SECURITY: A CASE STUDY

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17 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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A UNIVERSITY ROLE IN HOMELAND
SECURITY: A CASE STUDY


University of New Hampshire

in collaboration with

National Infrastructure
Institute

Dr. Andrzej Rucinski

andrzej.rucinski@unh.edu

2

OUTLINE


Motivation


Infrastructure


Canada
-
US Project


School Bus Project


Biometrics


Formal Model


Application at Micro Level


Application at Macro Level


Cooperation Ideas


Contact Person

3

Madrid, Spain

Gaza Strip

MOTIVATION

Terrorism is a global problem!

New York city, USA

4

MOTIVATION

Government level effort:

US Department of Homeland Security

http://www.dhs.gov

5

OUTLINE


Motivation


Infrastructure


Canada
-
US Project


School Bus Project


Biometrics


Formal Model


Application at Micro Level


Application at Macro Level


Cooperation Ideas


Contact Person


6

INFRASTRUCTURE

7

VLSI AT UNH

http://www.ece.unh.edu/courses/ece715/

8

VLSI AT UNH

9

VLSI ONLINE TUTORIALS

10

VLSI PROJECTS

11

DES PROJECT

DES Cracker
Software
64 ASICs/board
12 boards/chassi
2 chassis
12

DES PROJECT

24 Search Units/ASIC
2.5 mln test
decryptions/sec

per search unit


Or 60 mln keys/sec

per chip

13

DES LAYOUT


Schematic Driven Layout
(SDL) was used to
automatically floorplan,
place, and route the design.


LVS


DRC



Layout dimensions:


7145
λ

by 5710λ

14

INFRASTRUCTURE

Center for Infrastructure
Expertise

http://www.ni2cie.org

15

OUTLINE


Motivation


Infrastructure


Canada
-
US Project


School Bus Project


Biometrics


Formal Model


Application at Micro Level


Application at Macro Level


Cooperation Ideas


Contact Person


16

CANADA
-
US CARGO SECURITY
PROJECT

17

OUTLINE


Motivation


Infrastructure


Canada
-
US Project


School Bus Project


Biometrics


Formal Model


Application at Micro Level


Application at Macro Level


Cooperation Ideas


Contact Person

18

PROBLEM STATEMENT

Safe & Secure School
Standards

Safe & Secure School
Prototyping Site

19

SCHOOL BUS PROJECT

University of New Hampshire

20

SCHOOL BUS PROJECT

21

OUTLINE


Motivation


Infrastructure


Canada
-
US Project


School Bus Project


Biometrics


Formal Model


Application at Micro Level


Application at Macro Level


Cooperation Ideas


Contact Person


22

BIOMETRICS


Global Biometrics


Eye Features (Iris, Retina)


Face


DNA


Hand Geometry


FINGERPRINT


Voice Recognition


Signature Scan


Body Odor


Keystroke Pattern

23


Biometric System


Enrollment


Identification


Verification



Fingerprint Recognition
Algorithms


Extraction of Minutiae
Points


Entire Ridge Pattern

BIOMETRICS

24


FPR Recognizer



Face Recognition
Algorithm



Fingerprint Recognition
Algorithm

BIOMETRICS

25


Fingerprint Scanner


PC Interface


PC


Xilinx Prototype Board Interface

BIOMETRICS

26

BIOMETRICS

27

OUTLINE


Motivation


Infrastructure


Canada
-
US Project


School Bus Project


Biometrics


Formal Model


Application at Micro Level


Application at Macro Level


Cooperation Ideas


Contact Person

28

MICROSYSTEM RELIABILITY
FACTORS

Functional Reliability
R
f
(t)
Structural Reliability
R
s
(t)
Microsystem Reliability R(t)
Operational Reliability
R
o
(t)
Definition:

R(t)


is the a probability that a system is
functioning properly over time interval (0,t)

29

DEFINITIONS


R(t)



denotes a reliable state


S
1
(t)



safe state


S
2
(t)



secure state


Q
S1
(t)



unsafe state


Q
S2
(t)



insecure state






failure rate



a



attack (intrusion) rate


s
1



safety coefficient


s
2



security coefficient

30

RELIABILITY MODEL

R(t)
Q(t)

Reliable State
Unreliable State



Continuous Markov model for a system without repair


31

SAFETY MODEL

R(t)
S
1
(t)
Q
S1
(t)
s
1


(1-s
1


Safety
Reliable
State
Safe
State
Unsafe
State
32

SECURITY MODEL

R(t)
S
2
(t)
Q
S
2
(t)
s
2


a
(1-s
2


a
Security
Reliable
State
Secure
State
Insecure
State
33

MICROSYSTEM ROBUSTNESS
MODEL

34

OUTLINE


Motivation


Infrastructure


Canada
-
US Project


School Bus Project


Biometrics


Formal Model


Application at Micro Level


Application at Macro Level


Cooperation Ideas


Contact Person

35

BIOMETRICS

36

FUNCTIONAL RELIABILITY
ENHANCEMENT

Q(t)
r
1
(t)
r
2
(t)

1

2
R(t)
Q*(t)
r
1
(t)
r
3
(t)

1

3
R*(t)

2
r
2
(t)
37

OPERATIONAL RELIABILITY
EVALUATION

38

OUTLINE


Motivation


Infrastructure


Canada
-
US Project


School Bus Project


Biometrics


Formal Model


Application at Micro Level


Application at Macro Level


Cooperation Ideas


Contact Person

39

CANADA
-
US CARGO SECURITY
PROJECT

Reliability in tunnels:

-

Structural Reliability e.g. two tunnels


40

CANADA
-
US CARGO SECURITY
PROJECT

Reliability in tunnels:

-

Functional Reliability e.g. increased number of lanes

41

CANADA
-
US CARGO SECURITY
PROJECT

Reliability in tunnels:

-

Operational reliability e.g. tunnel ventilation, radio access, etc.


42

ROBUSTNESS, SAFETY, AND
SECURITY IN TUNNELS


Protected tunnel 1:
guard (
S
2
1
)


Protected tunnel 2:
hazmat detection
(
S
2
2
)

Note that
S
2
i

(for the robustness model) correspond to risk
assessments

43

ROBUSTNESS, SAFETY, AND
SECURITY IN TUNNELS


Protected tunnel 3: guard and hazmat
detection (
S
2
3
)







+

44

ROBUSTNESS, SAFETY, AND
SECURITY IN TUNNELS


Protected tunnel 4:


SecuScan under vehicle monitoring system (S
2
4
)


(http://www.tcsintl.com/secuscan.htm)

45

ROBUSTNESS, SAFETY, AND
SECURITY IN TUNNELS


Protected tunnel 5: ID checking (biometric microsystem)
(S
2
5
)


Protected tunnel 6: a combination of all the above


(S
2
6
, S
2
6

S
2
1
+ S
2
2
+…+ S
2
5
)

46

OUTLINE


Motivation


Infrastructure


Canada
-
US Project


School Bus Project


Biometrics


Formal Model


Application at Micro Level


Application at Macro Level


Cooperation Ideas


Contact Person

47

COOPERATION IDEAS


Power management





IEEE Conference on Homeland Security

48

OUTLINE


Motivation


Infrastructure


Canada
-
US Project


School Bus Project


Biometrics


Formal Model


Application at Micro Level


Application at Macro Level


Cooperation Ideas



Contact Person

49

CONTACT PERSON



Dr. Andrzej Rucinski

andrzej.rucinski@unh.edu

arucinski@ni2.org



National Infrastructure Institute