CE 211T- MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

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CE 211T
-

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS



Pre
requisite: ZZ 101T Engineering Mechanics
-

Statics


Module

-

I

1. Tension, compression & shear:

(10 hours)

Types of external loads
-

self weight
-

internal stresses
-

normal and shear stresses
-

strain
-

Hooke’s

law
-

Poisson’s ratio
-

relationship between elastic constants
-

stress strain diagrams working stress
-

elongation of bars of constant and varying
sections
-

statically indeterminate problems in tension and compression
-

assembly
and thermal stresses
-

s
train energy in tension
-

compression and shear


Module
-

II

2. Analysis of stress and strain: (5 hours
)

Stress on inclined planes for axial and biaxial stress fields
-

principal stresses
-

Mohr’s circle of stress
-

principal strains
-

strain rosette


3. B
ending moment and shear force:
(7 hours)

Different types of beams
-

shear force and bending moment diagrams for simply
supported overhanging and cantilever beams
-

relationship connecting intensity of
loading
-

shearing force and bending moment
-

shear for
ce and bending moment
diagrams for statically determinate plane frames


Module
-

III

4. Stresses in laterally loaded symmetrical beams

: (6 hours)

Theory of simple bending
-

limitations
-

bending stresses in beams of different
cross sections
-

moment of re
sistance
-

beams of uniform strength
-

beams of two
materials
-

principal stresses in bending
-

strain energy due to bending
-

shearing
stresses in bending


5. Unsymmetrical bending:

(3 hours)


Shear flow
-

shear centre
-

determination of shear centre for
simple sections


Module


IV


6. Torsion:
(5 hours)

Torsion of circular solid and hollow shafts
-

power transmission
-

strain energy in
shear and torsion
-

close coiled and open coiled helical springs


7. Thin and Thick Cylinders : (3 hours)

Lame’s equatio
n
-

stresses in thick cylinders due to internal and external pressures
-

compound cylinders
-

shrink fit
-

wire wound pipes and cylinders


Reference books

1.

Timoshenko & Young,
Elements of Strength of Materials
, Affiliated East West Press
,

1968
,
New Delhi.

2.

P
opov E.P.,
Mechanics of Materials,

Prentice Hall India, 1986
,
New Delhi
.

3.

Hearn E.J.,
Mechanics of Materials
Pergamon Press, 1982
,
Oxford

4.

Warnock F.V.,
Strength of Materials,
Isaac Pitman, 1962
,
London

5.

Nash W.A.,
Strength of Materials
, Schaum’s Outline Se
ries, McGraw Hill, 1988
, New York.

6.

Tung Au.,
Elementary Structural Mechanics
, Prentice Hall, 1963
, New York.

3

1

0

3

CE 2
41T

ENGINEERING GEOLOGY


Module


I (7 hours)

1. Branches and scope of geology

Physical geology

Geological agents and their action,
weathering, volcanism, earthquake and plate tectonics


Module


II (8 hours)

2. Elements of crystallography and mineralogy

Petrology

Types of rocks, genesis and physical and chemical characters, building stones


Module


III (12 hours)

3

a
. Structural geol
ogy


Types of structures and classification and their effect on civil engineering projects and
Geological mapping



b.
Hydrogeology

Groundwater and occurrence, investigations, quality, artificial recharge


Module


IV

(12 hours)

4

a
. Geology in Civil Engi
neering

Tunnels, dams, reservoirs, bridges, runways, roads and buildings.

Slope failures and landslides. Investigations, Remote sensing and GIS applications



b.
Geology of India

Types, age and occurrence of rock formations and economic importan
ce



Reference :

1.

Bangar,KM..,
Principles of Engineering Geology
, Standard Publishers Distributors

, 1995,
New Delhi.

2.

Billings, M.P.,
Structural Geology
, Prentice Hall In
dia, 1974, New Delhi
.

3.

Blyth, F.G.H. and de Freitas, M.H.,
Geology for Engineers
, ELBS
,

1974, London

4.

Gokhale, KVG.K. and Rao, D.M.,
Experiments in Engineering Geology
, Tata McGraw Hill
,
1981, New Delhi.

5.

Kesavulu C.,
Text book of Engineering Geology
, Macmillan, India

Ltd., 1993, New Delhi.

6.

