AERONAUTICAL ENGG B TECH COURSE

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AERONAUTICAL ENGG

B TECH COURSE

THIRD SEMESTER







Subject Code

Name of Subject

Teaching Period

Credit

L

T

P

C

03BAE101

Fluid Mechanics

3

1

0

4

03BAE102

Mechanics of Solids

3

0

0

3

03BAE103

Aero Engineering Thermodynamics

3

0

0

3

03BAE104

Computing S
kills & software Development

3

0

0

3

03BAE105

Properties of Materials

3

0

0

3

03BAE106

Advanced Engineering Mathematics

3

1

0

4

PRACTICAL






03BAE201

Strength of Materials Lab

0

0

3

2

03BAE202

Thermodynamics Lab

0

0

3

2

03BAE203

Fluid Mechanics La
b

0

0

3

2

03BAE204

Computer Programming lab

0

0

3

2

03BAE301

Discipline and
extra
curricular activity



4

1



TOTAL

18

2

16

29





FOURTH SEMESTER

Subject Code

Name of Subject

Teaching Period

Credit

L

T

P

C

04BAE101

Elements of Aeronautics

3

0

0

3

04BAE10
2

Aircraft Systems and Instruments

3

1

0

4

04BAE103

Control Engineering

3

1

0

4

04BAE104

Aero Dynamics I

3

0

0

3

04BAE105

Air Craft Structure I

3

0

0

3

04BAE106

Mechanics Of Machines

3

0

0

3

PRACTICAL






04BAE201

Aero Dynamics Lab

0

0

3

2

04BAE20
2

Design and Computer aided modeling Lab

0

0

3

2

04BAE203

Aircraft Structure Lab I

0

0

3

2

04BAE204

Control lab

0

0

3

2

4BAE301

Discipline and extra curricular activity

0

0

4

1



TOTAL

18

2

16

29


FIFTH SEMESTER


Subject Code

Name

of Subject

Teaching Period

Credit

L

T

P

C

05BAE101

Propulsion I

3

0

0

3

05BAE102

Aircraft Structures II

3

0

0

3

05BAE103

Aerodynamics II

3

1

0

4

05BAE104

Flight Dynamics

3

0

0

3

05BAE105

Aircraft General Engineering Practices

3

0

0

3

05BAE106

Mic
ro Processor & Applications

3

0

0

3

PRACTICAL






05BAE201

Air Craft Structure Lab II

0

0

3

2

05BAE202

Air Craft repair Lab

0

0

3

2

05BAE203

Cad/ Cam Lab

0

0

3

2

05BAE204

Micro processor Lab

0

0

3

2

05BAE301

Discipline and extra curricular activi
ty



4

1



TOTAL

18

1

16

28


SIXTH SEMESTER




Subject Code

Name of Subject

Teaching
Period

Credit

L

T

P

C

06BAE101

Propulsion II

3

0

0

3

06BAE102

Heat Transfer

3

0

0

3

06BAE103

Composite materials and structures

3

0

0

3

06BAE104

Aircraft engine

and instrument system

3

1

0

4

06BAE105

Experimental Stress Analysis

3

0

0

3

06BAE106

Air Craft Stability and Control

3

1

0

4

PRACTICAL






06BAE201

Propulsion Lab

0

0

3

2

06BAE202

Air Craft Design Project
-

I

0

0

3

2

06BAE203

Aero Dynamics Lab

0

0

3

2

06BAE204

Technical Seminar

0

0

3

2

06BAE301

Discipline and extra curricular activity

0

0

4

1



TOTAL

18

2

16

29


SEVENTH SEMESTER

















Subject Code

Name of Subject

Teaching Period

Credit

L

T

P

C

07BAE101

Air transportation and aircraft
maintenance
management

3

0

0

3

07BAE102

Avionics

3

0

0

3

07BAE103

Rockets and Missiles

3

0

0

3

07BAE104

Principles of Environmental Science and
Engineering

3

0

0

3

07BAE105

Air craft General Engineering and
Maintenance Practice

3

1

0

4

07BAE106

Air Cr
aft Rules and regulations

3

1

0

4

P7ACTICAL






07BAE201

Aircraft Engine Repair and Maintenance Lab

0

0

3

2

07BAE202

Aircraft Design Project II

0

0

3

2

07BAE203

Minor Project

0

0

3

2

07BAE204

Avionics lab

0

0

3

2

07BAE301

Discipline and extra curric
ular activity

0

0

4

1



TOTAL

18

2

16

29


EIGHTH SEMESTER





























Subject Code

Name of Subject

Teaching
Period

Credit

L

T

P

C

8BAE101

Total Quality Management

3

1

0

4

8BAE102

Fuels & propellant Technology

3

0

0

3

8BAE103

Aircraft design

3

0

0

3

8BAE104

Helicopter Aerodynamics

3

0

0

3

PRAT1CAL






8BAE201

Project Work

0

0

6

5

8BAE202

Computer Added Air Craft Design Lab

0

0

3

2

8BAE203

Seminar

0

0

3

3

8BAE204

Discipline and extra curricular activity



4

1


TOTAL

12

1

16


24


FLUID MECHANICS

Course/Paper 03BAE

101

BAE

Semester III


UNIT
-

1

Basic Definitions and Fluid Properties ; Definition of Fluid, Incompressible and compressible
fluids, Fluid as a continuum, Mass, Density, specific weight, relative density, spec
ific volume,
Bulk modulus, velocity of sound Ideal fluid Viscosity. Newtonian and Non
-

Newtonian fluid,
Kinematics’ viscosity, Effect of temperature and pressure on viscosity, surface tension capillarity,
vapour pressure and cavitation. Fluid Statics : Ge
neral differential equation, Hydrostatics
Manometry, Fluid forces on submerged surfaces. Curved surfaces, Aerostatics, Isothermal
atmosphere, polytropic atmosphere. The international standard atmosphere, static stability The
international standard

atmosphe
re submerged bodies. Floating bodies.

UNIT
-

2

Kinematics and conservation of Mass : Flow classifications. Fluid velocity and acceleration,
streamlines and the stream function. Pathlines and streak lines. Deformation of a fluid element,
verticity and circu
lation. Irrotational and Rotational flow. Flownet, Laplace equation. Conservation
of mass and the continuity equation for three dimensions. Fluid Momentum : The Momentum
theorem Applications of the momentum theorem Equation of motion, Euler’s equation of m
otion
Integration of Euler’s equation of motion. Bernoulli’s equation. Applications of Bernoulli’s Pitot
tube, Equation of motion for Viscous fluid, Navier Stoke’s equation.

UNIT
-

3

Orifice discharging free, Jet, vena contracts, co
-
efficient of contractio
n, velocity and discharge,
coefficient of resistance. Orifices and mouthpieces Nozzles and weires. Flow Through Pipes :
Reynold’s experiment Darcy’s Weisback equation. Loss of head due tosudden enlargements,
contraction, entrance, exit obstruction, bend, p
ipe fittings. Total and Hydraulic grandient lines,
Flow through pipe line. Pipes in series, parallel Transmission of power through pipes.

UNIT
-

4

Laminar Flow: Simple solution of Navier Stokes equations. Hagen


Poiseuille flow. Plans
Poiseuille flow and

coutte flow. Turbulent Flow; Variation of friction factor with Reynold’s number.
The Prandt Mixing length hypothesis applied to pipe flow, velocity distribution in smooth pipes,
sough pipes. The Universal pipe friction laws, Colebrook. White formula. Dime
nsional Analysis:
Buckingham variables, Model Similitude, Force ratio, Reynolds, Froude’s Mach, Weber and Euler
numbers and their applications. Undistorted model distorted model scale effect.

UNIT
-

5

The Boundary Layer: Description of the boundary layer.
Boundary Layer thickness boundary
layer separation and control. The Prandtl boundary layer equation. Solution for cominar boundary
layer. The momentum equation for the boundary layer. The flat plate in uniform free stream with
no pressures gradients. Appro
ximate momentum analysis laminar boundary Aerofoils Theory.
Flow round a body ; Drag skin friction drag, pressure drag, combined skin friction & pressure
drag (Profile drag) wave drag, lift induced drag. Flow past sphere & Cylinder.


References

1.

Engineering

Fluid Mechanics : K.L.Kumar, Eurasia Publishing House Pvt Ltd

2.

Fluid Mechanics and Machines : F.M. White ,John Wiley & Sons

3.

Fluid Mechanics and Machines: A.K. Jain

4.

Fluid Mechanics: V.L. Streeter, Mc Graw Hill

5.

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines: R.K
. Bansal, Laxmi Publication New Delhi

6.

Fluid Mechanics With Applications : S.K.Gupta V.Gupta, New Age Publications

7.

Fluid Mechanics for Chemical engineers : Noel de Nevers ,Mc Graw HillII Edition 1991

8.

Fluid mechanics for chemical engineers: James O wikes and

Stacy G Bikes, Prentice Hall PTR
(International seriesin chemical engineering)1999








MECHANICS OF SOLIDS


Course/Paper 03BAE

102

BAE

Semester III

Unit


1

Stress & strain: Tension, compression, shearing stress & strain; Poisson’s ratio: Stress
-
strain
relationship, Hooke’s law; equations of static = w for 2D & 3D cars Elastic constants
and their relations for a isotropic hookean material, anisotropy & orthotropy, thermal
stresses, composite bars; simple elastic, plastic & visco
-
elastic behavior of commo
n
materials in tension and compression test, stress
-

strain curves. Concept of factor of safety
& permissible stress. Conditions for equilibrium. Concept of free body diagram; Introduction
to mechanics of deformable bodies.

Unit


2

Members subjected to fl
exural loads: Theory of simple bending, bending moment and shear
force diagrams for different types of static loading and support conditions on beams.
Bending stresses, Section modulus and transverse shear stress distribution in circular,
hollow circular,
I, Box, T, angle sections etc.

Unit


3

Principal planes, stresses & strains: Members subjected to combined axial, bending &
Torsional loads, maximum normal & shear stresses; Concept of equivalent bending &
equivalent twisting moments:

Mohr's circle of st
ress & strain.

Theories of Elastic Failures: The necessity for a theory, different theories, significance and
comparison, applications.

Unit


4

Torsion: Torsional shear stress in solid, hollow and stepped circular shafts, angular
deflection and power tran
smission capacity.

Stability of equilibrium: Instability & elastic stability. Long & short columns, ideal strut, Euler's
formula for crippling load for columns of different ends, concept of equivalent length,
eccentric loading, Rankine formulae and other e
mpirical relations.

Unit


5

Transverse deflection of beams: Relation between deflection, bending moment, shear force
and load, Transverse deflection of beams and shaft under static loading, area moment
method, direct integration method: method of superpos
ition and conjugate beam method.
Variational approach to determine deflection and stresses in beam.

Elastic strain energy: Strain energy due to axial, bending and Torsional loads; stresses due
to suddenly applied loads; use of energy theorems to determine
deflections of beams and
twist of shafts.Castigliano's theorem. Maxwell's theorem of reciprocal deflections.


References

1.

Strength of Materials : B.C Poonamia and ramamurtham, Dhanpatrai Publishers Delhi

2.

Mechanics of solid : S.H.Crandell, N.C.Dahi and T.J.

Lardner, Mc Graw Hill International Edition

3.

Strength of Materials: G.H. Ryder, ELBS Publications co ltd

4.

Elements of Strength of Material :J.P. Tinnoshnko and G.H.Young, Affiliated East west Press New
Delhi

5.

