MCS Graduate Profile 2013 - National University of Science and ...

smileplinkΛογισμικό & κατασκευή λογ/κού

31 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

566 εμφανίσεις


i




ii





iii


TABLE OF CONTENTS

PROJECT ABSTRACTS


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (TELECOMMUNICATION)

1.


4TH GENERATION LTE 2X2 MIMO OFDM BICM COMMUNICATION
SYSTEM

2

2.


A PROTOTYPE FOR EYE BALL CONTROLLED
WHEELCHAIR

3

3.


ADVANCED LTE
-
MODEM DESIGN WITH INTERFERENCE
CANCELLATION

4

4.


AUTOMATIC ACCIDENT DETECTION AND REPORTING SYSTEM
USING GSM AND GPS

5

5.


ANDROID BASED APPLICATION FOR HOME AUTOMATION,
SECURITY SURVEILLANCE AND MONITORING

6

6.


SOFTWARE DEFINED
RADAR FOR HUMAN MOVEMENT
CHARACTERIZATION IN INDOOR ENVIRONMENT

7

7.


COGNITIVE MIMO RADIOS

8

8.


BEACON AVALANCHE

9

9.


AUTOMATIC ALLIGNMENT OF MICROWAVE DISH ANTENNAS

10

10.


AUTOMATED FACE RECOGNITION SYSTEM

11

11.


DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF WIRELESS FINGERPRINT
RECOGNITION BASED ATTENDANCE SYSTEM

12

12.


DESIGN OF GSM BASED REMOTE SUPERVISION OF DEMENTIA
PATIENTS

13

13.


COMMERCIAL MODEL FOR CONTROLLING HOME APPLIANCES
WITH GSM SUPPORT

14

14.


EAVESDROPPING SYSTEM USING LASER

15

15.


DEVELOPMENT OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS
FOR MOTION
DETECTION

16

16.


DEVELOPMENT OF DATA MODEM FOR GSM VOICE CHANNEL

17

17.


DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF ADAPTIVE SMART ANTENNA
SYSTEM

18

18.


IMPLEMENTATION OF VIRTUAL TABLE TENNIS

19

19.


IMPLEMENTATION OF SPACE
-
TIME BLOCK CODES (STBC) USING
USRPs

20

20.


HARDWARE IMPLEMENTATION OF RELAYS IN A QUASI
-
4G
WIRELESS LINK

21

21.


HARDWARE IMPLEMENTATION OF FOG/HAZE REMOVAL SYSTEM

22

22.


MOVING TARGET DETECTION AND LOCKING WITH MOVING AND
23


iv


STILL CAMERA

23.


INTEGRATED SECURITY SYSTEM

24

24.


SCA COMPLIANT HF WAVEFORM
DEVELOPMENT FOR
SOFTWARE DEFINED RADIO

25

25.


PORTABLE GROUND PENETRATING RADAR (GPR) PROTOTYPE

26

26.


NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EMERGENCY RESPONDERS

27

27.


MULTI
-
BIOMETRIC ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM

28

28.


OPTIMUM POWERING OF BTS THROUGH SOLAR TRACKING
(WITH DATA LOGGING)

29

29.


DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF ANDROID BASED HARDWARE
DEVICE FOR CAFÉ MENU DISPLAY AND ORDERING SERVICES

30

30.


SWITCHED BEAM ANTENNA ARRAY USING BUTLER MATRIX
PHASE SHIFTER

31

31.


VOICE COMMUNICATION OVER ZIGBEE

32

32.


WIRELESS USER IDENTIFIER AND AZIMUTHAL
LOCATION
ESTIMATOR

33

33.


VELOCITY & RANGE FINDER USING BI
-
STATIC RADAR SYSTEM

34

34.


TRUNK CONJOINED GSM BASED PRIVATE NETWORK

35

35.


THROUGH THE WALL IMAGING RADAR

36

36.


IMPLEMENTATION OF AES ENCRYPTOR/DECRYPTOR ON FPGA

37

37.


GSM LANDLINE SWITCH

38

38.


METRO
ETHERNET RING AT MCS

39


SOF
TWARE ENGINEERING

39.


MILEYE

A MILITARY INFORMATION SYSTEM

41

40.


AUTOMATED SIGN LANGUAGE RECOGNITION SYSTEM

42

41.


AUTOMATIC REPORT GENERATING SYSTEM

43

42.


CLOUD PARALLEL COMPUTING USING UNIX OPERATING
SYSTEMS

44

43.


DATA LOSS
PROTECTION

45

44.


E
-
LEARNING SYSTEM

46

45.


FINDIT


GEOLOCATION BASED SERVICE DIRECTORY

47

46.


HIDDEN ACTIVITY LOGGER WITH ROOTKIT

48

47.


HMMPAYL AN ANOMALY BASED IDS

49

48.


HTML OBFUSCATION

50

49.


INTEGRATED SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

51

50.


KINECT BASED VIRTUAL
COMBAT TRAINING (KIVICT)

52

51.


CLOUD BASED DATA MANAGEMENT APPLICATION FOR PEER
53


v


TO PEER NETWORKS (LAB CLOUD)

52.


ONLINE EXAMINATION AND ASSESSMENT SYSTEM

54

53.


PANORAMIC STREET VIEW

55

54.


SECURE ELECTRONIC VOTING SYSTEM

56

55.


SMART PHONE APPLICATION FOR
VISUALIZATION OF
HISTORICAL PERSONALITIES NETWORKS

57

56.


SMART CLASSROOM

58

57.


SPYDROID

59

58.


SIGNAL REPAIR AND TRAINING WORKSHOP (SRTW) RECORD
AUTOMATION SYSTEM

60

59.


URL FILTERING IN BROADBAND ACCESS TECHNOLOGIES
(URLFIBAT)

61

60.


PREVIEWING 3D DÉCOR CHANGES
ON ANDROID OS

62


GRADUATE PROFILE

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (TELECOMMUNICATION)

61.


AAMINA HASSAN

64

62.


AATQA HUSSAIN

65

63.


ABDUL WAHEED

66

64.


ABEERA NAVEED

67

65.


ADEEL MALIK

68

66.


ADIL KHAN

69

67.


ADIL MUNIR

70

68.


AFIRA HASNAIN

71

69.


AFSHEEN AHMED

72

70.


AHMED ALTAF

73

71.


ALI ABID KAZMI

74

72.


AMNA JAMIL

75

73.


AMNA RIAZ

76

74.


FAIZAN TALLAT

77

75.


FAIZ KHALID LODHI

78

76.


HAFIZ MUHAMMAD ABUBAKR SAEED

79


vi


77.


HASSAN MASOOD

80

78.


HASSNAIN ALI CHOHAN

81

79.


HIRA SHAHID

82

80.


IRFAN YOUSAF KHOKHAR

83

81.


JAWAD KHALID

84

82.


MASOOD AHMED PANSOTA

85

83.


MIAN BILAL MAHMOOD

86

84.


MOHSIN TANVEER

87

85.


MUHAMMAD ABDULLAH

88

86.


MUHAMMAD AHSEN

89

87.


MUHAMMAD ALI ANSARI

90

88.


MUHAMMAD ALI

91

89.


MUHAMMAD ASAD FAROOQ

92

90.


MUHAMMAD AWAIS

93

91.


MUHAMMAD FAISAL KAUKAB

94

92.


MUHAMMAD FARHAN AHMED

95

93.


MUHAMMAD HASSAAN
AFZAL

96

94.


MUHAMMAD HARIS

97

95.


M. IJLAL BAIG

98

96.


MUHAMMAD MUBASHAR

99

97.


MUHAMMAD SAAD ASLAM

100

98.


MUHAMMAD SALMAN

101

99.


MUHAMMAD SOHAIB HASSAN

102

100.


MUHAMMAD UMAR LUQMAN

103

101.


MUHAMMAD UMER

104

102.


MUHAMMAD WAHAB

105

103.


MUHAMMAD ZAEEM ASLAM BAJWA

106

104.


MUNEEB AHMED SAHI

107

105.


MUSHAHID HUSSAIN

108

106.


NAIMATULLAH MEMON

109


vii


107.


NAJAM ALI

110

108.


NAQASH AHMED BAIG

111

109.


NARMEEN SHAFQAT

112

110.


NIDA RIAZ

113

111.


NOMAN KHAN

114

112.


RABIA AHMEDDIN

115

113.


RABIA FATIMA

116

114.


RAMSHA AHMED

117

115.


RANO MAL

118

116.


