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15 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 1 μήνα)

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Projets français 7
ème

PCRD Energie

APPEL 2007

Projets avec coordination française

Nom du projet

Coordinateur français

Participant français

SAFEWIND

:

Multi
-
scale
data assimilation,
advanced wind modeling
and forecasting with
emphasis to extreme
weather

situations for a
secure large
-
scale wind
power integration

www.safewind.eu


Armines Association pour la
recherche et le
développement des
méthodes et processus
industriels



Météo
-
France



RTE EDF Transport S.A.



EDF S.A
.

The integration of wind generation into power systems is affected by uncertainties in the forecasting of expected
power output. Misestimating of meteorological conditions or large forecasting errors (phase errors, near cut
-
off
speeds etc), are very cost
ly for infrastructures (i.e. unexpected loads on turbines) and reduce the value of wind
energy for end
-
users. The state of the art in wind power forecasting focused so far on the "usual" operating
conditions rather than on extreme events. Thus, the current

wind forecasting technology presents several strong
bottlenecks. End
-
users urge for dedicated approaches to reduce large prediction errors or predict extremes at local
scale (gusts, shears) up to a European scale as extremes and forecast errors may propag
ate.


Similar concerns arise from the fields of external conditions and resource assessment, where the aim is to minimize
project failure. The aim of this project is to substantially improve wind power predictability in challenging or extreme
situations an
d at different temporal and spatial scales. Going beyond this, wind predictability is considered as a
system design parameter linked to the resource assessment phase, where the aim is to take optimal decisions for
the installation of a new wind farm.

IDEA
L
-
CELL Innovative dual
membrane fuel cell

www.ideal
-
cell.eu


ARMINES



Naxagoras Technology S.A.S.



Université de Bourgogne



Marion Technologies S.A.

DEAL
-
Cell proposes to develop a new innovative and competitive conc
ept of a high temperature Fuel Cell, operated
in the range 600
-
700°C, based on the junction between a PCFC anode/electrolyte part and a SOFC
electrolyte/cathode, through a mixed H2 and O2 conducting porous ceramic membrane. Protons created at the
anode pro
gress toward the central membrane to meet with Oxygen ions created at the cathode, to form water, which
is evacuated through the interconnected porosity network.


Therefore, in our concept, Hydrogen, Oxygen and water are located in 3 independent chambers,
which allows
avoiding all the detrimental consequences linked to the presence of water at electrodes (low fuel and electrical
efficiency, interconnect corrosion, need for a gas counter
-
flow'). The IDEAL
-
Cell concept brings a considerable
enhancement of the

overall system efficiency (fine
-
tuning of the catalytic properties of the electrode, possibility of
applying a pressure on both the electrode sides, more simpler and compact stack
-
design with less sophisticated
interconnects, more efficient pre
-
heating of

gas, simplified heat exchange system for co
-
generation, availability of
high quality pure water for vaporeforming).


This 4
-
year project, divided in 2 parts, is organized so that the risk is minimized at each step. The first 2 years will
focus on the proo
f of the concept with routine materials; the last 2 years will be dedicated to the development of an
optimized short
-
stack with advanced materials and architecture. The project work programme is based on extensive
theory and modelling, material development
, testing techniques development, benchmarking and dissemination of
the knowledge acquired during the duration of the project.

HETSI Heterojunction solar
cells based on a
-
Si c
-
Si

www.hetsi.eu


CEA



Alma Consulting



CNRS



Photowatt Internation S.A.S.

The Photovoltaic (PV) industry needs to find new approaches to make solar cells competitive. Crystalline silicon (c
-
Si) wafer
-
based technology has a real potential to achieve significant cost reduction if the R&D effort is ma
de on the
most critical issues. These issues are the reduction of silicon material consumption, the increase of solar cell
efficiency and an improved integration into modules.


In this context, silicon heterojunction solar cells, the active part of which i
s basically produced by a low temperature
growth of ultra
-
thin layers of silicon onto both sides of a thin crystalline silicon wafer
-
base, represent clearly one of
the most promising options. The HETSI project aims to design, develop and test novel aSi
-
cSi

Heterojunction solar
cell structure concepts with high efficiency.


This project covers all aspects of the value chain, from upstream research of layer growth and deposition, to module
process and cell interconnection, down to upscaling and cost assessmen
t of heterojunction concept. The Consortium
is a balanced team of 12 partners from 6 European countries with a wide range of expertise in the field of silicon for
PV covering various aspects from the deposition of thin silicon films, passivation of interfa
ces, through
characterization and modelling, down to technological implementation and industrial achievement capabilities.


The cooperation of Europe's leading research institutes in the field of heterojunction solar cells (HMI, ECN, CEA
-
INES, IMEC, UNINE,

UU, ENEA and CNRS) will generate synergy effects that will help to provide the know
-
how
needed to reach the optimum relation of cell efficiency and cost. The presence in the consortium of 3 industrial
partners, Q
-
Cells, Photowatt and Solon, which are amon
g the leading European solar cell and module producers, will
insure a rapid and efficient economic exploitation of HETSI results.

MED
-
CSD Combined solar
power and desalination
plants: technico
-
economic potential in
Mediterranean partner
countries

www.med
-
csd
-
ec.eu


Observatoire méditerranéen
de l’énergie



EDF

The growing economies in the southern and eastern Mediterranean area increasingly need affordable and efficient
energy and water for sustainable development.
Hybrid solar/fossil thermal power plants with combined sea water
desalination based on concentrating solar power technology (CSP) offer a unique, cost efficient solution to the
growing energy and water demand. Hybrid solar/fossil operation offers a smooth
transition from the fossil fuel to a
solar economy and provides firm power capacity to the grid with up to 8000 full load operating hours per year.


The main objective of the MED CSD project is the assessment of the technico
-
economic potential of CSP for
e
lectricity and desalination in Mediterranean region, particularly the Mediterranean Partners Countries (MPCs)
(WP3) based on a technology review and considering the results of past and on
-
going studies and projects (Aqaba
project as a reference) (WP1) and
attained through the realization of feasibility studies in Mediterranean.

REHLY Innovative solid
oxide electrolyser stacks
for efficient and reliable
hydrogen production

www.relhy.eu


CEA



Helion S.A.

The RelHy project

targets the development of novel or improved, low cost materials (and the associated
manufacturing process) for their integration in efficient and durable components for the next generation of
electrolysers based on Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cells (SOEC).
It is specifically tailored for

-

Optimisation of novel or improved cell, interconnect and sealing materials,

-

Achievement of innovative designs for SOE stacks to improve durability.


As such, it is positioned as a bridge between currently good performing

electrolysis cells and their efficient and
reliable integration into advanced stacks to pave the way for the production of a new generation of electrolysers. To
achieve these goals, the RelHy project is based on the coupled development of instrumented sin
gle repeat units and
stacks and of associated simulation tools (from cell to stack scale). This mixed experimental and simulation
approach will be used on several batches of materials
-

to give specifications for novel or improved materials and
evaluate th
em, where special attention is paid to material compatibility (between electrodes, electrolyte, coating,
interconnects and sealing).
-

to propose innovative designs able to overcome the present limiting parameters and to
increase stack reliability, durabil
ity and performance.


These material and design innovations will be validated at laboratory scale on a 25
-
cell stack prototype and its
competitiveness will be assessed. Since the project is centered on R&D activities, the RelHy multidisciplinary
European c
onsortium is merging expertise from two university laboratories and three research centres already
recognised for material development and cell production, instrumentation and testing, and modelling (DTU
-
Risoe,
Imperial College, ECN, EIFER and CEA) and als
o from a fuel cell stack manufacturer that can produce electrolyser
stacks (TOFC) and from an energy company (HELION) that can specify the operation conditions and assess the
competitiveness of the innovative electrolyser prototype and its potential integr
ation.


The main issue addressed in the project is the simultaneous achievement of both, lifetime (degradation close to 1%
for 1000 hr on single repeat units at 800°C) and efficiency (0.03 to 0.04 gH2/cm2/hr, i.e. approximately 1 A/cm2 with
water utilisati
on >60% and a stack efficiency > 90%). These operation points and degradation values will yield an
efficiency of up to 80% (LHV) at the system level with >99% availability. Cost issues will also be addressed by
considering cost effective materials and proc
esses in order to meet the 'non energy' 1/kg H2 target.

STRACO2 Support to
regulatory activities for
carbon capture and
storage

www.euchina
-
ccs.org


BRGM

Pas de partenaire français

STRACO2 will support the ongo
ing development of a comprehensive regulatory framework in the European Union
for CO2 capture and storage technologies (CCS) for zero emission applications. This will respond to the
requirements of multi
-
stakeholder groups in Europe affected by these techn
ologies and their applications both
domestically in Europe and under future inclusion in emissions trading schemes and Kyoto mechanisms. Through a
focus on the regulatory aspects of international trade and technology transfer structures, the EU regulatory
framework will then form the basis for dialogue and priority setting with regulatory authorities in China. In this regard
local priorities, the ongoing EU
-
China cooperation in CCS and the need for establishing an international gateway for
CCS adoption and
the trade implications will be key underlying themes.

SECURE Security of
energy considering its
uncertainty, risk and
economic implications

www.secure
-
ec.eu


Obsrevatoire Méditerranéen
de l’énergie



CNRS

The SECURE

project will build a comprehensive framework that considers all the issues related to the topic of
security of supply, including geopolitics, price formation and the economic and technical design of energy markets
inside and outside the EU. Tools, methods

and models will be developed to measure and assess EU security of
energy supply both outside the EU and inside the EU.


The objective is to evaluate the vulnerability of the EU to the different risks which affect energy supplies in order to
help optimizin
g the Union's energy insecurity mitigation strategies, including infrastructure investment, demand side
management and dialogue with producing countries. This project will develop energy security indicators for all the
major energy sources in order to iden
tify the risk factors and quantify the EU exposure to volume and price risks in
the short and long terms, including impacts of severe accidents and terrorist threats.


Costs and benefits (both measurable and perceived) of energy security will be evaluated
for different energy
supply/demand scenarios to help policy makers providing the most appropriate institutional, political and industrial
solutions. All major energy sources and technologies (oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, renewables and electricity) wil
l
be addressed from upstream to downstream with both a global and sectoral analysis studying in depth issues such
as technical, economic/regulatory and geopolitical risks.


The analysis will also integrate demand as a key issue related to energy security.
The SECURE project has both a
strong quantitative and qualitative component and will at the end not only provide a comprehensive methodological
and quantitative framework to measure energy security of supply, but it will also propose policy recommendations

on
how to improve energy security taking into account costs, benefits and risks of various policy choices.


Projets avec partenaires français


Nom du projet

Coordinateur

Participant français

NANOHY

: Novel
nanocomposites for hydrogen
storage applicatio
ns

Karlsruher Institut fuer
technologie
(Allemagne)



CNRS

In order to meet the international goals for hydrogen storage materials, the work in NANOHy aims at combining the
latest developments in the metal hydride field with novel concepts for tailoring mat
erials properties. Leading
expertise in the field of complex hydride synthesis, synthesis and functionalization of nanostructured carbon,
nanoparticle coating, structural characterization, and computational methods will be joined to achieve a fundamental
u
nderstanding combined with considerable practical progress in the development of novel nanostructured materials
for hydrogen storage.


The target materials are nanocomposites consisting of hydride particle sizes in the lower nanometer range which are
prote
cted by a nanocarbon template or by self
-
assembled polymer layers in order to prevent agglomeration. Thus,
there is potential to lower working temperature and pressure, to enhance the reversibility, and to control the
interaction between the hydride and th
e environment, leading to improved safety properties. Materials of this kind
can mitigate or solve principal and practical problems which have been identified recently in other projects.