Krynine D P and Judds W R .,
Principles of Engineerin
g Geology and Geotechniques
,
McGraw
-
Hill

, 1957, New York.

7.

Reddy V.,
Engineering Geology for Civil Engineers
; Oxford& IBH
, 1997, New Delhi.

8.

Thomas.M. Lillesand and Ralph.W.Keifer.,
Remote sensing and Image Interpretation
, John
Wil
e
y & Sons
, 1987, New York.

9.

Todd D K.,
Groundwater Hydrology
, John Wiley
& Sons, 1980, New York

10.

Tyrrel,GW.,
The Principles of Petrology
, Asia

Publishing House, 1970, Bombay.





3

1

0

3

CE 2
51T

INTRODUCTION TO HYDROMECHANICS



Module I

(10 hours)

Fluids
-
Definition
-
types and proper
ties. Fluid as a continuum, Control volume concept.

Fluid Statics
-

Fluid pressure
-
Measurement of pressure
-

Hydrostatic forces on immersed surfaces
-
Application of fluid pressure analysis in engineering problems. Buoyancy and stability of
immersed and floati
ng bodies, Pressure in case of accelerated rigid body motion.

Fluid kinematics
-

Methods of describing fluid motion,
-

Types of motion, Inviscid flows, Velocity
and acceleration
-

Continuity equation
-

Potential flows
-
Velocity potential and Stream function.
C
auchy Reimann equation


Flownet
-

Circulation and vorticity
-

Source, Sink and Doublet.


Module II

(10 hours)

Fluid dynamics, Types of forces, Forces influencing fluid motion
-

Energy and Head
-
Energy
correction factor, Euler and Bernoulli

s equations. Appli
cation of Bernoulli

s equation. Flow
measurement, Linear momentum equations, momentum correction factors, Application of
momentum equation.


Module III

(9 hours)

Pipe flow
-

Introduction


Laminar and turbulent forces
-

Reynolds’ number,

Laminar flow
-

Head

loss. Turbulent flow in pipes
-

Major loss in pipe flow
-
Friction loss, Minor
losses, Total energy and hydraulic gradient line, Compound pipes, Pipes in series and parallel,
Branching pipes, Pipe network.


Module IV

(10 hours)

Introduction to boundary layer

theory
-

Boundary layer growth in flow over a plate, Flow past
immersed bodies.

Dimensional analysis and similitude
-

Methods of dimensional analysis, Dimensionless numbers.
Principles of similarity
-

Modeling using Reynolds and Froude laws, Distorted mode
ls and Scale
effects.


References:

1.

Shames
,

I.H.
,

Mechanics of Fluids McGraw

H
ill ,
1992,
New

York

2.

Streeter, V.L and Wylie, E.B.,
Fluid Mechanics
,

McGraw

H
ill ,
1985,
New

York

3.

Modi P.N. & Seth S.M.,
Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics including Fluid Machines
-

Standard Book House
, 2000, New Delhi.

4.

Subram
a
nya K. Theory and Applications of Fluid Mechanics, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing
Co,
1993,
New Delhi
.

5.

S.K. Agrawal
.

Fluid Mechanics and Machinery, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co,
1997,
New Delhi
.










3

1

0

3

CE 291
T

SURVEYING



Module


I (14 hours)

Introduction


Classification of surveys


Plane, Geodetic and Topographic


Linear
measurement


Chain surveying


field book


Plotting


Tie and check lines
-

Chaining and
ranging


Obstacles


Chaining on sl
oping grounds


Errors in chain survey


uses of cross staff
and optical square


Compass survey


Types


Whole circle and reduced bearing


Traversing


Plotting


Closing errors


Graphical and analytical adjustments


Plane table survey


Accessories


Different methods


Two and three point problems


Module


II (12 hours)

Leveling


Definitions


Leveling instruments


Temporary and permanent adjustments


Fly
leveling


Booking


Reduction of levels


Correction for refraction and curvature


Recipro
cal
leveling


Longitudinal and cross sectioning


Contour


Characteristics


Uses


Plotting


Areas and volumes


Trapezoidal rule


Simpson’s rule


Area from latitude and departure


Uses
of planimeter


Trapezoidal and prismoidal formulae


Module


III (11 hours)

