Epidemiological and sociological

skillfulbuyerΠολεοδομικά Έργα

16 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

53 εμφανίσεις

Epidemiological and sociological
models of life course research, and
their relevance to development
studies





Peter Lloyd
-
Sherlock

School of International Development

University of East Anglia

Epidemiological application of life
course


Linking effects across different points of an
individual life history

Epidemiological application of life
course


Linking effects across different points of an
individual life history


Early life
malnutrition

Health risks in
motherhood

Chronic illness in later life

Epidemiological application of life
course


Linking effects across different points of an
individual life history

Early life
malnutrition

Health risks in
motherhood

Chronic illness in later life

Early life
education

Economic
opportunities
in adulthood

Economic
status in old
age

Sociological application of life
course


Life course versus life stage



Infancy




Childhood




Adulthood



Old age







Sociological application of life
course


Life course versus life stage



Infancy


0
-
4 yrs



Childhood


5
-
18 yrs



Adulthood

19
-
59 yrs



Old age


60+ yrs






Sociological application of life
course


Life course versus life stage



Infancy


0
-
4 yrs

very dependent


Childhood


5
-
18 yrs

education


Adulthood

19
-
59 yrs

work


Old age


60+ yrs

rising dependency




Criticisms of life stage model



Too simplistic


Socially constructed


Normative


Criticisms of life stage model



Too simplistic


Socially constructed


Normative



But large policy influence

Life course concepts


Trajectories and turning points





Life course concepts


Trajectories and turning points



Critical conjunctures





Life course concepts


Trajectories and turning points



Critical conjunctures



Timing: relating personal biography to
historical and geographical context





Life course concepts


Trajectories and turning points



Critical conjunctures



Timing: relating personal biography to
historical and geographical context



Linked lives: inter
-
connected life courses




How do life course frameworks improve
our understanding of poverty?


Understand dynamics of poverty and vulnerability


How do life course frameworks improve
our understanding of poverty?


Understand dynamics of poverty and vulnerability



Challenge unhelpful policy assumptions


How do life course frameworks improve
our understanding of poverty?


Understand dynamics of poverty and vulnerability



Challenge unhelpful policy assumptions



Identify key points in life course for interventions


How do life course frameworks improve
our understanding of poverty?


Understand dynamics of poverty and vulnerability



Challenge unhelpful policy assumptions



Identify key points in life course for interventions



Understand lasting effects of shock and interventions

Methodological challenges


Limited availability (and high cost) of
quantitative longitudinal data


Methodological challenges


Limited availability (and high cost) of
quantitative longitudinal data



Inconsistent use of terminology





Methodological challenges


Limited availability (and high cost) of
quantitative longitudinal data



Inconsistent use of terminology



Reconciling the EPI and SOC approaches