The composites will be synthesized out of novel complex hydrides wit
h very high hydrogen content and nanocarbon
templates. Alternatively, hydride colloids will be coated in a Layer
-
by
-
Layer self
-
assembling process of dedicated
polymers. Computational methods will be used to model the systems and predict optimal materials/s
ize combinations
for improved working parameters of the systems. Sophisticated instrumental analysis methods will be applied to
elucidate the structure and the properties of the nano
-
confined hydrides.


An upscale of the target nanocomposite will be made i
n the final stage and 0.5
-
1 kg of the material will be integrated
and tested in a specially designed laboratory tank. Techno
-
economical evaluation will be performed and potential
spin
-
off applications will be explored by an industry partner in NANOHy.

DEC
ODE Understanding of
degradation mechanisms to
improve components and design
of PEFC

Deutches zentrum fur luft
und raumfahrt E.V
(Allemagne)



CEA

Résumé pas disponible

CESAR
CO2 enhanced
separation and recovery


Ederlandse organisatie voot
toegepast
nat
uurwetenschappelijk
onderzoek


TNO (Pays
-
Bas)



Polymem S.A.



Institut français du pétrole



CNRS



GDF Suez

CESAR aims for a breakthrough in the development of low
-
cost post
-
combustion CO2 capture technology to provide
economically feasible solutions for both
new power plants and retrofit of existing power plants which are responsible
for the majority of all anthropogenic CO2 emissions (worldwide, approx. 5,000 power plants emit around 11
GtCO2/year). CESAR focuses on post
-
combustion as it is the only feasible
technology for retrofit and current power
plant technology.


Moreover, analysis of the current R&D in Europe shows that there is yet no follow
-
up to the post
-
combustion work in
the CASTOR project while R&D aimed at other types of carbon capture technologie
s have been accommodated for.
The primary objective is to decrease the cost of capture down to 15 /tCO2. CESAR aims at breakthroughs via a
combination of fundamental research on Advanced Separation Processes (WP1), Capture process modelling and
integration

(WP2) and Solvent process validation studies (WP3) with duration tests in the Esbjerg pilot plant. CESAR
will build further on the successes and high potential ideas from the FP6 integrated project CASTOR. Moreover, the
pilot built in this project will be

used for CESAR.

ADDRESS Active distribution
networks with full integration
of demand and distributed
energy resources


Enel Distibutoin S.P.A.
(Italie)



EDF



Landis Gyr S.A.S.

ADDRESS will research, develop and deploy technologies and processes to increa
se usage of Distributed
Generation and Renewable Energy Resources thereby engaging in a new relationship between customers,
generators and network operators. ADDRESS aims to develop new innovative architectures for Active Distribution
Networks (ADN) able t
o balance in real time power generation and demand allowing network operators, consumers,
retailers and stakeholders to benefit from the increased flexibility of the entire system. Innovative use of
communications, automation and household technologies wil
l be combined with new trading mechanisms and
algorithms providing ADN with low cost and reliable solutions.


Customers will be encouraged into active participation enabling them to change their consumption habits, adopting a
smarter use of energy and sav
ing money. A cost/benefit analysis of different solutions will be developed: the most
promising will be tested in three sites with different geographic, demographic and generation characteristics. The
consortium has a distinguished membership of Large, Med
ium and Small Enterprises with international experience.
East and West European Utilities, Global Manufacturers (both power and appliances), Universities, Consultants,
Communications Suppliers and R&D Specialists have been selected for their specific knowl
edge and experience
providing a well balanced mix of technology, innovation and market orientation. Competencies cover the whole
spectrum of the electricity supply chain making this consortium extremely well suited to acheive the project goals and
to deliv
er flexible, reliable, environmentally friendly and economic solutions
.

DECARBIT Enabling
advanced pre
-
combustion
S
intef Energiforskning
INTEF
S.A. (Norvège)



Institut Français du Pétrole



Corning S.A.S.

capture techniques and
plants




Air Liquide S.A.

DECA
RBit responds to the urgent need for further research and development in advanced pre
-
combustion capture
techniques to substantially reduce emissions of greenhouse gases from fossil fuel power plants. The project will
accelerate the technology development
and contribute to the deployment of large scale carbon capture and storage
(CCS) plants in line with the adopted European policies for emission reductions. DECARBit
-

short for 'Decarbonise
it', is established by 16 legal entities constituting the core grou
p of the project.


These encompass 5 leading industrial technology providers, 2 technology end
-
users (1 utility and 1 oil&gas
company) and 9 highly ranked RTD providers representing in totality 8 countries. The project focus is to pursue the
search for imp
roved and new pre
-
combustion technologies that can meet the cost target of 15Euro/ton CO2 captured
as stated in the Work Programme. DECARBit is designed as a Collaborative Large
-
scale Integrating Project.


The RTD activities are structured in 5 sub
-
project
s directly responding to the objectives of the Work Programme:

-

SP1 System integration and optimization

-

SP2 Advanced pre
-
combustion CO2 separation

-

SP3 Advanced oxygen separation technologies

-

SP4 Enabling technologies for pre
-
combustion

-

SP5 Pre
-
com
bustion pilots

The project activities comprise theoretical and experimental investigations leading to extended pilot testing.


Key expected impacts of DECARBit, all complying with the Work Programme are:

-

Cost reduced pre
-
combustion capture of CO2 promoti
ng the development and deployment of large
-
scale CCS
plants (10
-
12 by 2020). Further industrial uptake is strengthened through an Industrial Contact Group established
within the project framework

-

Strengthen the competitiveness of the European industry an
d economy by maintaining and reinforcing the leading
position in CCS technologies, also exploring the potential impacts for other energy intensive industries.

HIGH
-

EF Large grained, low
stress multi
-
crystalline
silicon thin film solar cells on
glass by a

novel combined
diode laser and solid phase
crystallization process


Institut of photonic
technology E.V (Allemagne)



ALMA Consulting



CNRS



Horiba Jobin Yvon S.A.S.

HIGH
-
EF will provide the silicon thin film photovoltaic (PV) industry with a unique process

allowing for high solar cell
efficiencies (potential for >10%) by large, low defective grains and low stress levels in the material at competitive
production costs. This process is based on a combination of melt
-
mediated crystallization of an amorphous si
licon
(a
-
Si) seed layer (<500 nm thickness) and epitaxial thickening (to >2 µm) of the seed layer by a solid phase
crystallization (SPC) process.


Melting the a
-
Si layer and solidifying large grains (about 100 µm) will be obtained by scanning a beam of a d
iode
laser array. Epitaxial thickening of the large grained seed layer (including a pn
-
junction) is realized by deposition of
doped a
-
Si atop the seed layer and a subsequent SPC process by way of a furnace anneal. Such a combined laser
-
SPC process represen
ts a major break
-
through in silicon thin film photovoltaics on glass as it will substantially
enhance the grain size and reduce the defect density and stress levels of multi
-
crystalline thin layers on glass
compared e.g. to standard SPC processes on glass,

which provide grains less than 10 µm in diameter with a high
density of internal extended defects, which all hamper good solar cell efficiencies. It is, however, essential for the
industrial laser
-
SPC implementation that such a process will not be more ex
pensive than the established pure SPC
process.


A low cost laser processing will be developed in HIGH
-
EF using highly efficient laser diodes, combined to form a line
focus that allows the crystallization of an entire module (e.g. 1.4 m x 1 m in the product
ion line or 30 cm x 39 cm in
the research line) within a single scan.

REACCESS Risk of energy
availability: common
corridors for europe supply
security


Politechnico di Torino
(Italie)



Kanlo consultants S.A.R.L

The implementation of the present Project a
ims at: Analysing present policies concerning EU MS and Community
targets for energy import. Evaluating technical, economical and environmental characteristics of present and future
energy corridors within Europe and among Europe and the supplying regions
of the World, taking into account the
different typology of infrastructures and technologies (railways, pipelines, cables, terminals, ships and other carriers,
..), the flows and the distances involved for oil, natural gas, coal, electricity, uranium, biom
ass and hydrogen
(reference to the work done within the ENCOURAGED Project and other research activities).


Introducing suitable parameters and indicators (including technical and socio
-
economical reliability) and cost
components (investment, O&M, external
ities) incorporating the above mentioned information, which may help a
global evaluation of supply options (energy vectors, infrastructures, origins of the sources) and their impacts on
economy, society, energy and environment toward sustainability. Identi
fying main corridors for primary and
secondary energy carriers to EU27+ Implementing these energy corridors into an adapted version of the pan
-
EU
TIMES model (PEM) built in the framework of the NEEDS IP or into other modelling tools.


Analysing scenarios,
in which for the fulfilment of the EU27+ energy needs, the import strategies of primary (and
secondary) energy carriers compete with the evolution of energy efficiency policies (i.e. white certificates for the
energy saving), the introduction of new energy

schemes and the development of renewables, in the framework of the
EU environmental targets for 2030
-
2050. Some hypotheses related to the energy supply and demand strategies of
regions outside of Europe will be also assumed, given their potential impacts
on the international energy prices (e.g.
China, India, OPEC, Russia etc.)

APOLLON Multi
-
approach for
high efficiency integrated and
intelligent concentrating PV
modules (systems)

Enea Ricerca sul sistema
elettrico SPA (Italie)



CNRS

APOLLON proposal conc
erns the optimisation and development of Point focus and Mirror Based Spectra Splitting
photovoltaic concentrating (CPV) systems (multi
-
approach). The different technology paths will be followed with due
focalisation on the recognised critical issues relat
ed to each system component in order to increase CPV efficiency,
assure reliability, reduce cost and environmental impact. MJ solar cells will be manufactured by using new materials
and deposition technologies allowing reaching and even surpassing the MJ s
olar cell efficiency target set on the
European Strategic Research Agenda on Concentration Photovoltaics. Optimisation of Fresnel and Prismatic lens
along with the development of new non
-
imaging, low F/#, high concentration, cell self
-
protecting stable opt
ics will
allow getting high optical efficiency and wide acceptance angles. New concepts will be applied for Mirror based
spectra splitting systems which will allow eliminating the cooling needs. Both the optimised and the new technologies
will be properly
tested to get reliable a long life time CPV systems.

SmartGrids ERA
-
NET

Senternovem (Pays
-
Bas)



ADEME



CNRS

SmartGrids ERA
-
NET develops transnational research activities to speed up the development of a Smart European
Electrical Infrastructure. A necessity

for a successful realisation of the European Action Plan Energy Policy for
Europe . This will change the European electricity supply with strong consumer response, large scale supplies of
renewable electricity and high levels of distributed generation. Sm
artGrids ERA
-
NET provides co
-
ordination of the
related research activities within the national and regional public (co)funded RTD.


To make a kick start, the consortium already defined three logical issues for joint calls Electrical Transport Systems;
Elec
trical Distribution Systems and Regulatory Issues. SmartGrids ERA
-
NET creates a network of programme
managers, closely connected to policy makers and industry that undertakes joint activities. The objective of
SmartGrids ERA
-
NET is the mutual opening up of

the research programmes, research infrastructures and joint
activities (calls). The ambition is to establish cooperation beyond the ERA
-
NET and between RTD managers EU
-
wide.


The work plan foresees 4
-
step approach:

Step 1: Exchange of information

Step 2:
Strategic activities and best practices

Step 3: Implementation of joint activities

Step 4: Transnational research activities

REALISEGRID Research,
methodologies and
technologies for the effective
development of pan
-
European key GRID
infrastructures to sup
port the
achievement of a reliable,
competitive and sustainable
electricity supply

CESI Ricerca S.P.A. (Italie)



RTE International



Kanlo Consultants S.A.R.L.



Technofi S.A.



Observatoire Méditerranéen de
l’énergie

The European electricity system is facing m
ajor challenges to implement a strategy for a reliable, competitive and
sustainable electricity supply. The development and the renewal of the transmission infrastructure are central and
recognised issues in this strategy.


