Air-Cargo: Suggestions for

sillysepiaΗλεκτρονική - Συσκευές

27 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

65 εμφανίσεις

© Confederation of Indian Industry


1

Air
-
Cargo: Suggestions for
Efficiency Enhancement

10 July 2013

Udyog Bhawan: New Delhi

© Confederation of Indian Industry


2

Current Process:



Presentation

of

physical

Annexure

C

document,

followed

by

manual

entry

of

details

into

system,

and

assignment

of

Examining

Officer

(EO)
.

This

is

followed

by

manual

carting

of

export

cargo

into

cargo

terminal
.



Suggested

Changes


EDI

submission

of

Annexure

C

information

online

with

reference

to

HAWB

and

MAWB
.



RFID

scan

enabled

entry

registration

process

at

terminal

ramp
.

EO

assigned

automatically

post
-
scan


Export

RMS

allows

segregation

of

shipments

into

those

requiring

physical

examination

and

those

not

at

the

RFID

scan

stage
.

Carting

into

separate

zones

based

on

this

segregation


Mechanical

Carting
:

Mandating

Terminal

Operator

in

Major

Airports

to

use

ramp
-
carts




Waiting

Time

of

3
-
4

hours

plus

(in

truck

que

and

ramp

que),

due

to

Manual

Ramp

Operations

and

Lack

of

IT

integration

in

processes

© Confederation of Indian Industry


3

Current Process

-
Physical

documents

(invoice,

Declarations

etc)

submitted

to

EO
.

EO

takes

a

call

on

physical

examination
.

Once

he

gets

a

break

from

document

assessment,

makes

a

round

of

terminal

for

physical

examination
.

Sometimes

second

physical

examination

is

mandated

Suggested Change



All documents (incl scanned pdf versions of supporting documents such as invoice, packing list
etc) are submitted on EDI, and can be viewed and assessed by EO. EO can then take a call on
whether further physical examination is required.



If physical examination is required, system automatically assigns a EO on the floor (on physical
examination duty), and message alert is send to the assigned officer.



Physical examination is undertaken in a zone fitted with CCTV cameras, whose footage can be
retained for a specific amount of time. Second physical examination is dispensed with.



Once physical examination EO (on floor duty) sends back confirmation to EO on document
assessment duty, and LEO is given automatically


Time

to

taken

to

complete

customs

procedures

can

be

reduce

by

half

as

well

as

reduce

the

pressure

on

Customs

officials

through

greater

use

of

IT,

allowing

EDI

to

accept

pdf

scanned

documents,

separation

of

document

based

assessment

and

physical

examination

functions,

and

use

of

CCTV

for

record

keeping

© Confederation of Indian Industry


4

Current

Process

-
Physical

submission

of

documents

()

to

incentive

cell
.

Work

usually

starts

after

1

PM
.

Assessment

and

clearances

takes

up

to

2

hours

best

case

scenario
.

If

marked

for

physical

examination

process

can

take

much

longer
.

This

ensures

that

cargo

often

does

not

get

opportunity

to

enter

terminal

until

next

day

(due

to

congestion)
.

Adds

1

day

to

the

dwell

time

on

average
.

Since

shipment

has

not

been

brought

into

the

terminal

and

carted

in,

this

dwell

time

is

not

considered

as

an

official

‘cargo

dwell

time’
.

Suggested

Change



All documents (incl scanned pdf versions of supporting documents such as invoice, packing
list etc) are submitted on EDI, and can be viewed and assessed by EO in incentive cell prior to
arrival. Physical submission is dispensed with.



All scheme imports are automatically send to the ‘physical inspection’ zone post RFID entry



System automatically assigns a EO on the floor (on physical examination duty), and message
alert is send to the assigned officer.



Physical examination is undertaken in a zone fitted with CCTV cameras, whose footage can
be retained for a specific amount of time. Second physical examination is dispensed with.



Once physical examination EO (on floor duty) sends back confirmation to EO on document
assessment duty, and LEO is given automatically

EPCG/Chapter 3 scheme exports need special assessment that
adds to dwell time

© Confederation of Indian Industry


5

CHANGES IN THE GRANTING OF

NOC PROCESS


© Confederation of Indian Industry


6

Suggested Change


Prior Submission of Documents Online


Clearance Based on Message Exchange with EDI


Minimum Service Standards


Introduction of RMS


Current Process

-
The

current

(both

inbound

and

outbound)

process

involves

physical

submission

of

documents

(as

listed

by

agency)

post

arrival

at

the

airport/port

to

concerned

agency

responsible

for

the

specific

NOC

-
After

processing

of

such

documents,

samples

might

be

drawn

if

deemed

necessary

by

the

agency
.