RIDAH NASEEM

119

117.


SADAF NAZ

120

118.


SAJJAL AKRAM

121

119.


SALEHA SHAFIQUE

122

120.


SOHAIL NAWAZ

123

121.


TAHA HUSSAIN

124

122.


TALHA ARSHED

125

123.


UMER DRAZ SAHI

126

124.


USMAN KHAN

127

125.


WARDA KHAN

128

126.


ZAHRA ARSHAD

129

127.


ZAIB UN NISA HAFEEZ

130

128.


BUKHTAWAR MIR

131

129.


MUSTAFA WAQAR

132


SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

130.


NABEEL ABBAS

134

131.


AHMED ABDUL REHMAN

135

132.


SAAD ABDULLAH GONDAL

136

133.


MUHAMMAD ALI AZHAR

137


viii


134.


TALHA ARSHAD

138

135.


RUBA ASLAM

139

136.


TANZEELA BILAL

140

137.


SYED DANISH AZEEM

141

138.


HAFSA HAFEEZ

142

139.


KHALID HAMEED

143

140.


SEHREEN JAFRY

144

141.


HAMZAH JAVED

145

142.


RAMSHA KHAN

146

143.


SARA KHURSHID

147

144.


ZAGHAM MEHMOOD

148

145.


ZAINUB MUMTAZ

149

146.


ADNAN MUNIR

150

147.


MUHAMMAD IMTIAZ QUMAR

151

148.


MAIRA RAHMAN

152

149.


FAISAL RAZA PREMI

153

150.


AFTAB AHMED SAJID

154

151.


SAIFULLAH SAJJAD

155

152.


WAQAR
SALEEM

156

153.


RIDA SAMEE

157

154.


HIRA SHAHZAD

158

155.


MUHAMMAD UMER KHAN

159

156.


MUHAMMAD WAQAS BHATTI

160

157.


ZAINAB ABBAS

161

158.


MOAZ SAEED

162

159.


MARIA ABDULLAH ABBASI

163

160.


TABRAIZ AHMAD

164

161.


MUDASSER AJAZ

165

162.


IQRA AROOJ

166

163.


ANAM SAUD

167


ix


164.


MUHAMMAD NAEEM ASIF

168

165.


ZULQARNAIN BUTT

169

166.


ZAHRA NADEEM DAR

170

167.


SYED FAIZAN ALI

171

168.


SANA FATIMA

172

169.


DANYAL SAJID

173

170.


DANYAL SAJID

174

171.


AASIA SANA

175

172.


MATI UR RAB

176

173.


TEHREEM NISA

177

174.


SREMAN QAMAR

178

175.


MUHAMMAD UMAIR

179

176.


HASNAT AHMED

180

177.


MUHAMMAD MASHOOD TANVEER

181

178.


YOUSAF BILAL

182

179.


SAAD AZIZ

183


1




BE ELECTRICAL

(TELECOMMUNICATION)


ABSTRACTS


FINAL YEAR DESIGN PROJECTS

201
3





DEPARTMENT OF
ELECTRICAL
ENGINEERING

MILITARY COLLEGE
OF SIGNALS



2



4th Generation LTE 2x2 MIMO OFDM BICM Communication System

We have
developed a baseline LTE 2x2 system, i.e. a transmitter and receiver
equipped with two antennas each. System employs the basic features of the physical
layer of LTE, i.e. bit interleaved coded modulation (BICM) combined with orthogonal
frequency division m
ultiplexing (OFDM) scheme as mentioned in the standardization
document 3GPP TS 36.211 V8.6.0 (2009
-
03).

Transmission from the two transmit antennas is based on spatial multiplexing, i.e. two
spatial streams will be transmitted. It enhances the data rate as

compared to SISO
(single input single output) system. For reception, we focused on four receiver
structures as single
-
user receiver, minimum mean square error (MMSE), zero forcing
(ZF), max log MAP receiver,

The project was initially developed in Matlab/
GNU radio. In the second phase, it is
implemented on USRP kits & can act as test bed for different receiver structures.


Syndicate Members:

Husnain Ishtiaq

Mushahid Hussain

Muhammad Mubashar

Supervisor:

Lt. Col Dr Adnan Ahmed Khan






3



A prototype for eye ball controlled wheelchair

Living at a safe place and secure house has always been the desire of a human being.
In our project, wheelchair has been controlled by the specific movement of eyes with the
partici
pation of the head. Entire mechanism of controlling wheelchair has been divided
into two portions. Forwarding, reversing and stopping of the wheelchair has been
controlled by head while turning to right or left of the wheelchair has been controlled by
the
eyes. For example, if the patient turns his eyes to left wheelchair will turn to left and
if patient moves his eyes to right wheelchair will turn to right.

A special camera holder has been made to hold the camera. Person wears this camera
holder at his hea
d and a camera is fixed in front of his one eye. This camera is
interfaced with computer as well as with software (MATLAB) running in the computer.
Computer is further interfaced with microcontroller using parallel communication. This
control section drive
s the motors of wheelchair according to the input signal. Entire
control system is divided into different operation modes in which controls and
wheelchair response are different to make control system very easy that cause no extra
burden for disabled perso
n.


Syndicate Members:

NC Muhammad Awais

NC Ranomal

Maj. Waqas Chaudhry

Supervisor:

Lt. Col Dr Abdul Ghafoor






4



Advanced LTE
-
Modem Design with Interference Cancellation

Modern Trends in communication systems necessitate higher data
rates and increased
reliability. 4
th

Generation wireless systems & protocols are targeting to achieve these
objectives by more aggressive use of spectrum which leads to interference
-
limited
scenarios. Effective mitigation of these interferences is necessar
y to achieve the
objectives of high spectral efficiency. Interference Mitigation is the currently the focus of
attention of both academia and industry. This project will look at interference mitigation
through advanced receiver structure.

This project shal
l develop two transmitters (Txs) and a receiver (Rx) where the
transmitters will be single antennas while receiver will be equipped with multiple
antennas (possibly two or more). The system will be quasi compliant with 4G wireless
system (3GPP LTE
-

Third
generation partnership project long term evolution), i.e., it will
based on the key features of Physical layer of LTE, i.e. bit interleaved coded modulation
(BICM) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) based transmission system.

Tx
-
1and Rx will

form a transmitter
-
receiver pair whereas the signal of Tx
-
2 will be
interference for this pair. Standard transmitters will be built whereas for the receiver,
advanced detection algorithms in the form of interference
-
aware receivers will be
implemented. Pa
ssband processing will be performed on

Matlab and

USRP.



Syndicate Members:

NC Naimatullah

NC Muhammad Haris

GC Asad Amir Khan

Supervisor:

Lt. Col. Dr. Adnan Ahmed Khan

Co
-
Supervisor:

Maj Dr. Rizwan Ghaffar








5



Automatic Accident
Detection and Reporting System using GSM and GPS

Traffic has become an important event in the national interest now
-
a
-
days. We see that
a lot of life spoils in every accident because of typically long response time to access
the appropriate care that may b
e available if informed in
-
time.
Application of our project
can significantly shorten the response time of accident.
This is a platform for emergency
rescue which will operate optimally in order to reduce the golden time of arrival of
rescuers in case of
road accidents, when every micro
-
second counts.

Our project aims to present a technology automatically detecting the accident and a
hardware tracking device based on GSM/GPS technology informing

at the
occurrence

of accident with sufficient details like

ex
act location and time at which
accident happened. This project will establish a communication between the control
station and the unit installed in vehicles. Vehicles will have GPS/GSM enabled tracking
modules and will be tracked in real time using cellula
r networks. The software
embedded in the microcontroller will control the various operations of the device by
monitoring waveform from the vibration sensor. In case of accident the device will send
an alert message along with location data from GPS module
to control station using
GSM network.It is a comprehensive and effective solution to the poor rescue response
in case of accident.

The accident reporting can automatically find a traffic accident, search for the spot and
then send the basic information to
the rescue agency covering geographical coordinates
and the time and circumstances in which a traffic accident took place. At the server
end, a control function will extract relevant data and store it in a database, to which
accident information
from prototypes will be polled in real time. Our system combines
advanced hardware design and sophisticated control technology into a compact,
reliable package.


Syndicate Members:

NC Bukhtawar Mir

NC Rabia Ahmed

NC Ali Ansari

Supervisor:

Col. Dr. Adnan

Rashdi







6


Android Based Application for Home Automation, Security Surveillance and
Monitoring

A home that listens!

A home that responds!

A home that eavesdrops!

