGR) system is characterized by extremely efficient
cooling and now includes an electronically controlled by
-
pass for improved emissions.
This feature, together with the fitment of a maintenance
-
free exhaust particulate filter, is
expected to ensure compli
ance with more stringent future Euro 5 emissions.


Other technical enhancements include the adoption of a larger air
-
to
-
air intercooler, for
better cooling of the intake charge; the introduction of more efficient pre
-
heating
elements inside the cylinder he
ad for faster starting in cold conditions; and the use of a
weight saving plastic intake manifold.



The Saab TTiD engine meets a growing demand from drivers unwilling to sacrifice
performance in the interests of fuel economy. With power characteristics
typical of a
much larger engine, it is an example of Saab’s commitment to ‘right
-
sizing’, the
achievement of ‘big’ engine performance without the usual drawbacks, such as extra
weight, bulk and higher fuel consumption.


In recognition of its outstanding pe
rformance, the Saab TTiD engine is available in
Aero specification, as well as Linear and Vector. It comes with a choice of six
-
speed
manual or automatic transmissions,



This new engine is offered in addition to current single turbo versions, configured
for
150 hp/110 kW (16 valves) or 120 hp/88 kW (8 valves). These also offer strong torque
of 320 Nm or 280 Nm, between 2,000 and 2,750 rpm, with 90 per cent of these values
generated between 1,750 and 3,250 rpm.




A variable geometry (VNT) turbocharger is u
sed for good low
-
end response, together
with a dual
-
mass flywheel for greater running refinement. The weight
-
saving intake
manifold is in pressure cast aluminum and electronically
-
controlled exhaust gas re
-
circulation (EGR) is used for quick warm
-
up and lo
w emissions. A maintenance
-
free
exhaust particulate filter is also available.


The 150 hp (110 kW) version is focused more on performance. In
-
gear acceleration, the

most important feature for everyday driving, is on a par with the 210 hp (155 kW)
gasoline
engine and the zero to 100 kph dash in the sedan is accomplished in a brisk 9.5
seconds. The 120 hp (88 kW), 8
-
valve version majors on the cost of ownership,
returning
5.4

liters/100 km over the combined cycle and CO
2

emissions of just
147

gms/km.


An elec
tro/hydraulic power steering system is fitted with the all three diesel engines.
This helps to further optimize fuel consumption by utilizing electric power during low
-
speed maneuvering, when more steering assistance is required, as well as minimizing
mech
anical losses.


Lightweight 2.0
-
liter Turbo, choice of three power ratings

The compact, all
-
aluminum, four cylinder 2.0
-
liter gasoline engine has a block perfectly
‘square’ in configuration, with a bore and stroke of 86 mm, and carries a unique Saab
four
-
valve cylinder head, maintenance
-
free chain
-
driven camshafts, counter
-
rotating
balancer shafts, for improved refinement, and an integrated oil cooler. It is controlled by
the latest Trionic 8 version of Saab’s own, in
-
house engine management system, among
the most sophisticated of its kind in commercial production.


All main internal components are unique to Saab's turbocharged application. These
include a five
-
bearing forged steel crankshaft, strengthened con
-
rods, redesigned pistons
and gudgeon pins, pis
ton oil cooling jets and reprofiled camshafts. The cylinder head is
a unique alloy casting optimized for turbocharging, with substantially revised inlet
porting, modified inlet valves and sodium
-
filled exhaust valves.




A major innovation for Saab is the i
n
-
board location of the turbocharger, behind the
transversely installed engine. This position allows an even quicker warm
-
up for the
front exhaust catalyst, giving improved fuel consumption and lower cold start
emissions, as well as benefiting weight distr
ibution.


A Mitsubishi TD04 turbocharger, with an integrated by
-
pass valve, is used together
with intercooling in all applications. It operates at 0.5, 0.7 and 0.85 bar maximum boost
pressures, respectively, for the 150 hp (110 kW), 175 hp (129 kW) and 210

hp (155
kW) engines. The latter also has altered valve timing.


