Jay - NKOS

sounderslipInternet και Εφαρμογές Web

22 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 16 μέρες)

78 εμφανίσεις

1

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

OWL Mapping
Thesaurus Format

NEXT GENERATION KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZATION SYSTEMS:

INTEGRATION CHALLENGES AND STRATEGIES

The 7
th

Networked Knowledge Organization Systems (NKOS) Workshop


Joint Conference on Digital Libraries

June 10
-
11, 2005


Jay Ven Eman, Ph.D., CEO

Access Innovations, Inc.

j_ven_eman@accessinn.com

505
-
265
-
3591

505
-
256
-
1080 FAX

www.accessinn.com

www.dataharmony.com


2

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

OWL


Web Ontology Language


W3C Recommendation 10 February 2004


http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/Rec
-
owl
-
guide
-
20040210/


http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/Rec
-
owl
-
ref
-
20040210/


http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/Rec
-
webont
-
req
-
20040210/

3

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

OWL


“…is intended to provide a language that
can be used to describe


the classes and


relations between them


that are inherent in Web documents and
applications.”

4

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

OWL


Formalize a domain by defining


Classes


Properties of those classes


Define individuals


Assert properties about them


Reason about these


Classes and


Individuals


5

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

Ontology


From philosophy


the science of describing


Kinds of entities in the world


How they are related


6

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

OWL Ontology


May include


Classes


Properties


Instances


Capture semantics


Multiple, distributed, related ontology schema


Normative OWL exchange syntax RDF/XML


Resource Description Framework/Extensible Markup
Language

7

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

Taxonomy, Thesaurus, & Ontology


Taxonomies and thesauri are not ontologies


They are entities or “conceptualizations”


Ontology


science of describing kinds of
entities


For thesauri and taxonomies


“a specification of a conceptualization”

8

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

Taxonomy, Thesaurus, & Ontology


OWL output


Provides semantic meaning to these kinds of entities or
conceptualizations


Web resource


Accessible to automated processes

Hierarchical View

Term

10

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

DH OWL Output

Open DHProject.owl

11

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

DHProject.owl


<!DOCTYPE rdf:RDF [


<!ENTITY rdf "http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22
-
rdf
-
syntax
-
ns#" >


<!ENTITY owl "http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#" >


<!ENTITY xsd "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > ]>


<rdf:RDF


xmlns

="http://localhost/owlfiles/DHProject#"


xmlns:DHProject ="http://localhost/owlfiles/DHProject#"


xmlns:base ="http://localhost/owlfiles/DHProject#"


xmlns:owl ="http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#"


xmlns:rdf ="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22
-
rdf
-
syntax
-
ns#"


xmlns:rdfs="http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf
-
schema#"


xmlns:xsd ="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#">



<owl:Ontology rdf:about="">


<rdfs:comment>OWL export from MAIstro</rdfs:comment>


<rdfs:label>DHProject Ontology</rdfs:label>


</owl:Ontology>



<owl:Class rdf:ID="Term"/>


<owl:Class rdf:ID="PreferredTerm">



<rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="#Term"/>


</owl:Class>


<owl:Class rdf:ID="NonPreferredTerm">



<rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="#Term"/>


</owl:Class>


<owl:Class rdf:ID="StatusValue"/>


<owl:ObjectProperty rdf:ID="BroaderTerm">



<rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#PreferredTerm"/>



<rdfs:range rdf:resource="#PreferredTerm"/>


</owl:ObjectProperty>

Declaration

XML entities

Default namespace

Current ontology

Base URI for this document

Namespaces for rdf, rdfs, & xsd

Ontology header

Thesaurus Specification

12

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

DHProject.owl


<owl:ObjectProperty rdf:ID="NarrowerTerm">



<owl:inverseOf rdf:resource="#BroaderTerm"/>


</owl:ObjectProperty>


<owl:ObjectProperty rdf:ID="Status">



<rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#PreferredTerm"/>



<rdfs:range rdf:resource="#StatusValue"/>


</owl:ObjectProperty>


<StatusValue rdf:ID="Candidate"/>


<StatusValue rdf:ID="Accepted"/>


<StatusValue rdf:ID="Deleted"/>


<owl:ObjectProperty rdf:ID="Related_Term">



<rdf:type rdf:resource="&owl;SymmetricProperty"/>



<rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#PreferredTerm"/>



<rdfs:range rdf:resource="#PreferredTerm"/>


</owl:ObjectProperty>


<owl:ObjectProperty rdf:ID="USE">



<rdf:type rdf:resource="&owl;FunctionalProperty"/>



<rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#NonPreferredTerm"/>



<rdfs:range rdf:resource="#PreferredTerm"/>


</owl:ObjectProperty>


<owl:ObjectProperty rdf:ID="Non
-
Preferred_Term">



<owl:inverseOf rdf:resource="#USE"/>


</owl:ObjectProperty>


<owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:ID="Scope_Note">



<rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#PreferredTerm"/>



<rdfs:range rdf:resource="&xsd;string"/>


</owl:DatatypeProperty>


<owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:ID="Editorial_Note">



<rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Term"/>



<rdfs:range rdf:resource="&xsd;string"/>


</owl:DatatypeProperty>

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Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

