GIS and Emerging Technology

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GIS and Emerging Technology

NC|SET2005

June 23
-
24 . CPCC . Charlotte . North Carolina



What is GIS?


Interrelated technologies


Computer technology that combines geographic
data & information


Generates maps and reports.


A systematic way to collect and manage location
-
based information.


Difficult to define because of the evolution of
technology.

According to John O’Looney in
Beyond Maps


Spatial analysis or spatial statistical analysis
-
ability to
generate statistics, including statistics based on user
-
defined geographic regions.



Network analysis
-
ability to calculate distances, to calculate
the most efficient routes, and to summarize network flow
rates in relation to other data.



Computer
-
assisted design (CAD)
-
drawing capabilities used
to create blueprints, three
-
dimensional models of facilities,
and architectural renderings.



Automated mapping/Facilities mapping (AM/FM)
-
ability to
translate numerical data relating to facility size and location
into a digital map or visual display.





Geocoding and global positioning systems (GPS)
-
ability to identify a particular location with standard
map coordinates.



Database management systems (DBMS)
-
standard
database manipulation capabilities; sorting querying,
joining, appending, updating, restructuring, and
relating tables and fields. Land information systems
(LIS)
-
mapping and database capabilities for property
or land records.



Spatial decision support systems (SDSS)
-
ability to
analyze geographic data to support decisions.



GIS is…

GIS is…



Multimedia, hypertext, and hot links
-
ability to use
sound, video, and images and provide interactive links
among various types of media.



Expert systems
-
rule
-
based systems that allow users to
mimic the processes and decision
-
making skills of
subject experts.



Automated spatial modeling (ASM) such as space
-
time
attributes machine modeling (STAM), simulation, and
forecasting
-
ability to model how a process interacts
with specific geographic constraints over time.


GIS Applications in Local Gov’t


Makes operations more efficient


Promotes collaboration


Allows for more integrative approach


Allows for modeling


Affects policy, business flow


Promotes cost sharing


Examples of GIS in Emerging Technologies


Economic Development

What's New at ESRI

2005/2010 Demographics

ESRI 2005/2010 demographic data is now
available. Discover important changes and trends in regional growth,
household wealth, employment, geography, and more.

All
-
In
-
One PDF

[PDF

2.85 MB]

Combine
Business Analyst Online

reports
and maps for your project into a single PDF for easy viewing, storage, and
printing.

ArcGIS 9 Business Analyst

Access more than 1,000 2004/2009
demographic variables directly from the ArcGIS 9 platform. Business Analyst
data also includes
Community Tapestry

segmentation,
Consumer Expenditure
,
and two new reports.

Economic Development


Internet Economic Development with ArcIMS

Author(s):

Pablo Monzon

ABSTRACT


In the field of economic development, the Internet has
revolutionized the way communities deal with traditional
economic development issues. The breakthrough technology in
this area is the use of web
-
based GIS to facilitate new ways to
provide services and attract business. This practical session
will cover the use of ArcIMS for online business attraction, site
selection, demographic and business climate analysis,

business promotion and workforce development. Investing in
this technology generates significant return on investment.
Learn to leverage the economic

development secrets of the web from ESRI and economic
development award
-
winning case studies.


http://gis.esri.com/library/userconf/proc02/title.html

Transportation




Acquis ADE to Enable Real
-
Time Address and Map Updates to Improve Public Safety and
Emergency Response



IRISH PRESIDENTIAL TRADE MISSION
-

SEATTLE


May 24, 2005
-

Acquis, the leader in
Spatial Data Editing and Management solutions, today announced that Michael Baker, Jr. Inc.
(Baker), an engineering unit of Michael Baker Corporation (AMEX:BKR) and project manager of
the West Virginia Statewide Addressing and Mapping Board (WVSAMB), has selected the
Acquis Data Editor (ADE) as the spatial data editor for the West Virginia unified geospatial
mapping and E9
-
1
-
1 system.


This announcement was made during the prestigious Irish Presidential Trade Mission in Seattle,
Washington, where Acquis participated as one of 30 Irish
-
based companies that have
developed world
-
leading products and services in the aerospace, enterprise technology or
telecommunications industries. The Trade Mission was organized by Enterprise Ireland, a
government agency responsible for the development of the Irish industry, and led by The
President of Ireland, Mary Mc Aleese. (See related announcement, “Enterprise Ireland Brings
Leading Companies to the Largest Presidential Trade Mission in the U.S.” May 23, 2005.)