A novel & advance approach that deals with controlling a lot variety of home
appliances
from an Android device over Wi
-
Fi along with the security features that include:



Fire alarm alert



Gas alarm alert



Burglar alarm



Security surveillance


The main door lock
-
unlock access and video streaming from desirable areas of home
are in single tap’s length of phone from the user. The Android application is convenient,
user
-
friendly and effortless for the residents of home. Special features include:



Control of appliances manually as well



Manage the brightness of any of the light bulbs



Change fan speeds



Locks the unlocked main door in case of power failure

So a system, which automates your home, provides you with security alerts and live
video streams

from wanted part of home from your Android phone in a matter of taps, is
no more rich
-
man specific now!









Syndicate Members:

Amna Jamil

M. Hassaan Afzal

Najam Ali

Supervisor:

Lt. Col.Dr. Adnan Ahmed Khan




7



Software Defined
Radar for Human Movement Characterization in Indoor
Environment

Radar is a device that is used to detect objects using electromagnetic waves. Radar
sends a beam of pulses and by analyzing the reflected signal and calculating time for
the reflected wave, an

object’s size and location is detected.

Software defined Radar is based on the concept of Software Defined Radios, in which
hardware functionalities of radar are implemented in software and is called Radar
Waveform. This project will be implementing Rada
r waveform using USRP hardware
and the GNU radio framework for human movement characterization in indoor
environment.


Syndicate Members:

CJUO Zia Ullah Rabbani

SGT Azeem Rasheed

GC Muhammad Usman

Supervisor:

Dr Adnan Rashdi






8



COGNITIVE MIMO RADIOS

The concept of cognitive radio (CR) has been considered a promising paradigm from
the research community to achieve efficient use of the frequency resource by allowing
the coexistence of licensed (primary) and unlicensed (secondary) u
sers in the same
bandwidth. The spectrum usage is typically concentrated over certain portions of the
spectrum, while a significant amount of the licensed bands (or idle slots in static time
division multiple access (TDMA) systems with bursty traffic) rema
ins unused or under
-
utilized for 90% of time.

As the efficient spectrum utilization is one of the major objectives of Cognitive Radio, it
is reasonable to include Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) to the Cognitive Radios
system as MIMO system can prom
inently increase the spectral efficiency of a wireless
system.

The project aims fordesigning a system for unlicensed secondary users (SUs) to
dynamically access the unused white spaces in the licensed spectrum held by primary
users (PUs) in order to incre
ase the efficiency of spectrum utilization.



Syndicate Members:

NC Abeera Naveed

NC Zaib un Nisa Hafeez

CSM Haider Ali Naqvi

Supervisor:


Lt. Col Dr. Imran Rashid






9



BEACON AVALANCHE

The very recent unfortunate event at the Gayari
Sector, Siachen, created an eminent
and urgent need for an equipment gear required to search a victim under the snow
debris. This project is focused on making such equipment indigenously and makes
Pakistan Army stronger and self
-
reliant. Pakistan Army pers
onnel are at a great risk in
absence of this equipment.

The LOC and specifically Siachen are the areas with the greatest need of such
equipment. Instead of importing it, we must be capable of handling every situation by
ourselves.

So for this very reason
we are making a transceiver device which will send a signal from
the victim and the the other same device will receive it that will help us in locating the
victims and saving precious lives.


A beacon will be set once the frequency transmitted by the tr
ansceiver will be detected
at a victim’s location under the snow by using different localization techniques we will
locate our victim.



Syndicate Members:

GC

Ans Zubair

GC AbdulLatif

GC

Usman Farooq

Supervisor:

Maj Dr Adil Masood






10



AUTOMATIC ALLIGNMENT OF MICROWAVE DISH ANTENNAS

Establishing a MW link and operating it for optimal performance has been pivotal in the
present day world because of its enormous industrial applications. Keeping this in mind
and to overcome the challenges
posed by industrial application, an automated antenna
alignment that works without human intervention has been the focus of research

Project focuses on the solution of Microwave (MW) link alignment which has several
applications in modern communication sys
tems. MW communication is used for point to
point links with small wavelength and simultaneously compact antenna dimensions.
Assuring the automated alignment of antennas provides a better communication
between switching stations and allow its subscribers t
o communicate ceaselessly.
After
discussing

effects of downtime on a network at later stage a mechanism is investigated
which will reduce the downtime.

MW antenna used in communication systems is regularly affected by environmental
factor and generally by

wear and tear of mounts. These factors cause the precisely
directed antennas to be perturbed from respective main lobes. Larger antennas with
narrow main lobes require more sophisticated designing while smaller antennas have a
broader main lobe. An auto
mated antenna alignment that works without human
intervention can decrease the down time and ensure a reliable communication between
the near end and far end terminals of the B
ase Transceiver Station (BTS).


Syndicate Members:

Maj Mubashir

Abbas

GC Arif H
ussain

NC Naqash Ahmed Baig

Supervisor:

Lt Col. Abdul Rauf






11



AUTOMATED FACE RECOGNITION SYSTEM

Machine based face recognition can never surpass human facial recognition system
due to obvious reasons. There is, and will remain a room for improvement in terms of
efficiency or optimal recognition results. One of the major dilemmas of facial recognition

is its computational complexity. The problem is aggravated further for increased data
base even using state of the art machines.

In this project, Discrete Wavelet Transform will be applied prior to automate face
recognition algorithm that would reduce it
s computational complexity by a factor of four
with negligible degradation in results. The family of Daubechies will be investigated and
good bases in terms of efficiency with in the family of Daubechies will be executed in
AFR.

Automated face recognition

(AFR) is computationally complex and ill posed problem
that needs to be addressed for real time applications. High resolution images enhance
the computation complexity and envisage large feature vectors to be processed.
Another dilemma in this area is tha
t high dimensionality hampers the classification and
subsequently decision making process for recognition.

A number of dimensionality reduction techniques exist such as Principal Component
Analysis, yet even the optimal technique that exist in literature
does not suffice the
dimensionality reduction needs for real time scenario with limited resources. The
optimal wavelet basis for face recognition has yet not been explored in the literature and
is open for research. Therefore there is a dire need to use an

appropriate transform with
near optimal basis coupled with some optimal dimensionality reduction technique prior
to feature extraction for face recognition.

Various dimensionality reduction techniques that include Multiresolution Analysis, Eigen
spaces, P
rincipal Components Analysis, Discrete transformations and feature extraction
techniques suitable for pattern recognition. The projects on face recognition already
conducted are manual and lack applications in real time applications. The said
application e
ncompasses state of the art dimensionality reduction techniques that would
reduce computational complexity with a view to enhance its applications in real time
practical applications. So our aim is to develop an automated face recognition system
with reduc
ed computational complexity suitable for real time applications
.




Syndicate Members:

NC

Aatqa Hussain

PC Mohsin Tanveer

PC Adil Munir

Supervisor:

Lt Col. Dr. Imran To
u
qir


12



Design and Development of Wireless Fingerprint Recognition
based Attendance
System

A wireless fingerprint attendance system is to be designed and implemented. This
system is an application of the fingerprint verifying and RF wireless techniques and it is
mainly used for person identification. Attending people fini
sh their attendances by
pressing their fingerprints on sensor. After fingerprints' matching, system can transmit
users' attending records to managing PC in three modes: immediately, timing or
response. Then the managing software installed on PC manages to
process the
attending data and carries out the query or printing of data.

Fingerprint Verifying Module
: Capturing and Processing Fingerprints; Registering
Fingerprints; Modifying Fingerprints
: Deleting Fingerprints; Verifying/Identifying
Fingerprints.

Wire
less Communication Module
: Operating at bit rates up to 20kbit/s, effective
transmission distance over 1000m.

Man
-
Machine Interface and Other Hardware Design
: Includes keyboard and LCD
display system to input users' ID or commands; and to display date/time
, user ID, error,
status, system log.

Controlling Software Design
: Program for Initializing the setup, Fingerprint processing,
System Menu Management (Register/Delete/Modify Fingerprint , accessible only by
administrator), Wireless Communication Management

(Bit rate of communication, mode
of communication)

Transmission Protocol Design
: To do error correcting and detecting for wireless
transmission.


Syndicate Members:

Capt Atif Naveed

NC Adil Khan

PC Masood Ahmad

Supervisor:

Lec Ayesha Naureen






13



DESIGN OF GSM BASED REMOTE SUPERVISION OF DEMENTIA PATIENTS

The project undertaken is for the remote supervision of people (of older age) suffering
from Dementia. Dementia is
a serious loss
of global

cognitive
ability
. The overview of the
project is that the system notifies remotely if the Dementia patient leaves his/her home
or jurisdicted area or if he/she collapses.

