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16 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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Address




School Address





Date

Dear
Head Teacher
,


On the
27th

of
May
2011

the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe called on European
m
ember states
to
reduce
exposure
s to radio
frequency electromagnetic fields
,
particularly

of

children and
young people
,

who are the most at risk
1
.


To protect young people from
potentially
harmful, long
-
term biological effects
, t
he Council of Europe is calling for schools to use wired
internet connections and to strictly restrict the use of mobile phones by pupils at
school.

In the same week the World Health Organisation classified radiofrequency radiation
from all wireless
commun
ication technologies
as a potential human carcinogen
2
.

These announcements have followed calls from the German Government for wired computer
connections to be
used

in schools and workplaces,
the I
sraeli
P
arliament

for schools to use wired
networks
, t
he Aus
trian
M
edical
A
ssociations
for schools not to
use Wi
-
Fi or cordless phones, and the
International Commission for Electromagnetic Safety
for young people to limit their use of wireless
technologies.

In the light of the growing concerns expressed by internat
ional advisory bodies,
and
a
s a parent with
a child in your school
,

I am strongly in favour of all
communications
equipment
on school property
be
ing

wired
.
Dedicated wired connections do

not emit microwave
,

radio
frequency radiation.

According to t
he
UK
He
alth Protection Agency
(HPA)
,
children absorb microwave radiation
into their
bodies
when using wireless computers.
Safety cannot be assumed, as d
amaging biological effects
have been
reported at the exposures which the HPA consider to be safe. Studies have found
damage to human DNA, de
c
reased fertility, cardiac abnormalities in humans, deficits in learning

and

memory
, death
of cells
in the brain of rats and seizures

for susceptible in
dividuals
, at the
levels of
radiation experienced when using a wireless laptop
(references below)
.


The Health Protection Agency
ha
s

compare
d

emissions from Wi
-
Fi
equipment
to the
s
afety limits set
by the ICNI
R
P in 1999. These limits have been declared in
adequate by the Parliamentary Assembly
of the Council of Europe, the International Commission for Electromagnetic Safety, the European
Environment Agency and the European Parliament.
O
bsolete

limits can no longer offer reassurances
of

safety.

I would like

you to
respond to the Council of Europe recommendations and
adopt a non
-
wireless
policy
within the school for microwave/radio frequencies,
so that I and other parents may have
confidence that ou
r

children
are not being put at unnecessary risk

whilst they
are in your care.

There are wired alternatives available, which I as a parent would prefer the school to use.

The document ‘Wireless technologies and young people’
, listed below,

may be usef
ul whe
n
considering
health, safety and
ICT policies
3
.

Thank you f
or your
help with this important issue.


Sincerely,




Links

1.
Council of Europe

http://assembly.coe.int/ASP/NewsManager/EMB_NewsManagerView.asp?ID=6685&L=2

2.
W
.
H
.
O
.

http://www.iarc.fr/en/media
-
centre/pr/2011/pdfs/pr208_E.pdf

3.

Wi
reless technologies and young people’

http://wifiinschools.org.uk/resources/wireless+technologies+and+young+people+Jan2011.pdf

Some r
eferences

for
biological
effects at Wi
-
Fi exposures
:

Avendaño

C.
et al
., 2010
. Laptop expositions affect motility and induce D
NA fragmentation in human
spermatozoa in vitro by a non
-
thermal effect: a preliminary report. American

Society for Reproductive
Medicine 66
th

Annual Meeting: O
-
249

http://wifiinsch
ools.org.uk/resources/laptops+and+sperm.pdf

Panagopoulos D. J.
et al
., 2010. Bioeffects of mobile telephony radiation in relation to its intensity or distance
from the antenna. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. Vol 86(5):345
-
357.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20397839

Pyrpasopoulou A.
et al
., 2004. Bone morphogenic protein expression in newborn kidneys after prenatal
exposure to radiofrequency radiation. Bioelectromagne
tics 25:216
-
27.


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15042631


Kesari K. K. and Behari J., 2009. Microwave exposure affecting reproductive system in male rats. Appl.
Biochem. Biotechnol. 162(2):416
-
428.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19768389

Otitoloju A. A.
et al
., 20
10
. Preliminary study on the induction of sperm head abnormalities in mice,
Mus
musculus
, exposed to radiofrequency radiations from Global System for Mobile

Communication Base Stations.
Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 84(1):51
-
4.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19816647


Salama
N.
et al
., 2010. Effects of exposure to a mobile phone on testicular function and structure in adult
rabbit, International Journal of Andrology 33(1):88
-
94.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1907
6254

Havas M.
et al
., 2010.
Provocation study using heart rate variability shows microwave radiation from 2.4GHz
cordless phone affects autonomic nervous system
.
European Journal of Oncology Library Vol.

5: 273
-
300
.
http://www.icems.eu/papers.htm?f=/c/a/2009/12/15/MNHJ1B49KH.DTL

part 2.

Kesari K. K. and Behari J., 2009.
Fifty
-
gigahertz microwave exposure effect of radiations on rat brain.

Appl.
Biochem. Biotechnol. 158:126
-
139.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19089649


Salford L. G.
et al
., 2010. Effects of microwave radiation upon the mammalian blood
-
brain barrier.
European
Jou
rnal of Oncology Library Vol. 5:333
-
355.
http://www.icems.eu/papers.htm?f=/c/a/2009/12/15/MNHJ1B49KH.DTL

part 2.

Salford
L. G.,
et al
., 2003.
Nerve cell damage in mammalian
brain after exposure to microwaves from GSM
mobile phones
.

Environ
.

Health Perspect
.

111
:
881
-
883.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12782486

Persson B. R. R.
et al
., 1997. Blood
-
brain barrier
permeability in rats exposed to electromagnetic fields used in
wireless communication. Wireless Networks 3, 455
-
461.

Maier R.
et al
., 2004. Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on cognitive processes


a pilot study on pulsed
field interference with c
ognitive regeneration. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 110: 46
-
52.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15180806

Nittby H.
et al
., 2008. Cognitive impairment in rats after long
-
term exposure to GSM
-
9
00 mobile phone
radiation. Bioelectromagnetics 29: 219
-
232.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18044737

Erdinc O. O.

et al
.,

2003.

Electromagnetic waves of 900MHz in acute pentylenetetrazole model

in ontogenesis in mice.
Neurol. Sci. 24:111
-
116.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14600821


Balmori A. 2010.
Mobile phone mast effects on common frog (Rana temporaria
) tadpoles: the city turned into
a laboratory. Electromagn. Biol. Med. 29(1
-
2):31
-
35.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20560769


Khurana V. G.
et al
., 2010. Epidemiological Evidence for a Health

Risk from Mobile Phone Base Stations.
I
nt
. J.
O
ccup
. E
nviron
. H
ealth

16:263

267.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20662418



Fesenko

E. E. et al., 1999.
Stimulation of murine

natural killer cells by weak electromagnetic

waves in the
centimeter range
.

Biofizika

44
:
737

741.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10544828

Fesenko

E. E.
et al
., 1999.
Microwaves and cellular i
mmunity. I. Effect of whole body microwave

irradiation on
tumor necrosis factor production in mouse cells, Bioelectrochem.

Bioenerg. 49
:
29

35.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10619445

Novoselova

E. T.
e
t al
., 1998.
Stimulation of production of tumor

necrosis factor by murine macrophages when
exposed in vio and in

vitro to weak electromagnetic waves in the centimeter range

B
ofizika 43
:
1132

1333.

Novoselova

E. G.
e
t al
., 1999.
Microwaves
and cellular immunity. II. Immunostimulating effects of

microwaves
and naturally occurring antioxidant nutrients
.
Bioelectrochem.

Bioenerg. 49
:
37

41.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10619446