Basic Computer Skills: Lesson 1

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24 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 1 μήνα)

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Basic Computer Skills
: Lesson 1


The Mouse, the Keyboard
,

and the Desktop

Course
Description

Lesson 1: The Mouse, the Keyboard, and the Desktop

This session is designed to cover the
very basics of computer use to an audience who has never or rarely used
co
mputers.
It is
important for instructors to focus on repetition of both
basic voca
bulary and skills.
Additionally, giving individuals confidence and encouragement to continue using
computers beyond this class is the goal of this lesson.

Learner Objective
s

After completing this
class
, the student will be able to:




Understand
how computers impact their daily life.
that computers are part of
everyday life and the need to use them will be more commonplace



Identify major components of a computer (monitor, keyb
oard, mouse, CPU)



Understand the basics about how computers work



Differentiate between hardware & software



Turn a computer on



Identify the desktop



Use & understand different mouse functions



Understand

basics of

Windows




Use the start menu



Use the task bar



Manage “Windows”



Differentiate between logging off and shutting down a computer

Handouts

Handouts for the Basic Computer Skills class are from the Community Workshop Series at
the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Libraries (
Carrboro Cybrary, Ch
apel Hill
Public

Library, and Durham County Public Library
)
. These handouts are updated on a
regular basis

and are available for download at:


http://www.lib.unc.edu/cws/handouts/Computer_Basics.pdf



Skills List

The skills list for this module is based on the Basic Computer Handouts and lessons from

http://www.gcflearnfree.org/computerbasics
.

Task

Completed

Understanding Computer Basics


Pre

Post

I understand the two basic parts of the computer



I understand the operating system and what it does



I know what an application is and some common applications to use for the
things I want to do (word processing, web, games,
etc.
)



I know what is meant by “cloud” computing and web applications



Mastering the Mouse

Pre

Post

I can move the mouse
around on the screen.



I can drag and drop an icon into the trash



I can double
-
click to open a program or document.



I can move an icon around on my desktop.



I can “right
-
click” w
ith my mouse to bring up a menu



Keyboard Components


Pre

Post

I

know what the Control, Shift and Function Keys do



I know what the Escape key does



I know the functions of the alphanumeric keys



I know the function of the cursor control keys (arrow
s
, delete,
page
,)



I know what the Enter Key is used for



Desktop Basics


Pre

Post

I can turn on the computer



I know the Desktop Components



I know the icons in the Task Bar



I can access the Start Menu



I can add a gadget to the Windows Sidebar



I know the basic components of a computer



Start
Menu (Windows 7)


Pre

Post

I open a program



I can pin a button to the task bar



I can see all programs on my computer



I can see the drives on “My Computer”



I can open the Control Panel



I can Adjust my Desktop Display



I can add a Gadget to

my desktop



I can search for a program, document, or file



I can use “Help” and find an answer to my question



Teaching Guide

Lesson 1: The Very Basics

Mouse,

Keyboard,
and

Desktop

Preview

Class sign in

Sign
-
in Sheet

Photo Release

Introductions

Instructor Intro

Student Introduction:



Name



Why you are taking this class



What you
hope to learn



Schedule for our sessions. Each week we will present
information and allow you to follow along and practice
skills.



Don’t be afraid to ask questions



There

is A LOT to learn, but don’t be intimidated

your interests and needs are different than “digital
natives”; be proud that you are a life
-
long learner.


Basic objectives for the class are to help you understand
that computers are part of our everyday life

and give you
practice using a mouse, the keyboard, and understand the
desktop.


Video

“What is a Computer”
http://www.gcflearnfree.org/computerbasics
.



Computer: An electronic device that
manipulates
information or “data.”

1’s and 0’s



Personal Computer (PC): Any general
-
purpose
computer whose size, capabilities, and original sales
price make it useful for individuals.



PC vs Mac: PCs are made by many different companies
and usually run the M
icrosoft Windows operating
system. Macs or Macintosh Computers are made by one
company (Apple) and operate Mac OS X

(we’ll talk
more about that later)


Let’s take a l
ook at some different computers (desktop,
laptop, netbook, tablets, servers, TVs, mobile

phones, etc.


Practice:

pass around iPads, tablets, show cell phones, the
TV, etc. and ask the challenge question:



Talk about this with the students

get them thinking about
our digital society and how everything uses computers.


Shopping, medical records, stop lights, grocery scanners,
government forms, connecting with family, running a
business, etc.


All computers mentioned above have two things: Hardware
and Software.

Hardware is anything physical

you can touch. Software is

a set of instructions that tells the computer what to do.


Show video Basic parts of a desktop computer:

http://www.gcflearnfree.org/computerbasics



Hardware Devices: Input, Output, Storage,

and Processing
.

Look at your computer

what devices “input” information?
(keyboard, monitor, cameras, etc.); what outputs
information? (screen/monitor, speakers, printer)









Instructor Reference Sheet



Introductions

o

Names

o

Why they are taking this class and what they hope to get out of it.