Theodolite survey


Study of theodolite


Temporary and permanent adjustments


Measurement
of horizontal angles


Methods of repetition and reiteration


Measurement of vertical angles


Tacheometric surveying


Stadia system


Fixed and mo
vable hair methods


Staff held vertical
and normal


Instrument constants


Analytic lens


Tangential system


Direct reading
tacheometer


Subtense bar


Module


IV (15 hours)

Triangulation


Principle


Selection of base line and stations


Orders of t
riangulation


Triangulation figures


Scaffold and signals


Marking of stations


Intervisibility and heights of
stations


Satellite stations


Base line measurement


Equipment and corrections


Introduction
to adjustment of observations


Curves


typ
e of curves


Elements of a curve


Simple curves


Different methods of setting out


Introduction to compound, reverse, transition and vertical
curves


Hydrographic survey


Shoreline and river survey


Soundings
-

Methods, equipment and
ranges


Locatin
g sounding


Plotting


Three point problem


Introduction to modern
instruments


Total station.


References

1.

B.C. Punmia, Surveying Volume


I, Laxmi Publications, 1990, New Delhi.

2.

S. K Duggal, Surveying Volume I, Tata McGraw Hill, 1996, New Delhi.

3.

S.K.R
oy, Fundamentals of Surveying, Prentice Hall of India, 1999, New Delhi.

4.

T.P Kanetkar & S,V Kulkarni, Surveying and Leveling Part


I, Pune Vidyarthi Griha
Prakashan, 1996, Pune.

5.

David Clerk, Plane and Geodetic Surveying for Engineers., CBS Publishers, 1996
, New
Delhi.



3

1

0

3

CE 271T BUILDING TECHNOLOGY
-

I



Module I

(10 hours)

Building stones
-

Classification of rocks
-

Quarrying
-

Dressing
-

Properties and uses of common
type of stones ; Timber
-

Defects
-

Seasoning
-

Decay
-

Preservation
-

Plywood
, fibre board,
particle board ; Clay products
-

Bricks
-

Manufacture
-

IS classifications
-

Properties and testing
-

Types of bricks
-

Tiles
-

Manufacture, properties and uses
-

Types of tiles ; Ceramic products
-

Lime
-

Classification
-

Manufacture, prop
erties and uses.



Module II

(10 hours)

Cement
-

Ingredients
-

Manufacture
-

Types of cement
-

Properties and testing
-

Uses ; Mortar
-

Sand
-

Properties
-

Types of mortar and uses ; Concrete
-

Properties of fresh concrete and tests
-

Proportioning of conc
rete mixes
-

Properties of hardened concrete and tests
-

Recent
developments in concrete ; Iron and steel
-

Structural sections
-

Properties and uses of structural
steel
-

Recent developments ; Miscellaneous materials
-

Glass
-

Plastics
-

A.C.sheets


Ther
mocole.


Module III
(10 hours)

Foundation
-

Timbering of foundation trenches
-

Bearing capacity of soils
-

Improvement of
bearing capacity
-

Settlement of foundation
-

Description of spread, grillage, raft, mat and pile
foundations ; Brick and stone masonr
y
-

Bonds in brick work
-

Types of stone masonry
-

Cavity
walls
-

Lintels and arches ; Concrete construction
-

Batching, mixing, placing, compacting and
curing of concrete
-

form work
-

Precast concrete
-

Prestressed concrete
-

Recent developments in
concr
eting ; Partition walls
-

Types and features.


Module 1V
(9 hours)

Floors and flooring
-

Types of floors
-

Types of floor coverings ; Roofs and roofings
-

Types of
roofs
-

Types and uses of roofing materials ; Doors, windows and ventilators
-

Different typ
es ;
Finishing works
-

Plastering, pointing, painting, white washing, colour washing, distempering ;
Building repairs
-

Shoring
-

Underpinning


Scaffolding.



References

1.

Rangwala S. C,
Engineering Materials
, Charotar Publishing House, 1992, Anand

2.

Punmia
B. C,
Building Construction
, Laxmi Publlications, 1999, New Delhi.

3.

Rangwala S. C,
Building Construction
, Charotar
Publishing House, 1992, Anand

4.

Huntington W.C,
Building Construction
, John Wiley
, 1959, New York.

5.