The power characteristics of all variants help set new Saab standards for four cylinder
engine refinement, throttle response and progressive torque delivery, as well as yielding
competitive
fuel consumption and low CO
2

emissions. In common with all Saab
engines, outstanding levels of torque are generated at low engine speeds, with at least
90 per cent of peak values available from just below 2,000 rpm.


Maximum power and torque figures are as

follows:

150 hp (110kW) at 5,500 rpm, 240 Nm at 2,000
-

3,500 rpm.
(Badged 1.8t)

175 hp (129 kW) at 5,500 rpm, 265 Nm at 2,500


3,500 rpm. (Badged 2.0t).

210 hp (155 kW) at 5,300 rpm, 300 Nm at 2,500
-

4,000 rpm.
(Badged 2.0T).


The 32
-
bit Saab Trionic
8 engine management system, incorporating direct ignition,
is torque
-
based and specifically developed to meet to the needs of turbocharged
engines. In common with the 2.8V6 turbo engine management system, it controls
ignition timing, fuel injection, turbo
boost pressure, air mass measurement and the
throttle setting.


The torque delivery of the engine is noticeably ‘linear’, encouraging the driver to hold
intermediate gears for longer periods. Under acceleration, Trionic will control engine
torque if there
is insufficient grip available at a requested throttle opening and it will
also cushion the transitory effects of large accelerator pedal movements in order to


maintain a smooth power delivery. As with the 2.8V6 turbo engine, the degree of
required pedal m
ovement is related to the driving situation and the control of the
electronic throttle is optimized for a quick turbo response.


Saab Trionic 8 is unique in using the spark plugs as sensors to monitor ionization rates
during ignition. It is able to
indi
vidually
control the combustion process for each
cylinder, detecting any combustion malfunction before it may become critical.


Naturally
-
aspirated 1.8i option

The appeal of the Sport Sedan and SportCombi is broadened by a naturally
-
aspirated
1.8
-
liter e
ngine choice in Linear and Vector specifications. The 122 hp (90 kW), 16
-
valve unit, with direct ignition by Bosch and an aluminum cylinder head and close
-
coupled catalyst, is focused on delivering excellent fuel economy, with low emissions
and running cos
ts, whilst retaining lively performance.


The use of an electronic throttle and a variable length intake manifold helpsdeliver a key
Saab driving characteristic
-

strongly perceived low and mid
-
range pulling power. At
least 90 per cent of maximum torque (
167 Nm at 3,800 rpm) is generated between 2,400
and 5,700 rpm, while zero to 100 kph acceleration in 11.5 seconds still feels adequate.


With service intervals up to two years, or 30,000 km, and lower insurance groupings,
scheduled running costs will be
competitively low. An electro
-
hydraulic power steering
system is also fitted as standard with this engine, minimizing mechanical losses and
contributing to lower fuel consumption.


This engine, badged '1.8i', is available only with a five
-
speed manual tran
smission and
brings the Saab 9
-
3 Sport Sedan and SportCombi within the budgets of more cost
-
conscious drivers who still seek a premium
-
class driving experience.



Unique Saab BioPower Choice

Saab leads the premium segment in offering 'flex
-
fuel' BioPower e
ngines, which can


run on gasoline and/or bioethanol (E85), a renewable fuel with a reduced CO2 impact.
As well as being kinder to the environment, Saab BioPower is also the only flex
-
fuel
technology that uses turbocharging to deliver increased power and pe
rformance.. .



In combining the benefits of 'going green' with the enjoyment of even sportier
performance, the development of BioPower reflects Saab's brand values. It also offers a
very practical solution to the environmental needs of customers because a

BioPower
engine can run on gasoline, without adjustment from the driver, in any proportion if E85
fuel (85% bioethanol/15% gasoline) is not available. With BioPower there is no loss of
luggage space or additional weight because the same standard tank is u
sed for both
fuels.


