Moodle - Area 5 Learning Technology Hub

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31 Ιαν 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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Do Oodles With Moodle

Vicki DeWitt Director

Deb Greaney Lead Trainer

Area 5 Learning Technology Center

Welcome!

Presenters

Workshop Goals

Overview of Moodle
features

Opportunity to “moodle”

Ground Rules

Cell phones on vibrate

Take care of yourself

Questions, please!

Moodle: An Open Source Solution

MOODLE is an acronym for….




M
odular
O
bject
-
O
riented
D
ynamic Learning
E
nvironment “


It is also a verb that describes the process of…




lazily meandering through something, doing things as it
occurs to you to do them, an enjoyable tinkering that often
leads to insight and creativity …..”

What is Moodle?


A software package

designed to help educators create quality
online courses.

A course management system (CMS)


Learning Management Systems (LMS)

Virtual Learning Environment (VLE).

Supports social constructionist pedagogy

Open Source software

FREE to download it, use it, modify it and distribute it

( GNU
General Public License).


.

Supports a range of platforms


Unix, Linux, Windows, Mac OS X, Netware and any other system that
supports PHP, including most webhost providers.


Data is stored in a single database
:

MySQL and PostgreSQL

Can also be used with Oracle, Access, Interbase, ODBC and others….


Available in 40 languages

Who created Moodle?

Martin Dougiamas created Moodle!


Martin is Australian, living in Perth.

Moodle started out as a hobby for Martin,

and grew into the subject of his PhD thesis:

"
The use of Open Source software to
support a social constructionist
epistemology of teaching and learning
within Internet
-
based communities of
reflective inquiry.
"

Moodle is now being used in many schools, universities
and other educational communities.

Martin Dougiamas


Constructivism

Martin Dougiamas



This point of view maintains that people actively
construct new knowledge as they interact with
their environment.

Everything you read, see, hear, feel, and
touch is tested against your prior knowledge
and if it is viable within your mental world,
may form new knowledge you carry with you.

Knowledge is strengthened if you can use it
successfully in your wider environment.


Overall Design Features


Moodle is designed in a modular way, and
allows a great deal of flexibility to add (and
remove) functionality at many levels.

Moodle upgrades very easily from one version
to the next
-

it has an internal system to upgrade
its own databases and repair itself over time.

Overall Design Features

Moodle requires only one database (and can
share it with other applications if necessary).

Moodle includes comprehensive database
abstraction that supports many major brands of
database.

Emphasis on strong security throughout. Forms
are all checked, data validated, cookies
encrypted, etc.

Managing a Moodle Site

A site is managed by an admin user, defined during setup

Plug
-
in "themes" allow the admin to customize the site
colors, fonts, layout, etc to suit local needs

Plug
-
in activity modules can be added to existing Moodle
installations

Plug
-
in language packs allow full localization to any
language. These can be edited using a built
-
in web
-
based
editor. Currently there are about 40 language packs.

The code is clearly
-
written PHP under a GPL license
-

easy to modify to suit your needs

Features of Interest to Educators

Moodle promotes a social constructionist pedagogy


includes collaboration, activity
-
based learning, critical
reflection, etc

Moodle is suitable for 100% online classes as well as
supplementing face
-
to
-
face learning

Moodle has a simple, lightweight, efficient, compatible,
low
-
tech browser interface

All grades for Forums, Journals, Quizzes and
assignments can be viewed on one page (and
downloaded as a spreadsheet file)

Custom scales
-

teachers can define their own scales to
be used for grading forums, assignments and journals

Managing Moodle Courses

A full teacher has full control over all
settings for a course, including
restricting other teachers

Choice of course formats such as by
week, by topic or a discussion
-
focused
social format

Flexible array of course activities
-

Forums, Journals, Quizzes,
Resources, Choices, Surveys,
Assignments, Chats, Workshops

Managing Moodle Courses

Full user logging and tracking
-

activity reports for
each student are available with graphs and
details about each module (last access, number
of times read) as well as a detailed "story" of each
students involvement including postings, journal
entries, etc on one page.

Mail integration
-

copies of forum posts, teacher
feedback, etc can be mailed in HTML or plain
text.