“The project is the first in the United States to integrate geospatial databases and E9
-
1
-
1 at the
statewide level, requiring a system that is both simple and scalable,” said Joe Seppi, Baker's
WVSAMB project manager. “Acquis met the requirements by providing an easy
-
to
-
use spatial
editing solution that can scale to provide every county in West Virginia with the ability to edit and
save spatial information in real
-
time, using a simple web browser. The simplicity and power of
the Acquis solution is impressive.”

GIS in Transportation

GIS
-
T Conference

Infrastructure


Ecotrust's mission is to build Salmon Nation, a place where people
and wild salmon thrive.


Knowledge Systems is the informational toolkit for Salmon Nation, housing
the organization's analytical, technical, and map
-
making capacities. By
integrating ecological and economic information into sophisticated analyses
and compelling, map
-
based outputs, Knowledge Systems builds a data
-
rich
foundation for the Salmon Nation vision.


The work of Knowledge Systems includes reporting, planning, and
visioning. An output of Knowledge Systems work is the transformation of
Ecotrust's intellectual capital into a series of stand
-
alone toolkits for
assessing and monitoring the state of the bioregion and envisioning new
market infrastructures within it. The first of these toolkits


the Ocean
Communities 3E Analysis Network (
OCEAN
)


grew out of our groundfish
work and allows users to apply a spatial lens to fisheries management.
Complementary toolkits for the food & farms and forestry sectors are now in
development.


Infrastructure

Gatekeeper Systems Helps South Central
Power Manage Outage Emergencies
with NaviGate Spatial Data Fusion



Pasadena, CA. June 2, 2005
-

Gatekeeper Systems is
pleased to announce that South Central Power (SCP)
of Lancaster, Ohio has selected the NaviGate suite of
data fusion based applications to better serve its
members through improved outage management
capabilities.


Gatekeeper Systems will install NaviGate, an off
-
the
-
shelf solution that provides SCP management and
operations staff direct graphical access to electric
network facilities data and customer data. The system
also provides immediate access to critical transactional
operational data including outage and customer call
data from the SCP trouble
-
call system. SCP staff will
be able to easily access enterprise data and derived
outage information through the NaviGate web browser
-
based map user interface. The NaviGate Outage
Management Module will provide SCP operations and
dispatch personnel the tools to easily group trouble
calls into outages and assign repair crews in an
efficient and timely manner when outages occur.

Public Health


Current Reports

No. 64, May 2005

View/download PDF


2.2 MB


Selected topics of interest in this
edition include:


CDC/NCHS GIS Lecture on
Housing and Health
--
June 28,
2005


GIS Guidance: Lead Poisoning
Report for Prevention Programs


Maps in American Fact Finder:
Reference and Thematic


Future Directions for the National
Spatial Data Infrastructure


Appendix: Mapping Health
Inequalities
--
Youth with
Disabilities

GIS and Public Health

NCHS Home

|
GIS Home

|
Selected Maps

Public Health GIS News and
Information


GIS and Related Events

|
Links
to Related Sites

CDC/NCHS Privacy Policy Notice

|
Accessibility

Search NCHS

|

NCHS Definitions

|
Contact us


Tax Maps


James W. Sewall Company produced a brochure
discussing the use of GIS with maintaining tax
maps.



Tax Maps: Source Documents for GIS


The recent explosion of interest in municipal
database geographic information systems (GIS)
has created a growing demand for reliable sources
of digital map data. A well
-
designed GIS is built
upon an accurate, consistent mapping base, which
indicates the planimetric or physical ground
features of a given area. On this foundation, other
layers of mapping data are added, such as parcel
ownership, zoning, and water and sewer
infrastructure. One potential source of data for GIS
is existing parcel or tax assessors’ maps. How
suitable are such maps as source documents?
More communities are producing taxmaps in
digital format than ever before. Software
companies are scrambling to create tax databases
integrated with GIS data. The Internet has played a
major role in allowing public access to records
that once had to be obtained from tax offices.



Tax Maps


Cadastral GIS applications, while not as
glamorous as GIS applications for
emergency response or law enforcement,
enhance the performance of the assessor's
office and often provide the foundation for
the development of GIS throughout a local
government.



Cadastral data defines the geographic extent
of the past, current, and future rights and
interests in real property and the spatial
information needed to describe that geographic
extent. These rights and interests are
contained in land record documents
.