Slide 4 Vocab

o

Computer: An electronic device that manipulates information or “data.”

o

Personal Computer (PC): Any general
-
purpose computer whose size,
capabilities, and original sales
price make it useful for individuals.

o

PC vs Mac: PCs are made by many different companies and usually run the
Microsoft Windows operating system. Macs or Macintosh Computers are made
by one company (Apple) and operate Mac OS X.



Slide 5 Vocab

o

Desktop: A pe
rsonal computer in a form intended for regular use at a single
location like the top of a desk!


o

Laptop

(Notebook)
: A portable personal computer.

o

Server: Serves and stores information to other computers. They also connect
many computers

o

Tablet computer (Tablet): A one
-
piece mobile computer primarily operated by
touchscreen (the user’s finger).

o

Smartphone: A mobile phone built on a mobile operating system with more
advanced capabilities than a standard cell phone.



Slide 6

o

Computer activit
ies: Communication, (Email, Social Networking) online
shopping, etc.

o

Other reasons for learning how to use a computer



Job postings/applications have moved online.



Employers need well
-
trained workers

most jobs require increasing
levels of computer skills

to

effectively compete with others around the
world.



Access to technology that promotes the pursuit of productive and creative
interests enhances one’s quality of life.



The Internet offers access to the online economy, community and
business resources, and s
ocial/civic engagement opportunities.



Health care providers are increasingly using online tools to connect with
patients.



To prosper in today’s information
-
based world

requires access to the
world’s knowledge.

o

How computers affect d
ay to day activities
?



Co
mputers control the stoplights when you drove to the library today.



Grocery Store
-

Food scanners

Was your food scanned into a computer
system?



Slide 7 (page 4 of handout)

o

Hardware: Any part of your computer that has a physical structure, such as the
comput
er monitor or keyboard, speakers. You can touch hardware.

o

Software: The set of instructions that tells the hardware what to do. Examples of
software include word processing programs like MS Word, Web Browsers,
games and operating systems.



Slide 8 Parts of

the Computer (page 8 & 9 of handout)

o

Computer Case

o

Monitor

o

Keyboard

o

Mouse



Slide 12

Parts of the Mouse

o

Primary button

(the left button)

o

Secondary button

(usually the right button). The primary button is the one you
will use most often.

o

Most mice also
include a

scroll wheel

between the buttons to help you scroll
through documents and webpages more easily.



Slide 13 Holding the M
ouse

o

Place your mouse beside your keyboard on a clean, smooth surface, such as a
mouse pad. Hold the mouse gently with your inde
x finger resting on the primary
button and your thumb resting on the side. To move the mouse, slide it slowly in
any direction. Don't twist it

keep the front of the mouse aimed away from you.
As you move the mouse, a pointer (see picture) on your screen mo
ves in the
same direction. If you run out of room to move your mouse on your desk or
mouse pad, just pick up the mouse and bring it back closer to you.



Slide 14 Clicking (page 10 of handout)



Slide 15

Software (page 11 of handout)

o

An operating system is the

most important software that runs on a computer. It
manages the computer's memory, processes, and all of its software and
hardware. It also allows you to communicate with the computer without
knowing how to speak the computer's "language." Without an oper
ating system,
a computer is useless.

o

Programs are also referred to sometimes as applications



Slide 16 The Desktop

(page 7 & 12)

o

Explain parts of the desktop. Use the analogy to an actual desk.

o

The Start button: opens the
Start menu. (
p
age

12

of handout
)

o

Task Bar: almost always visible. It has three main sections:



Slide 17 Task:
Open & Play
solitaire.

(open from desktop shortcut or start menu)



Slide 18 Managing Windows (page 13 of handout)



Slide 19 Shutting down the computer (page 15 of handout)








Qui
ck Reference


Instruction Sheets





Class Evaluation

I hope you enjoyed the Basic Computer Skills class and that it met your expectations! To
help me improve course content and instruction, and to provide quality information to new
computer users, please complete this survey and provide your feedback to help

improve
our UW
-
Extension offerings.


Please ch
eck the appropriate box for
you
r answer.

Strongly
Agree

Agree

Neutral

Disagree

Strongly
Disagree

This class met my expectations.






The content was easy to understand






The topics were covered in
sufficient
detail






Learning resources and handouts were
useful and easy to understand.






Computer exercises were relevant and
reinforced learning.






The instructor was knowledgeable and
provided one
-
on
-
one help.






Would you recommend this

course to
others?






What is your overall rating of this
course on a scale from 1 to 5,
one being
the worst and
5 being the best.


Please answer the following questions:

The best part of this basic computer skills training was:

What would you like
to see differently?

What new skills did you learn by taking this class?

Please check any of the class topics below that would be of interest:


Microsoft Word (Word
Processing)


Searching the
Internet


Facebook/Social Media


Microsoft PowerPoint
(presentation)


Photo Editing


Filling out Government
Forms


Microsoft Excel (Spreadsheet)


Skype


Gen
ealogy


Microsoft Publisher
(Graphics)


Digital Photography


Digital Photography


Additional Comments: