commissioning & operation of soleil. - Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste

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Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

COMMISSIONING

&


OPERATION OF SOLEIL.



J.C. Besson, J.F. Lamarre,

A. Bence, X. Deletoille, Y. Denis, S. Petit,

R. Cuoq, P. Da Silva, D. Pereira, G. Roux,

Synchrotron Soleil, St Aubin, France.

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

SOLEIL Synchrotron

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Summary

1)

Installation and Commissionning

2)

The Control Room

3)

Software and Hardware Architecture

4)

Some Software Applications

5)

Balance
-
Sheet

6)

Conclusion

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Installation Accelerators

SOLEIL is a third generation Synchrotron radiation Source,

located at the Plateau de Saclay near Paris.

Storage
Ring

Booster

Linac

Sextupoles
(220/280 Kg)

Quadrupoles
(900/1200 Kg)

Dipoles
(3,5T)

Long Girder
(4,8m

7,8T)

Cell with 3 girders

The
354 m

circumference
storage ring

is mainly composed of 32 (+1)
dipoles, 160 quadrupoles, 120 sextupoles, 2 RF cryomodules, ~ 200 vacuum
chambers, 6 injection equipments;
12 beamline

front
-
ends and 4 insertion
devices (initially).

The 157 m circumference Booster comprises 36 dipoles, 44 quadrupoles, 28
sextupoles, 1 RF cavity and 8 injection/extraction equipment


Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Installation Accelerators

TOTAL MANPOWER INSTALLATION (tunnels)
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
oct-04
nov-04
déc-04
janv-05
févr-05
mars-05
avr-05
mai-05
juin-05
juil-05
août-05
sept-05
oct-05
nov-05
déc-05
janv-06
févr-06
mars-06
avr-06
mai-06
men / days
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
men x days
Out Ressources (m/d)
Plumber & Electrician (m/d)
Ressources Soleil (m/d)
Out Ressources (mxd)
Plumber & Electrician (mxd)
Ressources Soleil (mxd)
LT1
BOOSTER
STORAGE RING
Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Installation Accelerators

General Planning

1st beam in
the Linac
on July
2nd,2005

1st beam in
the Booster
at 110 MeV
on
July 23rd
2005

Booster : 1st
beam
accelerated
to 2.75 GeV
on October
13th 2005

Booster : 1st
extraction
of 2.75 GeV
beam on May
6th, 2006

1st turn in
the storage
ring on May
14th, 2006

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Commissioning organization


A commissioning team of about 20 persons composed of the
machine physics group and people coming from different areas
was constituted in the early stage.



They shared their experience and their knowledge in the
preparation of the different phases of the commissioning and in
the analysis of the results.



This organization allowed a fast progress of the commissioning
(round clock operation) and different ways to see and solve the
encountered problems.

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Commissioning organization



General planning




Detailed protocol for each session




Electronic logbook




One report of each session




A commissioning team




People working 3 x 8h; 7d/7; (example : 7h am
-
3h pm
-
11h pm
-
7h am)




Overlap of 1/2 an hour between 2 successive team




On
-
call and shift
people
.




weekly meeting for commissioning team and for each encountered
problem

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

J. M. Filhol

M. P. Level

P. Brunelle

M. A. Tordeux

A. Loulergue

A. Madur

A. Nadji

L. Nadolski

R. Nagaoka

B. Pottin

J. C. Besson

J. F. Lamarre

J. C. Denard

L. Cassinari

M. E. Couprie

P. Marchand

P. Lebasque

Magnets & insertions Group

Security Group

Vacuum Group

Power supply group

RF Group

Elect. Control & Acquisition Group

Diagnostics Group

The team: at less one representative from each sudivision

operation Group

Inf. Control & Acquisition

Group

Facilities Group

Linac Group

Commissioning team

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Commissioning Milestones in
2006




10 effective weeks



14
/
5

First

turn


04
/
6

First

stored

beam

04
/
6

First

beam

accumulation

:

8
.
35
mA


04
/
7


100
mA

achieved

10
/
7

5

A
.
h

beam

dose



Shutdown

11
/
7



4
/
09


13
/
9

First

photons

to

a

beamline

(DIFFABS)


16
/
9

200
mA

21
/
9

First

photons

to

a

beamline

(TEMPO)

25
/
9

300
mA

achieved

;

30
A
.
h

29
/
9

U
20

at

5
.
5
mm

gap

21
/
9

First

photons

to

a

beamline

(ODE)

15
/
10

Beam

lifetime

=
8
h

@
100
mA

in

312

bunches


12
/
12

First

photons

to

a

beamline

(SAMBA)

13
/
12

First

photons

to

a

beamline

(DESIRS)

21
/
12

70

A
.
h

beam

dose

21
/
12

Beam

lifetime

=
10
h

@
100
mA

in

312

bunches



Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007



Quadrupoles and Correctors

ON
,
Sextupoles and RF

OFF
.



