Vale Technological Institute

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22 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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DEPARTAMENTO DO INSTITUTO

TECNOLÓGICO VALE
-

DITV


September
2010

Vale Technological Institute
Department (DITV)

Vale Technological Institute

Starting point: understanding Vale’s competitive and organizational strategies

“To be the biggest and best mining
company in the world and
surpass
established standards of excellence
in research, development
, project
implementation and business
operations”


The Vale Vision:

e.g.
developme
nt of new
technologi
es

e.g. development
of new markets

Disruptive


Projects aiming at
entirely new
grounds

to develop new
technologies or enter new markets

Technological innovation projects at Vale can be classified as
“incrementals,” “new platforms” and “disruptives”

Objective of projects in each category

Overview of categories

e.g. entry into
adjacent
markets

e.g. new
processes

New
Platform


Projects to
expand frontiers
,
implementing new technologies or
expanding company’s presence in
new markets

New markets

Existing markets

Markets in which
the company
operates

Known
technology

Unknown
technology

New
technology

Incremental


Projects to
develop solutions for
current technological
challenges
, using technologies
already existing

e.g.
operational
improveme
nts, cost
reductions

Classification of projects in terms of market / state of
technological development

Time

Performance
metrics
evaluated by
consumers:
quality of
photos

Customers’
needs

First digital cameras:

low image quality, but delivering
values in new dimensions

Disruptive technology: digital camera vs. film
-
based photos

Incremental
innovation

First

sign

of

disruption
:

delivery

of

a

new

performance

metrics

that

established

companies

are

unable

to

deliver

Incremental
innovation

Numerous improvements in
conventional (film
-
based) cameras

continued to focus on delivering
better results in the same
performance metrics


in this
case, image quality

Incremental innovation

“Getting better in the same area"

Digital cameras had a distinct
performance metrics.
While
achieving a “good enough”
image quality performance, they
caused a disruption in the
market for conventional cameras

Disruptive innovation

“Delivering something different"


Note: Original terminology named "sustaining innovations" instead of "incremental innovation"

Source: "The Innovator's Solution"
-

Clayton Christensen; http://www.claytonchristensen.com/disruptive_innovation.html; BCG anal
ysis

Incremental innovation versus disruptive innovation

Disruptive innovation: “Why can’t electronic products receive
electricity without wires, like laptops receive Wi
-
Fi signals?”



WiTricity’s energy sources and capture devices are
specially designed with magnetic resonators capable
of transferring energy over long distances using
magnetic fields.



The

proprietary sources and devices and the
electronic systems that control them support efficient
transfer of energy along distances much larger than
the size of the sources and devices.

WiTricity

technology

Potential disruptions


Elimination of cables and disposable batteries used in
portable electronic products



Wireless energy and communications interconnections
at usage points in hazardous environments

(drilling
and mining sites, under water, etc…), where it is
impractical

or impossible to lay cables



Automatic wireless recharging of existing electric
vehicles: golf buggies and industrial vehicles



Source: http://www.witricity.com

DITV
focus

Non
-
ferrous metals

Ferrous metals

Logistics

Corporate

Vale’s investment portfolio is currently focused on projects to
improve operational efficiency in the short term

Overview of Vale’s current projects

Existing markets

Markets not yet
discovered

New markets for Vale

Incremental
improvements to
productivity,
markets and
environmental
impact

New markets
in existing
businesses

Improvement
in image

New business

Significant
advance in
productivity,
markets and
environmental
impact

Vale Technological Institute

Challenge: long
-
term innovation and high technological risk

Today

Short/medium
term

Long term

Current
business

Strategic plans
prepared by Business
Lines

Set of

“future options”

Focus: Business Lines


Innovative solutions to existing
problems



New technologies for the
operational improvement of
processes and new concepts to
improve management practices



Expertise in engineering
development and supply, enabling
the implementation of new
technologies

Incremental

New platform

Disruptive


Set of “future options” to obtain competitive
advantages and develop new markets



Management of portfolio of innovative and
disruptive technologies to proactively anticipate
the future



Seek out new concepts rather than react to current
problems

Focus: DITV R&D

Vale Technological Institute

Mission and Vision

“Create future options through scientific
research and the development of
technologies in order to expand Vale’s
knowledge and business frontiers in a
sustainable manner”


Vision:
Become a leading institution of excellence in the development of science and technology in
the fields of mining and sustainable development.