Solid Mechanic : GMA Kazmi, Tata Mc
-
Graw Hill
Publishing Ltd., New Delhi Mc
Graw Hill Publishing co Ltd New Delhi

AERO ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

Course/Paper 03BAE

103

BAE

Semester III

UNIT 1

Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics: Thermodynamics system, control volume, Properties,
state, processes and cy
cle, equality of temperature, Zeroth Law of thermodynamics,

temperature scale, laws of perfect gas, Pure substances, vapour
-
Liquid

solid
-
phase
equilibrium in a pure substances, thermodynamic surfaces

UNIT 2

Work and heat, Law of conservation of mass and e
nergy, First law of thermodynamics,
steady state Processes, Second law of thermodynamics, Heat engine, Carnot cycle,
thermodynamic temperature scale, entropy, change of entropy for different processes,
equivalence of Kelvin plank and clausius statements, c
lausius inequality.

UNIT 3

Available and unavailable energy, availability of a non flow and steady flow system,
Helmbeltz and Gibb’s functions, Thermodynamic Relations: Important mathematical
relations, Maxwell relations, Tds Relations, Joule
-

Thomson coef
ficient, Clayperon relation.

UNIT 4

Air


standard power cycle, Brayton cycle, Otto cycle, diesel cycle, Dual cycle, Stirling cycle,
Ericssion cycle and Atkinson cycle, Mean effective pressure and efficiencies, Four stroke
petrol and diesel engine, Two st
roke Petrol and diesel engine.

UNIT 5

Properties of steam, phase change process, use of steam table & molier char. Rankine
cycle, Reheat cycle, Regenerative cycle, cogeneration vapour compression refrigeration
cycle.

References

1.

Thermodynamics: P.K.Nag

2.

Engg
. Thermodynamics : Goyal


COMPUTING SKILLS & SOFTWARE DEVELPOPMENT


Course/Paper 03BAE

104

BAE

Semester III

Unit 1

Computer software: Spreadsheets (e.g. Microsoft Excel, including Macros) Engineering
Application (e.g. Engineering Evolution solver), a Mat
hematical Simulation package (e.g.
MATLAB).Use of this software in analysis of simple Engineering system

Unit II

System analysis , system elements & characteristics, software development life cycle ,
software development process models ( waterfall model ,

spiral model)

Unit III

Introduction to data structures, singly linked lists, doubly linked lists, circular list.

Unit IV

Trees
-

Binary trees, terminology, representation, traversals, graphs


terminology,
representation graph traversals (dfs & bfs ).

Un
it V

Representing stacks and queues in c using arrays and linked lists, infix to post fix conversion,
post fix expression evaluation.


References

1. D.S.A : ( SCHAUM’S )

2. SOFTWARE ENGINEERING : (
SHAHINI PURI )


PROPRTIES OF MATERIALS

Course/Paper 03BA
E

105

BAE
Semester III

UNIT 1

Atomic structure of Metals: Crystal structure, crystal lattice of (i) Body centred cubic (ii) Face
centred cubic (iii) Closed packed hexagonal, crystallographic Notation of atomic planes and
Directions (Miller Indices), polymo
rphism and allotropy, Crystal imperfection.


UNIT 2

Theories of plastic deformation. Phenomenon of slip, twinning and dislocation. Identification
of crystallographic possible slip planes and direction in FCC, BCC, HCP. Recovery and
recrystallization, prefer
red orientation causes and effects on the property of metals.

UNIT3

Classification of engineering materials. Solidification of metals and of some typical alloys:
Mechanism of crystallisation (I) nuclear formation (ii) crystal growth. General principles of
phase transformation in alloys, phase rule and equilibrium diagrams, Equilibrium diagram of
binary system having complete mutual solubility in liquid state and limited solubility in solid
state, Binary isomorphous alloy system, Hume
-
Rothery rule, Binary sy
stem with limited solid
solubility of terminal phase and in which solubility decreases with temperature and also alloy
with a peritectic transformation. Equilibrium diagram of a system whose components are
subject to allotropic change. Iron carbon Equilibr
ium diagram, phase transformation in the
iron carbon diagram (I) Formation of Austenite (ii) Transformation of Austenite into pearlite
(iii) Martensite transformation in steel, TTT curves.

UNIT 4

Engineering properties and their measurements, Principles an
d applications of annealing,
normalising, hardening, tempering. Recovery and re
-
crystallization. Hardenability
-

its
measures, variables, effecting Hardenability, methods, for determination of Hardenability.
Over
-
heated, Burnt steel, its causes and remedie
s. Temper brittleness
-

its causes and
remedies. Basic principles involved in heat treatment of plain carbon steel, alloy steels, cast
iron and Non
-
ferrous metals and their alloys.

Chemical Heat treatment of steels: Physical principles involved in chemical

heat treatment
procedure for carburizing, Nitriding, Cyaniding, carbo
-
nitriding of steel.

UNIT 5

Effects produced by Alloying element on the structures and properties of steel Distribution of
alloying elements (Si, Mn, Ni, Cr, Mo, Co, W, Ti, Al) in steel,

structural classes of steel.
Classification of steels, BIS Standards. Fibre reinforced plastic composites
:
Various fibres
and matrix materials, basic composite manufacturing methods, applications of composite
materials.

References

1.MATERIAL OF SCIENCE :

( R.K. RAJPUT )

2. MATERIAL OF SCIENCE : (
RAVI KUMAR GOYAL )


ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS


Course/Paper 03BAE

106

BAE

Semester III

UNIT 1

Fourier series: Fourier series, Half
-
range series, Harmonic analysis. Integral Transforms:
Fourier integral the
orem, Fourier transforms, Convolution theorems, Inversion theorem for
Fourier and Laplace transforms, Simple applications of these transforms to one
-
dimensional
problems.


UNIT 2

Method of separation of variables
-

applications to the solution of wave equa
tion in one
dimension, laplace’s equation in two dimensions, Diffusion equation in one dimension.
Transform calculus : Laplace transform with its simple properties, applications to the
solutions of ordinary and partial differential equations having constan
t co
-
efficient with
special reference to wave and diffusion equation.

UNIT 3

Complex Variable: Functions of a complex variable; Exponential, trigonometric, hyperbolic
and logarithmic functions; Differentiation, Analytic functions, Cauchy
-
Riemann equations,

conjugate functions; Application to two dimensional potential problems; Conformal

transformations, Schwartz
-

Christoffel transformation; Cauchy’s Integral theorem. Taylor’s
and Laurent’s expansions; Branch points, zeros, poles and residues; Simple problem
s on
contour integration

UNIT 4

Boundary Value Problems: Equations for vibrations of strings, heat flow and electrical
transmission lines; Laplace’s equation in Cartesian, cylindrical polar and spherical polar
coordinates; Solution by separation of variabl
es. Solution in Series: Differentiation and
integration of infinite series, Series solution of differential equations; Bessel and Legendre
equations, their series solution, elementary properties of Bessel functions and Legendre
polynomials

UNIT 5

Numerical

Methods: Difference operators: forward, backward, central shift and average
operators and relations between them.

Newton Backward and Interpolation; Lagrange’s interpolation and the error formula for
interpolation.Numerical differentiation and integratio
n. Trapezoidal rule and Simpson’s one
-
third rule including error formula


References

1.MATHEMATICS III : ( GOKHUROO )

2. MATHEMATICS III : ( ASHIRWAD )


STRENGTH OF MATERIALS LAB

Course/Paper 03BAE

201

BAE

Semester III


LIST OF EXPERIMENTS


1. Izod Im
pact testing.

2. Rockwell Hardness Testing.

3. Spring Testing

4. Column Testing for buckling

5. Torsion Testing

6. Tensile Testing

7. Compression Testing

8. Shear Testing

9. Brinell Hardness Testing

10. Bending Test on UTM.

11. Study of Fatigue Testing Mac
hine.


THERMODYNAMICS LABORATORY

Course/Paper 03BAE

202

BAE

Semester III


LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1.

Performance test on a 4
-
stroke engine

2.

Valve timing of a 4


stroke engine and port timing of a 2 stroke engine

3.

Determination of effectiveness of a parallel flow
heat exchanger

4.

Determination of effectiveness of a counter flow heat exchanger

5.

Determination of the viscosity coefficient of a given liquid

6.

COP test on a vapour compression refrigeration test rig

7.

COP test on a vapour compression air
-
conditioning test rig

8.

Study of a Gas Turbine Engine.

9.

Determination of Conductive Heat Transfer Coefficient.


10.

Determination of Thermal Resistance of a Composite wall
.


FLUID MECHANICS AND MACHINERY LABORATORY

Course/Paper 03BAE

203

BAE

Semester III


LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1.

Calibrati
on of venturimeter

2.

Pressure measurement with pitot static tube

3.

Determination of pipe flow losses.

4.

Verification of Bernoulli’s theorem

5.

Flow visualization by Heleshaw apparatus

6.

Performance test on centrifugal pumps

7.

Performance test on reciprocating pumps

8.

Per
formance test on piston wheel turbine

9.

Performance test on Francis turbine

10.

Determination of Viscosity of a Fluid

COMPUTER PROGRAMMING LAB

Course/Paper 03BAE

201

BAE

Semester III


List of programs in C:

1. Program for revising control statements, arrays and

functions.

2. Program using string handling and various functions described in string.h, ctype.h.

3. Program using structures and sorting algorithm (Insertion, Selection, Quick, Heap sort)
and

functions described in math.

4. Program using file handling an
d related functions defined in stdio.h, io.h.

5. Program using pointers, array and pointers, pointers to structures, dynamic memory
allocation.

List of Programs in C++

6. Program using basic I/O and control statements.

7. Program using class, objects, obje
cts as function parameters.

8. Program using functions and passing reference to a function, inline functions. Program
using

Inheritance and virtual base class.

9. Program using pointers, arrays, dynamic arrays. Program using functions defined in
ctype.h an
d string.h.

10. Program using constructors, destructors. Program using function and operator over
loading

List of program in C++ implementing Data Structures

11. Creating and managing (add, delete, print, insert) nodes of a Linked list.

12. Creating and ma
naging (create, pop, push etc.) stacks and queues.


ELEMENTS OF AERONAUTICS


Course/Paper 04BAE

101

BAE

Semester I
V


1.

HISTORICAL EVALUATION










Early airplanes, biplanes and monoplanes, Developments in aerodynamics, materials,
stru
ctures and propulsion over the years.



2.

AIRCRAFT CONFIGURATIONS









Components of an airplane and their functions. Different types of flight vehicles,
classifications. Conventional control, Powered control, Basic instruments for fly
ing, Typical
systems for control actuation.

3.

INTRODUCTION TO PRINCIPLES OF FLIGHT





Physical properties and structure of the atmosphere, Temperature, pressure and altitude
relationships, Evolution of lift, drag and moment. Aerofoils, Mach number, Mane
uvers.

4.

INTRODUCTION TO AIRPLANE STRUCTURES AND

MATERIALS




General types of construction, Monocoque, semi
-
monocoque and geodesic construction,
Typical wing and fuselage structure. Metallic and non
-
metallic materials, Use of
aluminium alloy,
titanium, stainless steel and composite materials.

5.

POWER PLANTS USED IN AIRPLANES







Basic ideas about piston, turboprop and jet engines, Use of propeller and jets for thrust
production. Comparative merits, Principles of operation of rocket, typ
es of rockets and
typical applications, Exploration into space.

References

1.

Anderson, J.D., “Introduction to Flight”, McGraw
-
Hill, 1995.

REFERENCE

1.

Kermode, A.C., “Flight without Formulae”, McGraw
-
Hill, 1997.


AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS AND INSTRUMENTATIONS


Co
urse/Paper 04BAE

102

BAE

Semester IV


1.