Indeed the transmission system i
s a complex and strongly interconnected infrastructure that offers a wide range of
benefits like reliability improvement, promotion of competitive electricity markets and of economic growth, support for
development of new generation and for exploitation of

renewable resources. Within this context, the objective of
REALISEGRID is to develop a set of criteria, metrics, methods and tools (hereinafter called framework) to assess
how the transmission infrastructure should be optimally developed to support the ac
hievement of a reliable,
competitive and sustainable electricity supply in the European Union (EU).


The project encompasses three main activity
-
packages:

-

identification of performances and costs of novel technologies aimed at increasing capacity, reliab
ility and flexibility
of the transmission infrastructure;

-

definition of long term scenarios for the EU power sector, characterized by different evolutions of demand and
supply;

-

implementation of a framework to facilitate harmonisation of pan
-
European a
pproaches to electricity infrastructure
evolution and to evaluate the overall benefits of transmission expansion investments.


The expected output of the project is fourfold:

-

Implementation of the framework to assess the benefits provided by transmission

infrastructure development to the
pan
-
European power system.

-

Preparation of a roadmap for the incorporation of new transmission technologies in the electricity networks.

-

Analysis of impacts of different scenarios on future electricity exchanges among
European countries.

-

Testing and application of the framework for the cost
-
benefit analysis of specific transmission projects.

OPTFUEL Optimized fuels for
sustainable transport in
Europe

Volkswagen
Aktien
gesellschaft
(Allemagne)



Institut Français du Pet
role



Renault S.A.

OPTFUEL undertakes a first large scale demonstration of the Biomass to Liquid (BtL) production chain from biomass
via gasification and fuel synthesis to the final fuel in the consumer car. BtL production will be demonstrated in an
indust
rial size plant environment (15000 t/a). All production chain components from biomass provision up to market
introduction of final consumer fuels containing BtL will be optimized and demonstrated including: The preparation of
a feedstock supply concept for

a large scale BtL plant of 200.000 t/a, 200 ha of perennial crop cultivation, static and
dynamic process modelling for upscaling, BtL production, blending and fuel upgrading techniques, testing of BtL
diesel and naphtha blends in advanced EU V engines, ve
hicles and future engine concepts. Commonly agreed fuel
specifications will be derived for BtL
-
blend fuels.


Well to Wheel (WTW) analysis of this pathway with different parameter studies, dissemination of biomass supply
concepts and the demonstration of Bt
L blend fuel in show cars are included. VOLKSWAGEN has joined forces with
Ford and Renault providing test facilities for the new fuels which are produced by Choren Industries, the leading
company in biomass gasification for synthetic transport fuels includ
ing adapted feedstock concepts. CONCAWE, the
research organisation of the mineral oil industry and research institutes IFP and Certh responsible for blending and
upgrading BtL ensure a high quality fulfilling the requirements of a premium diesel fuel. Inve
nsys for modelling the
production plant, the Indian Institute of Technology for testing BtL blends in the Indian market and SYNCOM a
project management enterprise are complementing the consortium. The results of this project are expected to be the
basis fo
r a 200.000 t/a BtL production unit in Europe.

ENERFISH Integrated
renewable energy solutions
for seafood processing
stations

Valtion teknillinen
tutkimuskeskus (Finlande)



Technofi S.A.

A new polygeneration application with renewable energy sources will

be planned and demonstrated for the fishery
industry. The distributed energy system utilizes cleaning waste of a fish processing plant to produce biodiesel. The
biodiesel is used to produce the locally needed cooling/freezing and heating energy. In additi
on, a power surplus is
generated for the electricity network or local industrial use. The research contribution focuses on optimisation,
simulation, validation and planning of piloted concepts. A energy integration auditing and optimisation tools will be
d
eveloped to carry out feasibility studies for the fishery industry.


The advanced CO2 based freezing/cooling system requires optimization and control system planning of special high
-
pressure equipments. The final biodiesel will be tested in appropriate eng
ines. With a view to marketing possibilities
the demonstration will take place in Vietnam. In the demonstration case, the main product of the fish processing
plant is catfish filet (about 40 t/d). The fat content of 22 per cent in the fish cleaning waste r
esults in a production of
biodiesel of about 13 t/d. A part of biodiesel is used to produce electricity for the locally needed cooling/freezing (0.3
MW) and heating (1,3 MW) energy. In addition, a power surplus (0,8 MW) is generated for the local industria
l use.

GROUND MED Advanced
ground source heat pump
systems for heating and
cooling in Mediterranean
climate

Center for renewable
energy sources (Grèce)



Centre technique des industries
aérauliques et thermiques



CEA



Association GRETH



Compagnie industriell
e
d’applications thermiques

GROUND
-
MED project will demonstrate geothermal heat pump (GSHP) systems for heating and cooling of
measured SPF>5,0 in 8 demonstration sites of South Europe.


As the SPF is determined not only by the heat pump unit, but by its
operating conditions imposed to the heat pump
by the ground heat exchanger and the heating/cooling system of the building as well, integrated systems
incorporating the following technological solutions will be demonstrated and evaluated:

-

new water source

heat pumps of improved seasonal efficiency; key technologies include use of the next generation
of compressors, heat exchangers and automation;

-

borehole heat exchangers and heating/cooling systems operating with minimum temperature difference between
th
em, which also follows the corresponding heating/cooling demand from the building; design aspects, thermal
storage and system controls are important;

-

minimum power consumption to system components; key parts are the fan
-
coil and air
-
handling units.


GROU
ND
-
MED has a duration of 5 years and a budget of around 7,3 million euros, comprising 25% research and
75% demonstration and other activities. The GROUND
-
MED consortium comprises 24 organizations mainly from
South Europe, including a wide diversity of GSHP

actors, such as research and educational institutes, heat pump
manufacturers, national and European industrial associations, energy consultants and works contractors.

ULTIMATE Ultra thin solar
cells for module assembly
-
tough and efficient

Fraunhofer
-
ges
ellshaft zur
förderung der angewandten
forschung E.V.
(Allemagne)



Photowatt International S.A.S


The overall objective of the current project is to make a significant contribution to the dissemination of PV in order to
improve the sustainability of the Eu
ropean energy supply, to reduce environmental hazards such as global warming
and to strengthen the economical situation of the European PV industry. The main project objective is the
demonstration of PV modules using solar cells which are substantially thi
nner than today s common practice. We will
reduce the current solar cell thickness from typically 200
-
250 µm down to 100 µm.


Assuming a projected kerf loss of 120 µm for 2010, this will enable more than 50% additional wafers to be cut from
each silicon in
got. Additionally, by using advanced solar cell device structures and module interconnection
technology, we target to increase the average efficiency for these thin cells up to 19% for mono
-
crystalline and
17.2% for multi
-
crystalline silicon and to reach a

module
-
to
-
cell efficiency ratio above 90%. The processing and
handling of wafers and cells will be adapted in order to maintain standard processing yields. Including scaling
aspects, this corresponds to a module cost reduction of approximately 30% until 2
011 and 1.0 /Wp extrapolated until
2016. Furthermore Si demand can be reduced from 10 to 6 g/Wp providing a significant effect on the eco
-
impact of
PV power generation.


The partners of this project form an outstanding consortium to reach the project goals
, including two leading
European R&D institutes as well as five companies with recorded and published expertise in the field of thin solar
cells. The project is structured in 5 work packages covering the process chain from wafer to module as well as
integr
al eco
-
assessment and management tasks. The expected impact of the project is a PV energy cost reduction
of approximately 30%, a significant reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and an improved competitiveness of the
European solar cell, module and equipm
ent manufacturers.

2NDVEGOIL Demonstration
of 2nd generation vegetable
oil fuels in advanced engines

John Deere werke
Mannheim
zweigniederlassung der
deer & company
(Allemagne)



Fédération nationale des CUMA
Rhône ALPES



RhônAlpEnergie
-
Environnement

Pure
vegetable oil use as engine fuel has the potential for the most comprehensive ecologic, economic and social
benefits of all biofuels. The production involves few process steps and can be done economically with small
production units. The production process

has only small energy losses and provides potential for additional income
generation on farms, thereby strengthening rural economic structures. The challenges to be met by pure vegetable
oil are engine adaptation, fuel quality control, emissions control a
nd limits to overall production potential.


State
-
of
-
the
-
art concepts allow for achieving EURO3 emission levels for road vehicles in specifically adapted diesel
engines for rape seed oil fitting to the German pre
-
norm DIN V 51605. However, advanced biofuel
s should allow that
emissions keep within the limits of the forthcoming EURO6 norm for road vehicles and EU Stage 4 / US Final TIER4
for non
-
road vehicles. This proposal covers research and demonstration on 2nd generation vegetable oil fuels in
advanced en
gines. It follows a double strategy: engines as well as the fuel are adapted such that both match and the
combination allows for achieving high engine performance at minimum fuel consumption fitting with most severe
emission limits.


The objectives are

-

t
o widen the range of considered oils,

-

to research on and demonstrate additives for vegetable oils,

-

to research on and demonstrate improved engine oils,

-

to achieve EU stage 4 / US TIER4 emission levels in medium
-
scale demonstration fleets running in F
rance, Austria,
Germany and Poland,

-

to transfer the engine and fuel concepts to hybrid engines, allowing to achieve forthcoming EURO6 emission levels,

-

to prepare proposals for future fuel standards.


The outcome of the project includes advanced engine
and fuel concepts for vegetable oil and the preparation of a
European standard for 2nd generation vegetable oil.


SOLASYS
Next generation
solar cell and module laser
processing systems

Fraunhofer
-
gesellshaft zur
förderung der angewandten
forschung E.V. (
Allemagne)



CNRS

Laser processes provide manufacturing solutions with minimum mechanical and thermal influence on the processed
product due to their selective energy control and deposition and generally high processing speed. With this
advantages they are
already well established for some processing steps in the current production of solar cells. High
speed laser ablation is used for the isolation of the emitter front side from the backside of a solar cell, Laser melting
is used to form backside contacts an
d laser drilling has been proven as a versatile tool for drilling silicon wafers for
metal wrap through backside contacts. All these processes are currently performed with standard Q
-
switch
-
Nd:YAG
-
Lasers with pulse durations of up to 100 ns which provide p
rocess characteristics and results being far away from
the technical and physical limits of possible laser processes.


New laser sources such as ultra short pulsed lasers, time domain optimized lasers, wavelength adapted lasers and
ultra compact modular la
ser sources have been recently developed and provide a much better matching of laser
parameters to the required processing characteristics. With these new laser sources flexible manufacturing steps
can be realized leading to higher productivity and product
ion costs as well as to higher efficiency of solar cells and
modules and even new cell concepts. Within a consortium from laser manufacturers, system suppliers, research
institutes and end users the technical and physical potential of high quality and proc
ess tailored laser sources will be
demonstrated throughout the project and evaluated for current and future photovoltaic manufacturing processes.

NORSEWIND Northern seas
wind index database

Oldbaum Services Limited
(UK)



Boost technologies


NORSEWInD is
a programme designed to provide a wind resource map covering the Baltic, Irish and North Sea
areas. The project will acquire highly accurate, cost effective, physical data using a combination of traditional
Meteorological masts, ground based remote sensing

instruments (LiDAR & SoDAR) and Satellite acquired SAR
winds. The vertical resolution of the ground based instruments will be used to calibrate the Satellite data to provide
hub height, real world data. The resultant wind map will be the first stop for al
l potential developers in the regions
being examined, and as such represents an important step forward in quantifying the quality of the wind resource
available offshore. The techniques employed are fully transferrable, meaning that they can be repeated in

any
offshore environment. This will be showcased in the NORSEWInD validation task. Remote sensing has a hugely
important role to play within the wind industry, and their use within the NORSEWInD programme to reduce the cost
and increase the accuracy of of
fsore wind measurements will increase acceptance and showcase the ability and
power of the techniques.