After correction of first turn trajectory and closing the first turn.


Sextupoles

ON
and RF

OFF.

successive turns detected by the FCT

successive turns detected by the FCT

First turns (May 14, 2006)

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

10 mm vertical aperture
chambers

When the beam could be circulated for the first time in the Storage Ring

it goes
several times through the 10 mm small vertical aperture of the 10 insertion device
chambers distributed along the ring

without any correction.

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Closed Orbit

with All correctors OFF


(BPM offsets included after BBA)


H

rms=3.1mm

max=6.40mm


V

rms=0.41mm

max=1.44mm

=>
Excellent magnet alignment


Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

0
50
100
150
200
250
300
02/06/06
02/07/06
01/08/06
01/09/06
01/10/06
01/11/06
01/12/06
31/12/06
mA
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
A.h
Current (average over 1 hour)
Integrated Dose
Current and Integrated Dose,
year 2006

maximum current of 300mA possible with only one cryomodule RF was
reached after only 30A.h of integrated current dose


Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Beam position stability (with SOFB)

mA

Beam current

X (PX1)

X (CASSIOPEE)

Z (PX1)

Z (CASSIOPEE)

m
m

injection

(Source point Positions)

on 2 straight sections during a 8 hours beamline shift.



DX ~ 3 µm , DZ ~ 1 µm

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Parameters

Design

Achieved as of June 2007

Energy ( GeV )

2.75

2.74

RF frequency ( MHz )

352.2

352.197

Betatron Tunes

18.20 / 10.30

18.2009
/
10.2990

Natural Chromaticities

-
53 /
-
23

-
53 /
-
19

Momentum Compaction

a
1

/
a
2

4.5 x 10
-
4

/

4.6 x 10
-
3

4.55 x 10
-
4

/

4.30 x 10
-
3

Emittance H ( nm.rad )

3.73

3.70
±

0.2

Energy spread

1.016 x 10
-
3

1.0 x 10
-
3

Coupling,
e
V
/
e
H

<1%

0.3% (without correction)

Current Multibunch mode ( mA )

500

300

Average Pressure ( mbar )

1 x 10
-
9

3 x 10
-
9

Beam Lifetime ( h )

16 h

9h @ 300 mA / 22h @ 100 mA

Single bunch current ( mA )

12

20

Beam position stability,
m
洠⠠䠠m

20 (rms)

3 ptp

Beam position stability,
m
洠⠠m


0.8(rms)

2 ptp

STORAGE RING COMMISSIONING

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Results and innovations


We had no problems with innovations



This good result clearly demonstrates the beneficial effect of
the NEG coating on the aluminium chamber. This technology was
never seen before on accelerators at such extensive use.



2 other innovations concern the RF system: the dedicated
Superconducting cavities (
1st cryomodule enable alone operation
up to 300 mA, a 2nd cryomodule which is being build by ACCEL
will enable to reach 500 mA)

and the solid state RF amplifiers
that are used for the first time in the world for such high
power. Except few transistor failures, the system is very stable.



Specific and innovative electromagnetic insertion devices were
developed for VUV beamlines:


3 HU256 (10eV to 1000eV) 3.6 meter long


1 HU640 (5eV to 40eV) 10 meter long

Extended spectral range :from UV (5 eV) up to hard X
-
Rays (15 KeV)

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

RF System Innovations

Each of the four cavities is
powered by a 190 kW solid state
amplifier consisting in a
combination of four “towers”
producing about 50 kW each.

Solid State RF Amplifiers


4 x 190 kW power amplifiers

1
st

cryomodule inside
SR tunnel

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007


During the shifts, within the operation group, 8 operators take
their turns every 8 hours in order to ensure the presence of one
of them 24h/24h and 7 days a week in the control room.



This operator is assisted by 1 or 2 part
-
time operators (like
ESRF) who come for majority from SOLEIL source division.
Before being ready to work in control room, they get training by
the "machine physicists" on the general operation of the
machine.



During shutdown, permanence in control room is ensured by an
operator during the normal schedule.



Apart from the operation of the machine, the operators are
implied in the result analysis and in the developments (software
and equipment) enabling a better understanding and operation of
the installation.