Moodle Interface

Blocks

Different users will have different options

Moodle Basics

Log in to the site

Click on
“Login” above
the language
selection box

If you have
already been
added as a user,
just enter the
user name and
password


Moodle Basics

If you do not already have an account, you can create one


Moodle Basics

Once you have logged in, your user name will appear in
the upper right hand corner


Click on your user name to edit your user profile



Looking at a Course

Must have administrative right to add courses

Courses have three formats

Weekly: Section for each week of the course

Topics: Section for any number of topics

Social: Single forum and discussion area

Courses are built by adding resources and activities

Let’s Moodle!

http://data.lth5.k12.il.us

Log in in using User Name and Password on handout

Click on your assigned course.

What format is it? Weekly, Topic, or Social



Review Course Settings

Click on settings in the
Administration block and review
your course settings

Category

Full name

Short name

Summary

Format

Course start date

Enrollment period*

Group mode*

Availability

Enrollment key*


Guest Access

Hidden sections

News Items to show

Show grades

Show activity report

Maximum upload size

Your name for
teacher/teachers

Your name for
student/students

Editing Mode

Click
Turn editing on

in the
Administration block

The editing icons will appear

Block Icons









You will use these icons throughout Moodle to customize the
interface to meet your needs

Adding Resources & Activities

Resources are static content
you can add to your course

Activities are interactive tools
you can apply to your course


Adding Content
-
Resources

Compose a text page

Tip* Remember to turn on
editing to add resources or
activities


Adding a web page

Create sophisticated
documents that can be
displayed in any web browser


Adding Content
-
Resources

Create link to file or web site

In editing mode select “Add link to File or Web Site”

Choose or upload files

Search for web pages


Adding Content
-
Resources

Adding a directory

Used when students need access to many files

In editing mode click “Display a Directory”


Adding Content

Creative Content

Upload lecture notes (outline) before lecture

External web sites

Online newspapers and magazines

www.merlot.org


Community dedicated to sharing and evaluating educational
resources, simulations, and other materials

www.wikipedia.org

Online encyclopedia developed by thousands of volunteers

www.eoe.org

Online repository of Java learning objects submitted by educators
from around the world

Reducing file sizes

Save PowerPoint as RTF

Scan articles as text, not images

Reduce image size and use compression

Activities

Activities

Assignments

Assignments allow teachers to grade electronically
submitted material or 'offline' submissions such as
paper
-
based assignments or class presentations


An Upload File assignment


An Online Text assignment


An Offline assignment


Journals

Encourage reflection about a topic





To give feedback and grade entries

Click the journal assignment in the content block

Click “View X journal entries

Each entry will have a feed back area where you can type
feedback

Journals

Effective journal practices

Be specific

Ask higher level questions:
Why, How, Which

If graded, be specific about
what grades are based on

Creative journal practices

One minute responses

What was the muddiest part of
the lesson?

What was the most important
part?

How useful/interesting was the
lesson?

Reflection on content making
personal connections

Brainstorming, drafting, and
pre
-
writing

Chats

The Chat module allows participants to have a real
-
time
synchronous discussion via the web. This is a useful way
to get a different understanding of each other and the
topic being discussed.

Chat is always open to students

Effective/Creative Chat Practices

Set ground rules

Not everybody talking at the same time

Keep on track

Good moderation


Online office hours

Group chats

Choices

Here a teacher asks a question and specifies a choice of multiple
responses. This


can be useful as a quick poll to stimulate thinking
about a topic, to allow the class to vote on a direction for the course,
or to gather research consent.


A Choice with anonymous results


A Choice with non
-
anonymous results


A Choice that allows you to update anytime


A Choice with a limited number of responses allowed

Forums

It is in forums that most discussion takes place. Forums
can be structured in different ways, and can include peer
rating of each posting. The postings can be viewed in a
variety for formats, and can include attachments.



Forum Options

3 levels of permissions

Discussions and
replies are allowed

No discussions, but
replies are allowed.
Students can’t start
new discussions

No discussions, no
replies. Students can
read, but cannot post
anything

Managing Forums

Make expectations clear

How often will you be checking posts?

How often are students to post?