The technology that captures aerial and digital
orthophotography has improved so much over
the past 6 to 10 years that the imagery is less
expensive than ever before while the product is
better quality.

Law Enforcement


COMSTAT is also a real
-
life crime program, which was first created by the
New York
City Police

and Transit Authority to help cut crime. During his short
-
tenure, Jack
Maple was able to help turn New York from a crime
-
ridden city to a place where
people felt comfortable jogging in Central Park again. While probably emerging as
the most viewed mainstream example of GIS, "The District" is by know means the
first example of GIS in pulp media.
Patricia Cornwell's

police murder mystery,
"Southern Cross" also introduced COMSTAT as her detectives attempt to track
villains.


Crime Analysis


COMSTAT, and other GIS
crime mapping

applications have since become
widespread and almost commonplace in law enforcement agencies nationwide as
well as worldwide. Probably one of the most invaluable tools available for effective
crime fighting is information. Using maps to display that information is an old tool.
The advent of desktop computers has significantly increased the role of computer
mapping. The availability of low
-
cost and user
-
friendly GIS applications has further
served to increase the use of GIS in crime mapping. The 1994
Violent Crime Control
and Law Enforcement Act

provided a boost to the implementation of GIS by
providing funding for crime prevention programs. The added functionality of a GIS
over computer mapping has increased the capabilities of crime fighting. GIS'
replacement of paper
-
based or flat file searching increases the efficiency and speed
of the analysis.

Law Enforcement


Crime Analysis Tools™


Crime Analysis Tools™(CAT) is an ArcGIS™
extension designed to enable both new and
experienced Law Enforcement professionals to
analyze crimes and calls for service. As your needs
grow and diversify, CAT can grow with you by adding
modules for spatial analysis and publishing to the free
ArcReader™.



Custom wizards guide users through data import,
creation of pinmaps, analysis of multiple types of crime
and map production. CAT integrates with a personal
geodatabase or ArcSDE™ to enhance performance
and ease of use. It also has the ability to remember
customized queries so that new periodic reports and
graphs of crime statistics are easily generated. CAT
enables crime analysts to easily complete a variety of
tasks, including the examination of crimes around
schools to assist with school security issues.



Crime Analysis Tools was awarded the distinction of
1st place in the category of
Best Integrated Product

in the ESRI ArcGIS Challenge Contest at the 2002
ESRI Worldwide Business Partner Conference. For
more information about CAT, please contact BCS.

Land Use


Potential for Integrated GIS
-
Agriculture Models for Precision Farming Systems.


Thomas Goddard, Len Kryzanowski, Karen Cannon, Cesar Izaurralde, Tim Martin



ABSTRACT


Precision farming aims to optimize the use of soil resources and external inputs(fertilizers and
herbicides) on a site specific basis. Precision farming takes advantage of rapidly evolving GPS
technology together with electronic sensors and controllers to monitor crop response under
variable inputs and landscape position. Objectives of this study were: (i) to discover the soil
-
landscape
-
input relationships governing crop yields in characteristic Alberta landscapes, (ii) to
test the performance of an agricultural simulation model using site
-
specific data, and (iii) to
develop a method to analyze high
-
resolution data by linking the model to a GIS. Crop yields
were monitored during 1994 and 1995 at four sites in Alberta using a high
-
precision 3
-
D DGPS.
The Erosion
-
Productivity Impact Calculator (EPIC) model was run on a sub
-
field, site
-
specific
basis using soil pit information and two levels of climatic data. The crop growth routines were
compared against two years of yield maps obtained from 40
-

100 ha fields. A program was
designed and built to couple the EPIC model with the GRASS
-
GIS. Our results show the
potential to depict and analyze the variance in crop yield, leaching potential, erosion risk and
economics on a farm field scale. The application of this approach in precision farming would
allow for optimizing the use of resources on a site
-
specific basis thereby contributing to minimize
detrimental environmental impacts such as nitrate leaching or erosion.



Software for Land Use Data

Location

Message from the Editor


Susan
Smith


Welcome to
GISWeekly!
Last
week I saw a preview of “live
code” of Microsoft's MSN Virtual
Earth, which will ultimately replace
the MSN Maps and Directions
website. According to Mark Law,
lead product manager for the
MapPoint business unit, MSN
Virtual Earth began with a team of
people who posed the question,
what do we really want to do with
location on the internet in terms of
a web
-
based location site? Read
about their resulting strategy in
this week's Industry News.