Operation organization

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Formation of the operation group

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Jan-04
Jan-05
Jan-06
Jan-07
Booster Commissioning
07/06 et 09/06
SR Commissioning
Anneau
Machines Installation
from 21/09/04 to 05/05/06
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Jan-04
Jan-05
Jan-06
Jan-07
Booster Commissioning
07/06 et 09/06
SR Commissioning
Anneau
Machines Installation
from 21/09/04 to 05/05/06
Staff
Number

According to their arrival




Operators were
involved in the machines installation

and the supervision applications development


Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

TL1

BOOSTER/TL2

SR light monitor

SR beam size
measurement
Pinhole
camera

TUNE
Measurement

Control room Organization

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

TL1 to BOOSTER

BOOSTER to TL2

TL2 to Storage Ring

Storage Ring FCT

Machine Status

FCT Linac & TL1

Control Room Organization

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Beam Orbit

Control Room Organization

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Alarm Survey Application

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Booster injection & extraction
Application


Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Hardware architecture

Supervision/Control

CONTROL BOX

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

binding


generic applications

Machine Physics

Device

TANGO software bus

Monitoring

Equipments

Device

Configuration

Archiving

Devices TANGO

binding

MATLAB, IGOR,

python, Labview



JIVE

DEV TREE

S
D
S
D
E
S
C
D
L
T
P
R
O
L
I
A
N
T
8
0
0
0
Magnet power supplies

Motors

Globalscreen

Graphic User
Interface

3 major tools used

Software architecture

TDB
-

HDB

Flow meter Fault

NO Fault

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

ELOG (
ELectronic LogBooks
)


Making an entry for single event

Attachement File

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007




Acquisition
data

Compilation

(MTBF,
breakdowns,…)

Extraction
results in
Excel

Extracted data from ELOG in
Operator JAVA Program

Post
processing

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Automatic Excel file creation

Sharing out of the effective beam time = 558h24

About the whole run 4
-
2007

From 2007, May the 25th to 2007, Jun the 20th

Breakdowns total time = 171h01

About the whole run 4
-
2007

From 2007, May the 25th to 2007, Jun the 20th


Accelerator physics time


Mixed time


Beam lines time


Health physics time

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
28 May 2007
4 June 2007
11 June 2007
18 June 2007
Number of lines that take beam
per day, during 4th Run of 2007

5 to 8 lines used the beam of photons regularly


Eventually: 25 Beamlines

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Balance
-

sheet

In year 2006,

over the
2084

operating hours


The availability of the beam represented
83.5 %

of total time, with
11.2 %

of time of breakdowns
and
5.3 %

of time of injection, preparation of
manipulations, or interventions


In year 2007,

From January to July,
93.8%

of the
1426

total
hours of beam were delivered to beam lines

91,7%
4,5%
3,8%
95,1%
2,5%
2,4%
95,6%
1,1%
3,3%
91,6%
1,3%
7,1%
94,3%
2,2%
3,5%
80%
90%
100%
Run1
Run2
Run3
Run4
Run5
Dead time due
to failures
Injection
Beam
Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

planned of operation of the year 2007

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Jan-2008
Sep-2007
Oct-2007
Nov-2007
Dec-2007
May-2007
Jun-2007
Jul-2007
Aug-2007
Jan-2007
Feb-2007
Mar-2007
Apr-2007
Planned
Objectives

L 3096 hours Beam Lines
3 000 hours Beam Lines

M 1800 hours Machine
1 000 hours Machine


. 3864 hours Shutdown

L

M

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

CONCLUSION AND

MAIN OBJECTIVES FOR EARLY 2008



The SOLEIL accelerator complex is now fully operational. The transition from
the commissioning phase to the operation phase went smoothly, thanks to:


The strong implication and participation of the operation group during the
commissioning of the machine.


Significant efforts from the machine physics groups and from the different
groups in charge of equipment to transfer their knowledge to the operation
crew.


The machine availability already reached 93.8 % over the 1521 hours of
beam time delivered to the beamlines during the first 7 months of 2007. We
are now aiming at increasing further this availability.



The next objectives set
-
up for 2008 are:


500mA operation (with second cryomodule)


Preparation for top
-
up operation


Single bunch and 8 bunches operation


Secure beam stability with many insertion devices


Increase beam availability.

Commissioning & Operation of SOLEIL


Jean
-
Claude Besson


Trieste


WAO 2007

Operator’s Team

Operation
manager

Engineer