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CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Chapter 2.1
-
2.2:

Privacy I



See Dilbert cartoons about privacy:

http://dilbert.com/strips/comic/2010
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05
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06/


http://dilbert.com/strips/comic/2008
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06
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20/




1

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 1

Which of the following is a key aspect of privacy,
according to the book:

A.
Freedom from surveillance

B.
Control of information about oneself

C.
Freedom from surveillance

D.
All of the above


2

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 1 Answer

D: All of the above (p. 45, 3 bullet points)

3

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 2

Suppose that, for a he government
requestsBecause

of the possibility of


, privacy violations can occur even if a
search engine company does not associate
queries with people’s names.


4

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 2

In a court case discussed in the book, the government
asked Google to release people’s search queries in order
to crack down on material deemed harmful to minors.
Was this be a violation of privacy?

A.
No, because the search queries can be released
without identifying information (“
anonymized
”)

B.
No, because it is impossible to link a search query to
the person who made the search.

C.
Yes, because even if the search queries are stripped of
identifying information, it is still possible to link some
of the queries to the people who made them.

D.
None of the above.



5

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 2 Answer/

Quiz Question 3

(C): “It was not difficult to deduce the identity of
some people, especially those who searched
on their own name or address. A process
called



identified others” (p. 49). In
this process, one identifies the individual from
a set of anonymous data.

A. Identity tracking

B. Re
-
identification

C. Identity deduction

D.
Unanonymizing

6

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 3 Answer

(B) “Re
-
identification means identifying the
individual from a set of anonymous data” (p.
49).

7

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 4

According to the book, the collection of personal
information about a person without the person’s
knowledge is known as

A.
Invisible information gathering

B.
Personal data scraping

C.
Private data surveillance

D.
Data Mining

E.
None of the above

8

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 4 Answer/

Quiz Question 5

(A): Invisible information gathering (p. 50)

Which of the following is a technique used for
invisible information gathering?

A.

Internet Service Provider data logs

B.

Cookies

C.

Supermarket club cards

D.

Event data recorders in cars

E.

All of the above





9

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 5 Answer

E: All of the above (see p. 51).


Now let’s focus on online behavior…


10

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Is Our Online Behavior Private?

(Small Group Exercise


5 minutes)


“Anything we do online is recorded, at least
briefly, and linked to our computer, if not our
name.


With your group, identify the benefits and
drawbacks of this.


Do you want your online data to be tracked?
Is there a way you can prevent your online
behavior from being tracked?


Be prepared to discuss your conclusions

11

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Online Invisible Information Gathering
In the News!

Can anyone tell us about an announcement that
was made
yesterday

that could impact your
privacy on the web?


(Marketplace 1/24/11 Podcast: 3:32)

12

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 6

The following privacy policy requires businesses to
obtain explicit consent from a person for each use
of the person’s personal information (by, e.g.,
checking a box):

A.
Informed consent

B.
Implied consent

C.
Opt in

D.
Opt out

E.
None of the above

13

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 6 Answer

C: Opt
-
in (p. 53).


What about when people use an internet site
that provides a free service with no explicit end
-
user agreement? What would be a reasonable
business policy in this case?

14

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 7

According to the book, the following is a provision
of the Privacy Act of 1974:

A.
It requires private sector companies to publish
notice of their record systems

B.
It allows disclosure of a person’s information
without his or her consent

C.
It allows people to access their records and to
correct inaccurate information

D.
All of the above

E.
None of the above

15

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 7 Answer/

Quiz Question 8

C: See third bullet in Figure 2.3, top of p. 59.


16

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 8

According to the book, surveillance cameras
have the following documented outcomes:

A.
They have helped reduce all types of crime

B.
They have helped reduce vehicle crime

C.
They have achieved face
-
recognition
accuracy in excess of 80 percent

D.
All of the above

E.
None of the above

17

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 8 Answer

B: In 2005, the British government found that
“the only successful use of [surveillance]
cameras was in parking lots where they
helped reduce vehicle crime” (p. 74).


Can you think of another successful use of
surveillance cameras?

18

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 9

The supreme court case
Katz v. United States (1967)
clarified the Fourth Amendment by ruling that

A.
It applies to wiretaps

B.
It applies only to physical intrusion and search
and seizure of physical items

C.
It requires a court order to access personal
items available through technological means

D.
It applies to conversations held in public places
in some situations

E.
None of the above

19

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 9 Answer

D: “In Katz v. United States, the Supreme
Court…ruled that the Fourth Amendment
does apply to conversations and that it applies
in public places in some situations.


What about
Kyllo

v.
Unitied

States (2001)? What
did it say about the use of thermal imaging
devices to identify pot plants?

20

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 10

The following was a key provision of the USA PATRIOT Act:

A.
It allowed the FBI to obtain various kinds of records
using documents called National Security Letters
(NSLs).

B.
It significantly expanded the FBI’s authority to issue
NSLs.

C.
It allowed recipients of NSLs to disclose that they
have received them.

D.
It prevented NSLs from soliciting a person’s credit
report

E.
None of the above

21

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Quiz Question 10 Answer

B: “The PATRIOT Act significantly expanded FBI
authority to issue NSLs” (p. 71).

22

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Privacy Case Study 1 (Clicker)

Ex. 2.9, p. 130
: A company that supplies filtering software
to schools to block access to objectionable websites sold
statistical data about the websites visited by school
children. The data did not identify the children or individual
schools. Was this a privacy violation?

A.
Yes

B.
No

C.
Unsure

Why or why not? Discuss with group for 5 min.; apply
ethical frameworks and privacy principles on p. 54


23

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Privacy Case Study 2 (Clicker)

Ex. 2.14, p. 130
: People who fled hurricane Katrina left
behind and lost important documents and records such as
birth certificates, c4redit cars, property records, and
emplyment

records. A U.S agency proposed a new database
where people could voluntarily store essential personal
records in case of natural disasters. Is this a good idea?

A.
Yes

B.
No

C.
Unsure

Discuss pros and cons with group for 5 min.; apply ethical
frameworks and privacy principles on p. 54


24

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Privacy Case Study 3 (Clicker)

Ex. 2.16, p. 131
: A city government wants to track down
people who run small businesses and do not pay the city’s
$125 business license fee. The city hired a private detective
to obtain IRS tax
recors

of city residents and determine who
has reported small
-
business income to the IRS but paid the
license. Should this action by the city be permitted?

A.
Yes

B.
No

C.
Unsure

Discuss arguments for and against with group for 5 min.;
apply ethical frameworks and privacy principles on p. 54


25

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

Team Building


You must be on a team of 4, and have a topic, by
the time you leave class today!


On the white board, I have written 26 numbers
corresponding to the 26 topics listed on the term
project description document


Go to the number corresponding to the topic you
would like to select, or pitch an idea now


When you have found a team and a topic, write
your team name, members’ names (with team
leader designated), and topic down on a sheet of
paper and hand to instructor

26

CptS

401, Spring 2011

1/25/2011

For Thursday In
-
Class Activity...


Make sure someone in your group brings a
digital camera to class! Your group can’t get
credit for the activity without one.


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