Economic and Social Data Service:

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28 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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Economic and Social
Data Service:

Finding data online




The Internet for Business and Economics
December 2004

Karen Dennison, ESDS

ESDS Overview


national data archiving and dissemination service,
running from 1 Jan. 2003



provides access and specialist support for key
economic and social data



UK Data Archive is a service provider of ESDS and
preserves and supplies most of the data



other partners include MIMAS and the Cathie
Marsh Centre for Census and Survey Research
(CCSR) and the Institute for Social and Economic
Research (ISER)

Sources and type of data


Data for research and teaching purposes and
used in all sectors and for many different
disciplines


Sources


official agencies
-

mainly central government


international statistical agencies


individual academics
-

research grants


market research agencies


historical sources


other data archives world wide


Type


qualitative and quantitative


micro and macro


public records


UK Data Archive


5,000+

datasets in the collection


200+

new datasets are added each year


6,500+

orders for data per year


18,000+

datasets distributed worldwide per
year


AHDS History Service in
-
house


Census Registration Service in
-
house

Specialist data services



ESDS
Government


ESDS
International


ESDS
Longitudinal



ESDS
Qualidata


provide:


dedicated web sites


data and documentation enhancements


user support


training

Large
-
scale government data


General Household Survey


Labour Force Survey


Health Survey for England/Wales/Scotland


Family Expenditure Survey


British Crime Survey


Family Resources Survey


National Food Survey/Expenditure and Food Survey


ONS Omnibus Survey


Survey of English Housing


British Social Attitudes


National Travel Survey


Time Use Survey


Benefits of the large
-
scale
government data


Good quality data


produced by experienced research organisations


usually nationally representative with large
samples


good response rates


very well documented


Continuous data


allows comparison over time


data is largely cross
-
sectional


Hierarchical data


intra
-
household differences


household effects on individuals

Longitudinal data


longitudinal surveys involve repeated
surveys of the same individuals at
different points in time



allow researchers to analyse change at
the individual level



more complex to analyse


British Household Panel Survey



collected and deposited by the ULSC at Essex



follows the members of 5500 households first sampled
in 1991
-

interviews conducted annually



major resource for understanding the dynamics of
British households



coverage includes:


income, labour market behaviour, social and
political values, health, education, housing and
household organisation



recently large new samples were introduced in
Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

British Birth Cohort Studies



impact of childhood conditions on later life and
understanding children and families in the UK



National Child Development Study follows a cohort
born in a single week in 1958
-

data collected at
birth and ages 7, 11, 16, 23, 33, 42



1970 British Cohort Study follows a cohort born in
a single week in 1970
-

data collected around birth
& ages 5, 10, 16, 26 and most recently at age 30



Millennium Cohort Study focuses on children born
in 2000/2001
-

first sweep at 9 months, second
sweep at 3 years



wide range of social, economic, health, medical
and psychological issues

English Longitudinal Study
of Ageing



First study in the UK to connect the full range of
topics necessary to understand the economic,
social, psychological and health elements of the
ageing process.



Aims to study a sample of people over the age of
50 every two years to see how people's health,
economic and social circumstances change over
time.



One key aim is to help the government plan for an
ageing population and longer periods of
retirement, and ensure that the UK's healthcare
and pension systems will be able to meet
everyone's needs.


International data


regularly updated macro
-
economic time series
datasets from selected major international statistical
databanks that collectively chart over 50 years of
global economic, industrial and political change:



International Monetary Fund


OECD


United Nations


World Bank


Eurostat


International Labour Organisation


UK Office for National Statistics




International data themes

Databanks cover:


economic performance and development


trade, industry and markets


employment


demography, migration and health


governance


human development


social expenditure


education


science and technology


land use and the environment

International micro data


Eurobarometers


International Social Survey Programme


other social data via other national data
archives


ESDS International at the UK Data Archive
(UKDA) can help users to locate and acquire
data from other archives within Europe and
worldwide, using a series of reciprocal
agreements with the individual institutions.
Datasets include:

Qualitative data


diverse data types:
i
n
-
depth interviews

;
semi
-
structured interviews
; f
o
cu
s groups;
oral
histories; mixed methods data
;
o
pen
-
ended
survey q
uestion
s
; c
ase notes/records of
meetings
; d
iaries
/
research diaries



Example of business related datasets:


SN 4843 Disputes in the Charitable Sector in England
and Wales, 1979
-
2002



SN 4802 Devolution and Decentralisation in Wales
and Brittany, 2001
-
2002


SN 4579 Cultural Industries and the City, 1980
-
1999


S
N 4730
The Power of Law in Municipal Politics,
1983
-
1992



Other business and
economics data



Effects of Taxes and Benefits on Household
Income


Cambridge Centre for Business Research : Three
Surveys of the Financing of Small and Medium
-
sized Enterprises in Western Europe, 2001


Regional Economic Performance, Governance and
Cohesion in an Enlarged Europe, 1999
-
2001


Britain's Managers Over Twenty Years, 2000
-
2001


Leadership Style of CEOs in UK Manufacturing
Companies, 1993
-
1997


Social Capital and Small and Medium
-
sized
Enterprise (SME) Performance, 2000
-
2002


Innovation in the London Region, 1999
-
2000


Small and Medium
-
sized Enterprises (SMEs) and
Electronic Commerce, 2000



The Census Registration Service


The Census Registration Service provides one
-
stop
registration with Athens login for:



Census Dissemination Unit

from MIMAS
(University of Manchester)


Census Geography Data Unit (UKBORDERS)

from EDINA (University of Edinburgh)


Census Interaction Data Service

(Universities of Leeds and St Andrews)


Samples of Anonymised Records

from the
Cathie Marsh Centre for Census and Survey
Research (University of Manchester)

AHDS History


7th century through to mid 20th century


particularly strong in 19th and 20th century economic and
social history


census data (1881 100% sample; 1851 2% sample; lots of
local census returns)


Great Britain Historical Database online


taxation materials


large
-
scale datasets of Welsh and Irish historical statistics


electoral data (poll books for local areas)


criminal court records (e.g. a collection of datasets on
violent crimes 1600
-
1900)


agricultural statistics (prices, output)


surveys of Scottish witchcraft


state finance data


economic indicators/industrial production data

Secondary analysis potential


descriptive / background population
information


comparative research, restudy or follow
-
up
study


re
-
analysis or secondary analysis


research design and methodology


verification


teaching and learning

Online access to datasets


web pages


online catalogue with variable level searching


subject browsing and major series


access to online doc
-

pdf user guides including
questionnaires



registration


one
-
off registration with userid/password


online account management and ‘Shopping Basket’
ordering



data access


web Download in three software formats
-

SPSS, STATA
and tab
-
delimited


Nesstar


online data analysis, visualisation and
subsetting


Supporting the user


courses and training



specialist support, including helpdesk, mailing list,
discussion lists and newsletters



web
-
based user guides to the datasets



teaching datasets, online samplers



online workbooks, exemplars and FAQs



web
-
based visualisation interface




ESDS specialist data services:

www.esds.ac.uk


UK Data Archive:

www.data
-
archive.ac.uk


help@esds.ac.uk