We claim 1. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part comprising

sentencecopyΗλεκτρονική - Συσκευές

13 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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We claim
1. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part comprising:
means (35, 56) for holding a billet (39) rotatable around its own axis;
at least one rolling roll (1, 2, 3, 4) that is in contact with the surface of the
billet during processing;
means for setting in rotation at least said roll or said billet; driving means to
impart motion to said roll with respect to the surface of the billet under
process;
a working furnace (44) to receive the billet under process and its holding
means, said furnace having an opening to receive said at least one rolling
roll;
means having heaters for establishing a temperature gradient between
portions of the billet under process within said furnace; and
means for control and monitoring of said means having heaters to control
billet processing conditions, said means for control and monitoring
comprising temperature sensors of the billet under process.
2. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 1, wherein said
means for establishing a temperature gradient in the billet under process appear
as a number of heaters accommodated in the furnace with respect to the billet
under process and so selected as to output power thereof as to provide a required
temperature gradient between the individual billet portions.
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3. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 2, wherein said
heaters accommodated in the furnace are along concentric circles coaxial with the
billet under process and are lodged in recesses of the furnace wall.
4. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 1, wherein said
means for establishing a temperature gradient in the billet under process
incorporate a source of coolant, and said billet holding means have passages for
the coolant to admit and withdraw, said passages communicating with said source
of coolant through pipings.
5. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 1, wherein said
means for establishing a temperature gradient in the billet under process
incorporate a source of coolant, and the rolling rolls have passages for the coolant
to admit and withdraw, said passages communicating with said source of coolant
through pipings.
6. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 1, wherein the
openings of the working furnace for the rolling rolls to insert are provided with
bellows.
7. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 1, wherein
signals produced by the temperature sensors of the billet under process are used
to control said means for establishing a temperature gradient in the billet under
process.
8. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 1, comprising:
a working furnace in which placed at least partly are the billet under process
and its holding means, said furnace having openings for rolling rolls to
insert therein;
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means for establishing a temperature gradient between the individual
portions of the billet under process; and
means for control and monitoring of the billet processing conditions, said
means comprising sensors of load applied to the rolling roll and billet under
process, the signals of said sensors being used for control of said means
for establishing a temperature gradient in the billet under process.
9. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 8, wherein said
means for establishing a temperature gradient in the billet under process appear
as a number of heaters accommodated in the furnace with respect to the billet
under process and so selected as to output power as to provide a required
temperature gradient between the individual billet portions.
*
10. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 8, wherein said
means for establishing a temperature gradient in the billet under process
incorporate a source of coolant, and said billet holding means have passages for
the coolant to admit and withdraw, said passages communicating with said source
of coolant through pipings.
11. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 8, wherein said
means for establishing a temperature gradient in the billet under process
incorporate a source of coolant, and the rolling rolls have passages for the coolant
to admit and withdraw, said passages communicating with said source of coolant
through pipings.
12. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 1 wherein said
means for control and monitoring comprising billet contour sensors whose signals
are used to control said means for establishing a temperature gradient in the billet
under process.
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13. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 12, wherein
said billet contour sensors are optoelectronic ones.
14. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 1 wherein
means for setting in rotation at least said roll or said billet, reverses rotation of the
billet and roll and disengages both of them from the driving means.
15. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 14, wherein
said means for control and monitoring of the billet processing conditions comprise
sensors of load applied to the roll and the billet under process whose signals are
used to control said driving means for setting the billet in rotation and said driving
means of rolling rolls.
16. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 15, comprising
an additional pressure roller provided with driving means imparting translational
motion thereto parallel to the axis of billet rotation and lengthwise the billet radius,
said means being controlled by signals from said sensors of load applied to the
rolling roll and the billet under process.
17. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 15, wherein the
rolling roll is provided with a mechanism to displace said roll to a position where
the axis of its rotation does not intersect the axis of billet rotation, said mechanism
being controlled by signals from said sensors of load applied to the rolling roll and
the billet under process.
18. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 14, wherein
said means for control and monitoring of the billet processing conditions comprise
billet contour sensors whose signals are used to control said driving means of the
billet under process and said driving means of rolling rolls.
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19. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 18, comprising
an additional pressure roller provided with driving means imparting translational
motion thereto parallel to the axis of billet rotation and lengthwise the billet radius,
said means being controlled by signals from said billet contour sensors.
20. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 18, wherein the
rolling roll is provided with a mechanism to displace said roll to a position where
the axis of its rotation does not intersect the axis of billet rotation, said mechanism
being controlled by signals from said billet contour sensors.
21. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 14, comprising
a mechanism to displace the billet under process lengthwise its own axis. -22. A
mill as set forth in claim 1, wherein signals from the temperature sensors of the
billet under process are used to control said means for establishing a temperature
gradient in the billet under process.
22. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 1, wherein
signals from the temperature sensors of the billet under process are used to
control said means for establishing a temperature gradient in the billet under
process.
23. A mill for producing an axially symmetrical part as claimed in claim 1, wherein said
means for control and monitoring comprise sensors of load applied to the roll and
the billet under process whose signals are used to control said means for
establishing a temperature gradient in the billet under process.
Dated this 14th day of July, 1998
Jaya-Bhatnagar
of ANAND & ANAND ADVOCATES
ATTORNEYS FOR THE APPLICANTS
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