ECCO European value
chains for CO2

Sintef energiforskning
S.A.
(Norvège)



Institut français du pétrole

The main objective of ECCO is to facilitate robus
t strategic decision making regarding early and future
implementation of CO2 value chains for Europe in the face of uncertainty. The project will provide recommendations
enabling cost
-
effective use of the CO2 being produced from zero
-
emission power plants
and other industries in
Europe by exploring the assets and challenges of CO2 for enhanced hydrocarbon production (EOR/EGR) in a value
-
chain context.


ECCO responds to the need for a European joint effort towards overcoming the barriers to the deployment of

CCS.
The core group of the project is constituted by 18 legal entities, all of them committed to the execution of ECCO.
These encompass 7 energy providers (oil & gas companies and utilities), 2 engineering companies, 1 NGO and 8
highly ranked RTD provider
s representing bordering countries around the North Sea basin and in Central and
Eastern Europe. ECCO
-
short for European Value Chain for CO2
-

is designed as a Collaborative Project (small to
medium scale focused project).


The R&D activities are structur
ed in four sub
-
projects (SP) directly responding to the objectives of the Work
Programme: SP1 ECCO dissemination and training SP2 CCS analysis and recommendations SP3 CO2 value chain
methodology and tool development SP4 Reservoir technology for EOR/EGR The

knowledge, methods, and tools
developed in ECCO shall influence future CCS initiatives by enabling the industrial players and the authorities to
analyse, understand, and make sound decisions within the topic of CO2 value chains. Key expected impacts of
EC
CO, all complying with the Work Programme are: Underpin the realisation of CO2 value chains for captured CO2
from large point sources for CO2 injection in petroleum reservoirs (EOR/EGR) and CO2 storage.

HYDROACTION Development
and laboratory testing of
im
proved action and Matrix
hydro turbines designed by
advanced analysis and
National University of
Athens



Ecole centrale de Lyon



Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble



Techniques Hydroélectriques S.A.

optimization tools

The overall concept of the proposed proj
ect is to improve the hydraulic efficiency of small action type turbines,
through the development and application of a numerical optimization methodology, that will be validated by the
construction and laboratory testing of the prototype models of Pelton,
Turgo and Matrix turbines representing both
action and reaction types. The methodology to be developed regards the adaptation and application of the
Lagrangian Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics model for the simulation of the flow. The application of the inn
ovative
design tool is expected to achieve an average increase in small action and Matrix hydro turbines efficiency of the
order of 3 to 5%.


The flow analysis software to be implemented is characterised as cost effective and capable of fast processing of
multi
-
parametric flows, whereas the optimization strategy will be based on Evolutionary Algorithms, resulting in
enhanced economic feasibility of the proposed design procedure. The investigation of three different types of small
hydro turbines will demonst
rate the wide application range of the new methodology and evaluate its generality

HYCYCLES Materials and
components for Hydrogen
production by sulphur based
thermochemical cycles

Deutches zentrum fur luft
und raumfahrt E.V
(Allemagne)



Boostec S.A.



CEA

HycycleS aims at the qualification and enhancement of materials and components for key steps of thermochemical
cycles for solar or nuclear hydrogen generation. The focus of HycycleS is the decomposition of sulphuric acid which
is the central step of the s
ulphur based family of those processes, especially the hybrid sulphur cycle and the
sulphur
-
iodine cycle. Breakthrough developments are targeted for both with an accent on the hybrid sulphur cycle.
Emphasis is put on materials and components for sulphuric
acid evaporation, decomposition, and sulphur dioxide
separation.


The suitability of materials and the reliability of the components will be shown in practice by decomposing sulphuric
acid and separating its decomposition products in scalable prototypes. T
he final aim is to bring thermochemical
water splitting closer to realisation by improving the efficiency, stability, practicability, and costs of the key
components involved and by elaborating detailed engineering solutions. The activities comprise the ex
perimental
identification and evaluation of suitable materials
-

in particular ceramics of the SiC family, development and test of
the key components evaporator, decomposer, and separator as prototypes, qualification of catalysts, construction
materials an
d components, modelling of those components and characteristics of materials, and analysis of the
techno
-
economic impact on the overall process.


The project takes into account the activities currently performed in the US, Japan, and Australia. Therefore k
ey
partners from those countries, Westinghouse, JAEA, and CSIRO, are involved to ensure coordination of activities
and information exchange with respect to sulphur based cycles in the different continents and the definition of
interfaces. Beyond that, Hycy
cleS activities will be strongly linked with international initiatives on hydrogen
production under the aegis of IPHE, IEA, INERI, and Gen IV to ensure mutual benefit from different international
programmes.

ZEOCELL
NANOSTRUCTURED
ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANES
BA
SED ON POLYMER
-
IONIC
LIQUIDS
-
ZEOLITE
COMPOSITES FOR HIGH
TEMPERATURE PEM FUEL
CELL

Universidad de Zaragoza
(Espagne)



Solvionic S.A.

The PEMFC represents one of the most promising technologies in the field of fuel cells. One of the keys to the
success of t
he PEMFC technology is the development of improved electrolyte membrane materials which can be
produced in mass and can operate within a temperature range of 130
-
200ºC. The ZEOCELL project will develop a
nanostructured electrolyte membrane based on a new c
omposite multifunctional material consisting of the
combination of 3 materials: zeolites, ionic liquids and polymers integrating their beneficial characteristics. The
membrane will have an innovative structure comprising a 2D polymer matrix and two zeolite

layers, with the following
properties:
-

High ionic conductivity: 100 mS/cm at 150ºC.;
-

Suitability for operating at temperatures between 130
-
200ºC;
-

Good chemical, mechanical and thermal stability up to 200ºC;
-

Durability (<1% performance degradation
during the first 1000 hours working);
-

Low fuel cross
-
over (< 400 EUR/m2). Expert researchers and industries with
high technological capacities and potential market make up the project consortium. Their expertise will be:
Researchers: INA (small pore of z
eolites and membrane development). FORTH/ICE
-
HT (large pore of zeolites and
modeling membrane conduction performance). CIDETEC: (resistant polymer materials, 2D random nanoporous
polymer structures and membrane characterization in H2
-
PEMFC and DAFC). UTWEN
TE (PBI and PEEK type
polymers). CFR
-
FIAT (2D microstructured polymeric matrix with ordered nanoporous). Industries: SOLVIONIC (Ionic
Liquids). SOLVAY (integration of conducting polymers in the nanostructured membranes and characterization of
them on singl
e fuel cells). CEGASA (analysis of the suitability for mass
-
production of the new membrane).

UNIQUE Integration of
Università delle studi


Université
Louis Pasteur

particulate abatement,
removal of trace elements
and tar reforming in one
biomass steam gasification
reactor yielding high purity
syngas for

efficient CHP and
power plants

dell’aquilla (Italie)

This proposal aims at a compact version of a gasifier by integrating the fluidized bed steam gasification of biomass
and the hot gas cleaning and condit
ioning system into one reactor vessel. Such arrangement will guarantee the
conversion of tar, elimination of trace elements and an efficient abatement of the particulate, delivering high purity
syngas, suitable to assure a substantial share of power genera
tion even in small
-

to medium
-
scale (few MWth) CHP
and power plants, and to increase the overall economic revenue, in line with the FP7 energy directives. It is expected
that this innovation will provide a concrete contribution to the target fixed in the w
ork programme of reducing the cost
of electricity obtained by means of advanced gasification systems below 0.04 /kWh in 2020. The strategy of the work
plan is designed to: (i) carry out systematic investigations into the development of catalytic and sorben
t materials and
verify their effectiveness to improve gas quality at real gasification conditions with tests at bench
-

to pilot
-
scale (up to
100kWth); (ii) evaluate the purity of syngas against existing cleaning and conditioning systems, by means of a proo
f
of concept in the Güssing gasification plant, and the compatibility towards advanced power generation systems, by
means of electricity production tests with a SOFC unit; (iii) assess technical feasibility of process simplification and
intensification act
ions by means of design and operation of an integrated gasification and hot gas cleaning and
conditioning fluidized bed prototype reactor (1 MWth), at a significant scale to provide sufficient and reliable
information for industrial applications. This ambi
tious project relates well to the complementary expertises of
applicants.

BIODOME Production of DME
from biomass and utilisation
as fuel for transport and for
industrial use

Volvo Powertrain AB
(Suède)



Total France

The overall project objective is to dem
onstrate production of environmentally optimised synthetic biofuel from
lignocellulosic biomass at industrial scale. The final output of this demonstration is dimethylether (DME) produced
from black liquor through the production of clean synthesis gas and
a final fuel synthesis step. In order to check
technical standards, commercial possibilities and engine compatibilities the bio
-
DME will be tested in a fleet
consisting of 14 Volvo trucks. Research, development and demonstration will be made of improved fu
el production
systems and conversion technologies for the sustainable production and supply chains of DME from biomass. DME
produced from black liquor can be considered as an added
-
value product considering a pulpmill as a biorefinery

ROBUST DSC Efficien
t and
robust dye sensitzed solar
cells and modules

Stinchting
energieonderzoek centrum
(Pays
-
Bas)



Corning S.A.S.

ROBUST DSC aims to develop materials and manufacturing procedures for Dye Sensitized Solar Cells (DSC) with
long lifetime and increased module

efficiencies (7% target). The project intends to accelerate the exploitation of the
DSC technology in the energy supply market. The approach focuses on the development of large area, robust, 7%
efficient DSC modules using scalable, reproducible and commer
cially viable fabrication procedures.


In parallel with this objective, more fundamental research, employing new materials and device configurations, will
target increasing the efficiency of labscale DSC to 14%. Progress on labscale devices will be fed dir
ectly into module
development. The approach is based on the use of innovative low
-
cost materials, scalable manufacturing
techniques, predictive device models and in
-
and outdoor lifetime testing. A sound and scientific understanding of the
basic procedures
to manufacture the cells and a thorough knowledge of the fundamental processes in the cell are
important tools for our success.


The partnership consists of: two SMEs (Orionsolar and G24i) that are committed to large
-
scale production of DSC,
one industry (
Corning) that has proven experience on inorganic frits for sealing of a variety of applications, three
research institutes (ECN, IVF, FISE) with expertise in the field of long
-
term testing, up
-
scaling and module fabrication
and four academic partners, worl
d leaders in both new materials and concepts, and in fundamental research on cell
function and modelling (EPFL, IMPERIAL, ICIQ, UAM).


We anticipate that this project will result in the demonstration of a new scalable, low cost, photovoltaic technology. It

will therefore form the basis of a potentially substantial business opportunity aiming at developing a new solar cell
product with cost and payback characteristics strongly advantaged over existing technologies.

EQUIMAR Equitable testing
and evaluation o
f marine
energy extraction devices in
terms of performance, cost
and environmental impact

University of Edinburgh
(UK)



Actimar S.A.S.



EDF



Institut français de recherche

pour
l’exploitation de la mer

EquiMar will deliver a suite of protocols for the equit
able evaluation of marine energy converters (based on either
tidal or wave energy). These protocols will harmonise testing and evaluation procedures across the wide variety of
devices presently available with the aim of accelerating adoption though technol
ogy matching and improved
understanding of the environmental and economic impacts associated with the deployment of arrays of devices.
EquiMar will assess devices through a suite of protocols covering site selection, device engineering design, the
scaling
up of designs, the deployment of arrays of devices, the environmental impact, in terms of both biological &
coastal processes, and economic issues. A series of protocols will be developed through a robust, auditable process
and disseminated to the wider co
mmunity.

PLANETS Probabilistic long
-
term assessment of new
energy technology scenarios

Fundazione Eni Enrico
Mattei (Italie)



Kanlo Consultants S.A.R.L.

The goal of PLANETS is to devise robust scenarios for the evolution of energy technologies in the next

50 years.
This is achieved by means of an ensemble of quantitative and analytical tools that are designed to foresee the best
technological hedging policy in response to future environmental and energy policies. Focused technological
assessments will prov
ide the necessary guidance for technology availability and competitiveness.


