Training simulator for RAPID

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14 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Lennart Thaning

Håkan Grahn

FOI, CBRN Defence and Security

Marco Suesse

Bruker Daltonik GmbH

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

Background

Background:


RAPID is an instrument that utilizes passive FTIR technique for remote
detection and warning of C
-
warfare agents and TIC released to the
atmosphere




FTIR = Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

TIC = Toxic Industrial Chemicals

RAPID is
manufactured by Bruker Detection

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

How is RAPID used?


A C
-
cloud is transported and
diluted in the wind field


A RAPID has been set up to
"scan" of a given area, FOR
(Field of Regard)


The instrument measures in
each “shot" a smaller area,
FOV (Field of View)


FOR is covered by
systematic modification of
the “shot" direction


If a C
-
agent is discovered
the measured signal is
displayed (and a warning is
issued)

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

Background cont.

Background
:



The instrument has great potential for monitoring / warning



Swedish Armed Forces have 14 instruments


Education / training is expensive and complicated


=>
Only a few instruments can be used



FOI has an assignment to develop a simulator for education & training
in cooperation with the manufacturer Bruker Daltonik GmbH




MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

Simulator for RAPID basic idea


Develop a concept where the simulation of relevant
atmospheric dispersion scenarios is combined with sensor
simulation of an arbitrarily located
RAPID instrument

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

1)
Identifies substances by measuring infrared spectrum
and compare with reference spectra

What does RAPID measure
?

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

What does RAPID measure
?

2)
Measures a signal which is related to the amount of C
-
agent between the background and instrument

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

Simulating dispersion processes

Arbitrary dispersion models can be used, depending on
the user needs

"Simple” dispersion model

"
Advanced” dispersion model

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

Simulating RAPID signal

The signal strength is calculated according to



is experimentally determined for a large number of C
-

and TIC
-
agents


is calculated from an measured IR
-
background and an assumption of


T
cloud

(e.g.
T
cloud
=
T
air
)

gas
S T C d

    
gas

T

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

Virtual reality

A virtual reality is created from panoramic photos (0
-
360 º) of an appropriate area….

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

Virtual reality

..combined with simultaneous IR photos.....

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

Virtual reality

..and other appropriate objects. The simulated dispersion scenarios are
incoroprated into this virtual reality and the RAPID operator (trainee) can move
around, locate and set up the instrument and obtain a relevant instrumental
response

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

Some examples of

the virtual reality

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

RAPID Simulation system

RAPID Control

CBRN Monitor

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

RAPID Simulation system

RAPID Control


Controls RAPID

Both simulated and
real devices


Displays alarms

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

RAPID Simulation system

RAPID Control


Controls RAPID

Both simulated and
real devices


Displays alarms

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

RAPID Simulation system

CBRN Monitor


Displays RAPID on
a map


Gives information
about alarms

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

RAPID Simulation system

CBRN Monitor


Displays RAPID on
a map


Gives information
about alarms

MSG
-
094 SYMPOSIUM

KISTA, SWEDEN 18
-
19 OCTOBER 2012

Training simulator for RAPID

Paper 10

Weather effects in

the virtual reality