Biotechnology - Oklahoma City Community College

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23 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Biotechnology


what, why, where?

Charlotte Mulvihill, Grant PI

Biotechnology/Bioinformatics Discovery! Project

Oklahoma City Community College

405
-
682
-
1611 x7225

cmulvihill@occc.edu

www.occc.edu/bbdiscovery

Biology


a broad field of study

All biologists study living things but you
could be specialized in the study of:

-
whole organisms: animals, plants, humans, microbes


-
relationships between organisms & the environment:
ecology, evolution


-
cells and biological molecules




Where does biotechnology fit?


Biotechnology:
applying what we know about life
forms or processes to make a product or solve a
problem (often for profit).



“Old” biotech
-

we have been using microbes to make
products like wine, beer, yogurt, cheese, for a long time.


“New” biotech: uses DNA and proteins in novel ways,
building on recent discoveries at the molecular level.
Sometimes called “genetic engineering.”

Stop and Think


Why do you think
biotechnology raises
concern from some
people?

Human Genome Project

(the moon shot of biology)


International effort (public and
private) to sequence all 3 billion
base
-
pairs in the human genome.
The resultant knowledge and
technology is being used now to
sequence entire genomes of many
other organisms.



The large amount of data generated
led to using computers to organize
and use the data, introducing a new
field called bioinformatics.


Stop and Think


Can you think of why
for
-
profit companies
might be interested in
the sequences of
genomes?

Biotech in Food and Agriculture



transgenic animals & plants,


biofuels,


Bt corn,


Golden rice


rBST to increase milk
production,


Aquaculture


Round
-
up ready soybeans


Virus
-
resistant papaya


Improved animal vaccines.


Biotech in Industry

“nature
-
based factories”



Bioremediation for pollution
control,


Environmental monitoring with
biosensors


enzymes in your detergent for
cleaner clothes,


Enzymes for softening and
fading blue jeans.


Enzymes in contact lens
cleaning solution


Biodegradable polymers


Biotech in Human Health


better vaccines,


enzyme
-
replacement
treatments for genetic
diseases,


Better and customized
medicines,


Faster, more accurate
diagnostics


Gene therapy


Forensics


Regenerative medicine


Stop and Think


Why do you think the
National Institutes of
Health (NIH) set aside
some of its human genome
project budget for ethical,
legal, social issues (ELSI)?


(bioethics)

Oklahoma Biotechnology
-

growing
and paying well! Working on:


Personalized medicine: breast cancer risk testing (InterGenetics);
disease diagnosis and treatment responses (RiGEN)


Biomanufacturing (Cytovance)


Better prosthetics for amputees (Martin Bionics)


Biofuels and bioenergy research (Noble Foundation)


Biosecurity (Center for Biosecurity Research)


DNA testing and forensics (DNA Solutions)


New treatments for macular degeneration (Charlesson LLC),
hospital sepsis (Biolytx), aging skin (Therametics)


Merging biotech with nanotechnology (NanoBioMagnetics)

Jobs in Biotech


Workforce availability is
one key factor in the
flourishing biotechnology
industry to Oklahoma.

General Information


Oklahoma City
Community College
supports the OK
biotechnology vision
by training workers
for the industry.

www.occc.edu/biotech


Education and Training