AIRPLANE CONTROL SYSTEMS







Conventional Systems
-

Power assisted and fully powered flight controls
-

Power actuated
systems


Engine control systems
-

Push pull rod system, flexible push full rod system
-

Comp
onents
-

Modern control systems
-

Digital fly by wire systems
-

Auto pilot system active
control Technology, Communication and Navigation systems Instrument landing systems,
VOR
-

CCV case studies.


2.

AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS











Hydrauli
c systems
-

Study of typical workable system
-

components
-

Hydraulic system
controllers
-

Modes of operation
-

Pneumatic systems
-

Advantages
-

Working principles
-

Typical Air pressure system


Brake system
-

Typical Pneumatic power system
-

Components,
Landing Gear systems
-

Classification


Shock absorbers
-

Retractive
mechanism.


3.

ENGINE SYSTEMS










Fuel systems for Piston and jet engines,
-

Components of multi engines. lubricating systems
for piston and jet engines
-

Starting
and Ignition systems
-

Typical examples for piston and
jet engines.


4.

AUXILLIARY SYSTEM










Basic Air cycle systems
-

Vapour Cycle systems, Boost
-
Strap air cycle system
-

Evaporative
vapour cycle systems
-

Evaporative air cycle systems
-

Oxy
gen systems
-

Fire protection
systems, Deicing and anti icing systems.


5.

AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS









Flight Instruments and Navigation Instruments


Gyroscope
-

Accelerometers, Air speed
Indicators


TAS, EAS
-

Mach Meters
-

Altimeters
-

Principles and operation
-

Study of

various types of engine instruments
-

Tachometers
-

Temperature gauges
-

Pressure
gauges
-

Operation and Principles.


References

1.

McKinley, J.L., and Bent, R.D., “Aircraft Maintenance & Repair”, McGraw
-
Hill, 1993.

2.

“Genera
l Hand Books of Airframe and Powerplant Mechanics”, U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Federal
Aviation Administation, The English Book Store, New Delhi1995.


REFERENCES

1.

Mekinley, J.L. and Bent, R.D., “Aircraft Power Plants”, McGraw
-
Hill, 1993.

2.

Pallet, E.H.J.,
“Aircraft Instruments & Principles”, Pitman & Co., 1993.

3.

Treager, S., “Gas Turbine Technology”, McGraw
-
Hill, 1997.



CONTROL ENGINEERING

Course/Paper 04BAE

103

BAE

Semester IV



1.

INTRODUCTION









Historical review
-

Simple pneumatic, hydraulic and
thermal systems, Series and parallel
systems, Analogies
-

Mechanical and electrical components, Development of flight control
systems.

2.

OPEN AND CLOSED LOOP SYSTEMS







Feedback control systems


Block diagram representation of control systems, Reduc
tion of
block diagrams, Output to input ratios, Signal flow graph.


3.

CHARACTERISTIC EQUATION AND FUNCTIONS






Lap lace transformation, Response of systems to different inputs viz., Step input, impulse,
ramp, parabolic and sinusoidal inputs, T
ime response of first and second order systems,
steady state errors and error constants of unity feedback circuit.

4.

CONCEPT OF STABILITY










Necessary and sufficient conditions, Routh


Hurwitz criteria of stability, Root locus and
Bo
de techniques, Concept and construction, frequency response.

5.

SAMPLED DATA SYSTEMS










Introduction to digital control system, Digital Controllers and Digital PID Controllers.

References


1.

OGATO, “Modern Control Engineering”, Prenti
ce


Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, 1998.

2.

GOPAL.M. “Control Systems, Principles and design”


Tata McGraw
-
Hill Publication, New Delhi, 2000.

3.

Azzo, J.J.D. and C.H. Houpis, “Feed back control system analysis and synthesis
”, McGraw


Hill
International,
3
rd

Edition, 1998.

4.

Kuo, B.C., “Automatic control systems”, Prentice


Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1998.

5.

Houpis, C.H. and Lamont, G.B., “Digital Control Systems”, McGraw
-
Hill Book Co. New York, USA 1995.

6.

Naresh K. Sinha, “Control Systems”, New Age In
ternational Publishers, New Delhi


AERODYNAMICS


I

Course/Paper 04BAE

104

BAE

Semester IV

1.

REVIEW OF BASIC FLUID MECHANICS





Continuity, momentum and energy equations.

2.

TWO DIMENSIONAL FLOWS








Basic flows


Source, Sink, Free and Forced vortex, uniform parallel flow. Their
combinations, Pressure and velocity distributions on bodies with and without circulation in
ideal and real fluid flows. Kutta Joukowski’s theorem.

3.

CONFORMAL TRANSF
ORMATION








Joukowski transformation and its application to fluid flow problems, Kutta condition, Blasius
theorem.

4.

AIRFOIL AND WING THEORY








Joukowski, Karman
-

Trefftz, Profiles

-

Thin aerofoil theory and its applications. Vortex line,
Horse shoe vortex, Biot and Savart law, Lifting line theory and its limitations.

5.

VISCOUS FLOW









Newton’s law of viscosity, Bound
ary Layer, Navier
-
Stokes equation, displacement,
Momentum thickness, Flow over a flat plate, Blasins solution.


References

1.

Anderson, J.D., “Fundamentals of Aerodynamics”, McGraw
-
Hill Book Co., New York, 1985.

REFERENCES

1.

Houghton, E.L., and Carruther
s, N.B., “Aerodynamics for Engineering students”, Edward Arnold
Publishers Ltd., London, 1989.

2.

Milne Thomson, L.H., “Theoretical aerodynamics”, Macmillan, 1985.

3.

Clancey, L.J., “Aerodynamics”, Pitman, 1986


AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES


I

Course/Paper 04BAE

105

BAE

Semester IV


1.

STATICALLY DETERMINATE STRUCTURES








Analysis of plane truss


Method of joints


3 D Truss
-

Plane frames


2.

STATICALLY INDETERMINATE STRUCTURES






Composite beam
-

Clapeyron's Three Moment Equation
-

Moment Distribut
ion Method.


3.

ENERGY METHODS









Strain Energy due to axial, bending and Torsional loads
-

Castigliano's theorem
-

Maxwell's
Reciprocal theorem, Unit load method
-

application to beams, trusses, frames, rings, etc.


4.

COLUMNS













Columns with various end conditions


Euler’s Column curve


Rankine’s formula
-

Column
with initial curvature
-

Eccentric loading


South well plot


Beam column.


5.

FAILURE THEORY









Maximum

Stress theory


Maximum Strain Theory


Maximum Shear Stress Theory


Distortion Theory


Maximum Strain energy theory


Application to aircraft Structural
problems.



Refere
nces

1.

Donaldson, B.K., “Analysis of Aircraft Structures


An Introduction”, McGraw
-
Hill, 1993.


2.

Timoshenko, S., “Strength of Materials”, Vol. I and II, Princeton D. Von Nostrand Co, 1990.


MECHANICS OF MACHINES

Course/Paper 04BAE

106

BAE

Semester IV


1.

M
ECHANISMS










Machine Structure


Kinematic link, pair and chain


Grueblers criteria


Constrained motion


Degrees of freedom
-

Slider crank and crank rocker mechanisms


Inversions


Applications


Kinematic analysis of simple mechanisms


Determin
ation of velocity and
acceleration.








2.

FRICTION










Friction in screw and nut


Pivot and collar


Thrust bearing


Plate and disc clutches


Belt (flat and V) and rope drives. Ratio of tensions


Effect of centrifugal and

initial
tension


Condition for maximum power transmission


Open and crossed belt drive.

3.

GEARING AND CAMS





Gear profile and geometry


Nomenclature of spur and helical gears


Gear trains: Simple,
compound gear trains and epicylic gear trains
-

Determination of speed and torque
-

Cams


Types of cams


Design of profiles


Knife edged, flat faced and

roller ended followers with
and without offsets for various types of follower motions




4.

BALANCING










Static and dynamic balancing


Single and several masses in different planes

Balan
cing of
reciprocating masses
-

primary balancing and concepts of secondary balancing


Single and
multi cylinder engines (Inline)


Balancing of radial V engine


direct and reverse crank
method



5.

VIBRATION











Free, forced and damped vibrations of single degree of freedom systems


Force
transmitted to supports


Vibration isolation


Vibration absorption


Torsional vibration of
shaft


Single an
d multi rotor systems


Geared shafts


Critical speed of shaft.






References

1.

Rattan.S.S, “Theory of Machines”, Tata McGraw

Hill Publishing Co, New Delhi, 2004.

2.

Ballaney.P.L, “Theory of Machines”, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 2002.

3.

Rao
, J.S and Dukkipati, R.V, “Mechanism and Machine Theory”, Second Edition, Wiley Eastern Ltd.,
1992.

4.

Malhotra, D.R and Gupta, H.C., “The Theory of Machines”, Satya Prakasam, Tech. India Publications,
1989.

5.

Gosh, A. and Mallick, A.K., “Theory of Machines and

Mechanisms”, Affiliated East West Press, 1989.

6.

Shigley, J.E. and Uicker, J.J., “Theory of Machines and Mechanisms”, McGraw
-
Hill, 1980.

7.

Burton Paul, “Kinematics and Dynamic of Planer Machinery”, Prentice Hall, 1979.


AERODYNAMICS LABORATORY

Course/Paper 04
BAE

201

BAE

Semester IV

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1.

Calibration of subsonic wind tunnel.

2.

Pressure distribution over smooth and rough cylinder.

3.

Pressure distribution over symmetric airfoils.

4.

Pressure distribution over cambered airfoils & thin airfoils

5.

Force measure
ment using wind tunnel balance.

6.

Flow over a flat plate at different angles of incidence

7.

Flow visualization studies in low speed flows over cylinders

8.

Flow visualization studies in low speed flows over airfoil with different angle of
incidence

9.

Calibration of

supersonic wind tunnel.

10.

Supersonic flow visualization with Schlieren system.

DESIGN AND COMPUTER
AIDED MODELING LAB

Course/Paper 04BAE

202

BAE

Semester IV


.
LIST OF EXERCISES

1.

Design of riveted joints (Lap joint).

2.

Design of riveted joints (Butt joint with

single and double straps).

3.

Design of welded joints.

4.

Layout of typical wing structure.

5.

Layout of typical fuselage structure.


6.

Computer aided modeling of typical aircraft wing.

7.

Computer aided modeling of typical fuselage structure.

8.

Computer aided modeling
of landing gear

9.

Three view diagram of a typical aircraft

10.

Layout of control systems

AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES LAB

I

Course/Paper 04BAE

203

BAE

Semester IV


LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1.

Determination of Young’s modulus of steel using mechanical extensometers.

2.

Determinati
on of Young’s modulus of aluminum using electrical extensometers

3.

Determination of fracture strength and fracture pattern of ductile materials

4.

Determination of fracture strength and fracture pattern of brittle materials

5.

Stress Strain curve for various engin
eering materials.

6.

Deflection of beams with various end conditions.

7.

Verification of Maxwell’s Reciprocal theorem & principle of superposition

8.

Column


Testing

9.

South


well’s plot.

10.

Riveted Joints.

CONTROL LABORATORY

Course/Paper 04BAE

204

BAE

Semester IV


Li
st of Experiments


1.

Block diagram reduction technique

2.

Block diagram formation for Control Systems.

3.

Step Response of 2
nd

order transfer function

4.

Root Locus Plot

5.

Bode Plot

6.

Laplace & inverse laplace

7.

Polar plot & Nyquist Stability Criterion

8.

Hydraulic System

9.

Con
vert Transfer function to State Space & Vice Versa

10.