Given the long term nature of the analysis, not to mention the many uncertainties surrounding the natural,
technological and socio
-
economic determinants, the scenarios development

will be accompanied by probabilistic and
stochastic modelling analysis to quantify the most determinant sensitivities. To this purpose, a suite of state
-
of
-
the
-
art energy
-
economy
-
climate models will be brought together.


The model portfolio spans varietie
s of regional coverage, technological detail and economic interrelations. Dedicated
integrated assessments will explore the technological options that are most likely to play a role over the time horizon
under investigation, and the critical issues that ar
e needed for their competitive deployment. PLANETS will research
the future of energy systems by examining environmental and energy policies at the European and global level in
their capacity to influence the deployment of new technologies with respect to
a mutually agreed Business
-
As
-
Usual
scenario.


This project will also analyse the linkage between European and world perspectives of energy technology futures
and forecasts, in particular in terms of issues like economic competitiveness and the capacity to

export clean
technology adoption. Finally, PLANETS will aim to broadly disseminate EU energy technology futures, by setting up
an informative scenarios website and acquainting a large number of stakeholders ' from science, industry,
government and so fort
h ' with peer
-
reviewed publications and a final general
-
audience conference.


EFONET Energy foresight
network

Istituto d studi per
l’integrazione dei sistemi
(Italie)



Comité des constructeurs
d’automobiles S.A.



Enerdata S.A.

The EFONET CA addresses Tas
k 9.2.1 Energy foresight network. It primarily aims at providing policy relevant input
to the EC, notably in relation with the Review of the EU Energy Strategy, the establishment of the Strategic
Technology Plan, the implementation of the Action Plan for E
nergy Efficiency. EFONET will establish and run a
discussion platform gathering representatives from the research community and from all relevant stakeholder
groups.


It features 5 Thematic WPs, each concentrating on one of the main priorities that have al
ready been identified within
the energy foresight network established and run by the EC since 2005: methodological approaches and tools for
foresight, end
-
use energy efficiency, foresight in the transport sector, technologies integration scenarios, barrier
s to
the penetration of future technologies. 2 additional WPs deal with project management, network coordination and
dissemination. 18 workshops and a final conference will be organised over 2.5 years, with an overall attendance
estimated in some 500 parti
cipants.


The main outputs are

-

country reports summarising state of the art on energy foresight methods and their application

-

evaluation papers and policy briefs including recommendations for future energy policy formulation and
implementation. EFONET
aims at becoming a privileged discussion forum on future EU energy policies.


To this end, provisions are made to

-

continuously extend network participation

-

establish and maintain links with other EU energy RTD projects including those emerging for othe
r Tasks in this call

-

develop a dedicated interactive website to ensure wide dissemination and consolidate a virtual EFONET
community that can extend beyond the contractual EFONET lifetime.


The EFONET team includes 14 partners and a large group of extern
al experts, covering 19 different countries,
representing public and private research, national and EU institutions, industry, international organisations and
NGOs.


SUSTOIL Developing
advanced Biorefinery
schemes for integration into
existing oil
product
ion/transesterification
plants

University of Cork (Irlande)



Institut national polytechnique de
Toulouse



CREOL Centre de recherche et
d’expérimentation sur les oléagineux et
les protéaginaux



Centre technique interprofessionnel
des oléagineux métropolitain
s

An ambitious and achievable vision for 2030 is that up to 25% of the EU s transport fuel needs could be met by clean
and CO2
-
efficient biofuel. To achieve this, it will be necessary to promote the transition towards second generation
biofuels (e.g. lign
ocellulosic ethanol, syngas gas based fuels, pyrolysis oil based biofuels) but also support the
implementation of currently available biofuels including biodiesel via integrated production of energy and other
added
-
value products trough biorefineries.


The

aim of SUSTOIL is to develop advanced biorefinery schemes to convert whole EU oil
-
rich crops (rapeseed, olive
and sunflower) into energy (fuels, power and heat), food and bioproducts (chemicals and/or materials) making
optimal uses of the side streams gen
erated during farming/harvesting, primary processing (e.g. oil extraction and
refining) and secondary processing (e.g. transesterification).


IBPOWER Intermediate band
materials and solar cells for
photovoltaics with high
efficiency and reduced cost

Univ
ersidad Politechnica di
Madrid



Riber

This proposal pursues the manufacturing of intermediate band materials and solar cells according to the following
main strategies:

-

Insertion of transition elements into III
-
V semiconductor matrices;

-

use of quantum
dot systems to artificially engineer intermediate band solar cells;

-

development of intermediate band materials and solar cells based on InGaN;

-

Insertion of transition elements into thin film polycristalline hosts;


Approaches 'a' to 'c' rely on the use

of concentrated sunlight to achieve cost competitive goals.
Approach 'd' relies on
low cost materials.

BARENERGY Barriers for
energy changes among end
consumers and households

Statens instittut for
forbruksforskning



EDF

The main objective in this prop
osal is to develop methods to identify the relevance and strengths of various barriers
for energy behaviour changes among end consumers and households, and to discuss how activities from political
authorities, energy producers and NGOs can overcome these b
arriers.


We will address changes in consumer behaviour along two dimensions. The first is energy saving and improvement
of energy efficiency within households, the second is changes toward more sustainable and renewable energy
technologies. We are also co
ncerned about the relationship between these three strategies; turn down and switch
off, the purchase of energy
-
efficient appliances, and shift to (more) sustainable energy carriers.


Based upon the state of art we have identified six barriers to energy ch
ange among end consumers, ranking from
macro to micro perspectives.

-

Physical and structural barriers.

-

Political barriers,

-

Cultural
-
normative or social barriers,

-

Economic barriers,

-

Knowledge based barriers and

-

Individual
-
psychological barriers W
e will combine an individual and institutional approach.


This means that individual and household energy behaviour
-

and changes in this behaviour
-

can only be
understood by considering individual values, attitudes, norms and knowledge among individuals
together with the
context in which this behaviour takes place. We have developed a methodological triangulation with three main
empirical approaches.
-

Qualitative interviews with strategic stakeholders in the involved countries
-

Representative
quantitati
ve surveys among consumers in the countries involved in the project.


However, we will also include Greece in this survey in order to focus on energy related questions in the climate of SE
Europe
-

Qualitative strategic focus groups among targeted consumer

groups in the same countries. With strategic
groups we mean people with different windows of opportunities and people with different social background,
identified in the call text.

PEGASE Pan European grid
advanced simulation and
state estimation

Suez Tr
actabell S.A.
(Belgique)



RTE EDF Transport S.A.



Centrale Recherche S.A.



INRIA

PEGASE is a four year project dealing with the High and Extra High Voltage transmission and sub
-
transmission
networks in Europe (designated as ETN) and implemented by a Consorti
um composed of 20 Partners including
TSOs, expert companies and leading research centre s in power system analysis and applied mathematics. Its
overall objectives are to define the most appropriate state estimation, optimization and simulation frameworks,
their
performance and dataflow requirements to achieve an integrated security analysis and control of the ETN.


The heart of the PEGASE project will involve advanced algorithmic, build prototypes of software and demonstrate
the feasibility of real
-
time sta
te estimation (SE), multi purpose constrained optimization (OPF) and time domain
simulation of very large model representative of the ETN, taking into account its operation by multiple oTSOs. Project
R&D ambitions: The first ambition is to relieve all know
ledge barriers t provide all TSOs with a synchronous display
of the state of the ETN, very close to real time (typically each 5
-
10 seconds). The second ambition is to develop OPF
programs determining realistic system operating points that include TSO opera
ting rules but also optimal preventive
or corrective actions, typically for real
-
time congestion management.

SOLARH2 European solar
-
fuel initiative
-

renewable
hydrogen from sun and
water; science linking
molecular biomimetics and
genetics

Université d’U
ppsala
(Suède)



CNRS



CEA

SOLAR
-
H2 brings together 12 world
-
leading European laboratories to carry out integrated, basic research aimed at
achieving renewable hydrogen (H2) production from environmentally safe resources. The vision is to develop novel
route
s for the production of a Solar
-
fuel, in our case H2, from the very abundant, effectively inexhaustible resources,
solar energy and water. Our multidisciplinary expertise spans from molecular biology, biotechnology, via
biochemistry and biophysics to organ
o
-
metallic and physical chemistry.


The project integrates two frontline research topics: artificial photosynthesis in man
-
made biomimetic systems, and
photobiological H2 production in living organisms. H2 production by these methods on a relevant scale is

still distant
but has a vast potential and is of utmost importance for the future European economy. The scientific risk is high
-

the
research is very demanding. Thus, our overall objective now, is to explore, integrate and provide the basic science
neces
sary to develop these novel routes and advance them toward new horizons. Along the first track, the
knowledge gained from biochemical/biophysical studies of efficient enzymes will be exploited by organometallic
chemists to design and synthesize bio
-
mimetic

compounds for artificial photosynthesis.


The design of these molecules is based on molecular knowledge about how natural photosynthesis works and how
hydrogenase enzymes form H2. Along the second track, we perform research and development on the genetic
level
to increase our understanding of critical H2 forming reactions in photosynthetic alga and cyanobacteria. These
studies are directly aimed at the improvement of the H2 producing capability of the organisms using novel genetic
and metabolic engineering
. The project also involves research aimed at demonstrating the concept of photobiological
H2 production in photobioreactors.


73

projets trouvés,
7 coordinations françaises, 72 partenaires français


APPEL 2008

Projets avec coordination française

Nom du
projet

Coordinateur français

Participant français

BABETANOL New
feedstock and innovative
transformation process
for a more sustainable
development and
production of
lignocellulosic ethanol

http://babethanol.com/


I
nstitut
National
Polytechnique de Toulouse



Maguin S.A.S.



Adour Pyrénées Garonne
Environnement Etudes et Conseil




Institut National des sciences
appliquées de Toulouse (INSAT)

Today, USA and Brazil have massively invested in ethanol mono
-
production, taking

advantage of their respective
native crops, intensive culture practices and large availability of land. These renewable biofuel production models
cannot be applied to most of the industrial and emerging countries. For these countries with limited land use
, one of
the best solutions to comply with their objectives of renewable biofuel and avoid food/fuel competition is the
production of ethanol from diversified lignocellulosic residues. Yet, more research efforts are necessary to reach this
objective.


The

BABETHANOL project proposes solutions for a more sustainable approach of 2nd generation renewable
ethanol, based on a moderate, environmental
-
friendly and integrated transformation process that should be
applicable to an expanded range of lignocellulosic
feedstocks.


The new process, called CES
-

Combined Extrusion
-
Saccharification, will be an alternative to the costly processes of
the current state
-
of
-
the
-
art, notably the pre
-
treatment requiring much energy, water, chemical products, detoxification
and w
aste water treatment. CES will be developed and tested from laboratory up to semi
-
industrial pilot scale with
different new feedstock: Blue Agave Bagass, Palm Oil Empty Fruit Bunches and Olive oil Milled Husks.


A Europe
-
Latin America lignocellullosic bio
mass catalogue will also be developed as a further contribution to the
expansion of feedstocks.


The success of the new project much relies on the well
-
balanced consortium with 7 European partners, 8 Latin
American partners, the multidisciplinary expertis
e with agriculture/agronomy, chemical/catalysis, microbial systems
engineering, industrial plant design and the integration of SMEs.

SMALLINONE Smart
membrane for hydrogen
energy conversion: All
fuel cell functionalities in
one material

CEA



Federal Mogul

Systems Protection



Alma Consulting Group S.A.S.

A breakthrough of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) requires a radical performances improvement of
the key fuel cell material components (catalysts and protonic membrane) as well as highly innovat
ive solutions to
overcome the membrane assembly and integration limitations.


Actual PEM fuel cells presents Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) architecture corresponding to a proton
conductive membrane hot pressed between two catalytic electrodes. However
, the MEA performance is limited by
the interface effect between catalytic layer and membrane.


