Comprehensive Approach to

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10 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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Comprehensive Approach to

Building Partnerships

for Steady
-
State
Assessment and Planning

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As of 14 March
2011

Steady
-
State Activities


Refers to cumulative day
-
to
-
day activities outside of major
surge operations


Encompass shaping activities (including Phase 0 elements
of contingency plans)


Designed to

-
Build effective, legitimate, interoperable, and self
-
sustaining partners
consistent with US foreign policy objectives

-
Promote acceptable international behavior by potential adversaries

-
Sustain peace & security under conditions that promote US interests

-
Set conditions for military success if a contingency cannot be prevented

-
Leverage capabilities of partners to help achieve end states

-
Strengthen alliances and partnerships


“Steady
-
state operations are oriented toward conducting normal foreign
relations activities not currently affected by crisis or serious conflict.”


--

Ambassador (ret.) Edward Marks

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Comprehensive Approach


An approach that integrates the cooperative efforts of
the departments and agencies of the US Government,
intergovernmental & nongovernmental organizations,
multinational partners, and private sector entities to
achieve unity of effort toward a shared goal

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“Development

contributes

to

stability
.

It

contributes

to

better

governance
.

And

if

you

are

able

to

do

those

things

and

you’re

able

to

do

them

in

a

focused

and

sustainable

way,

then

it

may

be

unnecessary

for

us

to

send

soldiers

.

But

development

and

security

are

inextricably

linked
.

You

can’t

have

development

without

security,

and

you

can’t

have

security

without

development
.


--

Robert M. Gates

Secretary of Defense

Challenge


Focus on Host Country


The primary responsibility for establishing and
maintaining stability in any country remains with
the host country government, its civil society, and
its population
--

they own the problem



Successful steady
-
state programs require host
country buy
-
in with the goal being a self
-
sustaining
host country security system responsive to its people

Post Intervention

(Phase VI)

The Comprehensive Approach, and by extension the assessment
and planning processes of DOD and its partners, must focus on
the host country within the context of USG interests

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NSC

IPCs

OMB


DOJ

DHS


DOT

DOC

CIA


Congress

Liaison

UN


World Bank




IOs



NGOs


Regional

Orgs


Neighbor

States


Coalition
Partners

Solution


Move Toward Greater Integration



Develop & offer tools that provide
consistent, repeatable
procedures
so that DOD planners can
effectively plan and collaborate in a
comprehensive manner with non
-
DOD counterparts. Consider:


-

National Security Strategy:

Integrate

Defense, Diplomacy, &
Development (3D) components

-

DOS is USG lead for foreign
policy & diplomacy

-

USAID focuses on country
-
level
development

-

DOD focuses on defense sector

National Security Strategy

Theater

(Region)

Country

DOD


DOS

&

USAID

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Solution


Focus on Country
-
Level Planning


Security Cooperation programs provide the capacity and
capability building activities that link DOD and non
-
DOD
planners



-
USG national security goal is to develop host country institutions

-
Planning timeline extends beyond life of resourced activities

-
Qualitative & quantitative metrics to assess foreign assistance

-
Synchronize military objectives with other organizations

-
Recognize, understand non
-
DOD partners goals & objectives

-
Support shared goals, common outcomes, & obligations


Most importantly, focus on the host country’s goals and


objectives that align with US interests

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Challenge

Getting to Integration


Competition



Coordination



Cooperation



Collaboration



Integration


“I’ll do it my way”

“We know what

each other is doing”

“We help each other

do our respective tasks”

“We work together

on our respective tasks”

“We do tasks together”

NSS Goal


Concept for this slide from presentation
by Dr Cathy Downes, NDU, National
Security Professionals Symposium,
August 4
-
5, 2010

No integrated peacetime country planning process exists

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Solution


Focus on Steady
-
State Plans

“Helping

other

countries

better

provide

for

their

own

security

will

be

a

key

and

enduring

test

of

US

global

leadership

and

a

critical

part

of

protecting

US

security,

as

well
.

Improving

the

way

the

US

government

executes

this

vital

mission

must

be

an

important

national

priority
.



--

Secretary Robert M. Gates,


Foreign Affairs, May/June 2010

CABP solution is “Focus on Country Cooperation Plan

synchronization with the Mission Strategic & Resource Plan”

DOS

DOD

USAID

Host Country

Bureau Strategic

Resource Plan



Theater

Campaign Plan


Country

Development

Cooperation


Strategy


Mission
Strategic &
Resource
Plan

+

Country

Cooperation

Plan

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CCP Development Handbook


Written for the CCP planner


Provides a common process to develop CCPs in coordination with
USG interagency counterparts and other key actors with programs
in, or that affect, the host country


Supplements existing doctrine for planning and coordination with
non
-
DOD organizations


Provides fundamental concepts and planning guidance for the
development of CCPs that provide operational guidance to the
CCMD implementing components


Designed to be used in conjunction with
CSSAP Reference Guide

Assists the planner to produce a country
-
focused steady
-
state plan
in a consistent, repeatable process according to policy & guidance

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Using the CCP Development Handbook


Theater (CCMDs)

-

Identifies fundamental guidance, planning considerations,
techniques & procedures for country planning of steady
-
state
programs and activities in a comprehensive approach

-

Reinforces CCMD joint planning & coordination with non
-
DOD
organizations used for contingencies, reconstruction and stability


Country (Country Team)

-

Provides CCMD planning, assessment, and coordination policies,
lexicon, processes & perspectives regarding country planning in
a comprehensive approach

-

Identifies the SCO as the focal point for CCMD coordination
within the Country Team



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CSSAP Reference Guide

Consistent with current DOD policy and joint doctrine …



Describes key actors and processes at the national,
regional, and country level for planning and
implementing foreign assistance


Identifies sources for more in
-
depth understanding


Offers a process for planning steady
-
state activities in
a comprehensive approach


Assists the planner in determining the most effective
ways to engage

Reference Guide is designed to introduce, educate, & train
steady
-
state coordination/cooperation perspectives

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Using the CSSAP Reference Guide


National level (OSD, DOS, USAID)

-

Establishes a baseline as departments & agencies develop new integrated
approach to processes & policies

-

Provides OSD/JS with CCMD & country team perspectives on cooperation and
coordination; enables improved DC
-
level guidance

-

Provides education and training on steady
-
state and comprehensive approach
concepts


Theater level (CCMDs)

-

Provides CCMD Planners with the current, standardized national level guidance &
policy development process

-

Describes repeatable country
-
focused planning processes / template


Country level (Country Team)

-

Highlights the SCO as the key participant in steady
-
state coordination, cooperation,
collaboration & integration

-

Provides insight for the remainder of Country Team into current DOD planning,
assessment, and coordination policies, processes & perspectives

Reference Guide introduces, educates & trains standard, repeatable

DOD coordination & cooperation perspectives

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Questions ?

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