A module will be attached to the patient that will contain the gravity sensors aswell as
the GPS to
know the location of the patient. If the patient moves out of the defined
perimeter or collapses a notification will be send remotely via GSM to a mobile device
.



Syndicate Members:

NC USMAN KHAN

CAPT. AKMAL HUSSAIN

CAPT. JAVED SARFRAZ

Supervisor:

ASST

PROF
.
MAJ (R)
FAZAL AHMED






14



Commercial Model for Controlling Home Appliances with GSM Support

The purpose of this project is to monitor and control electrical devices (Analog and
Digital) remotely using GSM modem/phone and through PC usin
g Serial port. The GSM
modem provides the communication mechanism between the user and the
microcontroller system through Short Message Service (SMS). User will be able to
control multiple electrical devices by sending suitably formatted SMS to the
microco
ntroller based control system. These SMS commands are interpreted by
microcontroller system and are validated. If the SMS command received is valid then it
takes the necessary action to control the said devices. This system also continuously
monitors the s
tatus of devices connected to it. If the user wants to know the status of
any device or all the devices, he may send a status message and microcontroller based
system automatically sends the SMS alerts back to the user indicating the status of the
devices/
all the devices.

The project involves comprehensive working on micro
-
controller, computer and
communication principles. It uses Smoke, light and IR sensors for controlling lights, and
various alarms. Water level sensor is used for automatic switching of wa
ter pump.
Serial communication is used for controlling home devices through PC.

This project also includes the usage of programming environment. MikroC is used for
programming microcontroller and Java has been used for transmitting serial data to
microcon
troller. Proteus has been used for simulation of the circuit and for the
developing PCB layout. We are also controlling the appliances wirelessly using
Bluetooth/Wi
-
Fi.


Syndicate Members:

NC Muhammad Umer

GC Ans Bin Saif

Capt Abdul Wahid Qamar

Supervisor:

Asst Prof. Maj®Fazal Ahmed







15


EAVESDROPPING SYSTEM USING LASER

The purpose of this project was to create an eavesdropping device that can be operated
by pointing a laser beam at a window and reconstructing the audio of a
conversation on
the other side of the window. The objective of the project was met by the design of a
system consisting of a Laser beam, Electronic circuitry and a DSP board for filtering.

During the period of six months research on various fields such as
optoelectronics,
optical transmission, amplification, modulation and designing has been carried out on
this project. A study on the photodetectors and laser types has been done for further
understanding on the working principals of laser, lenses and light
sensors. For
eavesdropping through laser beam and in order to collect the audio signal from the
target window; accuracy has been taken in the system design and in selecting
components. Based on simplicity and availability of components the system was
desig
ned.

Experiments have been carried out to test the performance of the circuit. Expected
outcomes from this project were successfully met and portable design on PCB board
and casing was build using a telescopic method. The drawback of the designed system
i
s that it should be used in line of sight eavesdropping and pointing the reflected beam
to the photodetector may takes time.



Syndicate Members:

Maj Hasnain Abbas Haider

Capt Akhtar Nawaz Khattak

Capt Ali Raza Khan

Supervisor:

Maj Dr. Adil Masood
Siddiqui

Co
-
Supervisor:

Lt Col Umar Khalid






16



DEVELOPMENT OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS FOR MOTION DETECTION

Wireless sensor networks consist of distributed, wirelessly enabled embedded devices
capable of employing a variety of electronic
sensors. Each node in a wireless sensor
network is equipped with one or more sensors in addition to a microcontroller, wireless
transceiver, and energy source. The microcontroller functions with the electronic
sensors as well as the transceiver to form an
efficient system for relaying small amounts
of important data with minimal power consumption.

Since most of the Security arrangements rely on human resources for the detection,
classification or tracking of the intimidation. These manual security measures
taken,
neither prove to be efficient nor capable to sense and response vigorously. There could
be many reasons, human beings sometimes cannot work efficiently due to weather
hazards, and it is hard to cover some areas manually round the clock or remote are
as
where human accessibility cannot be protracted. With these aggregated security
problems, situations have further degraded thereby demanding to induct the Modern
Technology of Wireless Sensor Networks to either substitute or supplement Humans.
The princi
ple aim of the project is to design a well
-
organized and proficient system in
comparison to the manual security arrangements undertaken by Human. This improved
Wireless Sensor Networks technology making use of its environmental Sensing and
data gathering c
apabilities can produce more justified and improved outcomes helping
Humans to combat against the most perceived security threats.

The project is to design and develop multi
-
role wireless sensor modules with multiple
internal and external sensors integrate
d, provided with the onboard processing along
with optimum communication system / networking and routing protocols. After the initial
deployment, sensor nodes are organized in an appropriate network infrastructure. The
onboard sensors start collecting acou
stic, vibration and magnetic information about the
environment, and send back data to the network data
Processing Station
. As a proof of
concept we have applied it on security and surveillance applications


Syndicate Members:

Ramsha Ahmed

Amna Riaz

Hafiz
Abubakar Saeed

Supervisor:

Dr. Ashraf Masood







17



DEVELOPMENT OF DATA MODEM FOR GSM VOICE CHANNEL


We have developed a modem that transmits digital data through Global System for
Mobile communications (GSM) voice channel. While the cellular revolution has made
voice connectivity ubiquitous in the developing world, data services are largely absent
or are

prohibitively expensive. The modem provides a point
-
to
-
point data connectivity
solution that works by modulating data onto acoustic signals that are sent over a cellular
voice call. The main challenge is that most voice codec’s greatly distort signals tha
t are
not voice
-
like; furthermore, the backhaul can be highly heterogeneous and of low
quality, thereby introducing unpredictable distortions. The modem modulates data over
the extremely narrow
-
band (approximately 3 kHz bandwidth) acoustic carrier, while
b
eing severely constrained by the requirement that the resulting sound signals are
voice
-
like, as far as the voice codec’s are concerned.

Designing a set of time
-
symbols is an off line procedure with the aim of minimizing
symbol detection error. The introd
uced modem encodes data into voice
-
like symbols to
be transmitted over GSM voice channel and the received voice
-
like symbols are
decoded back to data. This modem is useful in real
-
time data communication with high
priority.


Syndicate Members:

NC Zahra Ar
shad ( Te
-
46c)

NC Hassnain Ali Chohan (Te
-
46c)

PC Umar Luqman (Te
-
46b)

Supervisor:

Brig. Dr. Ashraf Masood







18



Design and implementation of adaptive smart antenna system

A dual element antenna array resonating at 2.4 GHz with narrow beam has been
designed. An intention to put forward this work is to make use of microstrip patch
antennas in beamforming to form directional beams in digital domains. Co
-
channel /
multipath int
erferences are reduced and Quality of Service (QoS) is improved for senor
arrays and 3G wireless networks. The size of dual element antenna array used is 60 x
130 mm2. Simulations in HFSS (High Frequency Structure Simulator) showed least
mutual coupling am
ong adjacent elements and prototypes have been fabricated using
FR4 to verify the efficiency of the presented work for IEEE 802.11b/g WLAN standards.
Simulation of adaptive beamforming is achieved using the LMS algorithm in MATLAB
for directing the main be
am towards the desired source signals and generating deep
nulls in the directions of interfering signals.

The smart antenna system designed involves real time data measurements of
the incident signals received by the sensor array using two WLAN cards and
LABVIEW
software. A CLIENT
-
SERVER interface has been designed in LABVIEW for transmitting
and receiving a sinusoidal signal in real time. SIMULINK is used for simulation of real
time data bits received using LMS filter. Results obtained verify the improved

performance of the smart antenna system when the practical measurements of the
signal environment surrounding the sensor array are used.


Syndicate Members:

Maj Mir Majid Iqbal

Capt Tariq Ahmed Bangash

N
C

Faizan Tallat

Supervisor:

Engr Muhammad Asim Rasheed



19



Implementation of Virtual Table Tennis

For a past decade there has been considerable development in the field of virtual
games. Keeping in mind the shifting trend towards virtual games, implementation of
Virtual Table Tennis involves the development of visually attractive, user friendly virtual

game in which the user physically interact with the game thus lessening the monotony
of keyboard or mouse controlled games as they have long
-

lost its appeal to the users.