Calculate Observability & Controlability


PROPULSION


I

Course/Paper 05
BAE

101

BAE

Semester V

1.

FUNDAMENTALS OF GAS TURBINE ENGINES





Illustration of working of gas turbine engine


The thrust equa
tion


Factors affecting thrust


Effect of pressure, velocity and temperature changes of air entering compressor


Methods
of thrust augmentation


Characteristics of turboprop, turbofan and turbojet


Performance
characteristics.

2.

SUBSONIC AND SUPERSO
NIC INLETS FOR JET ENGINES



Internal flow and Stall in subsonic inlets


Boundary layer separation


Major features of
external flow near a subsonic inlet


Relation between minimum area ratio and eternal
deceleration ratio


Diffuser performanc
e


Supersonic inlets


Starting problem on
supersonic inlets


Shock swallowing by area variation


External declaration


Models of
inlet operation.

3.

COMBUSTION CHAMBERS









Classification of combustion chambers


Important factors affec
ting combustion chamber
design


Combustion process


Combustion chamber performance


Effect of operating
variables on performance


Flame tube cooling


Flame stabilization


Use of flame holders


Numerical problems.

4.

NOZZLES











Theo
ry of flow in isentropic nozzles


Convergent nozzles and nozzle choking


Nozzle
throat conditions


Nozzle efficiency


Losses in nozzles


Over expanded and under


expanded nozzles


Ejector and variable area nozzles


Interaction of nozzle flow with
a
djacent surfaces


Thrust reversal.

5.

COMPRESSORS











Principle of operation of centrifugal compressor


Work done and pressure rise


Velocity
diagrams


Diffuser vane design considerations


Concept of prewhirl


Rotation

stall


Elementary theory of axial flow compressor


Velocity triangles


degree of reaction


Three
dimensional


Air angle distributions for free vortex and constant reaction designs


Compressor blade design


Centrifugal and Axial compressor performan
ce characteristics.

References

1.

Hill, P.G. & Peterson, C.R. “Mechanics & Thermodynamics of Propulsion” Addison


Wesley Longman INC, 1999.

2.

Cohen, H. Rogers, G.F.C. and Saravanamuttoo, H.I.H. “Gas Turbine Theory”, Longman, 1989.

3.

Oates, G.C., “Aero thermody
namics of Aircraft Engine Components”, AIAA Education Series, New York, 1985.

4.

“Rolls Royce Jet Engine”


Third Edition


1983.

5.

Mathur, M.L. and Sharma, R.P., “Gas Turbine, Jet and Rocket Propulsion”, Standard Publishers & Distributors,
Delhi, 1999.


AIRCR
AFT STRUCTURES


II

Course/Paper 05BAE 102

BAE

Semester V

1.

UNSYMMETRICAL BENDING








Bending stresses in beams of unsymmetrical sections


Bending of symmetric sections
with skew loads.

2.

SHEAR FLOW IN OPEN SECTIONS







Thin walled beams, C
oncept of shear flow, shear centre, Elastic axis. With one axis of
symmetry, with wall effective and ineffective in bending, unsymmetrical beam sections.


3.

SHEAR FLOW IN CLOSED SECTIONS









Bredt


Batho formula, Single and multi


cell s
tructures. Approximate methods. Shear flow
in single & multicell structures under torsion. Shear flow in single and multicell under bending
with walls effective and ineffective
.


4.

BUCKLING OF PLATES








Rectangular sheets un
der compression, Local buckling stress of thin walled sections,
Crippling stresses by Needham’s and Gerard’s methods, Thin walled column strength. Sheet
stiffener panels. Effective width, inter rivet and sheet wrinkling failures.


5.

STRESS ANALYSIS IN W
ING AND FUSELAGE




Procedure


Shear and bending moment distribution for semi cantilever and other types of
wings and fuselage, thin webbed beam. With parallel and non parallel flanges, Shear
resistant web beams, Tension field web beam
s (Wagner’s).



References











1.

Peery, D.J., and Azar, J.J., “Aircraft Structures”, 2
nd

edition, McGraw

Hill, N.Y.,
1993.

2.

Megson, T.M.G., “Aircraft Structures for Engineering Students”, Edward Arnold, 1995.

3.

Bruhn. E.H. “Analysis and De
sign of Flight vehicles Structures”, Tri


state off set company, USA, 1985.

4.

Rivello, R.M., “Theory and Analysis of Flight Structures”, McGraw
-
Hill, 1993.






AERODYNAMICS


II

Course/Paper 05BAE 103

BAE

Semester V

1.

ONE DIMENSIONAL COMPRESSIBLE FLOW






Energy, Momentum, continuity and state equations, velocity of sound, Adiabatic steady state
flow equations, Flow through converging, diverging passages, Performance under various
back pressures.


2.

NORMAL, OBLIQUE SHOCKS AND EXPANSION WAVES




Prandtl equation and Rankine


Hugonoit relation, Normal shock equations, Pitot static tube,
corrections for subsonic and supersonic flows, Oblique shocks and corresponding equations,
Hodograph and pressure turning angle, shock polars, flow past wedg
es and concave
corners, strong, weak and detached shocks, Rayleigh and Fanno Flow. Flow past convex
corners, Expansion hodograph, Reflection and interaction of shocks and expansion, waves,
Families of shocks, Methods of Characteristics, Two dimensional sup
ersonic nozzle
contours.


3.

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF MOTION FOR STEADY COMPRESSIBLE
FLOWS



Small perturbation potential theory, solutions for supersonic flows, Mach waves and Mach
angles, Prandtl
-
Glauert affine transformation relations for subsonic f
lows, Linearised two
dimensional supersonic flow theory, Lift, drag pitching moment and center of pressure of
supersonic profiles.


4.

AIRFOIL IN HIGH SPEED FLOWS







Lower and upper critical Mach numbers, Lift and drag divergence, shock induced separa
tion,
Characteristics of swept wings, Effects of thickness, camber and aspect ratio of wings,
Transonic area rule, Tip effects
.


5.

HIGH SPEED WIND TUNNELS









Blow down, in draft and induction tunnel layouts and their design features, Transo
nic,
supersonic and hypersonic tunnels and their peculiarities, Helium and gun tunnels, Shock
tubes, Optical methods of flow visualization
.












References

1.

Rathakrishnan, E., “Gas Dynamics”, Prentice Hall of India, 2003.

2.

Shapiro, A.H., “Dynamic
s and Thermodynamics of Compressible Fluid Flow”, Ronold Press, 1982.

3.

Zucrow, M.J. and Anderson, J.D., “Elements of gas dynamics”, McGraw
-
Hill Book Co., New York, 1989.

4.

Mc Cornick. W., “Aerodynamics, Aeronautics and Flight Mechanics”, John Wiley, New York,

1979.

5.

Anderson Jr., D.,


“Modern compressible flows”, McGraw
-
Hill Book Co., New York 1999.



FLIGHT DYNAMICS

Course/Paper 05BAE 104

B
AE

Semester V

1.

DRAG ON THE AIRPLANE










International Standard Atmosphere
-

Forces and moments actin
g on a flight vehicle
-

Equation of motion of a rigid flight vehicle
-

Different types of drag
-

Drag polars of vehicles
from low speed to high speeds
-

Variation of thrust, power and SFC with velocity and
altitudes for air breathing engines and rockets
-

Power available and power required curves.



1.

AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE











Performance of airplane in level flight
-

Maximum speed in level flight
-

Conditions for
minimum drag and power required
-

Range and endurance
-

Climbing and gli
ding flight
(Maximum rate of climb and steepest angle of climb, minimum rate of sink and shallowest
angle of glide)
-
Turning performance (Turning rate turn radius). Bank angle and load factor
-

Limitations of pull up and push over
-

V
-
n diagram and load fa
ctor.












3.

STATIC LONGITUDINAL STABILITY









Degree of freedom of rigid bodies in space
-

Static and dynamic stability
-

Purpose of
controls in airplanes
-
Inherently stable and marginal stable airplanes


Static, Longitud
inal
stability
-

Stick fixed stability
-

Basic equilibrium equation
-

Stability criterion
-

Effects of
fuselage and nacelle
-

Influence of CG location
-

Power effects
-

Stick fixed neutral point
-

Stick free stability
-
Hinge moment coefficient
-

Stick free
neutral points
-
Symmetric maneuvers
-

Stick force gradients
-

Stick _ force per 'g'
-

Aerodynamic balancing. Determination of
neutral points and maneuver points from flight test.


4.

LATERAL AND DIRECTIONAL STABILITY






Dihedral effect
-

Lateral control
-

Coupling between rolling and yawing moments
-

Adverse
yaw effects
-

Aileron reversal
-

Static directional stability
-

Weather cocking effect
-

Rudder
requirements
-

One engine inoperative condition
-

Rudder lock.


5.

DYNAMIC STABILITY










Dy
namic longitudinal stability: Equations of motion
-

Stability derivatives
-

Characteristic
equation of stick fixed case
-

Modes and stability criterion
-

Effect of freeing
-
the stick
-

Brief
description of lateral and directional. Dynamic stability
-

Spiral
, divergence, Dutch roll, auto
rotation and spin.













References

1.

Perkins, C.D., and Hage, R.E., “Airplane Performance stability and Control”, John Wiley & Son:, Inc,
New York, 1988.

2.

Etkin, B., “Dynamics of Flight Stability and Control”, Edn. 2
, John Wiley, New York, 1982.

3.

Babister, A.W., “Aircraft Dynamic Stability and Re
sponse”, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1980.

4.

Dommasch, D.O., Shelby, S.S., and Connolly, T.F., “Aeroplane Aero dynamics”, Third Edition, Issac
Pitman, London, 1981.

5.

Nelson, R.C. “Fl
ight Stability and Automatic Control”, McGraw
-
Hill Book Co., 1998.

6.


AIRCRAFT GENERAL ENG
INEERING AND MAINTEN
ANCE
PRACTICES


Course/Paper 05BAE 105

BAE

Semester V


UNIT 1

Mooring, jacking, leveling and towing operations
-

Preparation
-

Equipment and precau
tions
-

Engine starting procedures
-

Piston engine, turboprops and turbojets
-

Engine fire
extinguishing
-

Ground power units.

UNIT 2

Air conditioning and pressurization
-

Oxygen and oil systems
-

Ground units and their
maintenance. Shop safety
-

Environm
ental cleanliness
-

Precautions. Process
-

Purpose
-

Types
-

Inspection intervals
-

Techniques
-

Checklist
-

Special inspection
-

Publications,

bulletins, various manuals
-

FAR Air worthiness directives
-

Type certificate Data Sheets
-

ATA specifications.

UNIT 3


Hand tools
-

Precision instruments
-

Special tools and equipments in an airplane
maintenance shop
-

Identification terminology
-

Specification and correct use of various

aircraft hardware (i.e. nuts, bolts, rivets, screws, etc.)
-

American and Br
itish systems of
specifications
-

Threads, gears, bearings, etc.
-

Drills, tapes & reamers
-

identification of all
types of fluid line fittings. Materials, metallic and non
-
metallic.

UNIT 4

PLUMBING CONNECTORS:

Cables
-

Swaging procedures, tests, Advantag
es of swaging over splicing.


References:

1. KROES WATKINS DELP., " Aircraft Maintenance and Repair ", McGraw Hill, New York 1993.

2. A & P MECHANICS, " Aircraft hand Book
-

F.A.A. Himalayan Book House ", New Delhi, 1996.

3. A & P MECHANICS, " General hand

Book
-

F.A.A. Himalayan Book House ", New Delhi, 1996.

4. ATA SPECFICATIONS
-

F.A.A. Himalayan Book House ", New Delhi, 1996.