To overcome this problem, the SMAllInOne project introduces a SMart All in One membrane concept.


In this approach, a catalytic network is directly implanted
in the thin film protonic membrane. This novel composite
material is particularly well adapted for fuel cell technologies as there is no boundary between the membrane and the
electrodes. Moreover, several functionalities will be added to this material in o
rder to confer it smart properties such
as water and crossover management, tailored porosity and 3D conformability.


The scientific and technological objectives of the project are:

* To synthesize bifunctional polymerizable and volatile precursors (alken
yl & sulfonyl) to prevent the destruction of
the acidic functions during the thin film membrane realization

* To create a network of percolated platinum nano
-
particles inside both faces of the membrane to ensure
simultaneously a good catalytic efficiency
and electronic conductivity

* To enhance electronic conductivity by a tailored doping of material with gold particles by the surface

* To study and propose a water and crossover management solution by adding functional hydrophilic particles to
keep the m
embrane wet and Pt particles to getter hydrogen linkage

* To avoid the fuel depletion by controlling the porosity using a porogen approach


EBC2008 Towards a low
carbon energy : The
European strategic
energy technology plan

CEA

Liste non disponible

Ren
ewable Energies and Energy Management are major issues for France which supports the European
Commission energy/climate policy. To realize this commitment, we propose to organize under the French Presidency
of the European Union, a major event to prepare t
he launch of the SET
-
Plan, named "Towards a low carbon energy:
The European Strategic Energy Technology Plan". It will take place on October 28th 2008 in Paris at the Carrousel
du Louvre. Based on the work launched by the European Summit in spring 2008, th
is major event, which will include
a conference and an exhibition, will be a place for expression on the issues and challenges faced to industry and
society by the European climate/energy policy, and the fundamental role of technology to solve them.


The o
bjectives are: to remind the background and the objectives of this policy, to agree on the objectives of low
carbon energy technologies and rally the European players around a common strategy, to draft the agenda of the
advances of these technologies, to i
nclude them in a common frame of reference in order to compare periodically
their results to conduct a coherent change in the energy mix, to encourage managers to acquire and use the
instruments provided by the SET Plan in their strategic choices, to enhan
ce recent European technological
achievements, to enhance the work of technology platforms and to support the implementation of the Joint
Technology Initiatives. As active component of the SET
-
Plan, the event will also provide an opportunity to promote
coo
rdination of research organizations in the energy sector through the launch of the Alliance, to promote European
industrial new initiatives and to prepare the work of the Steering Group for the Prague Summit in 2009.


Projets avec partenaires français


No
m du projet

Coordinateur

Participant français

OPEN METER Open public
extended network metering

Iberdrola distribucion
electrica (Espagne)



Actaris S.A.S.



EDF

New smart multi
-
metering or multi
-
functional Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) is capable

of creating value for
energy consumers, network operators, metering operators and retailers. AMI will provide better services for
customers in various ways: not only by more accurate metering and billing, but also by easing the supplier switching
process
and also by facilitating demand response to price and network signals that eventually will reach the
consumer. With AMI technology, consumers can be aware of prices and CO2 emissions associated with their
consumption.


Although there are some commercial sy
stems capable of supporting AMI, there is great lack of interoperability
among systems, preventing the large
-
scale adoption of the smart multi metering. The main problem for the large
-
scale adoption is the lack of a set of widely accepted open standards ca
pable of guaranteeing the interoperability of
systems and devices produced by different manufacturers. The main objective of the OPEN meter project is to
specify a comprehensive set of open and public standards for AMI, supporting electricity, gas, water a
nd heat
metering, based on the agreement of all the relevant stakeholders in this area. Partners will carry out activities
resulting in identifying and filling the knowledge gaps necessary to enable relevant industries to agree, implement
and embrace the n
ew set of international standards specified.


The project will take advantage of the existing International and European standards, technologies and solutions,
adapting them to the specific needs of AMI where possible, and carrying out the research and tec
hnological
development activities where necessary. The OPEN meter consortium comprises world
-
wide leading electricity,
water, gas and heat meter manufacturing industry, alongside with some of the largest multi
-
utilities in Europe, and
the official standard
ization body CENELEC, so the support of the majority of the relevant stakeholders in the area is
ensured.

THERMONANO Low
-
temperature heat exchangers
based on thermally
-
conducting polymer
nanocomposites

Politechnico di Torino
(Italie)



CEA

Pas de descript
ion du projet disponible

CEREXPRO Ceramic heat
exchangers with enhanced
materials properties

Technische
universitaetbergakademie
Freiberg



Institut français du textile et de
l’habillement

Heat recovery at a high temperature level is essential in indust
rial thermal processing. The use of ceramic materials
yields higher temperatures and subsequently a higher efficiency. The present project aims to develop a new
generation of ceramic heat exchangers for high temperature heat recovery with the target of sig
nificantly reducing
the size and weight as well as also the price of such components by simplifying the manufacturing process and
allowing a higher flexibility in the heat exchanger geometry.


The use of precursors/template materials taken from the textile

industries and a subsequent ceramic conversion is
proposed as the main technological path for reaching the above objectives. Although this principal option is not new,
there are no development efforts known, to utilize such a technological approach for in
dustrial high temperature heat
exchangers. The proposed route will lead to an increase in freedom of the geometric design at low costs for shaping.
The development/refinement of the conversion process for such materials into a thermal
-
shock resistant gas
-
t
ight
ceramic (e.g. silicon infiltrated silicon carbide) and the multi
-
objective optimization in terms of size, geometry,
material and production costs is the major challenge of the proposed project. A complete ceramic heat exchanger
component shaped by tex
tile technologies is targeted.


The combination/junction of existing robust ceramic components already applied in industrial furnaces, like silicon
infiltrated SiC tubes, with compatible ceramic heat enhancement elements, built through the textile technolo
gy based
manufacturing process, allows a robust construction in terms of application safety as an intermediate technology
development step. At the same time a significant size reduction or increase of the heat recovery level can be
achieved due to the high
er heat transfer by the fine shaped and geometrically flexible heat enhancement elements.

THATEA Thermoacoustic
technology for energy
applications

Stinchting
energieonderzoek centrum
(Pays
-
Bas)



CNRS



Hekyom

The objective of the THATEA project is to advanc
e the science and technology behind the thermoacoustic energy
conversion processes to such a level that would enable reaching conversion efficiencies at which the application of
the technology becomes economically attractive. Based on the results obtained,

the most promising application
areas will be identified for further development. Thermoacoustic energy conversion is a generic cross
-
cutting energy
technology that can be applied in a vast number of applications, requiring heating, cooling, or power both
in industry
and build environment.


Thermoacoustic is concerned with the thermodynamic conversion between heat and intense sound in the presence
of a solid boundary. The working principles of thermoacoustic systems are quite complex. However, the practical

implementations of these are relatively simple. This offers great advantages with respect to the economic feasibility
of this technology. The systems lack moving parts, use environmentally friendly working media, and only ordinary
materials. The developme
nt of thermoacoustic systems will lead to energy and cost savings and economically
attractive renewable energy options. The attractive feature of thermoacoustic technology is that all the different
applications can be developed based on the same technologi
cal principles.


This means that the components of such systems can be made in large quantities at low cost. This project will be
dedicated to the exploration and the study of different conversion processes involved in the thermoacoustic systems
and the po
tential they have for energy applications. This project is the first initiative on a European level, aiming to
combine the efforts in the new research field of thermoacoustics in order to acquire a leadership position in this new
promising and innovative t
echnology.

MUSTANG A multiple space
and time scale approach for
the quantification of deep
saline formations for CO2
storage

Université d’Uppsala
(Suède)



Oxtand S.A.



ImageauS.A.



CNRS

The objectives of MUSTANG are to develop and disseminate a comprehensiv
e set of methodologies and tools for
the assessment and characterization of deep saline aquifers for CO2 storage, providing measures of performance
and risk that are necessary for a cost
-
benefit analysis, ensuring public confidence and acceptance and promo
ting its
deployment. Novel CO2 storage specific field investigation technologies and methodologies will be developed,
allowing an improved determination of the relevant physical properties of the site and enabling short response times
in the detection and
monitoring of CO2 plumes during both the injection and storage phases.


We also aim at an improved understanding of the processes of CO2 spreading by means of theoretical
investigations, laboratory experiments, natural analogue studies and field scale inj
ection tests, including those
relevant to the

1) seal integrity;

2) the negative impact of possibly conductive faults;

3) formation heterogeneities;

4) CO2 trapping mechanisms; and

5) effective treatment for the wide span of spatial and temporal scale
s of the coupled thermo
-
hydro
-
mechanical
-
chemical processes.


Based on the improved process models, conceptual and numerical models will be developed for analyzing CO2
injection and storage and implemented at six test sites representing different geologic
al settings and geographical
locations in Europe, also addressing the impact of the CO2 injection on seal integrity. The guidelines to be
developed will be integrated into a decision support system, which will include a risk assessment component and
liabil
ities consideration. The DSS will be tested and validated at the various project test sites. Special attention has
been devoted to promote measures capable of enhancing public outreach and acceptance and dissemination of the
methodologies and technologies
to the wide public.

PlantPower
-

living plants in
microbial fuel cells for clean,
renewable, sustainable,
efficient, in
-
situ bioenergy
production

Wgeningen Universiteit



Université de Rennes 1

Living plants in microbial fuel cells might be used as futur
e large
-
scale Europe wide green energy providers. Such a
system can produce in
-
situ 24 hours per day green electricity or biohydrogen without harvesting the plants. That this
might become true was indicated by our first small scale proof of principle exper
iments describing the so called Plant
Microbial Fuel Cell (Plant
-
MFC) (Strik, 2008, De Schamphelaire, 2008). The Plant
-
MFC aims to transform solar
radiation into green electricity or biohydrogen in a clean and efficient manner. In the Plant
-
MFC concept, li
ving plants
and living microbes form an electrochemical system that is capable of sustainable production of green electricity or
biohydrogen from solar energy. By its nature, the Plant
-
MFC is in potential 5 times more efficient than conventional
bio
-
energy

systems.


The technology might be implemented in several ways, ranging from local small scale electricity providers to large
scale energy wetlands and islands, high
-
tech energy and food supplying greenhouses and novel biorefineries. This
way, affordable b
ioenergy maybe produced in Europe as well as in developing countries. Plant
-
MFCs can be
integrated in landscapes invisibly which makes this technology socially highly acceptable. However, exploration of
new areas of science and technology is necessary to o
vercome Plant
-
MFCs bottlenecks and to make this principally
clean, renewable and sustainable technology come true. It is now time to show that significant independent
European biofuel and bioelectricity production is possible; we propose that Plant
-
MFCs ca
n be an excellent choice
for our future. We expect that Plant
-
MFC technology can at least cover 20% of Europe s primary energy need in a
real clean and sustainable way. The Plant
-
MFC concept has several attractive qualities which can provide the
significan
t break through for sustainable energy production in Europe. It will reinforcing competitiveness of Europe
since Plant
-
MFC is world
-
wide implementable.

C
-
ENERGY Connecting energy
NCPs A pro
-
active network of
national contact points in the
Seventh Framewo
rk Programme
under the Energy Theme

Agenzia per la promozione
della ricerca europea



ADEME

C
-
ENERGY Connecting Energy NCPs has the overall objective to reinforce the network of National Contact Points
for the 7 Framework Programme of the Energy Theme (Ener
gy NCPs). C
-
ENERGY is a 1 year coordination action
that will lay the foundation for a 4
-
year action (1 year C
-
ENERGY and 3 years C
-
ENERGY +). The practices
identified and activities carried out will be further exploited in C
-
ENERGY + to build all the neces
sary
services/activities to reach the expected long term result: a uniform high
-
level Energy NCP service across Europe.
C
-
ENERGY is based on 3 main problems:

-

lack of uniform high
-
level Energy NCPs services across Europe

-

new NCPs with little or no exper
ience due to the rapid expansion in recent years of FP associated countries

-

lack of connection among Energy NCPs through transnational exchange of experiences and dissemination of good
practices.