The game is based on real time video processing. A virtual game is developed in wh
ich
three dimensional movements of paddle are translated into two dimensional world of
computer screen. A wireless real paddle moving in space is used as a controller instead
of keyboard or mouse to input the speed and direction in which the ball is to be
hit. The
project’s interface (playfield) shows the ball moving with the speed and in the direction
as input by the user using the real paddle. The user will hit the ball into screens playfield
using Paddle, the ball will then be hit back to the user by the

opponent. Either the user
wins or loses which is decided on the base of game rule.

It can be used as trainer for starters thus the compulsion of having a table and other
playing accessories is no more there. This can also be used by physically disabled
people.


Syndicate Members:

Rabia Fatima

Aamina Hassan

Mustafa Waqar

Supervisor:

Dr. Muhammad Arif Wahla




20



IMPLEMENTATION OF SPACE
-
TIME BLOCK CODES (STBC) USING USRPs

We have developed a baseline of Quasi LTE 2x2 system.Our project employs some of
the basic features of the physical layer of LTE, e.g.,Bit Interleaved Coded Modulation
(BICM) along with Convolution Encoding and Viterbi decoding schemes as mentioned in
the
standardization document
3GPP TS 36.211 V8.6.0 (2009
-
03)
.

Transmission from the two transmit antennas is based on Alamouti Code (STBC), i.e. two
spatial streams is transmitted as defined in 2x2 matrix of Alamouti scheme. It diminishes the Bit
Error Rate (B
ER) as compared to SISO (single input single output) system and improves the
quality of transmission. For reception, we have focused on receiver structures based on
Maximum Likelihoodratio (ML Receiver).

The project was initially developed in Matlab. In th
e second phase, it was implemented on
USRP kits with the help of GNU Radio. It can also act as a test bed for the study of Quality of
the Transmission System.


Syndicate Members:

Nouman Khalid

Adeel Malik

Muhammad Abdullah

Supervisor:

Maj. Dr. Rizwan

Ghaffar

Co
-
Supervisor:

Lt. Col. Imran Rashid





21



HARDWARE IMPLEMENTATION OF RELAYS IN A QUASI
-
4G WIRELESS LINK

This project developed a wireless communication link based on quasi
-
4G specifications,
i.e. long term evolution (LTE). A new concept of relays
has been introduced in its latest
release, i.e. LTE
-
Advance (Release 10) to improve the coverage of macro
-
cells. We
incorporated a relay in the link between the transmitter and the receiver. The relay uses
AF (Amplify
-

Forward) technique i.e. it will recei
ve the signal, amplify it and then will
retransmit the signal and DF (Decode
-
Forward) relaying technique which regenerates
the data information at the relay and forwards a “clean” version of the data to the
destination. The system will employ bit interleav
ed coded modulation (BICM) orthogonal
frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) based transmission system. For reception, we
shall focus on MRC reception technique.We developed a SISO (Single Input Single
Output) system, i.e. a transmitter and a receiver and
then incorporated a relay in this
system. First the system was developed in Matlab, then implemented in Python and
then tested on USRPs.

This project focuses on the performance analysis of the relay system where the metric
of consideration will be bit erro
r rate. By having the same transmit power, we compared
the bit error rate of the simple SISO link and the SISO link with Relays and looked at the
practical achievable gains of Relaying strategy. We also looked at the analytical known
results of this strate
gy and compare the degradation caused by a practical system as
compared to these upper bounds on the performance.


Syndicate Members:

NC Sadaf Naz

PC Sajjal Akram

Capt.Waqas Khan

Supervisor:

Lt Col. Dr. Adnan A. Khan



22



HARDWARE
IMPLEMENTATION OF FOG/HAZE REMOVAL SYSTEM

The goal of this project is to eliminate the effects of fog/haze from a video to improve
video quality and real time implementation of the system using FPGA. It is used for
variety of civil and military application
s which includes remote sensing, satellite imaging,
during foggy weather journeys, for enhancing aerial videos etc.

The presence of fog/haze can reduce visibility dramatically from aerial videos. This is
dangerous for any kind of traffic, whether it is ro
ad, sea or air. The noise increases
tremendously in the presence of fog/haze. This is due to the presence of aerosols such
as dust, mist and fumes which deflect light from its original course of propagation. The
low visibility can lead to serious accidents

that could be prevented by improving the
visibility somehow.

FPGA is used which is a fast and robust device for video processing with minimum time
delay,

So aerial video is enhanced by using FPGA.
FPGA based solutions have shown
significant speedups comp
ared with other software and DSPs.

As aim of this project is to remove fog/haze from real time videos so the hardware
design is processing the video at a very fast rate i.e. 25 frames per second. The
algorithm implemented on FPGA using Fast Visibility Rest
oration takes the corrupted
video as input through the camera, and then convert this video into frames (25
frames/second), pass these frames from the implemented algorithm to remove fog/haze
from the frames and then convert these frames back to video and d
isplay this clear
video on LCD interfaced with FPGA.


Syndicate Members:

NC Saleha Shafique

NC Afsheen Ahmed

GC Ammal Abbas

Supervisor:

Dr Adil Masood Siddiqi



23



MOVING TARGET DETECTION AND LOCKING WITH MOVING AND STILL
CAMERA

This project involves the detection and locking of a moving object in a live video
sequence with moving and still camera. Visual object tracking is defined as the task of
locating an object as it moves around in a video sequence.

It has widespread applica
tions in the area of human
-
computer interaction, security and
surveillance, video communication and compression, augmented reality, traffic control
and medical imaging. Amongst all the trackers, kernel based trackers have gained
popularity in the recent pa
st because of their simplicity and robustness to track a variety
of objects. However, such trackers usually encode only single view of the object and
face problems due to changing appearance patterns of the object, non
-
rigid object
structures, object
-
to
-
ob
ject and object
-
to
-
scene occlusions, and camera motion.



Syndicate Members:

CAPT ZAHID MEHMOOD

GC ZAIN MUSTAFA

PC MIAN BILAL MAHMOOD

Supervisor:

MAJ. DR. ADIL MASOOD SIDDIQUE




24



INTEGRATED SECURITY SYSTEM

The field of Biometrics is
expanding with the increasing need of security as it is an
authentic source of recognition. Security at the entrance gates is of prime importance
and a very critical issue for any institution. It has been a common practice that every
company or institution

issues some ID cards that are checked at the gates manually but
the threat of fake and stolen ID cards remains there. So, it seems better and more
practical that despite of manual checking of cards there should be some automatic
system of recognizing the
person entering at the gates. Besides, another major issue is
of human life. Security personnel or security guards, at the gates are at high risk so
there arises a dire need for the automated security system which requires no human
assistance.


This projec
t is divided into three phases. First phase deals with the Facial Recognition
which follows identification of RFID Card. When Facial Recognition and Card
Identification are done, it is integrated and sent to the data base for authentication which
is the se
cond phase.

Third phase deals with the hardware portion of the project. In this phase, if the database
authenticates the input then a control signal is being sent to the Microcontroller Circuit.
This circuit controls the gate. The gate would only get open
ed when the input would be
fed through circuit after authentication.



Objectives:




To develop a prototype for integrated security system based on biometric and
non
-
biometric sources



To provide fool proof security at entrance through face and card recogni
tion



To deliver automated security system that requires no human assistance at the
entrance gates



Syndicate Members:

GC Muhammad ul Husnain Nawaz

Capt Hafiz Qaisar Islam

PC Hira Shahid

Supervisor:

Asst. Prof. Dr. Safia Akram

Lt. Col. Dr. Abdul Ghafoor



25



SCA Compliant HF Waveform Development for Software Defined Radio

Software Defined Radio (SDR) is one of the upcoming technologies and is redefining
the current landscape of wireless communications in both military and commercial
sectors. The rapidly ev
olving capabilities of digital electronics are making it possible to
execute significant amounts of signal processing on general purpose processors rather
than using special
-
purpose hardware. In this project we have designed and developed
SCA compliant HF
waveform for Software Define Radio. For that purpose we developed
HF operated software based transmitter and receiver on GNU Radio companion using
different modulation, error correction and scrambling techniques that enabled efficient
and reliable delivery

of digital data that in our case is voice over unreliable
communication channels. The output of GNU is transmitted through USRP containing
HF daughterboard LFTX and received through LFRX both acting as RF front ends.
Transmitter and Receiver implemented o
n GNU are ported to OSSIE.


