Residential Construction Unit - Peel My Class Sites

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25 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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RESIDENTIAL
CONSTRUCTION UNIT


Grade 10 Construction Technology

TCJ200

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
TERMINOLOGY

EXCAVATION

EXCAVATION: The
moving of earth to
allow for the
construction of a
building.


FOOTINGS & COLUMN


FOOTINGS: A structural
support for the foundation
and columns (usually
poured concrete). They
are set below grade.






COLUMN: A vertical pillar
(post) that is used to
support "I" beams or
girders.



FOUNDATION, SILL PLATE &
SILL GASKET


FOUNDATION: Poured concrete
or concrete block that is used to
support the outer perimeter of the
building.





SILL PLATE: A wooden member,
which rests on top of the
foundation.

SILL GASKET: An insulating foam
layer that sits on top of the foundation
and below the wooden sill plate. It
prevents the transfer of moisture from
concrete to wood.


16 inches wide x 6 inches high

FOOTING

6 inch WEEPING TILE

¾ inch GRAVEL

FORMS removed prior to
drainage tile installation

FORMS (lumber)

THREADED REBAR
(secured)

8 inch CONCRETE WALL
(96 inches high)

WATERPROOFING TAR (SPRAY)

WATERPROOFING WRAP

SILL PLATE

RIM JOIST

“I” BEAM


"I" BEAM (GIRDER): A steel member (or built up
pieces of wood) that rest on the foundation and
columns. Used to support the floor joists and
distribute the load of the building.



RIM JOISTS & FLOOR JOISTS


RIM JOISTS: Joists
that are fastened
perpendicular to the
floor joists.



FLOOR JOISTS:
Secured to rim joists.
They support the floor
and walls of the
building.



FOOTING

FOUNDATION

WALL

SILL PLATE

RIM JOIST

FLOOR JOIST

COLUMN

I
-
BEAM

(FOOTING)

SLAB

BRIDGING


BRIDGING: A method of bracing floor joists and
wall studding.


SUB
-
FLOOR


SUB
-
FLOOR: A wood
floor that is laid over
the floor joists on
which the finished
floor is laid. Plywood
is typically used.

RIM JOIST

RIM JOIST


RIM JOIST

GIRDER (WOOD) /
I
-
BEAM (STEEL)

PARTITION SUPPORT

PARTITION SUPPORT

REGULAR JOIST

TAIL JOIST

STAIRWELL

DOUBLE
TRIMMER

DOUBLE
HEADER

PARTITION & LOAD BEARING
WALLS


PARTITION WALL:
Walls that do not
support any load or
weight.



LOAD BEARING
WALL: Walls that
support the weight of
the structure above
them.



COMMON STUDS,

TOP & BOTTOM PLATE

BOTTOM PLATE (SOLE PLATE):
The lower portion of the wall
framing.





COMMON STUDS: Upright supports
found in the framework of walls.
They are attached to both bottom &
top plates.

TOP PLATE: Attached to top portion
of the wall studs.

DOUBLE TOP PLATE (CAP
PLATE): Secured to top plates.
Used to tie walls together, and
provides extra support for the roof
rafters or 2nd story.

ROUGH SILL, CRIPPLE & JACK
STUDS

CRIPPLE STUDS: Short studs that
are used below window openings
and above window and door
openings to provide structural
strength. Spaced 16 inches on
centre.



JACK STUDS: Studs that support a
header. They run from the bottom
plate to underneath the header.

ROUGH SILL: Horizontal framing
member below a window attached to
jack studs.


HEADER




HEADER: The horizontal top
piece over a door or a window
opening. A header distributes
the load when an opening has
been made for either a window
or a door.



FILLER STUDS



FILLER STUD: A stud or partial stud(s) used in
the inside corner of walls so that sheet goods
can be fastened properly. (E.g. drywall).


BOTTOM
PLATE

JACK STUD

JACK STUD

SILL (WINDOW)

KING
STUD

CRIPPLE STUDS


COMMON STUD

HEADER



TOP PLATE

DOUBLE TOP PLATE

INSULATION & R VALUE


INSULATION: A special
fiberglass material that
prevents the passage of
electricity or heat/cold.




R VALUE: The resistance
of a material to the flow of
heat. Insulation is rated
by a "R value".



SHEATHING & VAPOUR
BARRIER


SHEATHING: Sheet
goods attached to outside
of walls.






VAPOUR BARRIER: A
thin, moisture
-
proof,
transparent type of
plastic. Used to prevent
the passage of moisture
into walls.



LEVEL & PLUMB


LEVEL: Checking
something to see if it
is horizontally true.





PLUMB: Checking
something to see if it
is vertically true:



NOMINAL SIZE LUMBER


NOMINAL SIZE
LUMBER: The size in
which material is
known and sold, but
differs from its actual
size. (E.g. a 2" x 4" is
actually 1 ½" x 3 ½").

H.V.A.C.


H.V.A.C.: Is the
common term used to
describe Heating,
Ventilating, and Air
Conditioning (HVAC)
systems in a building.


CLIMATE CONTROL


CLIMATE CONTROL:
Methods that are
used in a building to
control the
temperature (heat /
air conditioning).
Some sort of
thermostat device
usually does this.


CAD



CAD: Computer Aided Design

CONTRACTOR & SUB
-
CONTRACTOR


CONTRACTOR: An
individual who is
responsible for directing
the entire construction
operation from start to
finish.



SUB
-
CONTRACTOR: An
individual who is
responsible for one
aspect of the construction
process. (E.g. A plumber
or an Electrician).



ELECTRICAL DEVICES


ELECTRICAL
DEVICES:
Components used in
a building that takes
electrical power from
one source to
another. E.g. A light
switch or an outlet.


D.W.V.


D.W.V.: Sewage plumbing is often referred to as
drainage, waste and vent plumbing.


STEEL STUDS


STEEL STUDS: Wall
studding made of steel,
rather than wood. Steel
has been used in
commercial framing for
years, but it is becoming
more popular in
residential framing.


APPRENTICE & O.Y.A.P.


APPRENTICE: Someone who
works in a skilled trade under
the supervision of a
journeyperson. Usually
involves on the job and in
-
school training.



O.Y.A.P.: The Ontario Youth
Apprenticeship Program.
Allows students to learn a
skilled trade while completing
their requirements for a High
School Diploma.



ONTARIO BUILDING CODE


ONTARIO BUILDING
CODE: A set of
minimum provisions
respecting the safety
of buildings with
reference to public
health, fire protection,
and structural
sufficiency.


BUILDING PERMIT & INSPECTOR


BUILDING PERMIT: A
permit obtained from
your local municipality
office. It is required
before any construction
begins.




BUILDING
INSPECTOR:
Someone who inspects
the on
-
going
construction of either a
new building, or
renovations to an
existing building.