The specific objectives of C
-
ENERGY are:

-

Identifying an
d sharing good practices

-

Promoting trans
-
national cooperation.

In order to reach these objectives C
-
ENERGY will identify needs and good practices of Energy NCPs. 1 Training
session in Brussels and 10 working visits of less experienced Energy NCPs to more

experienced Energy NCPs will
be organized. Furthermore, trans
-
national cooperation will be promoted by implementing a common partner search
methodology and through an FP7 take
-
up measure focused on SMEs and industries. 1 international Brokerage
Event will

be organized for EU researchers in energy sector. C
-
ENERGY will involve 27 Energy NCPs as partner
from 27 different countries plus 13 Energy NCPs as associated partners from 10 different countries, fully involved in
activities and budget. 3 Energy NCPs fr
om 3 different Third Countries will receive a grant for travel costs to attend
International Brokerage Event.


The expected impacts are:

-

tailor made training/ information/ awareness raising mechanisms identified as a sound basis for C
-
ENERGY +

-

a streng
thened cooperation among NCPs

POLYZION Fast rechargeable
zinc
-
polymer battery based
on ionic liquids

C Tech Innovation Limited
(UK)



Rescoll

Current battery technologies for hybrid (HEVs) and small electric vehicles (EVs) have technological, cost or
envir
onmental limitations. Despite this, the global market for HEVs and EVs is growing rapidly and is expected to top
$2billion by 2015.


The PolyZion project will create a new class of fast rechargeable zinc
-
polymer battery for hybrid and small electric
vehic
le applications. The research programme combines fundamental material and process advances in ionic
liquids, rechargeable zinc electrodes, ultra
-
fast pulse charge injection techniques and conducting polymers, as well
as constructing prototypes battery unit
s for industry standard testing. The resulting battery device will be low cost,
have low environmental impact and have the energy and power density necessary to compete will alternative battery
technologies in the HEV and EV markets.


PolyZion is a Europe
an
-
led consortium combining world
-
class research organisations in ionic liquids, conducting
polymers, zinc deposition, pulse charging and batteries, as well as SME partners with expertise in technology
development and specialised materials, and large indus
trial partners with industrial experience of battery
manufacture and state
-
of
-
the
-
art testing facilities. The consortium also includes 2 organisations with world
-
class
research expertise from an Emerging Economy (Russia) and High Income (Canada) countries
outside the EU.

CO2EUROPIPE Towards a
transport infrastructure for
large
-
scale CCS in Europe

Nederlandse organisatie
voor toegepast
natuurwetenschappelijk
onder
zoek TNO (Pays
-
Bas)



Etudes et productions Schlumberger

This project aims at paving the road
towards large
-
scale, Europe
-
wide infrastructure for the transport and injection of
CO2 from zero
-
emission plants. The project will prepare for the optimum transition from initial small
-
scale, local
initiatives towards large
-
scale CO2 transport and storage
that is to start around 2020, with key stakeholders in the
field of carbon capture, transport and storage. This transition, as well as the development of CO2 infrastructure will
be studied by developing the business case in a number of realistic scenarios.

The project will result in a roadmap
for CO2 transport infrastructure, with 2020 as the target year for start of large
-
scale CCS in Europe. The roadmap
will be defined for all levels considered in the project, ranging from technical to organizational, fin
ancial and societal.

EFFIPRO Efficient and robust
fuel cell with novel ceramic
proton conducting electrolyte


Universitetet I Oslo
(Norvège)



CNRS

EFFIPRO will develop electrolytes and electrodes for proton conducting fuel cells (PCFCs) based on novel LaN
bO4
-
type and similar proton conducting oxides that, unlike earlier candidates, are chemically stable and mechanically
robust. The transport of H+ makes water form on the cathode side, avoiding fuel dilution and recycling and reducing
risk of destructive an
ode oxidation, even at peak power. Moreover, the high operating temperature (e.g. 600°C)
alleviates recycling of liquid water and coolants, and provides efficient heat exchange with heat grids or fossil fuel
reformers. All these give PCFCs major benefits i
n fuel utilisation, overall efficiency, and system simplicity with
reformed fossil fuels as well as hydrogen from renewables.


However, the proton conductivities of candidate materials are insufficient, and the project aims to improve proton
conductivity t
hrough doping strategies and interface engineering, investigating new classes of stable proton
conducting oxides, and developing technologies for thin film electrolytes on suitable substrates. Novel cathodes will
be devised, all to bring area
-
specific elec
trolyte and interface resistances down to 0.2cm2 each within this first
project. New production routes of precursors and materials are included, as well as surface kinetics research and
cost reduction by mischmetal strategies. The project is accompanied by

complementary national initiatives and
projects e.g. on fundamental characterisation and interconnects. Novel PCFC technology involves high risk and long
term research that needs concerted action from many actors including the emerging nano
-
ionics field.


It is the aim that PCFCs by 2020 will be available, accelerate the use of fuel cells, reduce CO2 emissions, and
increase efficiency by 10% where applied, promote the hydrogen society, and be a dominating fuel cell technology.
The project counts 7 partners

in 5 countries, with leadership and PCFC dedication.

28

projets trouvés,
3

coordinations et 19 participations françaises

(1 liste non
disponible)



APPEL 2009

Projets avec coordination française

Nom du projet

Coordinateur français

Participant français

C
OCATE Large
-
scale CCS
Transportation
infrastructure in Europe

Institut français du pétrole



Geogreen



Le Havre Développement

Pas de description disponible

ECCOFLOW Development
and field test of an
efficient YBCO Coated
Conductor based Fault
Current Limite
r for
Operation in Electricity
Networks

http://www.eccoflow.org/


Nexans France S.A.S.



Air Liquide S.A.



CNRS

The project aims at developing a unique device for electricity networks: A superconducting fault curre
nt limiter
(SFCL) based on coated conductor YBCO tape (cc
-
tape) or 2nd Generation HTS tape. The general trend in Europe
to a higher meshing of distribution networks and the rapid growing integration of renewable energy sources leads to
an increase of the f
ault current level by every new installation.


As substations ratings are coming to their limits network operators have to either decline additional installations to
their grids or to upgrade if not rebuild complete substations. The SFCL provides a solutio
n to deal with the increasing
incidence and level of fault currents and will contribute to improving the performance, stability and efficiency of
electricity grids. It can be applied as a new tool for grid operation and will enhance the flexibility for fur
ther grid
planning. SFCL are considered to be the most attractive superconducting devices as they offer unparalleled features
compared to conventional techniques such as automatic ultrafast and effective current limitation, no external trigger
(fail safe),

rapid self recovery and negligible impedance during operation. In contrast to conventional solutions
resistive type SFCL are also suitable for higher voltage levels.


So far developed SFCL prototypes based on BSCCO material are exhibiting significant AC
-
l
osses at higher currents
which oppose their commercial introduction. Today, the availability of cc
-
tape in longer lengths at reasonable cost
makes a commercial breakthrough of FCL possible with unique features such as compactness, short recovery
-
time,
low
AC
-
losses. Leading industrial and academic institutions from Europe have teamed up to design, build, and test
the first full 3
-
phase cc
-
tape FCL worldwide. The device will be long term tested or even permanently installed in the
medium voltage grid.


Proj
ets avec partenaires français


Nom du projet

Coordinateur

Participant français

ICAP Innovative CO2 capture

Norges Teknisk
-
naturvitenskapelige
universitet NTNU (Norvège)



Institut français du Pétrole



ARMINES

Pas de description disponible

SUPRA
-
BIO Susta
inable
products from economic
processing of biomass in
highly integrated
biorefineries

The chancellor, Masters
and scholars of the
University of Oxford



Algosource Technologies

Economic and sustainable production of fuels, chemicals and materials from biom
ass requires capture of the
maximum energy and monetary value from sustainable feedstock. SUPRA
-
BIO achieves this by focusing on
innovative research and development of critical unit operations, by using process intensification to match economic
production
to the scale of available feedstock and by process integration that provides energy from process waste,
optimizes utilities to minimize environmental impact and maximizes value from the product mix.


A technology toolbox for conversion and separation oper
ations is developed that adapts to various scenarios of
product mix and feedstock. These are contextualized by full life cycle and economic analysis of potential bio
-
refinery
schemes. Based on lignocellulose, microbial/organic waste or microalgae feedstock
, innovation and intensification
are used to improve the economics and carbon efficiency of fractionation, separation, bio and thermo
-
chemical
conversions to produce bio
-
fuels, intermediates and high value products. Strain selection, genetic manipulation,
molecular design and nano
-
catalysis are used to improve productivity and selectivity; reactor design, intensification
and utilities integration for economics. Fermentation to 2,3 butanediol is demonstrated. Mono and multi
-
culture
processes are researched f
or high value products and feedstock streams. Separation is developed for omega oils
and specific lignochemicals.


Nano and bio
-
catalytic processes are developed for biofuels and bioactive molecules. Integration into potential bio
-
refinery schemes is expl
ored in laboratory pilots of integrated reactors, by piloting on side
-
streams, by exchanging
separated fractions between partners and by process evaluations. The project includes all the scientific, engineering
and industrial skills required to produce the

step changes required for bio
-
refineries to impact significantly on
realising the aims of the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan

GEISER Geothermal
engineering integrating
mitigation of induced
seismicity in reservoirs

Helmholtz
-
Zentrum
Potsdam Deu
tches
Geoforschungszentrum
(
Allemagne)



Université de Strasbourg



ARMINES



BRGM

The project contributes to the improvement of the concept of Enhanced Geothermal Systems by investigating the
role of induced seismicity, which is twofold:

-

an instrument to im
age fluid pathways induced by hydraulic stimulation treatments, which has been done to some
extent in previous projects;

-

an implication of such treatments to potential seismic hazards. The mitigation of induced seismicity to an
acceptable level is the ma
jor intent of this project.


For this purpose, we set as our goals :

-

to understand why seismicity is induced in some cases but not in others;

-

to determine the potential hazards depending on geological setting and geographical location;

-

to work out l
icensing and monitoring guidelines for local authorities, which should include a definition of what level
of ground motion is acceptable;

-

to develop strategies to fulfil the task of the stimulation and improve the hydraulic properties of the geothermal
r
eservoir without producing large magnitude events.


To accomplish the project goals a high quality database of case studies will be assembled. This will include data on
seismicity and ground motion, geomechanics, reservoir characteristics, injection/produ
ction, and surface
deformation, as well as information on the local stress field and local geology. The interpretation will be based on
data from the sites: Soultz
-
sous
-
forets (France), Basel (Switzerland), Gro Schonebeck (Germany), KTB (Germany),
Larderel
lo/Latera (Italy), Campi Flegrei (Italy), Hengill, Krafla, Reykjanes (Iceland), Groningen (Netherlands), and
others (Berlin, El Salvador; The Geysers, USA).


The GEISER
-
project will overcome shortcomings of previous work by including model based forecast
of stimulation
and/or production induced seismicity. Developing soft stimulation strategies and guidelines on how to react on
induced seismicity will support the acceptance of geothermal applications.

RISCS Research into Impacts
and Safety in CO2 Storage

Natural Environment
Research Council (UK)



Réseau d’excellence européen sur
le stockage géologique de CO2

Although significant leakage from CO2 storage sites is not expected, if it did occur there could be adverse
environmental consequences, which are not
well constrained. The objective of RISCS is to provide fundamental
research on environmental impacts, necessary to underpin frameworks for the safe management of CO2 storage
sites. To achieve this, RISCS will quantitatively assess environmental impacts fro
m exposure to known CO2 fluxes.
The assessments will be based on field laboratory experiments, measurements at natural leakage sites and
numerical simulations, for both marine and terrestrial ecosystems.


