From the book “
A Framework for Understanding Poverty
” by Ruby K. Payne, Ph.D.
The book by Dr. Ruby Payne has sold over one
million copies and provides a detailed
account of the class structure of the United States. The aim of the book
is to provide people with
a better understanding of the challenges that poverty stricken people face. It is a great read for
educators in particular to increase the effectiveness of instructing students who are in poverty.
The following is some informati
on and tips that I would like us to know and use in our
classrooms as we continue to put for
an atmosphere that is ripe for learning in our school.
Please read through this and fill out the bottom of page two.
As of 2003, there were just u
nder 12.3 million children living in poverty.
This is just over 17% of the children in the United States.
Students in poverty are more likely to suffer from learning disabilities than those who
are not in poverty.
This includes children of all races and et
As of 2000, 20% of all children under the age of 18 had at least one foreign
Children who are immigrants are twice as likely to suffer from poverty as native
Language and Story
What can schools do to improve understa
nding of language?
Incorporate stories into your curriculum.
Use graphic organizers.
Incorporate writing, and encourage students to write stories.
Hidden Rules Among Classes
Please refer to the hand
out. (Pages 42
43 in the book)
I would run this off in
life situational staff
Children should know the “hidden rules” of all classes.
If educators could understand the values and culture that is associated with poverty,
be able to deal with students parents (that are in poverty) with
who are in poverty, do not believe they are poor.
Characteristics of Generational Poverty.
Having been in poverty for at least two generations.
Education is the ticket out of generational
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Many students stay in poverty because they don’t know better, and didn’t know
they have the choice to get out.
Having a lack of resources because of a particular event.
The attitudes are different for students in both types o
society owes them something.
exhibit more pride and refuse to accept charity.
The Three R’s
are essential for upward movement among classes.
Discipline and Instr
The best approach is a behaviorist approach.
Discipline should promote desired behaviors.
Adult Voice vs. Child Voice
Individuals that are poverty stricken score an average of nine points lower on
The ultimate goal o
f schools should be centered
Instruction should be geared to each individual based on how each learns.
Ways to improve achievement
Teach the students to come up with their own questions.
Use differentiated instruction.
eate relationships with students.
Instructors please list three things you will do in your classroom to help you better understand
children in poverty.