In

case

no

samples

are

drawn,

NOC

is

granted
.

In

case

samples

are

drawn,

NOC

is

granted

post

laboratory

testing

analysis

results
.


Fine

Tuning

the

NOC

Granting

Process
:

Introduction

of

Prior

Submission,

Acceptance

of

PDF

documents

online

and

direct

response

to

(message

exchange)

to

the

EDI

system

© Confederation of Indian Industry


7

EXEMPTIONS FOR REQUIREMENT OF NOC FOR SPECIFIC TYPES
OF SHIPMENT



Imports

and

Exports

of

SEZ/FTWZs

units

should

not

be

subject

to

customs

compulsory

requirements

(CCR)

related

to

compliance

with

allied

agencies



Exemption

of

all

samples

AND

shipments

coming

for

Research

and

Development

Services



Exemption

for

the

requirement

for

NOC

for

bulk

drug

export

shipments

© Confederation of Indian Industry


8

Trade Facilitation for SEZs and FTWZs

Imports bound for SEZ/FTWZs Cleared on Arrival Facility using CCTV enabled trucks



Cleared

on

arrival

based

on

prior

declaration,

with

no

requirement

for

physical

inspection

or

checks

at

the

point

of

entry

(port

or

airport)
.




A

basic

message

exchange

system

in

Customs

ICEGATE

should

be

able

to

transmit

this

information

to

SEZOnline



CCTV

enabled

truck

movement

between

entry

port

and

SEZ/FTWZ

(or

bonded

truck)



All

checks

would

be

conducted

at

the

SEZ/FTWZ

entry

point,

where

shipments

would

be

tallied

with

the

information

provided

by

SEZ/FTWZ

importer

to

ICEGATE

(observable

through

message

exchange

with

SEZonline,

as

suggested)



Officials

can

also

check

CCTV

footage

in

case

of

doubt

or

systemically

ask

for

such

CCTV

footage

on

a

random

basis

based

on

some

RMS

criteria

© Confederation of Indian Industry


9

Doing away with the requirement of customs escort



Some

customs

field

formations

still

insist

on

customs

escort

for

truck

movement

between

port

of

entry

and

SEZ/FTWZ
.

This

adds

to

costs

(and

also

delays,

due

to

lack

of

availability

of

officers)




It

is

suggested

that

such

requirements

are

done

away

with
.

Instead,

customs

can

over
-
time

insist

that

trucks

doing

sealed

movement

of

goods

(container

sealed,

sealed

packages)

are

CCTV

enabled,

with

the

provision

to

be

able

to

see

CCTV

footage

on

demand


© Confederation of Indian Industry


10

Customs Related Suggestions


© Confederation of Indian Industry


11

Export

promotion

copy

is

required

to

be

signed

by

the

proper

officer

despite

introduction

of

EDI,

which

creates

delays


Removing

the

need

for

EP

copy

or

ARE
1

certification

by

proper

officer

where

Export

shipment

is

cleared

under

EDI

mode


EDI

message

to

be

exchanged

or

print

out

to

be

used
.



This

requirement

results

in

paperwork

build
-
up

despite

the

fact

that

there

is

EDI

which

has

a

direct

impact

on

environment



EDI

was

introduced

with

the

intention

of

reducing

paperwork,

ease

of

record

maintenance

and

retrieval

to

government,

improving

transparency

and

trade

enablement
.





It

is

suggested

that

the

need

for

maintaining

import

and

export

shipment

related

physical

records

by

the

agents

is

removed,

and

customs

accepts

electronically

stored

versions

(pdf

scanned

images)

of

the

same

Requirement that physical records be maintained for 5 years

© Confederation of Indian Industry


12

Customs EDI enabled to accept pdf images as submission of
proof


Customs

EDI

should

be

enabled

to

accept

pdf

images

of

licenses,

invoice,

declarations

etc

so

that

the

requirement

for

ANY

PHYSICAL

PAPER

copy

is

dispensed

with




RMS

based

checks

introduced
.