Policy



Open Geospatial Connection


In the complex Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
ecosystem, no standard can stand on its own, so the Open Geospatial
Consortium (OGC) interface and encoding standards for the interoperability
among geoprocessing components and services are being harmonized with
other essential Internet, telecommunication and geospatial standards. By
working with other standards organizations, OGC makes it easier to
integrate geoprocessing into enterprise systems and other ICT applications
and infrastructures.


The relationship with the Organization for the Advancement of Structured
Information Standards (OASIS) is particularly important. OASIS is a not
-
for
-
profit, international consortium that drives the development, convergence
and adoption of e
-
buisness standards (OGC is a voting member).


Communication means “transmitting or exchanging through a common
system of smbols, signs or behavior.” Standardization means “agreeing on
a common system.” The vast, global system being built by ICT standards
organizations is a shared system of open specifications that enable
developers to build software and automated services that work together
automatically.

Demographics and Mobile Field Data Collection



Mobile Maturity


With increased scrutiny on
technology spending and a
demand for rapid return on
investment, field
-
enabled
solutions have gained
prominence. Taking data into
the field creates efficiencies,
and data quality improves
through filed verification and
update. With less time spent
gathering better quality data,
such gains immediately
translate into dollars saved.

U.S. Census Bureau


The U.S. Census Bureau is exploring
the feasibility of using handheld
computers in future enumeration
activities. Recently in Sussex Co, DE,
the Census Bureau tested the
feasibility of using maps on a
handheld computer and examined the
changes in productivity that resulted
from the addition of a GPS receiver, a
route display, and turnby
-
turn
directions to the maps. This session
will describe the objectives and
implementation of the test, discuss our
findings on the interaction between
field staff and handheld mobile
mapping, and describe plans for the
future development and testing of
mobile mapping at the U.S. Census
Bureau.

Conferences


Emerging Technology Summit Explores “Bleeding Edge”




The third Emerging Technology Summit on the Sensor Web was held
April 14
-
15, 2005 in Washington, D.C. The event was co
-
hosted by
Denver
-
based Geospatial Information & Technology Association and
Wayland, Mass.
-
based Open Geospatial Consortium that explore
emerging technologies with a geospatial component.



The summit explored technology, systems and policy issues related to
creating sensor webs, which combine location
-
aware sensors with
wireless and Internet communication technologies to provide near
-
real
-
time observations and Earth measurements.

Partner Conference Locates Growth in
Geographic Intelligence



Ordnance Survey and its business partners are celebrating the success
of a major conference designed to champion the growing use of
geographic intelligence in business. A growing number of partners are
working with customers migrating to new generation OS MasterMap
data from other large
-
scale Ordnance Survey products.


Around 140 representatives of Ordnance Survey partners, publishers
and developers attended the two
-
day event at the Alexandra House
conference centre near Swindon.



They discussed the best solutions and services involving geographic
data and mapping technology for commercial markets.



"The conference was about moving forward together and finding new
opportunities for growth," says Phil Lines, who heads Ordnance.
Survey's partner alliance program. "It was an excellent opportunity for
us all to learn from each other at a time of growing recognition of
accurate, consistent geographic data as a mainstream


business tool."

In Summary

At the 2004 Annual ESRI International User Conference in
San Diego, CA., Jack Dangermond was the plenary
speaker. He is the founder and President of ESRI and
had this to say, “Geography is the science of our world.
It’s increasingly being seen as a framework for
understanding patterns, relationships, and processes at
all scales, not just the whole globe, but our little
neighborhoods, our watersheds, our states, our cities, our
nation. It’s a framework for thinking about things, for
modeling the future, for visualizing, and also integrating
and referencing what we know.”


Dangermond noted, “You and I live in a radically,
rapidly changing world
-
increasing population and
urbanization, globalization, economic development,
and environmental change.” Dealing with this
increasingly complex, crowded and challenging
world requires greater understanding, not just more
information. GIS has emerged as the language of
geography. It is evolving and expanding in
response to change.

Geospatial References


http://www.geoplace.com/


http://www.esri.com/


http://www.giscafe.com/


http://www.urisa.org/


http://www.gita.org/


http://www.cdc.gov/


http://www.gis.com/


http://gislounge.com/


http://www.usgs.gov/


http://cgia.cgia.state.nc.us/cgia/


http://www.gisuser.com/




Thank you











Cathy Cole





CPCC





P.O. Box 35009




Charlotte, NC


28235


USA