ITV’s mission:



R&D


Innovative solutions to existing problems


Improve processes by introducing new solutions


Technological solutions


New concepts can help to change management routines


Develop suppliers and engineering work to make new
concepts feasible


medium term and medium risk

ITV


Search for “future problems”


Disruptive
conceptual solutions


Fundamental changes in business structures and
processes


Focus on revolutionary concepts


long term and
high risk


Prospective nature

ITV

complements

the

other

research

undertaken

at

Vale
.

The

objective

is

to

detect

trends,

anticipating

possible

problems

or

opportunities

that

could

affect

Vale’s

businesses,

and

preparing

the

organization

for

future

challenges
.

Vale Technological Institute

ITV and R&D activities at Vale


Teaching

Conduct postgraduate teaching, offering
recognized degree courses, diplomas and
extension courses.

Research

Promote science and technology related to areas of
knowledge in sustainable development, mining and
energy.

Vale Technological Institute

Two broad areas of activity

Research

Stimulation

Dynamic action
with science &
tech. community

Strategic
direction and
monitoring

Specialist scientific
knowledge, innovative
technologies

Relations with
science and
technology
community

Technology
management

Intellectual
property

Management

DITV


Vale’s Corporate Core

HR
development

Infrastructure

Undertaking
of research

Science and Technology Community

Strategy center

Sets the strategies, policies and
execution guidelines, and
strategically monitors the
performance of each ITV unit

Vale technical knowledge and research center

Performs research, teaching and technological development
activities to pave the way for potential new businesses for Vale

Technical knowledge and research center

Conducts basic research and develops human
resources in the basic and applied sciences

Vale Technological Institute

Governance


ITV Mining

ITV Sustainable Development

Vale Technological Institute

Vale Technological Institute

Governance


Scope of work

Promote the development and dissemination of
technical and scientific research and technology,
and conduct other related activities.


Form of organization

The Vale Technological Institute Association
(ITV) is a private, nonprofit legal entity of an
indefinite duration.


Governance structure



Management Council: Murilo Ferreira
(President) and Eduardo Ledsham (Vice
President)



Director: Luiz Eugênio Mello

Fiscal

Council

Management

Council

Scientific

Consultation

Council


ITV

Sustainable
Development

Vale employee members

General

Assembly

External members

ITV employees

ITV

Mining

Executive
Board

Qualified doctor with an MSc and PhD in Molecular Biology from the Paulista Medical School, and a post
-
doctorate from the University of California


Los Angeles. He has served in the following positions: Professor of
Physiology and Dean of Undergraduate Studies at the Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP); Assistant
Coordinator at the São Paulo State Research Promotion Foundation (FAPESP); Member of the National
Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); General Secretary, Vice President and
President of the Federation of Experimental Biology Societies (FeSBE); and Member of the São Paulo State
Science Academy and the Brazilian Academy of Sciences. Awarded the National Order of Scientific Merit.
Director of the Vale Technological Institute Department and CEO of the Vale Technological Institute
Association.


