Population biology - Lincoln University

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22 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 5 μήνες)

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Biology in a changing world

Rob Cruickshank

Department of Ecology

Lincoln University

Biology careers

Plan A



Medicine

Plan B



Acarology
, aerobiology, agriculture, anatomy, arachnology,
astrobiology, biochemistry, bioengineering, bioinformatics, biomathematics,
biomechanics, biomedical research, biophysics, biosecurity, biotechnology,
building biology, botany, cell biology, conservation biology, cryobiology,
developmental biology, ecology, embryology, entomology, environmental
biology, epidemiology, epigenetics, ethology, evolutionary biology, genetics,
haematology, herpetology, histology, ichthyology, integrative biology,
limnology,
mammalogy
, marine biology, microbiology, molecular biology,
mycology, neurobiology, oncology, ornithology, population biology,
paleontology
, pathology, parasitology, pharmacology, physiology,
phytopathology, psychobiology,
sociobiology
, soil biology, structural biology,
synthetic biology, virology, zoology

The world is changing


Population growth


Resource consumption


Globalisation and international trade


Climate change


Ocean acidification


Pollution


Rapid decline of biodiversity


Habitat loss and fragmentation


Invasive pests

Biology is changing


Collaborative


Multi
-
disciplinary


New technology


Next generation DNA sequencing


Massive amounts of data


New analytical methods


Reproductive technologies


Genetic manipulation


Synthetic biology

Biology is changing

Keys to success in modern
biology


Shift from specific knowledge to
generic skills


Shift from specialisation to
multi
-
disciplinary

collaboration and
synthesis

of ideas


Shift from particular technological approaches to strategies for
learning and adapting

new techniques


Ability to
integrate knowledge

from different areas


Research skills
, philosophy of science, how to make and record
observations, ask questions, construct testable hypotheses, design
experiments, analyse results, make inferences, communicate
findings, etc.


Information literacy
, finding and assessing the quality of
information, critical thinking, critical literacy

Keys to success in modern
biology


Quantitative
thinking, data management, computing,
maths, bioinformatics, statistics


Visualisation
, creative presentation of data,
dissemination of research outcomes, public outreach


Collaboration
, working as part of a team,
understanding, empathy, effective
communication


Cultural sensitivity,
cross
-
cultural

communication,
languages


Entrepreneurship, commercialisation, business
knowledge, economics, policy


Ethics, moral philosophy, social science

Keys to success in modern
biology

A high
-
level of academic achievement is not
necessarily as important as…



Curiosity


Enthusiasm


Creativity


Logical reasoning


Practical ability


Persistence

The New Zealand curriculum


Nature of science strand


Integration of biology with other strands (e.g. maths
and statistics, technology, social science)


NCEA achievement standards (biology matrix)…

2.1


Carry out a practical investigation in a biological context,
with supervision

2.2


Analyse the biological validity of information presented
to the public

3.1
-

Carry out a practical investigation in a biological context,
with guidance

3.2


Integrate biological knowledge to develop an informed
response to a socio
-
scientific issue

Careers in biology


Biology + computing

= bioinformatics


Biology + social sciences

= management,
policy making, politics, communication


Biology + commerce

= product development,
commercialisation


Biology + languages

= international
collaboration, economic development


Biology + arts

= data visualisation, landscape
ecology,
biomimetics

An example

An example

How can we get the economic
benefits of mining while preserving
this unique native species?

Population biology

To predict effects of
interventions on
population

Communication experts

L
ocals, mining company,
government (local,
national),
iwi
,
conservation groups,
volunteers, media

Ecologists

What are their ecological
requirements in captivity
and restored habitat?

Molecular biologists

Diet analysis, population
genetics

Economists

Economic costs and
benefits of mining in this
area, commercial
implications, etc.

Ecological restoration
experts

To restore area after
mining

Captive breeding experts

To preserve population
until they can be returned
to restored site

Translocation experts

To identify new areas
suitable for
introducing this
species

Lawyers

Legal
implications

Taxonomists

To identify prey taxa

Statisticians

To analyse
results

An example

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3

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4

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5

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6

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7

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8

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1

3
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3
3

3
4

3
5

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6

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7

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