Syndicate Members:

GC Wassem Ahmed


NC Sohail Nawaz

NC Muneeb Ahmed

Supervisor:

Lt Col. Dr. Adnan Rashdi





26


Portable Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) Prototype

buried underground without even seeing or touching it, that is,
seeing the unseen.
Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a Nondestructive Measurement Technique (NDT),
which uses electromagnetic waves to locate targets or interfaces buried within a visually
opaque substance or Earth material. The objective is to probe “the
ground” (low loss
dielectric material). The existence of numerous lossy dielectric material environments
combined with the broad radio frequency system leads to a wide range of GPR
applications.

This project wasintended to circumvent the lack of
portability in the previous design
made in MCS Session 2011
-
2012. It used a Vector Network Analyzer (VNA) as its
Transceiver.The goal was to replace VNA, a very expensive commodity, by a custom
transceiver servingthe purpose of GPR. The radar phenomenon is

of Synthetic Aperture
Radar (SAR) whose characteristic is its relative motion with respect to target. Bistatic
Mode of Radar operation along with Linear Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave
(LFMCW) type is chosen for the ease of development,relative inexpe
nsiveness. The
radar, being CW, has its transmitter continuously on thus requiring far less average
power per cycle than an Impulse Radar. The transmitter consists of a Voltage
Controlled Oscillator (VCO) driven by a Triangular Wave Generator, a Coupled
-
Li
ne
Bandpass Filter and a High Power Amplifier (HPA) with a gain of 15 dB. The receiver
consists of a Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) as its front end which has 35 dB gain as it will
receive a very low power signal, a Bandpass filter same as of in the transmitter

and a
high signal leveldown
-

converting mixer which mixes the transmitted and received
signal. Both transmitter and receiver have separate broadband antennas as the system
operates from 2.1 to 2.6 GHz thus making the mode of operation bistatic. The
transc
eiver is powered and controlled by a control circuitry. This whole system is
mounted over a vehicle whose motion is also controlled by the control circuitry. Once in
operation, the transmitted and a delayed version of it, that is, the received signal is
mi
xed and their difference is obtained. This difference is in term of frequencies which
are termed as Beat Frequencies; containing all the desired information about the buried
target. A simple frequency vs. time plot can indicate presence of an object. Furth
er
signal processing techniques can be used to visualize the buried object.



Syndicate Members:

Muhammad Ali

Muhammad Faisal Kaukab

Muhammad Saad Aslam

Supervisor:

Dr. Abdul Ghafoor




27


NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR EMERGENCY RESPONDERS

We are developing a
comprehensive information support system for RESCUE
1122 by integrating vehicle tracking with the navigation system. This localized solution
which will not only save time, minimize human error but also provide a technology
reliant, compact and user
-
friendl
ysystem. Although navigation systems are fairly popular
in automobile industry even in Pakistan however they have not yet been used in
Emergency Services.


In this project we shall have a server end i.e. the central office and a vehicle
having a GSM/GPR
S module and the beagle board installed in it.


Whenever a call shall be received the coordinates of the location of emergency
shall be determined first by geocoding. Next we shall find the shortest path to the
destination. These jobs shall be done usin
g the Google Map API’s. The path calculated
shall then be transmitted to the vehicle. This shall be done through the GSM/GPRS
module attached to vehicle. At the other end i.e. the vehicle we shall have a complete
system of GPS module, GPRS/GSM module and t
he beagleboard xM. The beagleboard
xM shall be kind of an interface for the user. A track of all the vehicles will also be kept
at the control room. A tracking system already exists with the Rescue 1122. However
we also shall employ a GPS module in the veh
icle. Thus the shortest path shall be
displayed to the driver and he shall then reach the location of emergency in minimal
time.


Also the hospitals, police stations, clinics etc. near the location of emergency
shall be determined and also transmitted to

the vehicle so that the driver can reach from
the location of emergency to the hospitals in time and with ease.

We are developing a prototype system for the city of Rawalpindi which can be
extended to the other areas of Pakistan and also to other emergenc
y services like fire
fighter vehicles etc.


Syndicate Members:

NC Afira Hasnain

NC Ridah Naseem

PC Abdul Waheed

Supervisor:

Lt Col. Dr Adnan Rashdi



28


Multi
-
Biometric Access Control System

It is one of the latest multi
-
media biometric identification terminals. The most advanced
and comprehensive functions make it the best fingerprint model for high end use.
Biometric Access Control system is automated recognition of persons based on their
bi
ological characteristics. We have designed an access control system for EE
department of our college
MCS
-
NUST

that includes the following security checks to
authenticate the user.


1.

Fingerprint

2.

Face recognition

3.

RFID card scanning


Detailed Features:


Face
pass designed by using PCA algorithm, that advanced approach makes it
work to any users no matter with different complexions, genders, facial expressions,
beards and hair styles


It fully integrates fingerprint and RFID technology. The very compact design
makes it suitable for installation on door frame. It has standard Wiegand output to
connect seamlessly with other access controllers

and

relay output driver the electric
lock directly.

It can easily update the existing card readers for higher security leve
l of
fingerprint and card
.




Compact in design and size and can be easily installed on doorframe.



New generation fully sealed, waterproof and dustproof fingerprint sensor.




Easy user enrollment in database via management software

on computer.



Identificatio
n method: fingerprint + card+face recognition.



RFID card module. Compatible with industrial standard.



Fingerprint Storage Capacity: 1000 (Digital Persona technology).



Intel atom board as working processor.



Direct lock control and door open sensor.



Touch s
creen for user interface.



Syndicate Members:

NC
-
Nida Riaz

NC
-
Warda Khan

NC
-
Muhammad Wahab

Supervisor:

Lt Col. Dr Adnan Rashdi




29


OPTIMUM POWERING OF BTS THROUGH SOLAR TRACKING (WITH DATA
LOGGING)


Shortage of non
-
renewable fuel in the future is an
upcoming global issue.
Therefore renewable energy such as solar energy is gradually replacing non
-
renewable
energy. However, the output power provided via the photovoltaic conversion process
depends on solar irradiation. The efficiency of the solar energy
conversion can be
optimized by receiving maximum light on the solar panel. The objective of this project is
to design and develop an automatic Solar Tracking system which is capable to track
maximum light intensity.



The main components of the design cons
ist of micro
-
controller namely
PIC16F877A, sensors (LDRs), a motor, a GSM modem and a Data logger. This system
is programmed to detect sunlight by using three sensors (LDRs). Motor aligns the solar
panel to receive maximum light while

Data logger collects
the data about intensity of
light at regular interval of time with the help of RTC (Real Time Clock) and send it to PC
by using BTS (GSM modem).


Syndicate Members:

Capt Waqas Zahoor

Gc Nauman Tafzil Abdullah

Gc Wazir Muhammad Zakir

Supervisor:

Asst Pro
f Engr Fazal Ahmed



30


Design and development of Android based hardware device for Café menu
display and ordering services

Cafés/ hotels worldwide are not realizing efficiencies in their daily operations that would
result from better application of
technology. With standalone digital menu devices on
tables, having wireless order sending capability, the interactive services of a restaurant
can be automated to a great extent. The proposed self
-
service cafeteria will be
equipped with a controller board
OK6410 (with Wi
-
Fi, GSM modules interfaced), a user
-
friendly 7” touch screen and a compact 5V rechargeable battery circuit at each table.

Our project aims at designing and developing an Android based hardware device with
Android food menu app ported on it
-

offering menus with high
-
resolution pictures and
detailed description of the contents along with their prices. Using this device, the user
can browse E
-
menu, customize selections and send his order wirelessly to Internal
Order System, without having the
waiter to wait aside. For each order placed, a mail will
be sent on Smart Café’s account and the order will be stored in database as record.
Order will also be displayed on Kitchen Portal with table number and time of order, and
after preparation it will b
e displayed on Finance Portal, where the receipt with the total
bill will be printed. Subscribed customers will also receive menu updates via SMS.

Arm 11 OK6410 has been used as on board unit for the project implementation. It
has
been made standalone using a 5V, 2A regulated rechargeable battery circuit. The
proposed project is a compliant solution to offer modern and interactive way to order
food and receive personalized interactive services in a restaurant. The system has bee
n
purposely designed to improve work effectiveness in cafes/ restaurants, as well as
increase customer’s satisfaction.

Syndicate Members:

Narmeen Shafqat

Ali Abid Kazmi

Taha Hussain

Supervisor:

Lt. Col Dr Adnan Rashdi




31


Switched Beam Antenna Array
Using Butler Matrix Phase Shifter

The project is to design a switched beam antenna array in which the main beam will be
switched in descerte direction in on
e

plane using Butler matrix network as phase shifter.
Butler matrix will be employed to steer the main beam. The previously used antenna

ha
s proble
m
of
main lobe
and side lobe
.