MICROPROCESSORS AND APPLICATIONS

Course/Paper 05BAE 106

BAE

Semester V


1.
SEMICONDUCTOR

DEVICES








PN Junction diodes


Zen
or Diodes


Tunnels Diodes
-

Thermistors


Transistors


FET and
MOSFET


Silicon Controlled Rectifiers And Triacs


Their Applications


Half Wave and Full
Wave Rectifiers


Filters


Ripple Factor


Zenor Regulators and AC Voltage Regulators


Principles
and Types of Transistor Amplifers


RC Coupled, Transformer Coupled, Direct Coupled


Multistage, FET and Power Amplifers.

2. LINEAR AND DIGITAL ICS








IC Technology


Elements of Fabrication of Linear and Digital IC’s


D/A and A/D Converters

Compari
son Between Analog and Digital Systems


Number Representation


Binary, Octal and
Hexadecimal Number Systems


Logic Families and Logic Gates


Flip


Flops


Multi Vibrations
Using IC’s


Half and full Adder


Registers


Counters


Multiplexers
-

Demulti
plexers


Decoders


Encoders.

3. MICROPROCESSORS









Block Diagram of Microprocessors


Architecture of Intel 8085


Importance of Data, Address and
Control Buses


Instruction Formats


Addressing Modes and Types of Intel 8085


Instruction Set
For
8085


Development of Simple Language Assembly Programs


Architecture and Functioning of
Processors like Z80, M6800 and Intel Family of 80 X86 Processors.


4. MICROPROCESSOR MEMORY DEVICES







RAM, ROM, EPROM


magnetic Bubble Memory


Floppy and
Hard Disc


Interfacing of Memory
Chips


CRT Terminals


Printers, Keyboards and their Interfacing


Parallel and Series
Communication


Synchronous and Asynchronous Data Transfer


DMA Data Transfer.

5. APPLICATIONS









Microprocessor Applications
in aerospace


Case study.


References

1.

“Computer principles of architecture”, Tata McGraw
-
Hill, New Delhi. 4
th

Edition 2002.

2.

Goankar. R.S., “Microprocessors, Programming to Architecture 8085”, Penram International
publishing PVT Ltd, New Delhi. 5
th

Edition

2002

3.

V.K. Mehta, “Principles of Electronics”, S. Chand & Co, New Delhi, 2
nd

Edition 2002


4.

Malvino A.P. Leach, D.P., “Digital Principles & Applications”, Tata McGraw


Hill, 1990.

5.

Goankar R.S., “Microprocessors Architecture. Programming and Applications”, W
iley
Eastern, 1992.

6.

Ajit Pal., “Microprocessors”, Tata McGraw
-
Hill, Revised Edition 1995.

7.

Douglas, Hall, “Microprocessors and Interfacing”, Tata McGraw

Hill, Revised Edition 1990.

8.

Mathur A.P., “Introduction to Microprocessors”, Tata McGraw

Hill, Revised Ed
ition 1995.




AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES LAB


II

Course/Paper 05BAE

201

BAE

Semester V

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1.

Unsymmetrical bending of beams

2.

Shear centre location for open sections

3.

Shear centre location for closed sections

4.

Constant strength beam

5.

Flexibility matrix
for cantilever beam

6.

Beam with combined loading

7.

Calibration of Photo
-

elastic materials

8.

Stresses in circular discs and beams using photoelastic techniques

9.

Vibrations of beams

10.

Wagner beam


Tension field beam


AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES REPAIR LAB

Course/Paper 05BA
E 202

BAE

Semester V


LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1.

Aircraft wood gluing

2.

Welded patch repair by TIG, MIG, PLASMA ARC.

3.

Welded patch repair by MIG

4.

Welded patch repair by plasma Arc

5.

Fabric Patch repair

6.

Riveted patch repairs.

7.

Repair of composites

8.

Repair of Sandwich pan
els.

9.

Sheet metal forming.

10.

Control cable inspection and repair.



CAD / CAM LABORATORY

Course/Paper 05BAE 203

BAE

Semester V


LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1.

Scaling, rotation, translation, editing, dimensioning


Typical CAD command
structure.

2.

Wire frame modeling


surface modeling

3.

Solid Modeling

4.

Taper Turning


Straight Interpolation

5.

Taper Turning


Circular Interpolation

6.

Incremental programme G 90 operation.

7.

Mirroring.

8.

Incremental Programme G 91 operation

9.

Absolute Programme G 90 operation

10.

Absolute Programme G 91

operation






Electronics & Microprocessor Lab


Course/Paper 05BAE 204

BAE

Semester V


LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. Plot V
-
I characteristic of P
-
N junction diode & calculate cut
-
in voltage, reverse


Saturation current and static & dynamic resistances.

2. Plo
t V
-
I characteristic of zener diode and study of zener diode as voltage regulator.


Observe the effect of load changes and determine load limits of the voltage regulator.

3.Plot frequency response curve for single stage amplifier and to determine gain b
andwidth
product.

4. Study all types of rectifier and measure the effect of filter network on D.C. voltage output
& ripple factor.

5.Op
-
Amp in inverting and non
-
inverting modes.

6.Op
-
Amp as scalar, summer and voltage follower.

7..Design LPF and HPF using
Op
-
Amp 741

8. Design Oscillators using Op
-
Amp (i) RC phase shift (ii) Hartley (iii) Colpitts

USING MICROCONTROLLER

9. Programme to multiply two 8
-
bit numbers.

10. Programme to generate and sum 15 fibanocci numbers.

11. Transfer of a block of data in memo
ry to another place in memory in the direct and


reverse order.

12. Searching a number in an array and finding its parity.


PROPULSION


II

Course/Paper 06BAE 101

BAE

Semester V
I


1.

AIRCRAFT GAS TURBINES









Impulse and reaction bl
ading of gas turbines


Velocity triangles and power output


Elementary theory


Vortex theory


Choice of blade profile, pitch and chord


Estimation of
stage performance


Limiting factors in gas turbine design
-

Overall turbine performance


Methods of
blade cooling


Matching of turbine and compressor


Numerical problems.

2.

RAMJET PROPULSION:










Operating principle


Sub critical, critical and supercritical operation


Combustion in ramjet
engine


Ramjet performance


Sample ramjet des
ign calculations


Introduction to scramjet


Preliminary concepts in supersonic combustion


Integral ram
-

rocket
-

Numerical
problems
.

3.

FUNDAMENTALS OF ROCKET PROPULSION






Operating principle


Specific impulse of a rocket


internal bal
listics
-

Rocket nozzle
classification


Rocket performance considerations


Numerical Problems.

4.

CHEMICAL ROCKETS









Solid propellant rockets


Selection criteria of solid propellants


Important hardware
components of solid rockets


Propellant g
rain design considerations


Liquid propellant
rockets


Selection of liquid propellants


Thrust control in liquid rockets


Cooling in liquid
rockets


Limitations of hybrid rockets


Relative advantages of liquid rockets over solid
rockets
-

Numerical Pr
oblems.

5.

ADVANTAGES OF PROPULSION TECHNIQUES







Electric rocket propulsion


Ion propulsion techniques


Nuclear rocket


Types


Solar sail
-

Preliminary Concepts in nozzleless propulsion
.










References

1.

Sutton, G.P., “Rocket Propuls
ion Elements”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 5
th

Edn., 1993.

2.

Hill, P.G. & Peterson, C.R. “Mechanics & Thermodynamics of Propulsion” Addison


Wesley Longman INC, 1999.

3.

Cohen, H., Rogers, G.F.C. and Saravanamuttoo, H.I.H., “Gas Turbine Theory”, Longman
Co., ELBS
Ed., 1989.

4.

Gorden, C.V., “Aero thermodynamics of Gas Turbine and Rocket Propulsion”, AIAA Education Series,
New York, 1989.

5.

Mathur, M., and Sharma, R.P., “Gas Turbines and Jet and Rocket Propulsion”, Standard Publishers,
New Delhi, 1988.

HEAT TRA
NSFER

Course/Paper 06BAE 102

BAE

Semester VI


1.

HEAT CONDUCTION









Basic Modes of Heat Transfer


One dimensional steady state heat conduction: Composite
Medium


Critical thickness


Effect of variation of thermal Conductivity


Extended Surfaces


Unsteady state.

Heat Conduction: Lumped System Analysis


Heat Transfer in Semi infinite and infinite
solids


Use of Transient


Temperature charts


Application of numerical techniques.

2.

CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER









Introduction


Fre
e convection in atmosphere free convection on a vertical flat plate


Empirical relation in free convection


Forced convection


Laminar and turbulent convective
heat transfer analysis in flows between parallel plates, over a flat plate and in a circular
pipe.
Empirical relations, application of numerical techniques in problem solving.

3.

RADIATIVE HEAT TRANSFER









Introduction to Physical mechanism


Radiation properties


Radiation shape factors


Heat
exchange between non


black

bodies


Radiation shields.


4.

HEAT EXCHANGERS










Classification


Temperature Distribution


Overall heat transfer coefficient, Heat Exchange
Analysis


LMTD Method and E
-
NTU Method.

5.

HEAT TRANSFER PROBLEMS IN AEROSPACE ENGINEERING



High
-
Speed flow Heat Transfer, Heat Transfer problems in gas turbine combustion
chambers


Rocket thrust chambers


Aerodynamic heating


Ablative heat transfer.

References

1.

Yunus A. Cengel., “Heat Transfer


A practical approach”, Second Edition, Tata McGr
aw
-
Hill, 2002.

2.

Incropera. F.P.and Dewitt.D.P. “ Introduction to Heat Transfer”, John Wiley and Sons


2002.

3.

Lienhard, J.H., “A Heat Transfer Text Book”, Prentice Hall Inc., 1981.

4.

Holman, J.P. “Heat Transfer”, McGraw
-
Hill Book Co., Inc., New York, 6
th

Edn
., 1991.

5.

Sachdeva, S.C., “Fundamentals of Engineering Heat & Mass Transfer”, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi,
1981.

6.

Mathur, M. and Sharma, R.P. “Gas Turbine and Jet and Rocket Propulsion”, Standard Publishers, New
Delhi 1988.

COMPOSITE MATERIALS
AND STRUCTUR
ES

Course/Paper 06BAE 103

BAE

Semester VI

UNIT 1

Advantages and applications of composite materials
-

Reinforcements and matrices.

Isotropic, orthotropic and anisotropic materials Transformation of material properties for
arbitrary fibre orientation.

UNIT
2

Micromechanics
-

Macromechanics
-

Netting analysis

Governing differential equation for a general laminate
-

Angle ply and cross ply laminates,
Failure criteria for composites.

UNIT 3


Basic design concepts of sandwich construction
-

Materials used for san
dwich construction
-

Failure modes of sandwich panels.

UNIT 4

Open and closed mould processes. Filament winding and on
-
line production method.
Manufacture of fibers and properties.

References

1. Calcote, L.R, " The Analysis of Laminated Composite Structure
s ", Von
-
Noastrand Reinhold Company,

New York, 1998.

2. Jones, R.M., " Mechanics of Composite Materials ", McGraw Hill Kogakusha Ltd., Tokyo, 1985.

3. Agarwal, B.D., and Broutman, L.J., " Analysis and Performance of Fibre Composites ", John wiley and sons
Inc., New York, 1980.

4. Lubin, G., " Handbook on Advanced Plastics and Fibre Glass ", Von Nonstrand Reinhold Co.,


AIRCRAFT ENGINE AND
INSTRUMENT SYSTEM

Course/Paper 06BAE 104

BAE

Semester VI


UNIT 1

Ignition and starting
-

Fuels and their characteristic
s for IC engines, contamination of fuels
and prevention
-

Instruments for reciprocating engines.