Shetty M. S,
Concrete Technology
, S.Chand

&
Co., 1992, New Delhi.






3

1

0

3

CE 2
92L

MATERIAL

TESTING LAB

-




List of E
xercises


1.

Tests on aggregate for concrete

(a) Grain size distribution (b) Specific gravity (c) Density (d) V
oids (e) Bulking
(f)

Aggregate
crushing value (g) Aggregate impact v
alue


2.

Tests on cement

(a) Fineness (b) Normal consistency (c) Setting time (d) Compressive strength


3.

Test on Timber beam


Bending test

4.

Test on tiles

5.

Test on bricks


Crushing strength, water absorption and efflorescence

6.

Test on metals


Hardness test and

impact test


Lab Practical & Record

-

75 marks



Test

-

25 marks



Total

-
100 marks



0

0

2

1

CE 293L

SURVEYING PRACTICAL
-

I



List of Exercises


1.

Chain survey

Traversing and plotting of details

2.

Compass survey

Traversing with compass and plotting

3.

Plane
table survey

Method of Radiation and Intersection

4.

Plane table survey

Solving three point problem

5.

Plane table survey

Solving two point problem

6.

Plane table survey

Traverse

7.

Leveling

Fly leveling


Plane of collimation method

8.

Leveling

Fly leveling


Rise and
Fall method

9.

Leveling

Longitudinal and cross sectioning

10.

Leveling

Contour surveying

11.

Theodolite surveying

Measurement of horizontal angle by method of repetition

12.

Theodolite surveying

Measurement of horizontal angle by method of reiteration



Survey practica
l & record


= 75



Test


= 25



Total


= 100 marks

0

0

3

1

Brief Syllabus

o
f
Third

Semester

B.Tech Civil Engineering


CE 211T: MECHANICS OF SOLIDS


Tension, compression and shear forces


statically determinate and indeterminate problems


assembly and thermal
stresses


strain energy. Stresses on inclined planes for axial and biaxial
stress fields


princip
al

stresses and Mohr’s circle. Bending moment & shear force for beams and
statically determinate plane frames. Stresses in laterally loaded symmetrical beams



theory of
simple bending, princip
al

stresses, strain energy and shear stresses in bending. Unsymmetrical
bending, torsion of circular solid & hollow shafts


closed & open coiled helical springs, thin &
thick cylinders


CE 241T: ENGINEERING GEOLOGY


Phy
sical geology, Elements of crystallography and mineralogy, structural geology, hydrology,
geology of India, Geology in Civil Engineering


CE 251T: INTRODUCTION TO HYDROMECHANICS


Fluids
-
Types and Properties,Fluid Statics
-
Fluid pressure and its measurement
, Fluid static force
on immersed surfaces, Fluid Kinematics
-

Velocity, Acceleration
-
Potential flows
-
Inviscid flows.
Fluid Dynamics
-
Conservation of mass, energy and momentum equations and their engineering
applications
-

Laminar and Turbulent flows through
pipes. Boundary layer theory, Force on
immersed bodies in fluid flow, Dimensional analysis and Model testing.


CE 271T: BUILDING TECHNOLOGY


I


Building stones and bricks, timber and timber products, clay products, lime, cement, concrete
including recent
developments, Iron & steel, glass, plastics, AC sheets, thermocole . Construction
technology
-

Foundation


bearing capacity of soils


types of foundations, brick & stone masonry


types & b
o
nds. Cavity walls, lintels &
arches
, concrete construction
-

prec
ast concrete

-

prestressed concrete


recent developments in concreting, types and features. Floors & flooring,
roofs & roofing, doors, windows and ventilation, different types of finishing works, building
repairs


CE 291T: SURVEYING


Classification of sur
veys; chain surveying, compass surveying


adjustments for closing errors,
plane table surveying


two and three point problems. Leveling


reduction of levels


correction
for refraction & curvature


longitudinal leveling & cross sectioning


contouring
. Areas &
volumes. Theodolite surveying, tacheometric surveying, subtense bar, triangulation, curves,
hydrographic surveys


CE 292L MATERIAL TESTING LAB
-




Test on aggregate for concrete, test on cement, timber beam, tiles, bricks and metals


CE 293L SUR
VEYING PRACTICAL


I


Chain survey, compass survey, plane table survey, leveling, theodolite