The new Saab 9
-
3 range now features the introduction of a 2.0t BioPower engine, in
addition to the current version. Running on E85, the 2.0t BioPower engine delivers 14%
more maximum power (200 hp/ 147 kW.v 175 hp/ 129 kW) and 13% more

torque (300
v 265 Nm). In the Sport Sedan, this gives projected zero to 100 kph acceleration in
7.9

sec and 80 to 120 kph in fifth gear in 10.0sec, compared to 8.5 sec and 11.1 sec,
respectively, on gasoline.


On E85, the current BioPower engine gives 17
% more maximum power (175 hp/129
kW v 150 hp/110 kW) and 10% more torque (265 v 240 Nm). In the Sport Sedan, that
translates to zero to 100 kph acceleration in 8.4 sec and 80 to 120 kph in fifth gear in
13.9 sec, compared to 9.5 sec and 15.0 sec, respectiv
ely, on gasoline.


E85 has a higher octane rating (104 RON) than gasoline (95 RON), and turbocharging
with Saab BioPower allows the use of a higher boost pressure and more advanced
ignition timing than is possible with gasoline. This gives more engine pow
er, without
risk of harmful 'knocking' or pre
-
detonation.


Saab’s 32
-
bit Trionic 8 engine management system
controls the throttle setting, ignition
timing, fuel injection, air mass and turbo boost pressure. It is a powerful platform that
has facilitated s
oftware

re
-
programming to accommodate the different ignition timing


and fuel/air mixture requirements of E85. The only hardware modifications necessary to
the all
-
aluminum engine are the fitment of more durable valves and valve seats.
Bioethanol
-
compatible

materials are also used in the fuel system, including the tank,
pump, lines and connectors.


Trionic monitors fuel quality after every visit to the filling station and automatically
makes any adjustments necessary for running on E85 and/or gasoline in any

combination.


Bioethanol is produced from a wide range of agricultural crops and biomass. Unlike
gasoline, its consumption does not raise atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide (CO2),
the main 'greenhouse' gas that contributes to climate change. This is be
cause emissions
during driving are balanced by the amount of CO
2

that is removed from the atmosphere
when crops for conversion are grown. Bioethanol is sold in Sweden, and a growing
number of other European markets, as E85 fuel.



Advanced Transmissions

A
six
-
speed automatic transmission is offered with the 2.8V6 Turbo and all three turbo
diesel engines. A five
-
speed version is available on all other gasoline turbo engines,
with an additional '5+2' transmission, exclusive to the 210 hp (155 kW) unit,
intro
ducing two intermediate gears, '2.5' and '3.5', for greater access to acceleration on
kick
-
down.


All transmissions include ‘Saab Sentronic’, a sequential manual gearshift giving closer
driver involvement. When the shift lever is moved across the gate to
‘manual’ Sentronic
mode, ‘up’ and ‘down’ changes can be made with full lock
-
up in 3/4/5 or 6
th

gears. The
process can be taken a step further by the option of steering wheel buttons, which bring
gear shifting right to the fingertips of the driver.


A ‘Spor
t Mode’ can also be activated via an instrument panel button which aligns
automatic gear selection more closely with the intentions of the driver. If the driver
momentarily lifts of the throttle, the current gear will be held for more effective engine


brak
ing and a quicker acceleration when required. Downshifts are also more closely
matched to the rate of vehicle deceleration under braking.



In automatic mode, these 'smart' transmissions from Asin AW are adaptive to driver
usage patterns and prevailing ro
ad conditions, fully exploiting Saab turbo power
characteristics. The transmission can sense changes in engine performance, engine load,
road gradient or altitude and will quickly find the ‘right’ gear without any irritating
‘hunting’.


A close
-
ratio six
-
s
peed manual gearbox is standard fitment for the 2.8V6 Turbo and the
210 hp (155 kW) and 175 hp (
129 kW)

engines. With a wider set of gear ratios, it is also
standard for the diesel engines, including a taller final drive for the 8
-
valve version in
order to

optimize fuel consumption. The gearbox has dual output shafts for compact
design and lower transmission vibrations.


On all manual gearboxes, gear change quality is enhanced by the adoption of a cable
linkage, instead of rods, from the gear lever. The dr
iver enjoys a faster change with a
much smoother and more positive feel. Noise resonance and vibration are also reduced.


