BIOMETRICS: Libraries have begun to see the value of ... - E-LIS

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29 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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BIOMETRICS: Libraries have
begun to see the value of
biometrics.

M.G. SELVI

Technical Officer

Center of Advanced Study in
Crystallography and Biophysics,

University of Madras.


INTRODUCTION


Biometrics is the
Science and
Technology of
Measuring and
Analyzing Biological
data.



It is an Automated Method of recognizing a person
based on a



Physiological or


Behavioral characteristics

The Features measured are,


face


finger print


hand geometry


hand writing


iris


voice


blood vessels in the retina


coloration in the cornea of the eye


DNA from tissue samples


Biometric
-
Based Authentication




Dr. S.R. RANGANATHAN, Father of
Library Science said, “
The Right Book to
the Right Reader at the Right Time



At present distinguishing “The Right
Person” from an imposter is the key to
security and trust.


Biometric based solution provide


Personal data privacy


Confidential financial transaction

Biometric
-
base authentication
applications include


Workstation


Network and Domain access


Single Sign
-
on


Application logon


Data Protection


Remote access to resources


Transaction security and


Web security.



Biometric Device


Fingerprint


Finger Print is



not easily
borrowed,



lost



stolen



forgotten



falsified or



guessed.

Biometrics and Libraries


In libraries, finger print
identification has the additional benefits
of

o
Convenience

o
Customer confidence

o
Prevent theft and vandalism

o
Prevent unauthorized &


fraudulent use

o
Improves safety

o
Accuracy and

o
Security

Biometric Finger Scanners

It consists of

o
A reader or scanning
device

o
Software that converts the
scanned information into
Digital form and compares
match points

o
A Database that stores the
Biometric data for
comparison

Biometric System

Finger print identification
process consists of two
essential procedures


Enrollment


Authentication


No person’s finger
prints are identical to
those of another
individual!

Comparison for identification


A Verification
System


It conducts a one
-
to
-
one comparison (1:1)
to determine whether
the identity is true.


eg. Accessing an
online secure data
source.


An Identification
System


It conducts a one
-
to
-
many (1:N)
comparison to
establish a subject’s
identity.


eg.Front counter
check
-
in

Benefits of Biometrics in
Libraries

From LIBRARY POINT OF VIEW


Recurring cost for Library card eliminated


Easy and foolproof verification of end user


Rack management for book retrieval


Dynamic & easy searching of books


Online budget and account maintenance


Instant reports


No misuse of authority


Full inventory control

From Student/ Member point of view




Problems due to library card will be
eliminated.




No misuse of library card is possible due
to fingerprint.




Searching of complete library on a
fingertip without scanning whole manual
register.




No time wastage in issuing/returning of
books




Control in Library Internet Access, Self
check out systems and Electronic media
control (DVDs, CDs).




Diagram explaining biometric needs
for employees & members in
libraries



CENTRAL
SERVER


AND


MANAGER


EMPLOYEES


MEMBERS


NON
-
MEMBERS


PASSWORD



Password management &

Control for Computers,Websites,

Application & Corporate Networks


TELLER



File Cabinet and
Drawer Access


TIME



Employee Time and


Attendance


MEMBER


I.D. Theft
Prevention for Employees
and Members

ACCESS



Interior and/or
Exterior Door Access


BIOMETRICS IN PC ACCESS, NETWORK
ACCESS, PASSWORD ELIMINATION IN
LIBRARIES





Protects individual PCs and Network Access.




Reduce IT helpdesks calls for password resets.




Authenticate who is accessing what PC, Network,
and application with exceptional accuracy.




Associate a single fingerprint with as many or as
few passwords or PINs on a system. Single sign or
convenience for application and websites.




Logon automatically without having to type in
another password.





Eliminate the security risks of written down
passwords.




Protects passwords from most key logging
viruses.




Prevent stolen or Borrowed passwords.




Easy to use and enroll fingerprint profiles.




Easy installation.


Web
-
Based Biometric Authentication System
(WBAS)



The authentication can be done by:




Fingerprint only (needs a
fingerprint reader)



Face only (needs a
webcam/camera)



Fingerprint and Face (needs a
fingerprint reader and a
webcam/camera)


Biometrics and smart card system



Biometrics add an additional
layer of security to a smart
card system



Smart cards provide the

something you have
”factor.


The “
Something you know
”is


usually a PIN


Integrating a finger print
scanner into a smart card reader
increases security by adding

something you are





Biometrics in INDIA

India which is perpetually under the
threat of terrorism and security
breach, is gearing up to adopt various
biometric methods.

It is used in


Defense and Security Industry


Police Administration


Finance Ministry (PANs)


Home Affairs (IDs)


Libraries

BIOMETRICS INDIA EXPO 2007:




The First International
Conference

and Exhibition of Biometric Technologies
and Applications

will be held at
PRAGATI
MAIDAN, NEW DELHI
, September 13
-
15, 2007.

CONCLUSION


Technology is growing rapidly, but at the


same time security breaches and transaction
frauds are also in the increase world over. All
agencies including Libraries who are in need
of security, surveillance and safety have to
adopt biometrics.

“THE FUTURE DEPENDS ON WHAT WE
DO IN THE PRESENT”




-
MAHATMA GANDHI

Let us hope for a safe and secure future!


Thank you,