Member of the Consultation Council

Luiz Eugenio Araújo de Moraes Mello

Luiz

Carlos
Silveira

(
Belém
)

Prof. Luiz Carlos Silveira has a
MSc and PhD in Biophysics from
the Federal University of Rio de
Janeiro (Brazil) and a post
-
doc in
Neuroscience in the University of
Oxford (England)


He is an Associate Professor at
the Federal University of Pará,
Brazil


Focus on Neuroscience and
Experimental Biology


He has been member of several
committees of CAPES, CNPq,
and other Federal and State
Funding Agencies

Paulo Vasconcellos

(Ouro Preto)

Prof. Paulo Vasconcellos has a
PhD from the University of
California (Berkeley)


He is an Associate Professor at
the University of Queensland,
Australia


His research is focused on Low
-
T Geochemistry, Economic
Geology and 40Ar/39Ar
Geochronology


Executive

Board

Fiscal

Council

Management

Council

Scientific

Consultation

Council

General

Assembly

Vale employee members

ITV

Sustainable
Development

ITV

Mining

ITV employees

Vale Technological Institute

Governance

Scientific directors


Executive

Board

Fiscal

Council

Management
Council

Scientific

Consultation

Council

General

Assembly

Vale employee members

ITV

Sustainable
Development

ITV

Mining

ITV employees

Vale Technological Institute

Governance


The Consultation Council has the mission of supporting ITV in subjects of technical and
scientific nature, in order to take more efficient, better quality decisions.

Luiz Pinguelli Rosa

Director of COPPE

José Goldemberg

Member of ABC

Richard M. Locke

Deputy Dean


MIT
Sloan

Mohan

Munasinghe

President of MID


José Fernando Perez

Former President of FAPESP


Thomas A. Moore

Director of ASU

Jacob

Palis Junior

President of ABC


Onildo Joao Marini

Executive Secretary of
ADIMB


Mike Hood

CEO of CRCMining

Vale Technological Institute (ITV)

Research team

The research team’s profile is designed to ensure close collaboration and strong potential
for applying technologies on the market.

Core researchers

Dedicated researchers
belonging to ITV’s staff


Visiting researchers

Invited researchers (Vale
employees, university
academies, research center
scientists, etc.) with a fixed
-
length contract focused on a
specific research project


Postgraduate students

Postgraduate students
conducting work in ITV’s fields
of research


Researchers who will receive
training in management for
possible transitions to spin
-
offs
generated by ITV research


Entrepreneurial researchers

ITV research team

Vale Technological Institute (ITV)

Operating model

ITV’s research portfolio has two kinds of research. The first is focused on developing in
-
depth knowledge in its areas of excellence, while the second is guided by the challenges
and objectives established by Vale.


Continued
research

Research
projects to
develop in
-
depth
knowledge in
a thematic
area

Guided research

Research projects guided by DITV’s
strategic objectives

Theme

Thematic areas

Theme

Theme


Research area

Research area

P1

P2

P3

Vision of the
future

Vision of the
future

Macro
-
program

Macro
-
program

Macro
-
program

Program

Program

Program

Sub
-
program

Sub
-
program


Sub
-
program


Project

Project

Project

Project

DITV’s

vision of
the future

Macro
-
program

Program



Project

Vale Technological Institute (ITV)

Operating model

The research areas are being defined based on an appraisal of ideas by Vale specialists
and external researchers

Objective

Prospect for ideas to guide future research areas to be developed at the Vale Technological Institute

Format

Series of four workshops bringing together representatives of different institutions and fields of
knowledge to identify possible research areas about an ITV thematic area

Expected results

1.
List of research areas suggested and pre
-
ordered by participants

2.
Identification of possible groups of researchers to work together to develop these areas

Methodology:

VALE AND SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
COMMUNITY SEMINAR

1.1
-

Workshop Regional

ITV Sustainable Development

Vale and Science & Technology Community

Workshops

Results



Selection of
participating
institutions

Selection of
researchers

ITV and science &
technology
community seminar

Consolidation and
prioritization

Stage 1

Stage 2

Stage 3

Stage 4

Vale Technological Institute (ITV)


Operating model

Methodology for workshop with the science and technology community

WS
1

Scope: Institutional

Date: November 4, 2009

Location: USP (São Paulo)

WS
2

WS
3

Scope: National

Date: November 27, 2009

Location: Belém (Pará)

Scope: International

Date: May 11 to 14, 2010

Location: Rio de Janeiro

Scope: Vale

Date: Set 14, 2011

Location: Belo Horizonte

WS
4

Workshops

ITV Sustainable Development





State Development, Science

and
Technology Secretariat


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Desert Research Institute


ENVIRON Holdings, Inc


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Alumínio Brasileiro S.A.