DHProject.owl


<owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:ID="Facet">



<rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Term"/>



<rdfs:range rdf:resource="&xsd;string"/>


</owl:DatatypeProperty>


<NonPreferredTerm rdf:ID="T1">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Agribusiness</rdfs:label>



<USE rdf:resource="T2" DHProject:alpha="Agriculture"/>


</NonPreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T2">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Agriculture</rdfs:label>



<Non
-
Preferred_Term rdf:resource="#T1" DHProject:alpha="Agribusiness"/>



<Non
-
Preferred_Term rdf:resource="#T3" DHProject:alpha="Agronomy"/>



<Non
-
Preferred_Term rdf:resource="#T38" DHProject:alpha="Farming"/>


</PreferredTerm>


<NonPreferredTerm rdf:ID="T3">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Agronomy</rdfs:label>



<USE rdf:resource="T2" DHProject:alpha="Agriculture"/>


</NonPreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T4">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">American music</rdfs:label>



<BroaderTerm rdf:resource="#T73" DHProject:alpha="Music styles"/>



<Related_Term rdf:resource="#T30" DHProject:alpha="Country and western music"/>



<Related_Term rdf:resource="#T57" DHProject:alpha="Jazz music"/>



<Related_Term rdf:resource="#T109" DHProject:alpha="Rhythm and blues music"/>



<Related_Term rdf:resource="#T112" DHProject:alpha="Rock music"/>


</PreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T5">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Architecture</rdfs:label>



<BroaderTerm rdf:resource="#T128" DHProject:alpha="Visual and performing arts"/>


</PreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T6">

End of Ontology Specification

Hierarchical View

Term

15

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

DHProject.owl


<owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:ID="Facet">



<rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Term"/>



<rdfs:range rdf:resource="&xsd;string"/>


</owl:DatatypeProperty>


<NonPreferredTerm rdf:ID="T1">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Agribusiness</rdfs:label>



<USE rdf:resource="T2" DHProject:alpha="Agriculture"/>


</NonPreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T2">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Agriculture</rdfs:label>



<Non
-
Preferred_Term rdf:resource="#T1" DHProject:alpha="Agribusiness"/>



<Non
-
Preferred_Term rdf:resource="#T3" DHProject:alpha="Agronomy"/>



<Non
-
Preferred_Term rdf:resource="#T38" DHProject:alpha="Farming"/>


</PreferredTerm>


<NonPreferredTerm rdf:ID="T3">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Agronomy</rdfs:label>



<USE rdf:resource="T2" DHProject:alpha="Agriculture"/>


</NonPreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T4">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">American music</rdfs:label>



<BroaderTerm rdf:resource="#T73" DHProject:alpha="Music styles"/>



<Related_Term rdf:resource="#T30" DHProject:alpha="Country and western music"/>



<Related_Term rdf:resource="#T57" DHProject:alpha="Jazz music"/>



<Related_Term rdf:resource="#T109" DHProject:alpha="Rhythm and blues music"/>



<Related_Term rdf:resource="#T112" DHProject:alpha="Rock music"/>


</PreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T5">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Architecture</rdfs:label>



<BroaderTerm rdf:resource="#T128" DHProject:alpha="Visual and performing arts"/>


</PreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T6">

16

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

DHProject.owl



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Band music</rdfs:label>



<BroaderTerm rdf:resource="#T55" DHProject:alpha="Instrumental music"/>



<Related_Term rdf:resource="#T7" DHProject:alpha="Bands (Music)"/>


</PreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T7">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Bands (Music)</rdfs:label>



<BroaderTerm rdf:resource="#T81" DHProject:alpha="Musical groups"/>



<Related_Term rdf:resource="#T111" DHProject:alpha="Rock groups"/>



<Related_Term rdf:resource="#T6" DHProject:alpha="Band music"/>


</PreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T8">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Baroque music</rdfs:label>



<BroaderTerm rdf:resource="#T73" DHProject:alpha="Music styles"/>


</PreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T9">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Bluegrass music</rdfs:label>



<BroaderTerm rdf:resource="#T30" DHProject:alpha="Country and western music"/>



<Non
-
Preferred_Term rdf:resource="#T40" DHProject:alpha="Flat picking"/>


</PreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T10">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Brass instruments</rdfs:label>



<BroaderTerm rdf:resource="#T82" DHProject:alpha="Musical instruments"/>


</PreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T11">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Business</rdfs:label>


</PreferredTerm>


<PreferredTerm rdf:ID="T12">



<rdfs:label xml:lang="en">Chamber music</rdfs:label>



<BroaderTerm rdf:resource="#T55" DHProject:alpha="Instrumental music"/>



<Related_Term rdf:resource="#T13" DHProject:alpha="Chamber music groups"/>


</PreferredTerm>

17

Copyright © 2005 Access Innovations, Inc.

Thank you!

Questions?

OWL Mapping Thesaurus Format



NEXT GENERATION KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZATION SYSTEMS:

INTEGRATION CHALLENGES AND STRATEGIES

The 7
th

Networked Knowledge Organization Systems (NKOS)
Workshop


Joint Conference on Digital Libraries

June 10
-
11, 2005


Jay Ven Eman, Ph.D., CEO

Access Innovations, Inc.

j_ven_eman@accessinn.com

505
-
265
-
3591

505
-
256
-
1080 FAX

www.accessinn.com

www.dataharmony.com