Body structure, Electrical systems and Lights

Firm Foundations



Highlights include:



New standards in torsional rigidity



Stable platf
orm for excellent noise suppression, handling and crashworthiness



About 60 per cent of bodyweight in HS/UHS steel



Second
-
generation ‘crash boxes’ help prevent body damage



Multiplex digital signal network for fast control of all major functions



Powerful sc
reen washing system



The body structures of the 9
-
3 Sport Sedan and
SportCombi are the stiffest yet produced by Saab,
providing solid foundations on which their s exemplary
handling, ride and safety characteristics are built.


The use of high
-
grade steels,
tailored blanks, laser welding, the galvanizing of all
external components and advanced joint techniques has produced extremely strong and
durable structures. Effective ‘crash boxes’ in the front bumper help to minimize body
damage in impacts up to 15 kph
.


The power of the lighting system, which includes the option of bi
-
xenon headlamps, is
in the fine tradition of Saab cars, as is the efficiency of the windscreen wipers and
washing systems.


Structural Benefits

Exceptional levels of structural stiffness
were an essential requirement in the design of
the 9
-
3 Sport Sedan and SportCombi. It is high torsional rigidity that helps give that
reassuring ‘hewn for solid’ feel, which is communicated every time a door is closed or
the car negotiates a poor road sur
face. And it makes a major contribution to eliminating
squeaks and rattles, vibrations and resonance.


A stiff body is also a prerequisite for the work of chassis engineers. The car’s handling
can only be effectively honed through its suspension and steer
ing if the structure on
which all these components exert loadings is solid and predictable.


Finally, but probably most importantly, the car’s ability to withstand a heavy impact is
largely due to the strength of its passenger compartment and the ability o
f the body
structure’s crumple zones to prevent energy reaching it.


Structural Strength



The body structure of the Sport Sedan and SportCombi’ is essentially a unitary
construction fabricated from steel pressings and beams, on which is mounted a front
sub
-
frame
-

carrying the engine, gearbox and lower front suspension mountings
-

and a
rear sub
-
frame, carrying the rear suspension. Although a high level of structural
stiffness was an essential requirement, this had to be balanced against the need to reduce
unnecessary weight in the interests of fuel economy and achieving responsive handling
characteristics.


The Sport Sedan has an exceptional torsional rigidity of 22,000 Nm/degree of
deflection, while the SportCombi’s is only 6.6 per cent less than that
of the Sport
Sedan, despite the extended rear roof and the addition of a large rear tailgate opening.
To put these figures in perspective, the body structures are as strong as a meter long rod,
fixed at one end, would need to be in order to bend just one d
egree under the weight of
fully
-
laden large car placed on the other end!


About 60 per cent of the car’s body weight is composed of high strength or ultra high
strength steel, most of which is concentrated in the construction of the central passenger
safet
y cage, where all main beams have welded closed sections for additional strength.


In all, about two
-
thirds of the body parts in the Sport Sedan and SportCombi play a
structural role, although the key to the performance of the structure is how all these
e
lements connect and interact in sharing the load
-
bearing task. The strength of a good
design is far more than simply the sum of its parts.


To calculate how loads can be distributed in the most efficient way, structural engineers
used CAD techniques and fi
nite element modeling (FEM) with a resolution of up to
850,000 elements, or cells, representing the car’s structure. Each body component is
designed to contribute to structural integrity without being overloaded and structure
-
borne noise radiation from the

engine, transmission and suspension is minimized.


Special attention was devoted to the location of seams and joints. It is pointless using
high strength steels for different sections if the technique used to join them together is
not at least as strong.
For example, there are no joints at any of the corners of the safety


cage, where stresses are likely to be greatest. Instead, joints between beams are carefully
welded in place on straight sections with overlaps of at least 20 mm.


In order to be sure that

extra strength does not necessarily mean extra weight, Saab
engineers made great use of new technology in specifying ‘tailored blanks’ for large
structural components. For example, the two main bearers which extend from the front
of the car to the rear b
ulkhead are made from pressings of high strength steel. These are
produced to different thicknesses, according to the localized loading demands at any
point in the car’s structure. In other words, the extra strength or weight is located only
where it is re
quired.


