What is Biotechnology?

seedextralargeΒιοτεχνολογία

1 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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Whatis
Biotechnology?
2
Definitions
•The use of organisms by man
•the use of cellular and biomolecular
processes to solve problems or make useful
products
•using living cells and materials produced by
cells to create pharmaceutical, diagnostic,
agricultural, environmental, and other
products to benefit society.
•The manipulation of the genetic makeup of an
organism to alter its outcome or product
•The study of the cell, its processes and
products which can be used to improve the
human condition.
•Traditional biotechnology uses the
processes of organisms, such as selective
breeding and the making of beer, wine,
bread, fabrics, and enzymes.
•Modern biotechnology manipulates the
genes of organisms and inserts them into
other organisms to acquire the desired trait.
Includes cloning, genetic engineering (gene
splicing), stem cell research
SoftwareComputerOutput
DNA
Cell
Trait
Healthcare Applications
•Diagnostics
•Therapeutics
•Regenerative medicine
•Vaccines
•Genomics and proteomics
Agricultural applications
•Crop biotechnology (increased
production, environmental and
economic impacts, herbicide, pest,
and stress-resistances)
•Forest biotechnology
•Animal biotechnology (medicine,
conservation, companion animals)
•Aquaculture
Industrial and Environmental Applications
•Industrial sustainability (consumption and
pollution)
•Biocatalysts (speed up industrial reactions)
•Renewable energy
•Green plastics (degradable, biological
polymers)
•Nanotechnology (biology meets computers)
•Environmental biotech (monitoring and
treatment of pollution)
Food Biotech
•Improving the raw materials
•Food processing
•Food safety testing
Other Uses
•DNA fingerprinting/ Forensics
•Space
•Plant-made pharmaceuticals
•Homeland Defense/National Security