Challenges in 21 Century Engineering Education

slipperhangingΤεχνίτη Νοημοσύνη και Ρομποτική

14 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

61 εμφανίσεις

Challenges in 21
st

Century Engineering Education

Dr. Jonathan Bredow

Professor and Chair

Department of Electrical Engineering

1

General (simplistic) view of many factors involved in
education (undergraduate)

Undergraduate

students

Leveling/

Extracurricular

Undergraduate
Program

Industry needs

Grand Challenges/

Societal constraints

Research Needs

Students not graduating in the
program

2

Undergraduate students

3

From Reference 3

4

From Reference 3

5

0
50
100
150
200
250
300
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
China
Japan
S. Korea
US
UK
Germany
Source: Science and Engineering Indicators 2006, National Science Foundation, Washington, DC

First Engineering Degrees


China

US

Japan

From Reference 1

6

Undergraduate student attention items


Outreach to develop the pool of recruits is critical



Recruiting and retention are challenging



Transfer student issues



Focus on applications/systems



Focus on “hands
-
on” and active learning

7

Many needs in student development, beyond the
technical education


Nano
-
Bio
-
Info


Large Complex Systems


An entire new life
-
science base


Astounding computation and storage capabilities


Globalization


Innovation


Leadership


Teamwork across disciplines, fields, nations and cultures


Experiential Learning: Conceive / Design / Implement / Operate.


Entrepreneurship


Product Development and Manufacturing


Sustainable Development

From Reference 1

8

One of the major problems needing to be addressed



US 15
-
year
-
olds ranked 27th out of 39
countries that participated in a 2003
administration of the Program for
International Student Assessment (PISA)
examination, which assessed students’ ability
to apply mathematical concepts to real
-
world
problems.

From Reference 3

9

Leveling/Extracurricular activities

10

Leveling/Extracurricular activities


Coursework



Mentoring opportunities



Tutorials



Web resources



Student competitions


These are critical to student development!!

11

Industry Needs

12

Context and Goals for
Technological Education


A New Century



New Innovation and Enterprise Models



New Technological Frontiers



Engineering Grand Challenges

From Reference 1

13

Years for Innovative Products to Reach 25%
of the U.S. Population
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Automobile
Telephone
Radio
Personal
Computer
Cell Phone
World Wide Web
With New Speed

From Reference 1

14

Engineering Grand Challenges

See the NAE website.




Energy

Environment

Global Warming

Sustainability

Improve Medicine and

Healthcare Delivery

Reducing Vulnerability to

Human and Natural Threats

Expand and Enhance

Human Capability

And Joy

From Reference 1

15

Engineering Grand Challenges

Announced Feb. 15, 2008


Make Solar Energy Economical


Provide Energy from Fusion


Develop Carbon Sequestration
Methods


Manage the Nitrogen Cycle


Provide Access to Clean Water



Engineer Better Medicines


Advance Health Informatics


Secure Cyberspace


Prevent Nuclear Terror


Restore and Improve Urban
Infrastructure



Reverse Engineer the Brain


Enhance Virtual Reality


Advance Personalized Learning


Engineer the Tools of Scientific
Discovery

From Reference 1

16

Research Needs

17

Medical Imaging

Optical

Devices and Systems

Systems, Controls &
Automated Manufacturing

Electromagnetic Fields and Applications

Power Systems & Industrial
Power Electronics

Nanotechnology & MEMS


Materials and Devices

RFID


ICs

Renewable Energy & Vehicular Technology

Electrical Engineering Research Areas

18

Undergraduate Program

19

Immediate Impact


Undergraduate Program


Currently straight
-
line flow curriculum

20

Immediate Impact


Undergraduate Program (2)

21

Immediate Impact


Undergraduate Program (3)


Changes planned for undergraduate curriculum



Begin with system
-
level view


Condense core components to enable specialization


Provide additional hands
-
on experiences


Add multidisciplinary components


Solidify/provide additional experiences related to globalization,
societal impact, etc.


Tie to research (NSF REU will help provide resources)

22

Immediate Impact


Undergraduate Program (4)


Curriculum delivery methods



Emphasize interactive instruction


Support interactive instruction with demos and mini
-
lab components


Better utilize variety of supporting materials available on the web


GTAs to provide tutorials on Matlab, Spice, basic math skills,etc.



Promote extracurricular activities



Competitions directed toward motivating performance, outreach and
recruiting


Promote/reward leadership

23


There is a lot out there:


Experiential learning


Projects


Computer
-
assisted learning


CDIO (Conceive
-
Design
-
Implement
-
Operate)


Business Plan Competitions


UROP, UPOP (Undergraduate Research/Practice Opportunities Project)


Studio Learning


WebLab


Second Life …… etc. (Virtual World)


Entire new schools like Olin College

From Reference 1

24

General (simplistic) view of many factors involved in
education (graduate)

Graduate

students

Leveling/

Extracurricular

Graduate
Program

Industry needs


Grand Challenges/

Societal constraints


Partners/

Collaborators

Faculty/

Centers of
Excellence

Students not graduating in the
program

Patents

Publications

Products

Services

Professional

Service

25

Graduate students

26

From Reference 2

27

From Reference 2

28

Partners/Collaborators

29


The power of regional innovation clusters



Proximity of small companies and
corporate labs to universities



Venture capital networks

CV
-
Important roles of a Tier 1 institution

30

Centers of Excellence

31

Impact


Necessary for going beyond incremental advances




Facilitates bringing together highly skilled teams to solve big
problems




Serves as a magnet to attract major resources


32

Graduate Program

33


Competitions




Promote centers of excellence




Promote spin
-
offs


34

Challenges


Other players in the area



Emphasis on research/graduate program while also providing
solid undergraduate instruction



Connecting/partnering with industry



Context of Tier
-
1

35

Suggestions


Better understanding of the value
-
added concept


Skills in teaming (especially team
-
forming)


Understand makeup of teams required to accomplish
different sets of tasks


Understanding relationships between value
-
added and sets of
tasks

36

References

1.
Vest, Charles M., President, National Academy of Engineering, “Engineering Education for the
21
st

Century, ASEE Annual Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, June 23, 2008

2.
NDEA 21: A Renewed Commitment to Graduate Education, The Council of Graduate Schools,
Final Statement November 2005.

3.
Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter
Economic Future, Committee on Prospering in the Global Economy of the 21st Century:An
Agenda for American Science and Technology, National Academy of Sciences, National



Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, 2007.

37