NetLearning, May 2004

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8 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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Hjeltnes & Mikalsen

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1


ENU


a European Networked University


Model for networked co
-
ope
ration between higher
educational institutions delivering net based education






Presented by

Thorleif Hjeltnes and Arne B. Mikalsen

NetLearning, May 2004

Hjeltnes & Mikalsen

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College

2

The mENU project



Partnership between
11 partners

in 7 countries


Funding


Grant from European Commission (~50%)


Partners' own resources (50%)
-

and enthusiasm, 100% !


Contract and commitment to ideas in proposal


Project homepage for info:
http://www.hsh.no/menu/


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Partner locations

Partners

P0 Stord / Haugesund Univ.
College, NO

P1 TISIP Research Foundation ,
NO

P2 Agder Univ. College, NO

P3 Norw. Technical & Nat.science
Univ., NO

P4 T. E. I. Thessalonica, GR

P5 Nat. Technical University of
Athens, GR

P6 Universita’ di Roma, IT

P7 University of Greenwich, GB

P8 University of Turku ( Repr.
FVU), FI

P9 Kalmar Univ. College, SE

P10 Universidad Poly
-
tecnica de
Valencia, ES

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European Area of higher education by 2010


Bologna Declaration, 1999:


Adopt a system of easily readable and comparable degrees (DS)


Adopt a system with two main cycles, Bachelor (3y) & Master (2y)


Establish a system of credits (such as ECTS)


Promote mobility by overcoming obstacles


Promote European co
-
operation in quality assurance


Promote European dimension in higher education


Prague Communique, 2001:


Lifelong learning


Involvement of students


Enhancing the attractiveness and competitiveness of EHEA

to other parts of the world


Berlin Communique, 2003:


Build Europe of knowledge on EHEA & ERA


Stocktaking to measure progress


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Joint study programmes


Promote European dimension in higher education

In the Prague Summit, 2001, the ministers called the

higher education sector to:




Increase the development of modules and curricula
at all level with “European” content, orientation or
organisation. This concerns particularly modules,
courses and degree curricula offered in partnership
by institutions from different countries and leading
to recognized joint degrees.

Hjeltnes & Mikalsen

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Objectives of MENU


Create a network of institutions


Establish joint study programmes
across institutional and national
borders


A demonstrator
-

a master degree
programme


Quality assurance system


Develop a model for management and
services of a virtual university

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Central products


Strategic plan for an ENU


Organisational plan


Study plan


Quality Assurance System (QAS)


E
-
learning environment


Business plan


Model for ENU


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The main idea of ENU

ENU

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Model for ENU


Mission


ENU should be regarded as a well
-
defined autonomous and virtual network
among existing traditional Universities that agree to collaborate in the
formation of graduate degree programmes and lifelong learning programmes
via sharing, exchanging or adapting on
-
line courses.


Goals


enrich the portfolio


fulfil a demand in the market


guarantee the high quality through a strict control following a total quality
assurance system



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Course exchange in ENU

Course

content

Course

content

Course

content

Course

content

Local

adaptions

Adaptions:




Translation



Course


approval



Additional


teaching


resources



Assessment

ENU

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Nowegian module

”LAN Management”

Nowegian module

”LAN Management”

Swedish course:

”Drift av lokala nätverk”

Norway

Sweden

Example Course: LAN Management

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What’s the problem?

I want to go into e
-
learning. Can you
please videotape my
lecture?

?

And what will be the
pedagogical approach,
sir?

Pedagogical
??

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Main pedagogical approaches


Instructional (Traditional)


Lectures and lessons


Constructivist


Construction of knowledge


Sociocultural


Collaborative learning (CSCL)

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Challenges for students


Self discipline and responsibility for own learning


Lack of social activities supporting and giving corrections
in the learning process


Students feel lonely, uncertain and alienated


Learning strategies for new situation


Change in learning environment


Shift from oral to written communication


Communication through media


Management of new media and learning resources


Acceptance and understanding new learning
approaches


Lack of local support
-

a shoulder to cry on

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E
-
learning environment

Two main functions:

1.
Manage students, courses, access, results,
collaborative tools etc (Learning
Management System; LMS)


ENU will not require one specific LMS for all
institutions

2.
Arrange content of courses and publish on
www (Content Management System; CMS)

E
-
learning
standards


i.e. LOM, SCORM, simplified approaches


A committee developes a common interpretation of the
standard; an ”ENU application profile”

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Quality Assurance System


ENU QAS (e
-
ODL QAS)


Synthesis of the models and experiences of the members


Flexible enough to accomodate these QASs that will arise in the
future


ECTS with some extensions will be the basis for the ENU QAS


ECTS
-
NL


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ECTS
-
NL


The ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) is
excellent for creating transparent study programmes


Main elements in ECTS


Information (on study programmes and study achievements)


Mutual agreement (between institution and students)


Use of ECTS credits (to indicate workload)


ECTS lack two important issues for Networked Learning


Describing joint programmes


Courses offered are based on e
-
learning technologies


ECTS
-
NL


Main credit system in ENU


Removes one barrier towards quality assurance; incompatibilty of
course design between partner institutions

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ECTS
-
NL


To assure a flexible collaboration, we apply a top
-
down
approach in course size


Two semesters each year with 30 ECTS credits in each


Each semester has a fixed number of (N) of course module
units with the same number of credits (30/N) allocated

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Obstacles and challenges for the provider


Organisational stumble blocks


Lack of mutual quality acceptance; QAS


Incompatible systems for credits, grades, assessment


Intention to reduce the need for teachers, save money
and profit on selling courses


Technical skills and understanding


Lack of ICT literacy, no will to apply new technology


Pedagogical innovations


Lack of understanding new trends and options


Too much focus on teaching, less on learning


Few visions of new forms of learning environment

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Organisational entities


Board


Board Working Group


ENU Secretariat


Different connected groups


Administrative group


Academic group


Research team


E
-
learning standards group


Pedagogical methods committee


Business and marketing group

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Business plan


Market and customers (In Europe and developing C):


Higher and other educational institutions


Corporations and companies


Governmental and public establishments


Product lines:


Low cost


low price


high volume courses for individuals


High cost


high price


low volume courses for corporate


Running ENU:


Development money (EU and others)


Membership fee


Part of earnings form running courses


ENU members must cover their costs.



Hjeltnes & Mikalsen

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22

The eLearning
initiative

Innovative practitioners

Top barrier

Lower barrier

ENU

Bottom
-
up

Top
-
down

Top
-
down and bottom
-
up approaches

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23

Thank you for listening