Centrais Elétricas do Norte do Brasil S.A.


Mineral Technology Center


National Biomass Center of Reference


Embrapa (agricultural research organization)


Pará State Research Promotion Foundation


Oswaldo Cruz Foundation


Energy and Nuclear Research Institute


Evandro Chagas Institute


National Amazon Research Institute


National Space Research Institute


Health and Sustainability Institute


Emílio Goeldi Museum of Pará

3

114

5

4

126 researchers from the following institutions participated

Cross
-
cutting areas

Workshop results

ITV Sustainable Development




CLIMATE CHANGE

Climate modeling

Forecasts and mitigation

WATER MANAGEMENT

Quality monitoring

Water supply and treatment systems

Hydrological basin modeling

Aquifer prospecting

Water living resources, water
contamination and ecotoxicology

SUSTAINABILITY IN THE MINING
INDUSTRY

Life cycle of an operation

Operational and production technologies

Mining products (development of products,
replacement, recycling)

Sustainable consumption

BIODIVERSITY

Plant science, bioactive natural products,
plant biotechnology

Soil microbiology, biotechnology

Biome monitoring

Health and security, tropical diseases

ENERGY

Bioenergy

Photosynthesis, artificial photosynthesis

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING
TECHNOLOGIES

Electronics, photonics, sensors

Computer science, software engineering

Measurements technologies and procedures

SUSTAINABLE ECONOMICS

SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND
URBAN PLANNING

PUBLIC POLICIES FOR SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT

ITV Sustainable Development


Belém


Architectural design by Paulo Mendes da Rocha, 2006 Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureate

Location: Guamá
Science and
Technology Park


Dimensions:
40,000m² building
area on a
140,000m² site
featuring a forest
park


Completion of
building work:
November 2014

Vale Technological Institute

Architecture

BELÉM / STATE OF PARÁ / BRAZIL

GUAMÁ SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PARK / BELÉM / STATE OF PARÁ / BRAZIL

N

EDIFÍCIO DO INSTITUTO = 24167,32 m²

EDIFÍCIO CIRCULAR = 11735,12 m²


ÁREA DO TERRENO = 140182,10 m²

ÁREA DE OCUPAÇÃO DO TÉRREO = 3766,60 m²

Vale Technological Institute

Architecture


Architectural design by Paulo Mendes da Rocha, 2006 Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureate

ITV Sustainable Development


Belém


Architectural design by Paulo Mendes da Rocha, 2006 Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureate

Location: Guamá
Science and
Technology Park


Dimensions:
40,000m² building
area on a
140,000m² site
featuring a forest
park


Completion of
building work:
November 2014

Vale Technological Institute

Architecture

Vale Technological Institute

Architecture

1.1
-

Workshop Regional

ITV Mining

Vale and Science & Technology Community

Workshops

Results



Selection of
participating
institutions

Selection of
researchers

ITV and science &
technology
community seminar

Consolidation and
prioritization

Stage 1

Stage 2

Stage 3

Stage 4

Vale Technological Institute (ITV)


Operating model

Methodology for workshop with the science and technology community

Scope: Vale

Date: Set 28, 2011

Location: Belo Horizonte

WS
3

Scope: Regional

Date: September 23, 2010

Location: Belo Horizonte

Scope: International

Date: December 8 and 9, 2010

Location: Ouro Preto

WS
1

WS
2


Sunset Consulting


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8

3

3


University of Guanajuato

1

5

124


Nuclear Technology Development Center


Technology

Center Foundation of
Minas Gerais


Catholic University (PUC) of Minas Gerais



Escola

de Minas” (Mining Schools) magazine


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144 researchers from the following institutions participated

Workshops

ITV Mining




Workshop results

ITV Mining




MINING INFRASTRUCTURE

Infrastructure modeling

Energy, the environment and
technology

Safety and performance

METALLURGY

Evolution of ore, reductions in grade,
P&M of minor elements in ore, P&M of
minor elements in waste, and solution
mining

Fine particles, waterless processing
and better characterization

Scrap business and cross
-
contamination (virgin versus scrap
metals)

MINERAL PROCESSING

Market
-
oriented demand (new
materials)

Sustainable solutions

Processing of deposits that are
currently inaccessible


MINING/EXPLORATION

Geo
-
metallurgy

Health and safety in mines

Reducing costs

Social impacts

PROSPECTING AND GEOLOGY

Further development of geological
knowledge

New exploration frontiers

WATER

Increasing competition for water

Water sensing

Eliminating waste

Architectural design by Fernando Peixoto, Brazil’s representative at the 5
th

Venice Biennale of
Architecture and a council member of the International Architecture Biennale, which took place
in Brazil

Location: within urban
boundary of city of Ouro
Preto


Dimensions: 18,000 m²


Status: Basic
engineering design
produced and site
acquired


Completion of building
work: November 2013

Vale Technological Institute

Architecture

ITV Mining


Ouro Preto

1.1
-

Workshop Regional

Energy

Vale and Science & Tech. Community Seminar

Results



Selection of
participating
institutions

Selection of
researchers

ITV and science &
technology
community seminar

Consolidation and
prioritization

Stage 1

Stage 2

Stage 3

Stage 4

Vale Technological Institute (ITV)


Operating model

Methodology for workshop with the science and technology community

Scope: Vale

Date: Aug 31, 2011

Location: Belo Horizonte

Scope: International

Date: June 16 and 17, 2011

Location: Rio de Janeiro

WS
1

WS
2


The International Partnership for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
in the Economy

1

6

Workshop

Energy




36 researchers from the following institutions participated



Southwest Energy Efficiency Project



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28

1


King
Adbullah

University of Science and
Technology



Eletrobras

Eletronuclear




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Results of workshops

ITV Energy




BIO
-
ENERGY

Sustainability issues

Energy efficiency (biological and conversion processes)

Regional restrictions and opportunities

Diversity and integration of alternative technologies

Safety and perspectives for the energy market

SOLAR, GEOTHERMAL AND WIND ENERGY

Solar thermal materials

Parabolic collectors

Solar thermal monitoring systems

Wind power generating plants

Small
-
scale wind power generators

NUCLEAR ENERGY

Mining and energy leveraging

Clean energy

Safe supplies

Added value

Spent fuel

FOSSIL FUELS (COAL, OIL, GAS, ETC.)

New deposits of coal, oil and gas

Energy efficiency in extraction from all sources

Mitigating environmental impacts (CO2 and H2O)

Unconventional sources of fossil fuels

STORAGE, TRANSMISSION AND CONVERSION

Ocean energy


currents and hydro
-
generators

Ocean energy


temperature gradients

Ocean energy


upwelling

New energy conversion technologies (thermal/electric)

Use of solar energy

Wind energy

Smart grids

Storing energy

FUEL CELLS AND HYDROGEN

Hybrid systems

Sustainable power trains

Multifunctional SOFC (solid oxide fuel cells)

Advanced electrolysers

Hydrogen
-
based energy
-
efficient industrial processes

ENERGY CONSERVATION AND EFFICIENCY

Optimizing the impacts of energy efficiency policies and
investments

Improving business and industry competitiveness

Leveraging improvements in energy efficiency

Expanding the use of energy efficiency standards and codes to
main products, new buildings and industrial power management

Improving safety and reliability in the supply of energy

Modelo de Atuação do ITV


Europe

Canada

China


Brazil

Australia


USA

ITV Sustainable
Development

Pará

ITV
Mining

Minas
Gerais

Africa

Main office

ITV branches

A collaborative network between ITV units and with national and international institutions

Vale Technological Institute

Operating model