In WLAN the previously small antenna could not provide good throughout a
nd with

the
increasing users co
-
channel interference increases. Its application
is
in Steerable beam
antenna in satellites i
-
e, LEO (Low Earth orbital satellite) and MEO (Medium Earth
orbital satellite).


Syndicate Members:

NC Jawad Khalid

NC Umer Draz Sahi

Capt. Sajjad Athar Kayani

Supervisor:

Asst Prof Zeeshan Zahid




32



VOICE COMMUNICATION OVER ZIGBEE

The main aim of the project is to implement voice communication over Zigbee
technology. This technology has good applications for data. As it has low data
rate upto
250kbps so simple transmission of voice is not possible.

In order to achieve voice communication we incorporated vocoder chip through which
the compressed voice is transmitted over the channel.


Syndicate Members:

Capt Ahmed Kamal

Capt Atif
Asghar

Capt Khurram Altaf

Supervisor:

Maj Saifullah Khalid




33



WIRELESS USER IDENTIFIER AND AZIMUTHAL LOCATION ESTIMATOR

The project is to design a system that can identify the wireless standard of the
transmitter (e.g. GSM, WiMax) along with its
direction of arrival. The direction of arrival
(azimuthal location) is displayed graphically on visual monitor.

In this project, the
wireless user is identified and located with the help of four modules. The modules
include antenna array, Band pass filters
, Down converters and DSP module. The
received analog signal is passed through A/D converter to make it suitable for digital
processor. The signal processing techniques are employed to find the location of the
received signal.

Direction indicator
technologies have traditionally been of interest to the military and
intelligence communities. It would be helpful in caring out survey for deploying wireless
networks. Moreover this project will help wireless service providers in providing
intelligent ser
vices to users.

Syndicate Members:

Muhammad Ahsen

Faiz khalid

Capt.Muhammad Omer Farooq

Supervisor:

Asst. Prof. Zeeshan Zahid




34



Velocity & Range finder using Bi
-
static Radar System

Radar is an abbreviation for Radio Detection and Ranging. In general,

radar system
uses modulated waveforms and directive antennas to transmit electromagnetic energy
into a particular space to search for targets. Objects within that space will reflect
portions of this energy back to the radar. These echo signals are then pr
ocessed by the
radar receiver to extract target information including velocity, range, and angular
position, to identify targets.

The aim of this project is to formulate and construct a Bi
-
static Frequency Modulation
Continuous Wave Doppler Radar system to

determine the velocity and the range of a
moving target. The system uses modulated waveform and directive antennas to
transmit EM waves into a particular region. The reflected signals are then processed by
the radar receiver to extract target information
including velocity and range to identify
targets.

Syndicate Members:

Talha Arshed

Hassan Masood

Noman Khan

Supervisor:

Asst. Prof. Zeeshan Zahid




35



Trunk conjoined GSM based private network

The project is to implement a Private GSM network through a
software defined radio
(GNU Radio) using Open BTS that will use a Universal Software Radio Peripheral
(USRP) to present a GSM air interface to standard GSM handset and uses the Asterisk
software PBX to connect calls.

Open BTS replaces the traditional GSM o
perator network switching subsystem
infrastructure, from the Base Transceiver Station (BTS) upwards. Instead of forwarding
call traffic through to an operator's Mobile Switching Centre (MSC) the calls are
terminated on the same box by forwarding the data o
nto the Asterisk PBX via SIP and
Voice
-
over
-
IP (VoIP).

The main idea behind this project is that we can gather different type of networks like
enterprise networks, IP telephony networks and mobile networks under the same cloud
i.e. “Asterisk/Open BTS bridg
ed IP based Unified Network.”

The combination of the existing GSM air interface with VoIP backhaul could form the
basis of a new type of cellular network. This network can be deployed and operated at
substantially low cost than existing alternatives.


Synd
icate Members:

Capt Rana Rafay Ul Huda

Capt Muhammad Imran Haider

Capt Sajid ur Rehman

Supervisor:

Lt Col Dr Abdul Rauf




36



Through the Wall Imaging RADAR

Through wall sensing in situations such as hostages or terrorists’ localization or

weapon
detection behind walls, the search for people trapped
in a building due to fire or an earthquake,
the detection of illegal immigrants as well as
the detection, localization and tracking of the
moving objects behind an opaque medium ha
ve acquired great impo
rtance in
different arenas.

At present, Ultra
-
Wideband (UWB) technology

is predominant in Through Wall Imaging as it
provides a fine balance of object resolution
and medium penetration. The UWB imaging system
involves development of a comprehensive and
mob
ile solution for through wall vision by
employing a portable and compact framewor
k for antenna beam
-
steering and image
processing. The principal goal of the project is to u
se hybrid techniques of antenna designing,
elec
tromagnetic modeling,
beam st
eering a
nd signal processing to detect and localize
through
wall targets while tra
nsmitting safe levels of power.

The system has been designed on the principles of

radar. An electromagnetic wave is
transmitted via the antenna system, which penetrates throu
gh the w
all, reflects back from the
object under investigation and is received back via the antenna system after a

certain time
delay. The received signal gives us the information about various properties of the
target. To
remove noise and clutters, various image p
rocessin
g techniques are applied to the data
received from the vector network analyzer and, fin
ally, the through wall image is
obtained.

To
facilitate through wall imaging process, a V
ivaldi array antenna system and Wilkinson power
divider have been design
ed in the TWI
range of 3
-
6 GHz.

A prototype
microwave imaging sys
tem has been designed and built which is
capable of
detecting and localizing objects pres
ent behind the wall.


Syndicate Members:

NC Muhammad IjlalBaig

NC Hafiz Ahmad Arif

NC Muhammad Zaeem
Aslam Bajwa

Supervisor:

Lt Col. Dr. Naveed Iqbal Rao

Co
-
Supervisor:

Asst. Prof. ZeeshanZahid

Lab. Engr. Sara Viqar




37



Implementation of AES Encryptor/Decryptor on FPGA

The project will involve development of a cryptographic engine for encryption and
decryption architecture, integration of hardware and software using FIPS PUB 197
standards (AES).

Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), a Federal Information Processing Standa
rd
(FIPS), is an approved cryptographic algorithm that can be used to protect electronic
data. The AES can be programmed in software or built with pure hardware. However
Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA’s) offer a optimized and customized solution.
The

combination of a simple, portable and AES cryptographic algorithm implemented in
HDL source code provides an excellent platform for high security applications. The
cryptographic engine will be interface with Ethernet port for real time encryption and
decr
yption process of data traffic.

Performance Parameters:



High Speed traffic handling



Optimized implementation of AES for wirespeed processing of data traffic


Application / End Goal Objectives:



Hardware IP core of AES 197 FIPS



Provision of
encryption/decryption module for handling of data traffic.


Syndicate Members:

Capt Khurram Riaz

Capt Babar Nawaz

Capt Bilal Satti

Supervisor:

Brig Dr. Ashraf Masood (Retd)




38


GSM LANDLINE SWITCH


As name suggests that it comprises of three parts GSM, landline and switch. It is
actually switching a dialed number between the ptcl landline (DTMF) and the 4 GSM
mobile SIMS (MODEMS).
Making mobile
-
to
-
mobile phone calls have been made
inexpensive through

various call packages offered by GSM providers, providing huge
cost saving potential over their fixed line counterparts. Reducing this component of the
bill can save any company a lot of expenses. The objective of this project is to allow
landline users t
o cut
-
back on their bills by saving money on calls to GSM networks. As a
solution to the above mentioned problem our project will be to build a device that
effectively converts fixed
-
to
-
mobile calls to mobile
-
to
-
mobile calls. The idea is to “switch”
all GS
M bound calls from the landline to a central “mobile phone’’, through which these
calls will be made. To perform the functionality of this central “mobile phone what we in
effect need is the SIM Cards, hence the name GSM router
. Now the problem is to judge

the number as it is dialed while keeping in mind the time frame to route it on either way.
It is done by keeping in view the first two digits of every sequence because a GSM
number starts with the sequence 03 and landline other than this.
This project was

built
using a modular approach hence the thesis was divided into a sequence of steps to
explain each aspect of the project in a modular form where the different modules are
inter
-
dependent. It is a “bottom
-
up” approach. This gives a clear definition in th
e
beginning of the thesis, which is interlinked with its hardware and software following the
programming logic. The final results have been shown with a clear
-
end conclusion,
keeping in mind room for future improvements, modifications and the limitations o
f the
existing circuitry have been weighed.