This will provide new constraints on the impacts of

CO2 leakage on humans and onshore and offshore ecosystems.
RISCS will provide the underpinning information necessary to:

-

Rigorously evaluate the safety of different storage sites

-

Carry out Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) over different timesca
les

-

Design storage sites to minimise hazards

-

Help to design near surface monitoring strategies

-

Refine storage licence applications and conditions

-

Develop a framework to communicate the safety of storage to key stakeholders

This approach will meet t
he requirements of OSPAR and the EC Directive both in ensuring environmental protection
and the planning of near surface monitoring programmes.


The US EPA has recently published rules for CO2 storage, and a Vulnerability Evaluation Framework for geologica
l
sequestration of CO2. RISCS will build on this approach, creating a similar framework addressing European needs.
In order to meet these objectives we have assembled a team with very specific and focussed expertise, enabling us
to assess both northern and

southern European impacts scenarios, onshore and offshore. To maintain a full external
perspective on the research, from both scientific and public acceptance viewpoints, we have enlisted leading CCS
experts from CSLF partner countries, two NGOs, the IEA
GHG programme and industry.

COMET Integrated
infrastructure for CO2
transport and storage in the
west Mediterranean

Instituto Nac
ional de
Engenharia
Tecnologia e
Inovacao (Portugal)



BRGM

COMET aims at identifying and assessing the most cost effective CO2

transport and storage infrastructure able to
serve the West Mediterranean area, namely Portugal, Spain and Morocco. This is achieved considering the time and
spatial aspects of the development of the energy sector and other industrial activities in those
countries as well as
the location, capacity and availability of potential CO2 storage geological formations.


Special attention is given to a balanced decision on transport modes, matching the sources and sinks, addressing
safety and lifetime objectives, m
eeting optimal cost
-

benefit trade
-
off, for a CCS network infrastructure as part of an
international cooperation policy. The need for a joint CCS infrastructure in the West Mediterranean is related to the
geographical proximity, to the increasing connecti
ons between the energy and industrial sectors in the area, to the
continuity of sedimentary basins that can act as possible storage reservoirs and to the existing experience in
managing a large gas transport infrastructure, such as the natural gas pipeline

coming through Morocco, to Spain
and Portugal. The consortium is coordinated by INETI (Portugal), and comprises 7 research institutions, 4
Universities, 1 SME and 5 energy companies from 6 European countries and Morocco.


COMET aims to optimise the connec
tion between sources and sinks by comparing the several possible transport
modes (pipelines, trains, ships and trucks) and existing and to be realized infrastructures and expects to find the
least
-
cost transport mode and routes from clusters to sinks. It i
s expected that each source cluster will be rigorously
matched to the most suitable sink, while minimising the required investment in infrastructures and taking advantage
of the effect of scale associated to an integrated infrastructure. COMET will be an i
mportant step towards the safe
and commercial deployment of large scale near zero emission power plants in SW Europe and North Africa.

MARINA PLATFORM Marine
renewable integrated
application platform

Acciona Energia S.A.
(Espagne)



Ecole Centrale de Nantes



Technip France S.A.S.

MARINA is a European project dedicated to bringing offshore renewable energy applications closer to the market by
creating new infrastructures for both offshore wind and ocean energy converters. It addresses the need for creating a

cost
-
efficient technology development basis to kick
-
start growth of the nascent European marine renewable energy
(MRE) industry in the deep offshore a major future global market.


The project combines deep
-
water engineering experience from European oil &

gas developments during the last 40
years, state
-
of
-
the
-
art concepts for offshore wind energy, and the most promising concepts in today s R&D pipeline
on wave energy and other marine renewables. The MARINA project is designed to capitalise on the vast bod
y of
proven marine technological knowledge gained in one of the world's most hostile off
-
shore operating environments:
the Northern European seas.


MARINA will bolt this practical technology skill set onto the research base of the emerging but still margin
al EU MRE
industry and ensure its continued world
-
leading role. The MARINA project is therefore of major strategic significance
for Europe.

AQUAFUELS Alage and
aquatic biomass for a
sustainable production of
2nd generation biofuels

European Biodiesel Boa
rd



Diester Industrie


AquaFUELS intends to focus on establishing the state of the art on research, technological development and
demonstration activities regarding the exploitation of various algal and other suitable non
-
food aquatic biomasses for
2nd gen
eration biofuels production. In this frame an overall assessment, critical thinking and reasoning are
necessary to draft the lines of future developments. This will respond to the need of understanding the place of algae
and aquatic biomass in the present
and future renewable energy sources portfolio in EU, with a careful eye to
sustainability and social implications.


Such action can be effective only involving major stakeholders, defining the present situation in a realistic
perspective and this way provi
ding a valuable contribution to shape future developments. AquaFUELS aims to draw
the detailed, comprehensive and concrete picture of the actual status quo of EU and international initiatives on algae
biofuels. Based on this work, AquaFUELS will successive
ly elaborate an overall assessment on the technology, and
identify major research and industrial needs. The surveys and assessments produced by AquaFUELS will address
the full life cycle analysis
-

from collection to fuel use
-

in terms of environmental, e
conomic and social sustainability.


A major mean to reach project goals will be the coordination of a critical mass of ongoing research activities, that will
be actively involved in the preparation of surveys as well as in the elaboration of the assessment

studies and
identification of future needs. Creating and maximizing synergies among these initiatives is one of major project
results. Finally, the project will establish the first European Algae Association that will promote mutual interchange
and cooper
ation in the field of algal biomass research, production and use

G4V Grid for vehicles
-

Analysis of the impact and
possibilities of a mass
introduction of electric and
plug
-
in hybrid vehicles on the
electricity networks in
Europe

Rwe Rheinland netz A.G.

(Allemagne)



EDF

Electric and plug
-
in hybrid vehicles (EV, PHEV) have the potential to contribute significantly to solving contemporary
and future environmental and economic challenges of mobility. Various projects in different EU member states are
curren
tly addressing the subject in an isolated manner.


The G4V consortium consisting of major European electric utilities and distinguished academic institutions are now
adopting a holistic European approach to analyse the impact of a mass introduction in det
ail in order to optimise the
grid infrastructure and make use of the inherent opportunities this represents for the operation of smart grids and
energy efficiency.


The objective of the project is to develop an analytical framework for the planning of tec
hnological developments in
the grid infrastructure and the definition of related ICT and policy requirements in order to cope with the mass
introduction of EV and PHEV. On the one hand, the aim is to clearly understand the effects of a mass introduction
un
der physically given parameters and taking into account local aspects in different EU member states. On the other
hand, the opportunities consisting in active demand and storage possibilities will be extensively explored as these
also imply options for man
aging the possible negative impacts on the grid.


The project will deliver recommendations on aspects such as possible ICT solutions, grid services anticipating, RES
integration, prediction of mobile customers who are potential energy traders and the impa
ct of dedicated tariffs. To
ensure an open and holistic approach, the project will take all stakeholders into account and has established an
advisory board consisting of institutions along the whole value chain.


The project will generate fast and openly
available results within 18 months: An analytical framework to evaluate the
impact of a large scale introduction on the grid infrastructure and a visionary road map for the year 2020 and beyond.

CACHET II Carbon dioxide
capture and hydrogen
production wit
h membranes

BP Exploration operating
Company (UK)



Technip France S.A.S.

Hydrogen membrane reactors are an attractive technology for pre
-
combustion carbon dioxide capture in both coal
and gas fired power stations because they combine the efficient conversi
on of syngas into hydrogen fuel with
capture of the remaining carbon dioxide in one reactor. The carbon dioxide is produced at high pressure, reducing
the compression energy for transport and storage.


CACHET II project will develop innovative metallic me
mbranes and modules for high capacity hydrogen production
and separation from a number of fuel sources including natural gas and coal. The DICP membrane developed in
FP6 project CACHET along with novel seal and substrate technology will be scaled up and un
dergo long term
stability testing. An optimisation design tool will be built to include the relationship of all key operating parameters;
this tool will be used to specify an optimised pilot and commercial membrane module design.


The project will researc
h novel binary and tertiary palladium alloys for improved durability and permeance for
application to solid based fuels derived syngas and high temperature integrated reforming processes. Fundamental
research on high temperature sulphur removal systems wil
l enable sulphur tolerant membranes to become an
economic possibility.

POLYSIMODE Improved
polycrystalline
-
silicon
modules on glass substrates

Interuniversitair Micro
-
elecronica Centrum VZW
(Belgique)



CNRS

The aim of this project is to improve the effici
ency and the cost
-
effectiveness of thin
-
film polysilicon solar modules.
Thin
-
film polysilicon solar cells have recently emerged as a promising thin
-
film alternative to bulk crystalline Si. With
Solid Phase Crystallization (SPC) of amorphous Si, CSG Solar A
G recently achieved mini
-
modules with an efficiency
of around 10%, matching the efficiencies of the best European micromorph mini
-
modules.


The efficiency of polysilicon modules will be enhanced in this project by improvement of the crystallographic and
el
ectronic quality of the polysilicon material and by the develoment of advanced new methods for light confinement.
By in
-
depth characterization of the polysilicon material, a better understanding of the relationship between the
processing parameters, the el
ectrical and optical properties of the material and the resulting device properties will be
obtained. The main goals are to have large
-
area polysilicon modules with an efficiency of 12% and with a cost of 0.7
Euro per Watt peak at the end of the project. T
he active participation of CSG within this project will allow the
consortium to produce module demonstrators by using the pilot line of CSG and also to accurately determine the
effect of newly developed process steps on the cost
-
effectiveness of polysilico
n modules.


This makes sure that there is a good chance to bring the developed technologies directly into real mass production
at the end of the project. These objectives fit very well in the topic ENERGY.2009.2.1.1
-

Efficiency and material
issues for thi
n
-
film photovoltaics. The expected impact of the proposed project is to enhance the efficiency of
polysilicon modules, thereby increasing their cost
-
effectiveness. Since all the main European institutes working on
thin
-
film polysilicon solar cells are join
ing forces within this project, a substantial acceleration in the improvement of
the cost
-
effectiveness of polysilicon modules is expected.

CO2PIPEHAZ Quantitative
failure consequence hazard
assessment for next
generation CO2 pipelines

Un
i
versity Colle
ge London
(UK)



Institut National de l’Environnement
et des Risques (INERIS)

This project addresses the fundamentally important and urgent issue regarding the accurate predictions of fluid
phase, discharge rate, emergency isolation and subsequent atmospher
ic dispersion during accidental releases from
pressurised CO2 pipelines to be employed as an integral part of large scale Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
chain. This information is pivotal to quantifying all the hazard consequences associated with CO2 pip
eline failure
forming the basis for emergency response planning and determining minimum safe distances to populated areas.


The development of state of the art multiphase heterogeneous discharge and dispersion models for predicting the
correct fluid phase
during the discharge process will be of particular importance given the very different hazard
profiles of CO2 in the gas and solid states. Model validations will be based on both small scale controlled laboratory
conditions as well as large scale field tri
als using a unique CCS facility in China. A cost/benefit analysis will be
performed to determine the optimum level of impurities in the captured CO2 stream based on safety and economic
considerations. The work proposed, carried out over a period of 36 mont
hs will embody the understanding gained
within safety and risk assessment tools that can be used for evaluating the adequacy of controls in CO2 pipelines,
with best practice guidelines also being developed.


The proposal addresses the main themes of the Co
llaborative Call in that it "has a predominant research component
and its successful outcome would allow the safe and commercial deployment of large scale near zero emission
power generation technology based on CCS. The project also enjoys strategic leader
ship from members the Carbon
Sequestration Leadership Forum and highly relevant collaboration with the world s second largest and fastest
producer of CO2, China.

26

projets trouvés,
3 coordinations et 19 participations françaises
(2 listes n
e sont
pas fou
rnies)