The SportCombi was designed alongside the Sport Sedan and Convertible so engineers
were able to integrate the requirements for a strong five
-
door body from the very
beginning of the 9
-
3 project. To compensate for the loss of the cross bracing behi
nd a
sedan's rear seat, the SportCombi features reinforcement to the base of the C
-
pillars and
the addition of sub
-
structures or 'rings', each connecting the top and bottom of the C and
D
-
pillars with transverse beams in the roof and across the floor. Thes
e 'rings' are then
linked longitudinally by two beams in the roof, two in the cargo floor and one behind
each side of the rear bodywork.

On both the Sedan and SportCombi there are additional bracings above the rear wheel
housings to provide a structure th
at is more than a match for premium class competitors,
despite some potential loss of stiffness through the provision of a split/fold rear seat.




Outer Body

Large single 'monoside' body pressings accommodate inset
-
mounted doors for good
sealing and fine
gap tolerances. Substantial ultra high strength steel door beams play an
important role in side impact protection. The bottom edges of the doors also overlap and
interlock with the strong, reinforced side sills, allowing heavy impact forces to be
spread b
y engaging as much of the neighboring body structure as possible.




To save weight without compromising strength, the hood, rear bumper beam and the
tailgate of the SportCombi are made from aluminum


Both front and rear bumper assemblies are designed to be
‘self
-
repairing’, in that they
can absorb impacts up to 8 kph, minimizing damage and the need for repair. The
bumper ‘skin’ is simple and quick to replace after a minor collision. For higher speed
impacts, Saab was first to introduce deformable ‘crash box
es’ behind the front bumper
on the second generation Saab 900 in 1993. These are intended to absorb and contain
relatively ‘low speed’ impact forces in order to prevent damage to more expensive
bodywork components.


Other manufacturers have now adopted cr
ash boxes but, in the in the 9
-
3 range, the
technique is perfected still further. No less than 103 computer simulations were carried
out to ensure their effectiveness; a testimony to the extreme attention to detail that went
into finalizing the new structu
res.


The finished design is an octagon shape with a conical profile and ‘concertina’ sections
that will protect the structure of the car, including its front body panels, from damage in
impacts up to 15 kph. The boxes are now bolted and only lightly weld
ed to the front
beam to make their replacement even easier.



The design of the Sport Sedan’s trunk lid was also the subject of detailed research and
the solution adopted is typically Saab. For owners to be able to exploit the load
carrying capabilities o
f a 60/40 folding seat, it was important that trunk opening was as
large as possible. That is why the design team chose ‘swan neck’ hinges for the once
piece trunk lid


The use of a more conventional strut and multi
-
link pivot arrangement would have
result
ed in an unacceptable 15 per cent reduction in opening width, worth 10 cm. The
spring
-
loaded ‘swan
-
neck’ hinges, in fact, give an even easier, almost ‘weightless’
opening and closing action.




For the SportCombi, the lightly weighted tailgate that opens dow
n to bumper level, its
damper rods completely hidden in the roof to allow a clear, uncluttered opening.


Electrical and electronic architecture

The entire electrical and electronic network uses databus transmission, often referred to
a ‘multiplexing’. In t
his way, a CANBUS (Controller Area Network) connects groups
of electrical subsystems, using just one or two wires with microprocessors, transistors
and LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) to replace a complicated wiring harness and all its
associated relays, swit
ches and bulbs.


CANBUS technology offers great benefits in weight saving, reliability and data
transmission capacity. It is used to connect the car’s main subsystems: powertrain,
chassis, body, ‘infotainment’, telematics, navigation and climate and comfo
rt.


A battery of sensors are the ‘nerve endings’ of the Sport Sedan and SportCombi and the
data they provide is dispatched as packages of digital signals, or ‘buses’, along three
information ‘highways’, stopping where required at 44 sub
-
stations, or micro
processors,