Syndicate Members:

NC MUHAMMAD SALMAN

CAPT M ABBAS YASIN

CAPT KAMRAN ZAHID

Supervisor:

Maj Dr. Adil Masood




39


Metro Ethernet Ring at MCS

In this project we are p
roviding IP Video Calling facility in MCS using

IP Video
Phones, CISCO switches, router and unified communication manager (CUCM). We are
utilizing underground optical fiber as our media which has been installed in MCS over
the complete EE, CS Department, H
-
Block, NGN
-
LAB, Library and LABs of EE/CS.

Fol
lowing features will be provided:



Installation of VOICE/Video supported IOS on CISCO router and switches



Configuration of SIP and SCCP protocols for intra
-
network communication and
H.323 for connectivity with PASCOMs Network at gateway



Device pool, region
and date
-
time and presence group configuration on CUCM



Formation of Dial plains and configuration of Dial peers



VOICE codecs are configured for compression of VOICE/Video within and inter
-
department communication on CUCM



Implementation of Security features



Configuration for VOICE/Data and inter
-
department VLANs



Configuration of all necessary switching protocols



DHCP configuration



Installation/configuration of CISCO and third party softphones



Conference Calling



Call Park, Direct Call Park, Call Divert and Tr
anslation Pattern formation on
CUCM.



Access lists implementation



Connectivity of switches with ODF (optical fiber)


Syndicate Members:

Muhammad Sohaib Hassan

Ahmed Altaf

Muhammad Ihsan Afzal

Supervisor:

Lt Col Dr. Imran Rashid



40




BE
SOFTWARE



ABSTRACTS


FINAL YEAR DESIGN PROJECTS

201
3






DEPARTMENT OF
SOFTWARE
ENGINEERING

MILITARY COLLEGE
OF SIGNALS


41


MILEYE

A MILITARY INFORMATION SYSTEM

Real
-
time situational awareness is mission critical for military operations. MILEYE is a

Military
Information System responsible to provide real
-
time situation awareness in military operation,
bringing the Tactical Picture to the handheld device which can be

supported by Robust
Planning Tools, Decision Aids and Display Capabilities. System will

also be

capable of
displaying the COP (Common Operational Picture) from tactical data received from other

workstations. Whereas authenticated user can view and edit the COP, apply overlays,

display
imagery, send and receive tactical messages and gain overall
battlefield

situational awareness.

System uses Client/Server architecture model. On the server end, COP is formed with

the help
of location of units from SitRep (Situation Reporting) received through each workstation along
with

its ID. On the client side u
nit location is sent and critical messages exchange is also

incorporated. Radio is used for communication purposes.

The main reason of using
Client/Server architecture is the distributed nature of the

system to be developed and it also
provides higher secu
rity as all data is stored on the

server. Centralized data access because
data is stored only on the server, access and

updates to the data are far easier to administer.

First of all SitRep module is interfaced with the Radio and afterwards we have two

opt
ions send
encoded/encrypted coordinates of location with Station ID or encoded or encrypted signal, the

packet is then sent while on receiving packet it is decoded and checked that it is a signal

or the
coordinates, in case of signal response is sent and i
f coordinates are received,

they are plotted
on COP according to the station ID. In the next Step we can view and

update COP or apply
Modeling after authorization.



Syndicate Members

Zeeshan Malik

Zulqarnain Butt

Waqas Bhatti


Syndicate Supervisor

Dr.
Adnan Rashdi



42



AUTOMATED SIGN LANGUAGE RECOGNITION SYSTEM

This project is intended to recognize Pakistan sign language which is a visual language that
incorporates
gestures,

orientation and movement of the hands. The aim of our project is to
facilitate communication between normal people and hearing impaired people. Since the latter
use sign language, our objective is to bridge this gap by providing a system which will help
n
ormal entities to understand and communicate with impaired entities.

Software Details are as following:

C # (c
-
sharp) will be used as implementation language as it requires less
computational power and less memory.

C # will be used under .NET framework 4
as it supports system threading and parallel
implementation of video.

Our solution is cost effective as it does not require a data glove as input device rather
it uses a camera & image processing algorithms for tracking and localizing hand
postures. Image
binarization and contour extraction will be applied to extract hand
from background.

The system will be trained using supervised learning technique in order to recognize
gestures with accuracy using neural networks. Aforge Library will be used
that

suppor
ts artificial intelligence and learning algorithms. The system will be validated
using validation data set and will be refined further by parameter tuning.

The overall tuned system will be evaluated using standard recall metric.

The system will be develop
ed using Visual Studio 2010 SD
K (Software Development
Kit)
and will be run on Windows XP/ Windows 7/Vista.


Hardware Details are as following:

The hardware components of the system include personal computers, webcam and
speakers.



Syndicate Members

Rida Samee

Zainub Mumtaz

Hira Shahzad

Syndicate Supervisor

Dr

Fahim Arif




43



AUTOMATIC REPORT GENERATING SYSTEM

The information which is most critical to a business success lies in the reports. These reports,
numbering from dozens to thousands, are typically generated in a manual fashion by a group of
analyst and administrators. It is possible to teach a computer to

do it, thus freeing engineers and
managers for more creative tasks. The main objective of the system is to generate automatic
report of an entity on the basis of the feedback form. Our system will be intelligent and
shall
evaluate a person on the basis of

feedback form and generate a report in natural language
(English). Firstly it will be developed specific to Military College of Signals but it will evolve into a
generic and dynamic system which any organizations may amend and use according to its own
req
uirements.

This project is a Windows based application,
being developed

in Visual Studio 2012. It

will
analyze the feedback form. User selected qualities will be analyzed and will be graded by the
analyzer as excellent, above average, high average, average

and

poor. Analyzer will send its
results to language generat
or which will generate a report.
We have collected hundreds of
definitions for different quality traits which make up the language database in MYSQL.
Application shall use complex algorithms to
join these definitions and present them in a valid
sentence structure. These sentences shall collectively form a report and can be imported into a
Microsoft Word Document.

This application will save time and make the task of writing reports easier for admi
nistrators and
free them for more productive tasks.


Syndicate Members




Muhammad Ali Azhar

Danish Azeem

Shehryar

Niazi

Syndicate Supervisor

Engr.
Naveed Sarfraz Khattak







44


CLOUD PARALLEL COMPUTING USING UNIX OPERATING SYSTEMS

Our project focuses on
implementation of cloud infrastructure from the perspective of
providing parallel processing

to the jobs submitted by users.


Our project is using following hardware and software resources:
-



Sun Ultra Workstations



Network equipment like switch and fast Eth
ernet



Solaris 10



Java Development kit



PHP Interpreter



Apache web server



MYSQL

Database



MPJ Express Library suit



Netbeans IDE

This system uses distributed memory model to perform network parallel computing. The
communication among systems is done through
Message Passing Interface (MPI). Our
project will be running the parallel algorithms like calculating primes to display the notion
of work efficiency.

We are using MPJ Express on our system which is an open source
Java message passing library that allows a
pplication developers to write and execute
parallel applications for multicore processors and compute clusters/clouds
.


Upon submission of a job by the user, it is broken into discrete parts that are solved
concurrently by further breaking them down to a s
eries of instructions and executing
each instruction simultaneously on different CPUs through Message passing Interface
and end result of computation is displayed to user.




Syndicate Members

Naeem

Amjad

M. Imtiaz

Qumar

Sreman

Qamar

Syndicate Supervisor

Engr.
Naveed Sarfraz Khattak





45


DATA LOSS PROTECTION

Over the last few years, companies in every industry

sector around the globe have
seen their
sensitive internal data lost, stolen or leaked to the outside world. A wide range of high
-
profile
data loss
incidents have cost organizations millions of dollars in direct and indirect costs and
have resulted in tremendous damage to brands and reputations. Many different types of
incidents have occurred, including the sale of customer account details to external

parties and
the loss of many laptops, USB, backup tapes and mobile devices, to name just a few. The vast
majority of these incidents resulted from the actions of internal users and trusted third parties,
and most have been unintentional
.

Data Loss Prevent
ion is a comprehensive, content
-
aware technology that discovers, monitors,
and protects confidential data wherever it is stored or used across network, storage and
endpoint systems.

Our goal is that to implement DLP solution to control and manage data secu
rity requirements
and legal constraints regarding confidentialit
y of data in an organization.