Heavy

NON
-
NEGOTIABLE

penalty

in

any

case

where

pdf

scanned

documents

are

not

the

same

as

the

original

hard

copy


© Confederation of Indian Industry


13

Delegation

of powers to ensure quicker clearance time and
reduce burden on senior level officers


There

are

delays

when

file

move

beyond

the

Assistant

/

Deputy

Commissioner

levels

due

to

the

busty

work

schedule

and

responsibilities

of

the

higher

level

officers


Delays

also

happen

at

assessment

level

where

Assistant

/

Deputy

Commissioner

counter

signature

is

required

due

to

assessable

value

being

greater

then

INR

1

lakhs

or

1
st

check

order

is

required

or

such

other

cases


It

is

requested

to

the

below

change

be

introduced

considering

the

increasing

value

of

products

and

exchange

rates

for

all

situations

except

adjudication

Import:

a. Assessing / Officer on duty: Value
below INR 5 lakhs

b. AC / DC: No limit


Export: Free, NFEI& Scheme shipping bill

a. Assessing / Officer on duty: Value below INR
5 lakhs

b.AC / DC: No limit

Export: Drawback shipping bill

a. Assessing / Officer on duty: Drawback Value
below INR 1 lakhs

b. AC / DC: No limit


© Confederation of Indian Industry


14


Shortage of staff in particular locations leading to delays in
assessment


Currently

assessment

is

done

locally

in

each

customs

station
.

Shortage

of

staff

especially

during

holiday

season

impacts

the

trade

and

creates

difficulties

for

the

officers

and

trade



It

is

our

suggestion

that

a

common

assessment

pool

be

introduced

on

all

India

basis

on

various

levels

required

for

assessment



Under

this

system,

while

officers

may

continue

to

be

located

in

different

locations

physically,

they

can

be

available

to

assess

files

submitted

at

any

port/airport/point

of

entry
.

The

file

can

be

routed

to

the

login

officer

who

is

free

and

has

the

capability

to

assess

the

shipment

for

Import

and

export
.

(This

is

possible

due

to

the

fact

that

all

customs

are

connected

via

EDI

1
.
5

version)
.

© Confederation of Indian Industry


15

Daily duty allocation of customs officials (Exports & Imports)


Currently

the

deployment

of

customs

officials

in

the

warehouses

is

manually

done

daily

to

provide

for

warehouse

wise

rotation
.



Then

manual

roster

is

circulated

daily

for

necessary

internal

approvals,

which

leads

to

increased

processing

time

and

delays

in

the

actual

start

of

the

daily

operations

in

the

morning



The

rostering

can

move

to

a

system

generated

roster

which

can

provide

all

the

necessary

controls

and

the

officers

can

start

work

immediately

on

arrival

on

the

shift

and

not

wait

for

the

manual

roster

to

be

provided

Optimum Utilization of EDI



IEC usage security and Data Transparency

(Exports & Imports
)


Currently there is no
mechanism for an Importer or
exporter to get information on the unauthorized usage of
their
IEC.


No options
to
get
reports on monthly / regular intervals
with reference to imports/export done in each clearance
location by
importer /exporter or
the statement of usage of
their licenses, bonds, etc.


There is an option to Track shipments on ICEGATE.


It is suggested that IEC Holder receives


Import / Export alerts as & when a document is filed on EDI


Monthly report of Bill or entry / Shipping bill filed


Monthly report of licenses / bonds used with closing balance


Enabling Repair Return shipments


Currently the EDI does not identity repair return shipment .


The onus of ensuring that the Customs examination report
mentions about “identity being established” lies with the
exporter despite the fact that they have no control on the report


The repair return business has huge business opportunity and
the same should be encouraged by making simpler process &
EDI doing cross reference


It is suggested that the EDI should have “Repair Return” as a
shipping bill type.


Where there is no objection, it must be considered re
-
export
has been done. Where there is negative report, Broker /
Exporter approval received


Exporter should get copy of examination report with Shipping
bill


Mechanism for automatic closure of bond which get executed
at time of export where import BOE is mentioned in S/Bill




Smooth Multi Port clearance


Enabling logistics convenience will enable the Trade


Current day Exporters procure material from multiple locations
due to multiple manufacturing set up / vendor set up


Presently an exporter has to register self in each of the port
from where export / import propose to be done


EOU have to undergo registration process in every proposed
port of clearance


It is suggested that there should be automatic registration for
EOU / SEZ / FTWZ as soon as the set up formalities is
completed &


Similarly where IEC is issued the information should get
reflected in EDI automatically without the need for any
registration. Additional information filed in one port should get
reflected in every port




EDI for Trade convenience


Basic principal of EDI is avoid submission same data to
various authorities transit points


The Export trade can be enabled by starting a paperless
environment where shipping bill filed become the
document of reference without the need for physical copy
of Invoice & various other declarations


All Chapter 3 licenses should be online to enable export
import from any port without the need for Transfer release
advice or origin copy of license ( more secure)


Bond executed in any one port or drawback account
opened in one port should be valid for clearances in other
ports


License issued by any allied agency should get reflected
in EDI so that license debiting takes place on line &
clearance can be done from any location




© Confederation of Indian Industry


21

Thank You