Behavior issues

Rude or unruly comments can shut down a discussion

Rating scales can sometime help if tied to grade

Archiving forums

Create a forum called Archive Forum and block posts/replies

Enter discussion you wish to archive and move to Archive Forum



Creative Forum Uses

Interviews

Debates

FAQ

Reading study groups

Social forum

Quizes

Creating a quiz








Choose type of question

Quiz

Question editing page appears
for the type of question chosen

Multiple Choice

True/False

Short Answer

Numerical

Matching

Description

Random Question

Random Short
-
Answer
Matching

Embedded Answers (Cloze)

Quiz

Importing questions

Moodle supports a variety of formats

GIFT

Aiken

Missing
-
word

AON

Blackboard/WebCT

Course Test Manager


Quiz

Adding questions

Once questions are created, you must add them to the
quiz

Check the box in front of the question and click “Add to
quiz”

Quiz

Effective quiz strategies

Tie each question to a course
benchmark/goal

Ask multiple questions about
each important idea

Distracters in multiple choice
questions need to represent
common misconceptions

Write questions that require
students to think at varying
levels

Test your questions

Creative quiz uses

Chapter checks

Test practice

Data gathering

Cheating and security

If you display feedback and
correct answers students can
print and “share”

Using the textbook

Working with friends

Have someone else take the
test

“On the Internet, no one knows
you’re a dog.”




Hot Potatoes Quiz

The Hotpot module allows teachers to upload Hot
Potatoes quizzes they have created. Module must be
enabled via Administration>>Configuration>>Modules

Makes available a number of reports which show how
individual questions are answered and statistical trends

http://hotpot.uvic.ca/


Glossaries

Each Moodle course has its
own set of glossaries

Main glossary editable only by
teacher

Secondary glossaries can
allow student entries and
comments

Creative glossary practices

Collaborative glossary

Credit for word use


Lessons

The Moodle lesson tool is a lot like the
Choose Your Own
Adventure
books.

Each page in the lesson can have a question at the bottom of the
page.

The resulting page depends on the answer the student gives.

You can create branching paths through the material based on the
selections students make at each page.

Two types of pages

Branching table page

Present the user with the option to select a branch

Question page

Requires an answer and takes the student to another page

Can be graded

Lessons

Creating lessons

Set up basic shell


Create first question page


Lessons

Complete lesson construction
page

Creative lesson practices

Flash cards

Simulations and case studies


Workshops

Most complex tool

Allows student work to be submitted and offered for
review within a structured framework

Provides a process for both peer and teacher review

Easy to use interfaces for uploading assignments, performing self
-
assessments, and peer reviews of other student’s work

Key to workshop is the scoring guide

Workshop

Adding a workshop

Title & description

Maximum grade

Grading strategy

No grading

Accumulative grading

Error banded grading

Criterion grading

Rubrics

Pick number of dimensions

Allow resubmissions

Number of assessments of teacher examples

Number of peer reviews

Self assessment

Peer agreement

Maximum upload size

Deadline for submission


Workshops

Creating scoring guides

Click on workshop created on main course page. You will
be taken to the “Editing Assessment Elements” page

Enter performance dimension, scale, weight

Accumulative grading
scale

Workshops

Error banding grading
scale

Criterion scoring guide

Workshops

Rubric scoring guide

Workshops

Managing the Assessment page

Six tabs displaying the steps of the workshop setup and delivery
process


Set Up Assignment

links to upload example work for students to review

Allow Student Submissions

When activated students can see teacher’s examples, upload their own
submissions, and complete self assessments

Allow Student Submissions and Assessments

Adds scoring other students’ work

Allow Student Assessments

When activated students can only score teacher examples and perform
self assessment and peer reviews

Calculation of Final Grades

Display Final Grades

Workshops

Effective workshop practices

Important decisions

Number of instructor examples

How many peer reviews

How long to submit

How will you control quality of
peer assessments

Focus on peer assessment or
instructor assessment

Creative workshop practices

Intermediate steps for projects
or writing examples as part of
the process

Presentations and
performances


Wikis

A collection of collaboratively
authored web documents

Allows entire class to edit a
document, create a product, or
each student can have their
own wiki and work on it with
classmates



After you complete the basic
shell, the editing screen for the
first page will appear






Additional pages can be linked
using CamelCase



Wikis

3 types of wikis which interact
with the group settings of the
wiki


Grades and Scales

Grade area is simple tool for tracking scores in the course

Gradebook function is an automated tool for tracking
scores in Moodle which allows you to download scores



Scales give the student non
-
numeric feedback: word or
phrase


Managing Your Class

Adding students and teachers

All users must be added to Moodle by an administrator

Teachers can then select from the available students and
add them to a course

Click “Students” in Administration Block




Moodle Links





Thank You!

Questions/Comments

Moodel Links

http://docs.moodle.org/en/Using_Moodle_book

www.moodle.org

www.moodle.com


Presenters’ emails

vdewitt@lth5.k12.il.us

dgreaney@lth5.k12.il.us