UNIT 2

Fuels
-

Characteristics
-

Fuel Systems
-

Lubricant and Lubricant systems
-

Ignition and
starting systems
-

Electronic Engine controls
-

Full Authority D
igital Engine Control (FADEC)
-

engine Indicating, warning and control systems
-

Instruments for gas turbine engine
-

Fire
warning systems
-

Aircraft Instruments systems.

UNIT 3

Location, visibility and grouping of Instrument, Panels, Basic Instrument elem
ents and
Mechanism, Instrument Panels
-

Displays
-

Layouts
-

Grouping details of:

i) Pitot instrument & systems.

ii) Primary flight instruments.

iii) Heading indicating instruments.

iv) Remote indicating systems.

v) Synchronous data transmission systems.

v
i) Flight director & Flight data recording systems.

vii) ECAM/EICAS/EFIS
-

Their concepts, detailed description maintenance and practices.

ECAM
-

Electronic Central Aircraft Monitor.

EICAS
-

Engine Indicator Crew Alert Systems.

EFIS
-

Electronic Flight Ins
truments Systems.

UNIT 4

Basic Principles
-

Equipment
-

Power Sources
-

Airborne Navigational Equipment
-

VHF
-

ILS
-

DME
-

ADF
-

Radar & Doppler Navigation
-

Inertial Navigation, VOR, MLS (Microwave
Landing System) Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR), ELT (Emerg
ency Locator Transmitter).

UNIT 5

Source of power
-

DC and AC generators
-

Inverters, rectifiers, transformers, batteries
-

Airplane lighting
-

Power utilisation in airplanes.

References

1. Bent R.D. Mickinely, " Aircraft Maintenance and Repair ", 2nd Edi
tion
-

McGraw Hill Inc.,

New York, 1978.

2. Casamassa J.V. & Bent R., " Jet Aircraft Power Systems ", McGraw Hill Book Co., New York, 1975.

3. Adams H.W., " Aircraft Hydraulic ", McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc., New York, 1943

EXPERIMENTAL STRESS ANALYSIS

Course
/Paper 06BAE 105

BAE

Semester VI


1.

MEASUREMENTS











Principles of measurements, Accuracy, Sensitivity and range of measurements.


1.

EXTENSOMETERS









Mechanical, Optical Acoustical and Electrical extens
ometers and their uses,


Advantages and disadvantages.

2.

ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE STRAIN GAUGES








Principle of operation and requirements, Types and their uses, Materials for strain


gauge. Calibration and temperature compe
nsation, cross sensitivity, Rosette


analysis, Wheastone bridge and potentiometer circuits for static and dynamic


strain measurements, strain indicators.

4.

PHOTOELASTICITY










Two dimensional photo elasticity, Conc
ept of light


photoelastic effects, stress


optic law, Interpretation of fringe pattern, Compensation and separation


techniques, Photo elastic materials. Introduction to three dimensional photo


elasticity.

1.

NON


DESTRU
CTIVE TESTING









Fundamentals of NDT, Radiography, ultrasonic, magnetic particle inspection,
Fluorescent penetrant technique, Eddy current testing, Acoustic Emission Technique,
Fundamentals of brittle coating methods, Introduction
to Moiré techniques, Holography,
ultrasonic C
-

Scan, Thermograph, Fiber


optic Sensors.

References

1)

Srinath, L.S., Raghava, M.R., Lingaiah, K., Garagesha, G., Pant B., and Ramachandra, K.,
“Experimental Stress Analysis”, Tata McGraw
-
Hill, New Delhi, 1984.

2)

Dally, J.W., and Riley, W.F., “Experimental Stress Analysis”, McGraw
-
Hill Inc., New York, 1998.

3)

Hetyenyi, M., “Hand book of Experimental Stress Analysis”, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York,
1972.

4)

Pollock A.A., “Acoustic Emission in Acoustics and Vibration

Progress”, Ed. Stephens R.W.B.,
Chapman and Hall, 1993.


AIRCRAFT STABILITY A
ND CONTROL

Course/Paper 06BAE 106

BAE Semester VI

Unit 1

Degrees of freedom of a system, Static and dynamic stability, Need for stability in an
airplane, Purpose of controls, Inh
erently and marginally stable airplanes.

Unit 2

Stick Fixed:Basic equations of equilibrium, Stability criterion, Wing and tail moments, Effects
of fuselage and nacelles, Effects of c.g.location, Power effects, Stabiliser setting and
c.g.location, Elevator
effects, Stick fixed neutral point. Stick Free: Hinge moment
coefficients, Stick free neutral point symmetric maneuvers, Stick force gradients and stick
force per g.Aerodynamic balancing of control surfaces.

Unit 3

Dihedral effect, Coupling between rolling

moment and yawing moment, Adverse yaw, Aileron
power, Aileron reversal.

UNIT 4

Weathercocking effect, Rudder requirements. One engine inoperative conditions, Rudder
lock.

Unit 5

Equations of motion, Stability derivatives, Routh's discriminant, solving the

stability quartic,
Phugoid motion, Factors affecting the period and damping.

Dutch roll and spiral instability Auto rotation and spin, Two control airplane.

REFERENCES:

1. Perkins C.D., & Hage, R.E. " Airplane perofrmance, stability and control ", Wiley T
oppan 1974.

2. Babister, A.W. " Aircraft stability and response ", Pergamon Press, 1980.

3. McCormic, B.W., " Aerodynamic, Aeronautics and Flight Mechanics ", John Wiely, 1995.

4. Nelson, R.C. " Fligh Stability & Automatic Contro ", McGraw Hill, 1989.




PR
OPULSION LABORATORY

Course/Paper 06BAE 201

BAE

Semester VI


LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1.

Study of an aircraft piston engine. (Includes study of assembly of sub systems, various
components, their functions and operating principles)

2.

Study of an aircraft jet engine (I
ncludes study of assembly of sub systems, various
components, their functions and operating principles)

3.

Study of forced convective heat transfer over a flat plate.

4.

Study of free convective heat transfer over a flat plate

5.

Cascade testing of a model of axial

compressor blade row.

6.

Study of performance of a propeller.

7.

Determination of heat of combustion of aviation fuel.

8.

Combustion performance studies in a jet engine combustion chamber.

9.

Study of free jet.

10.

Study of wall jet.

AIRCRAFT DESIGN PROJECT


I

Course/Pa
per 06BAE 202

BAE

Semester VI


Each student is assigned with the design of an Airplane (or Helicopter or any other flight
vehicle), for given preliminary specifications. The following are the assignments to be carried
out:


EXPERIMENTS

1.

Comparative configur
ation study of different types of airplanes

2.

Comparative study on specification and performance details of aircraft

3.

Preparation of comparative data sheets

4.

Work sheet layout procedures

5.

Comparative graphs preparation and selection of main parameters for the
design

6.

Preliminary weight estimations, selection of main parameters,

7.

Power plant selection, Aerofoil selection, Wing tail and control surfaces

8.

Preparation of layouts of balance diagram and three view drawings

9.

Drag estimation

10.

Detailed performance calculat
ions and stability estimates


AERODYNAMICS LABORAT
ORY

Course/Paper 06BAE 203

BAE

Semester VI


1
. Fluid flow studies using a blower

2. Drags of different bodies

3. Lift of flat and curved plates and wings

4. Experiments in a small low speed wind tunnel

5. P
ressure distribution studies on two
-
dimensional models.

6. Pressure distribution studies in Swept wings.

7. Calibration of subsonic wind tunnel




INDUSTRIAL

SEMINAR

Course/Paper 06BAE 204

BAE

Semester VI


The objective of 'Comprehension' is to provide opp
ortunity for the student to apply the
knowledge acquired during the academic programme to real
-
life problems which he/she may
have to face in future as an engineer.

Three period per week shall be allotted in the time table for this activity and this time s
hall be
utilised by the students to receive guidance from the members of faculty on solving real
-
life
problems, practice solving these problems and on group discussions, seminar presentations,
library reading as assigned by the faculty member incharge.

For

internal assessment, there will be 3 or 4 written tests covering all the courses studied in
previous semesters.

The written tests may be of objective type of questions, short answer questions, etc
.


AIR TRANSPORTATIONS
AND AIRCRAFT MAINTEN
ANCE
MANAGEMENT


Course/Paper 07BAE 101

BAE

Semester VI
I

UNIT 1

Development of air transporation, comparison with other modes of transport
-

Role of IATA,
ICAO


The general aviation industry airline
-

Factors affecting general aviation, use of
aircraft, airport: airline

management and organisation
-

levels of management, functions of
management, Principles of organisation planning the organisation
-

chart, staff departments
& line departments.

UNIT 2

Forecasting
-

Fleet size, Fleet planning, the aircraft selection proces
s, operating cost,
passenger capacity, load factor etc.
-

Passenger fare and traiffs
-

Infuence of geographical,
economic & political factors on routes and route selection.

UNIT 3

FLEET PLANNING: The aircraft selection process
-

Fleet commonality, factors
affecting
choice of fleet, route selection and Capitol acquisition
-

Valuation & Depreciation
-

Budgeting, Cost planning
-

Aircrew evaluation
-

Route analysis
-

Aircraft evaluation.

Equipment maintenance, Flight operations and crew scheduling, Ground opera
tions and
facility limitations equipments and types of schedule
-

hub & spoke scheduling, advantages /
disadvantages & preparing flight plans

UNIT 4

Aircraft scheduling in line with aircraft maintenance practices.

Aircraft reliability
-

The maintenance sc
hedule & its determinations
-

Condition monitoring
maintenance
-

Extended range operations (EROPS) & ETOPS
-

Ageing aircraft maintenance
production.

UNIT 5

Airlines scheduling (with reference to engineering)
-

Product support and spares
-

Maintenance shari
ng
-

Equipments and tools for aircraft maintenance
-

Aircraft weight
control
-

Budgetary control. On board maintenance systems
-

Engine monitoring
-

Turbine
engine oil maintenance
-

Turbine engine vibration monitoring in aircraft
-

Life usage
monitoring
-

Current capabilities of NDT
-

Helicopter maintenance
-

Future of aircraft
maintenance.

References:


1. Fedric J.H., " Airport Management ", English Book House, New Delhi
-
I.

2. Gene Krope, " Airline Procedures ", English Book House, New Delhi
-
I.

3. Wilson &
Bryon, " Air Transportation ", English Book House, New Delhi
-
I.

4. Philip Lockin D, " Economics of Transporation ", English Book House, New Delhi
-
I.

5. " Indian Aircraft manual ", Published by DGGA, English Book House, New Delhi
-
I.

6. Alexander T Wells, "
Air Transporation ", Wadsworth Publishing Company, California, 1993.

7. C.H. Friend, " Aircraft Maintenance Management ", English Book House, New Delhi
-
I.

AVIONICS

Course/Paper 07BAE 102

BAE

Semester VI
I


1.

INTRODUCTION TO AVIONICS








Need for

Avionics in civil and military aircraft and space systems


Integrated Avionics and
Weapon system


Typical avionics sub systems


Design and Technologies.

2.

PRINCIPLES OF DIGITAL SYSTEMS







Digital Computers


Microprocessors


Memories

3.

DIGIT
AL AVIONICS ARCHITECTURE







Avionics system architecture

Data buses MIL

STD 1553 B

ARINC 429

ARINC 629.

4.

FLIGHT DECK AND COCKPITS







Control and display technologies CRT, LED, LCD, EL and plasma panel
-

Touch screen
-

D
irect voice input (DVI)
-

Civil cockpit and military cockpit : MFDS, HUD, MFK, HOTAS

5.

INTRODUCTION TO AVIONICS SYSTEMS





Communication Systems
-

Navigation systems
-

Flight control systems
-

Radar electronic
warfare
-

Utility systems Rel
iability and maintainability
-

Certification.

References

1.

Malcrno A.P. and Leach, D.P., “Digital Principles and Application”, Tata McGraw
-
Hill, 1990.

2.

Gaonkar, R.S., “Microprocessors Architecture


Programming and Application”, Wiley and Sons Ltd.,
New Delhi
, 1990.

3.

Middleton, D.H., Ed., “Avionics Systems, Longman Scientific and Technical”, Longman Group UK Ltd.,
England,
1989.

4.

Spitzer, C.R., “Digital Avionic Systems”, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., USA., 1987.

5.

Brain Kendal, “Manual of Avionics”, The E
nglish Book HOuse, 3rd Edition, New Delhi, 1993
.

ROCKETS AND MISSILES

Course/Paper 07BAE

103

BAE

Semester VI
I


1.

ROCKETS SYSTEM











Ignition System in rockets


types of Igniters


Igniter Design Considerations


Design
Consideration of

liquid Rocket Combustion Chamber, Injector Propellant Feed Lines, Valves,
Propellant Tanks Outlet and Helium Pressurized and Turbine feed Systems


Propellant
Slash and Propellant Hammer


Elimination of Geysering Effect in Missiles


Combustion
System of

Solid Rockets.

2.

AERODYNAMICS OF ROCKETS AND MISSILES





Airframe Components of Rockets and Missiles


Forces Acting on a Missile While Passing
Through Atmosphere


Classification of Missiles


methods of Describing Aerodynamic
Forces and Moments


Lateral Aerodynamic Moment


Lateral Damping Moment and
Longitudinal Moment of a Rocket


lift and Drag Forces


Drag Estimation


Body Upwash
and Downwash in Missiles


Rocket Dispersion


Numerical Problems.


3.

ROCKET MOTION IN FREE SPACE AND GRAVITATI
ONAL FIELD



One Dimensional and Two Dimensional rocket Motions in Free Space and Homogeneous
Gravitational Fields


description of Vertical, Inclined and Gravity Turn Trajectories


Determination of range and Altitude Simple Approximations to Burnout Velo
city.


4.

STAGING AND CONTROL OF ROCKETS AND MISSILES





Rocket Vector Control


Methods


Thrust determination


SITVC


Multistaging of rockets


Vehicle Optimization


Stage Separation Dynamics


Separation Techniques.

5.

MATERIALS FOR ROCKETS AND MI
SSILES








Selection of Materials


Special Requirements of Materials to Perform under Adverse
Conditions.

References

1.

Sutton, G.P., et al., “Rocket Propulsion Elements”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1993.

2.

Mathur, M., and Sharma, R.P., “
Gas Turbines and Jet and Rocket Propulsion”, Standard Publishers,
New Delhi 1998.

3.

Cornelisse, J.W., “ Rocket Propulsion and Space Dynamics”, J.W., Freeman & Co. Ltd., London, 1982.

4.

Parket, E.R., “ Materials for Missiles and Spacecraft”, McGraw
-
Hill Book Co
. Inc., 1982.

5.


ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING


Course/Paper 07BAE 104

BAE

Semester VI
I


1.

INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES





Definition, scope and importance


need for public awareness


forest resources: use and
over
-
exploitation, deforestation, case studies. Timber extraction, mining, dams and their
ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams
-
benefits and problems


mineral
resources: use effects

on forests and tribal people


water resources: use and over
-
utilization of surface and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral
resources, case studies


food resources: world food problems, changes caused by
agriculture and ov
ergrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer
-
pesticide problems,
water logging, salinity, case studies


energy resources: growing energy needs, renewable
and non renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources. Case

studies


land
resour
ces: land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and
desertification


role of an individual in conservation of natural resources


equitable use of
resources for sustainable lifestyles.

.
2.

ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY










Concept of an ecosystem


structure and function of an ecosystem


producers, consumers
and decomposers


energy flow in the ecosystem


ecological succession


food chains,
food webs and ecological pyramids


introduction, types, characteristic

features, structure
and function of the (a) forest ecosystem (b) grassland ecosystem (c) desert ecosystem (d)
aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)


introduction to
biodiversity


definition: genetic, species and ecosystem

diversity


biogeographical
classification of India


value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social,
ethical, aesthetic and option values


biodiversity at global, national and local levels


India
as a mega
-
diversity nation


hot
-
spots o
f biodiversity


threats to biodiversity: habitat loss,
poaching of wildlife, man
-
wildlife conflicts


endangered and endemic species of India


conservation of biodiversity: in
-
situ and ex
-
situ conservation of biodiversity.

3.

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION








Definition


causes, effects and control measures of: (a) air pollution (b) water
pollution (c) soil pollution (d) marine pollution (e) noise pollution (f) thermal pollution (g)
nuclear hazards


solid waste management: causes, effects and
control measures of urban
and industrial wastes


role of an individual in prevention of pollution


pollution case studies


disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides
.

Field study of local polluted site


urban / rural / industrial /

agricultural


4.

SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT







From unsustainable to sustainable development


urban problems related to energy


water
conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management


resettlement and
rehabilitation of

people; its problems and concerns, case studies


environmental ethics:

issues and possible solutions


climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer
depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust, case studies


wasteland reclamation


consumerism a
nd waste products


environment protection act


air (prevention and control
of pollution) act


water (prevention and control of pollution) act


wildlife protection act


forest conservation act


issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislati
on


public
awareness

5.

HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT





Population growth, variation among nations


population explosion


family welfare
programme


environment and human health


human rights


value education


HIV / AIDS


women and child
welfare


role of information technology in environment and human
health


case studies.

References


1.

Gilbert M.Masters, “Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science”, pearson education Pvt.,
Ltd., second edition, ISBN 81
-
297
-
0277
-
0, 2004.

2.

Miller

T.G. jr., “Environmental Science”, Wadsworth publishing co.

3.

Townsend C., Harper J and Michael Begon, “Essentials of Ecology”, Blackwell science.

4.

Trivedi R.K. and P.K. Goel, “Introduction to air pollution”, techno
-
science publications.

5.

Bharucha erach, “
The Biodiversity of India”, mapin publishing Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad India,

6.

Trivedi R.K., “Handbook of Environmental Laws”, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and Standards, Vol. I
and II, Enviro media.


7.

Cunningham, W.P.Cooper, T.H.Gorhani, “Environmental Encycl
opedia”, Jaico Publ., House, Mumbai
,
2001.

8.

Wager K.D., “Environmental Management”, W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, USA, 1998
.


AIRCRAFT GENERAL ENGINEERING AND MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES














Course/Paper 07BAE 105

BAE

Semester VI
I

1.

AIRCRAFT GROUND

HANDLING AND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT



Mooring, jacking, levelling and towing operations


Preparation


Equipment
-

precautions


Engine starting procedures


Piston engine, turboprops and turbojets


Engine fire
extinguishing


Ground power units.

2.

GROUND

SERVICING OF VARIOUS SUB SYSTEMS




Air
conditioning and pressurization


Oxygen and oil systems


Ground units and their
maintenance.

3.

MAINTENANCE OF SAFETY





Shop safety


Env
ironmental cleanliness


Precautions.

4.

INSPECTION






Process


Purpose


Types


Inspection intervals


Techniques


Checklist


Special
inspection


Publications, bulletins, various ma
nuals


FAR Air worthiness directives


Type
certificate Data Sheets


ATA specifications.

5.

AIRCRAFT HARDWARE, MATERIALS, SYSTEMS PROCESSES



Hand tools


Precision instruments


Special tools and equipments in an airplane
maintenance shop


Identific
ation terminology


Specification and correct use of various
aircraft hardware (i.e. nuts, bolts, rivets, screws etc.)


American and British systems of
specifications


Threads, gears, bearings, etc.


Drills, tapes & reamers.


identification of all
type
s of fluid line fittings. Materials, metallic and non
-
metallic
-

Plumbing Connectors
-

Cables


Swaging procedures, tests, Advantages of swaging over splicing.

References

1.

KROES WATKINS DELP, “Aircraft Maintenance and Repair”


McGraw
-
Hill, New York 1993.

2.

A & P MECHANICS, “Aircraft hand Book”


F. A. A. Himalayan Book House, New Delhi, 1996.

3.

A & P MECHANICS, “General hand Book”


F. A. A. Himalayan Book House, New Delhi, 1996.




AIRCRAFT RULES AND REGULATIONS


Course/Paper 07BAE 106

BAE

Semester VI
I


1.

C.A.R.

SERIES ‘A’


PROCEDURE FOR CIVIL AIR WORTHINESS
REQUIREMENTS AND RESPONSIBILITY OPERATORS Vis
-
à
-
vis AIR
WORTHINESS DIRECTORATE



Responsibilities of operators / owners
-

Procedure of CAR issue, amendments etc.,
Objectives and targets of airwor
thiness directorate; Airworthiness regulations and safety
oversight of engineering activities of operators.

C.A.R. SERIES ‘B’


ISSUE APPROVAL OF COCKPIT CHECK LIST, MEL, CDL:
Deficiency list (MEL & CDL); Preparation and use of cockpit checklist and emer
gency list.

2.

C.A.R. SERIES ‘C’


DEFECT RECORDING, MONITORING, INVESTIGATION
AND REPORTING


3.

Defect recording, reporting, investigation, rectification and analysis; Flight report;
Reporting and rectification of defects observed on aircraft; Analytical study

of in
-
flight
readings & recordings; Maintenance control by reliability Method.

4.

C.A.R. SERIES ‘D’


AND AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE PROGRAMMES


Reliability Programmes (Engines); Aircraft maintenance programme & their approval; On
condition maintenance of recipro
cating engines; TBO


Revision programme; Maintenance
of fuel and oil uplift and consumption records


Light aircraft engines; Fixing routine
maintenance periods and component TBOs


Initial & revisions.

5.
C.A.R. SERIES ‘E’


APPROVAL OF ORGANISATI
ONS





Approval of organizations in categories A, B, C, D, E, F, & G
-

Requirements of infrastructure
at stations other than parent base.

6.
C.A.R. SERIES ‘F’


AIR WORTHINESS AND CONTINUED AIR WORTHINESS:
Procedure relating to registration of ai
rcraft; Procedure for issue / revalidation of Type
Certificate of aircraft and its engines / propeller; Issue / revalidation of Certificate of
Airworthiness; Requirements for renewal of Certificate of Airworthiness.

7


C.A.R. SERIES ‘L’&’M’





Issue of AME Licence, its classification and experience requirements, Mandatory
Modifications / Inspections.

8.


C.A.R. SERIES ‘T’&’X’






Flight testing of (Series) aircraft for issue of C of A; Flight testing of aircraft for which C of A
had been previously issued.

Registration
Markings of aircraft; Weight and balance control of an aircraft; Provision of first
aid kits & Physician’s k
it in an aircraft; Use furnishing materials in an aircraft; Concessions;
Aircraft log books; Document to be carried on board on Indian registered aircraft; Procedure
for issue of tax permit; Procedure for issue of type approval of aircraft components and
e
quipment including instruments.

References

1.

“Civil Aviation Requirements with latest Amendment (Section 2 Airworthiness)”


Published by DGCA,
The English Book Store, 17
-
1, Connaught Circus, New Delhi 2000.

2.

Aeronautical Information Circulars (relating to Ai
rworthiness) from DGCA 2000.

3.

“Aircraft Manual (India) Volume”


Latest Edition, The English Book Store, 17
-
1, Connaught Circus, New
Delhi.

4.

Advisory Circulars from DGCA 2003.


AERO ENGINE REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE

Course/Paper 07BAE 201

BAE

Semester VI
I


1.

Strip
ping of a piston engine

2.

Engine (Piston Engine)
-

cleaning, visual inspection, NDT checks.


3.

Piston Engine Components
-

dimensional checks.

4.

Piston


Engine reassembly.

5.

Propeller Pitch Setting

6.

Stripping of a jet engine

7.

Jet Engine


identification of component
s & defects.

8.

Jet Engine


NDT checks and dimensional checks

9.

Jet Engine


reassembly.

10.

Engine starting procedures.

AIRCRAFT DESIGN PROJECT


II


Course/Paper 07BAE

202

BAE

Semester VI
I


Each student is assigned with work in continuation of the design project



I. The following assignments are to be
carried out.

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1.

V
-
n diagram for the design study

2.

Gust and maneuverability envelopes

3.

Critical loading performance and final V
-
n graph calculation

4.

Structural design study


Theory approach

5.

Load esti
mation of wings

6.

Load estimation of fuselage.

7.

Balancing and Maneuvering loads on tail plane, Aileron and Rudder loads.

8.

Detailed structural layouts

9.

Design of some components of wings, fuselage

10.

Preparation of a detailed design report with CAD drawings
.


MIN
OR PROJECT WORK

Course/Paper 07BAE 203

BAE

Semester VI
I


OBJECTIVE

The objective of the project work is to enable the students in convenient groups of not more
than 4 members on a project involving theoretical and experimental studies related to the
branch

of study. Every project work shall have a guide who is the member of the faculty of
the institution. .

Each student shall finally produce a comprehensive report covering back round information,
literature survey, problem statement, project work details a
nd conclusion. This final report
shall be typewritten form as specified in the guidelines.

AVIONICS LABORATORY

Course/Paper 07BAE 204

BAE

Semester VI
I


LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

DIGITAL ELECTRONICS

1.

Addition/Subtraction of binary numbers.

2.

Multiplexer/Demultiplexe
r Circuits.

3.

Encoder/Decoder Circuits.

4.

Timer Circuits, Shift Registers, Binary Comparator Circuits.

MICROPROCESSORS

5.

Addition and Subtraction of 8
-
bit and 16
-
bit numbers.

6.

Sorting of Data in Ascending & Descending order.

7.

Sum of a given series with and without

carry.


8.

Greatest in a given series & Multi
-
byte addition in BCD mode.

9.

Interface programming with 4 digit 7 segment Display & Switches & LED’s.

10.

16 Channel Analog to Digital Converter & Generation of Ramp, Square, Triangular wave by
Digital to Analog Convert
er.


AVIONICS DATA BUSES

11.

Study of Different Avionics Data Buses.

12.

MIL
-
Std


1553 Data Buses Configuration with Message transfer.

13.

MIL
-
Std


1553 Remote Terminal Configuration.


TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT

Course/Paper 08BAE 101

BAE

Semester VIII

1.

INTRODUC
TION










Definition of Quality, Dimensions of Quality, Quality Planning, Quality costs
-

Analysis
Techniques for Quality Costs, Basic concepts of Total Quality Management, Historical
Review, Principles of TQM, Leadership


Concepts, Role of Se
nior Management, Quality
Council, Quality Statements, Strategic Planning, Deming Philosophy, Barriers to TQM
Implementation.

2.

TQM PRINCIPLES








Customer satisfaction


Customer Perception of Quality, Customer Compla
ints, Service
Quality, Customer Retention, Employee Involvement


Motivation, Empowerment, Teams,
Recognition and Reward, Performance Appraisal, Benefits, Continuous Process
Improvement


Juran Trilogy, PDSA Cycle, 5S, Kaizen, Supplier Partnership


Partne
ring,
sourcing, Supplier Selection, Supplier Rating, Relationship Development, Performance
Measures


Basic Concepts, Strategy, Performance Measure.

3.

STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL (SPC)







The seven tools of quality, Statistical Fundamentals


Measures of central Tendency and
Dispersion, Population and Sample, Normal Curve, Control Charts for variables and
attributes, Process capability, Concept of six sigma, New seven Management tools.



4.

TQM TOOLS











Benchmarki
ng


Reasons to Benchmark, Benchmarking Process, Quality Function
Deployment (QFD)


House of Quality, QFD Process, Benefits, Taguchi Quality Loss
Function, Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)


Concept, Improvement Needs, FMEA


Stages of FMEA.

5.

QUALIT
Y SYSTEMS









Need for ISO 9000 and Other Quality Systems, ISO 9000:2000 Quality System


Elements,
Implementation of Quality System, Documentation, Quality Auditing, TS 16949, ISO 14000


Concept, Requirements and Benefits.


TEXT BOOK

1.

Dale H.Besterfiled, et al., “Total Quality Management”, Pearson Education, Inc. 2003. (Indian reprint
2004). ISBN 81
-
297
-
0260
-
6.



REFERENCES

1.

James R.Evans & William M.Lidsay, “The Management and Control of Quality”, (5
th

Edition), South
-
Western
(Thomson Learning), 2002 (ISBN 0
-
324
-
06680
-
5).

2.

Feigenbaum.A.V. “Total Quality Management”, McGraw
-
Hill, 1991.

3.

Oakland.J.S. “Total Quality Management”, Butterworth Hcinemann Ltd., Oxford, 1989.

4.

Narayana V. and Sreenivasan, N.S. “Qua
lity Management


Concepts and Tasks”, New Age
International 1996.

5.

Zeiri. “Total Quality Management for Engineers”, Wood Head Publishers, 1991.




FUELS AND PROPELLANT

TECHNOLOGY

Course/Paper 08BAE 102

BAE

Semester VIII

UNIT 1

Properties and tests for

petroleum products
-

Motor gasoline
-

Aviation gasoline
-

Aviation
turbine fuels
-

Requirements of aviation turbine fuels of Kerosene type and high flash point
type
-

Requirements for fuel oils Single base propellants
-

Double base propellants
-

composite

propellants
-

CMDB propellants


Metalized composite Propellants
-

Brief
introduction to combustion theory of composite and double base propellants

UNIT 2

Various liquid propellants and their properties
-

Monopropellant and bipropellant systems
-

Concept
of ullage
-

Ignition studies of liquid propellants
-

Propellant loading tolerances
-

Inventory
-
Volume versus mass loading
-

Loading measurement and control
-

Outage control

UNIT 3

Introduction to cryogenic propellants
-

Liquid Hydrogen, liquid Oxygen, Liqu
id nitrogen and
liquid helium
-

Theory behind the production of low temperature
-

Expansion Engine
-

Cascade process
-

Joule Thompson Effect
-

Magnetic effect
-

Ortho and Para H2
-

Hilium4
and Helium3
-

Ideal cycles and Efficiency of cryo systems
-

Storing

of cryogenic propellants
-

Cryogenic loading problems

UNIT 4

Laboratory testing
-

Arc Image Furnace
-

Ignitability studies
-

Differential Thermal Analysis
-

Thermo gravimetric analysis
-

Particle size measurement Micro
-
merograph
-

Strand burner
tests Imp
ulse Bomb
-

Performance estimation

References

1. Sutton, G.P., rocket Propulsion Elements, John Wiley, 1993.

2. Sharma,S.P. and Mohan.C., Fuels and Combustion, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.,Ltd.,1984

3. Mathur,M. ,and Sharma.R.P., Gas Turbines and Jet an
d Rocket Propulsion, Standard Publishers,New

Delhi,12988

4. Cornelisse, J.W., Rocket propulsion and space dynamics, W.H. Freeman & Co., Ltd., London, 1980.

5. Parner S.F.. Propellant Chemistry, Reinhold Publishing Corpn.,NewYork 1985


AIRCRAFT DESIGN

Cours
e/Paper 08BAE 103

BAE

Semester VIII


UNIT 1

State of the art in airplane design, Classification of airplanes based on purpose and
configuration, Factors affecting configuration, Merits of different airplane layouts

UNIT 2

Principal features, Aerodynamic co
nsideration, Lift, Drag and Interference effects, Weights
and Strength considerations, Peculiarities in layout, Designing for manufacturability,
Maintenance, Operational costs, Interactive design

UNIT 3

Data collection and 3
-
View drawings, their purpose, w
eight estimation, choice of wing
loading and thrust loading. choices available, Comparative merits, Location of power plants,
Functions dictating the locations.

a) Wing design:

Airworthiness requirements, V
-
n diagram, loads, Elements of wing design, Struct
ural
features.

b) Fuselage design:

Loads on fuselage, Elements of fuselage design, Determination of tail surface areas,
Structural features.

c) Landing gear design:


Loads or Landing gear, Preliminary landing gear design

d) Elements of computer Aided Design
:

References

1. Torenbeek,E., " Synthesis of Subsonic Airplane Design " , Delft University Press,U.K.1986

2. Kuechemann,D., " Aerodynamic Design of Aircraft ", Pergamon Press,1978

3. Raymer,D.P., " Aircraft Conceptual Design " , AIAA Series,1989

HELICOPTER

AERODYNAMICS

Course/Paper 08BAE 104

BAE

Semester VIII

UNIT 1

Configurations based on torque reaction
-
Jet rotors and compound helicopters
-

Methods of
control


Collective and cyclic pitch changes
-

Lead
-

Lag and flapping hinges.

UNIT 2

Hovering performanc
e
-

Momentum and simple blade element theories
-

Figure of merit
-

Profile and induced power estimation
-

Constant chord and ideal twist rotors.

UNIT 3

Induced, profile and parasite power requirements in forward flight
-
Performance curves with
effects of al
titude
-

Preliminary ideas on helicopter stability

UNIT 4

Various configuration
-

Properller, rotor, ducted fan and jet lift
-

Tilt wing and vectored thrust
-

Performance of VTOL and STOL aircraft in hover, transition and forward motion.

UNIT 5

Types
-

Hove
r hieight, lift augmentation and power calculations for plenum chamber and
peripheral jet machine
-

Drag of hovercraft on land and water. Applications of hovercraft.

References

1. Gessow, A., and Myers, G.C., " Aerodynamicsof Helicopter " , MacMillan & Co.
, N.Y. 1987.

2. McCormick, B.W., " Aerodynamics of V/STOL Flight ", Academic Press, 1987.

3. Johnson, W., " Helicopter Theory ", Princeton university Press, 1980.

4. McCormick, B.W., " Aerodynamics, Aeronautics & Flight Mechanics " John Wiley, 1995.

5. Gup
ta, L., " Helicopter Engineering " , Himalayan Books, 1996
.


PROJECT WORK

Course/Paper 08BAE 201

BAE

Semester VIII


OBJECTIVE

The objective of the project work is to enable the students in convenient groups of not more
than 4 members on a project involving

theoretical and experimental studies related to the
branch of study. Every project work shall have a guide who is the member of the faculty of
the institution. .

Each student shall finally produce a comprehensive report covering back round information,
l
iterature survey, problem statement, project work details and conclusion. This final report
shall be typewritten form as specified in the guidelines.

COMPTUTER ADDED AIRCRAFT DESIGN LAB


Course/Paper 08BAE 201

BAE

Semester VIII

As Per Subject






SEMINAR


Course/Paper 08BAE 202

BAE

Semester VIII

OBJECTIVE


The students are to select one technical topic related its branch for seminar. The student is
to submit the synopsis for assessment and approval. Progress for preparation of the seminar
topic would be con
tinuously assessed from time to time. Students have to give a final
presentation for 15 minutes on his topic.